Presentation on theme: "Irregular Preterites (Part 1) Talking About the Past (2) Irregular Preterites (Part 1) estar estuveestuvimosestar:estuv- estuvisteestuvisteispoder:pud-"— Presentation transcript:
Irregular Preterites (Part 1) Talking About the Past (2) Irregular Preterites (Part 1) estar estuveestuvimosestar:estuv- estuvisteestuvisteispoder:pud- estuvoestuvieronponer:pus- querer:quis- saber:sup- tener:tuv- venir:vin- 24 -e -iste -o -imos -isteis -ieron
Irregular Preterites (Part 2) Talking About the Past (2) Irregular Preterites (Part 2) Infinitive MeaningPreterite Meaning saberto know (facts, information)to find out Ya lo séLo supe ayer. I already know it.I found it out (learned it) yesterday. conocerto know (be familiar with) people, placesto meet (for the first time) Ya la conozco. La conocí ayer. I already know her.I met her yesterday. quererto wantto try Quiero hacerlo hoy.Quise hacerlo ayer. I want to do it today.I tried to do it yesterday. no querernot to wantto refuse No quiero hacerlo hoy.No quise hacerlo anteayer. I don’t want to do it today.I refused to do it the day before yesterday. poderto be ableto succeed (in doing something) Puedo leerlo.Pude leerlo ayer. I can (am able to) read it.I could (and did) read it yesterday. no podernot to be able, capableto fail (in doing something) No puedo leerloNo pude leerlo anteayer. I can’t (am not able to) read it.I couldn’t (did not) read it the day before yesterday. 24
Preterite of Stem-Changing Verbs Talking About the Past (3) Preterite of Stem-Changing Verbs pedir (i, i)dormir (ue, u) pedípedimosdormídormimos pedistepedisteisdormistedormisteis pidiópidierondurmiódurmieron pidiendodurmiendo 25
Double Object Pronouns: Order of Pronouns Expressing Direct and Indirect Objects Together Double Object Pronouns: Order of Pronouns When both an indirect and direct object pronoun are used in a sentence, the indirect object pronoun (I) precedes the direct (D): ID. Note that nothing comes between the two pronouns. The position of double object pronouns with respect to the verb is the same as that of single object pronouns. 26 –¿Tienes el trofeo? Do you have the trophy? –Sí, acaban de dármelo. Yes, they just gave it to me. –Mamá, ¿está listo el almuerzo? Mom, is lunch ready? –Te lo preparo ahora mismo. I’ll get it ready for you right now.
Double Object Pronouns: Le(s) se (Part 1) Expressing Direct and Indirect Objects Together Double Object Pronouns: Le(s) se (Part 1) A. When both the indirect and direct object pronouns begin with the letter l, the indirect object pronoun always changes to se. The direct object pronoun does not change. 26 Le compra unosHe’s buying her some zapatos.shoes. Se los compra.He’s buying them for her. Les mandamos la blusa.We’ll send you the blouse. Se la mandamos.We’ll send it to you.
Double Object Pronouns: Le(s) se (Part 2) Expressing Direct and Indirect Objects Together Double Object Pronouns: Le(s) se (Part 2) B. Since se can stand for le (to/for you [sing.], him, her) or les (to/for you [pl.], them), it is often necessary to clarify its meaning by using a plus the pronoun objects of prepositions. 26 Se lo escribo (a Uds., a ellos, a ellas… ). I’ll write it to (you, them... ). Se las doy (a Ud., a él, a ella… ). I’ll give them to (you, him, her... ).
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