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Can I Use That? Intellectual Property Rights and Following Copyright Laws IBEA 2012 Sandra O’Brien.

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Presentation on theme: "Can I Use That? Intellectual Property Rights and Following Copyright Laws IBEA 2012 Sandra O’Brien."— Presentation transcript:

1 Can I Use That? Intellectual Property Rights and Following Copyright Laws IBEA 2012 Sandra O’Brien

2 Disclaimer  I am not a lawyer.  This presentation should not be considered legal advice.  All cited authorities should be verified and updated.  Always consult your counsel and applicable state and federal law.

3 How Do I Use The Videos?

4 Part I: Why Should You Care?  ?v=OP9U_mslaWU ?v=OP9U_mslaWU  songs/birthday.asp songs/birthday.asp

5 Why Should You Care?  What are Intellectual Property Rights?  How do copyright laws pertain to education?  Does it really affect me?  Does it really affect my students?  How can I teach my students?

6 Which Side Are You On?  6LF8QYp4&feature=relmfu 6LF8QYp4&feature=relmfu  Lip8nl0E&feature=related Lip8nl0E&feature=related  dSxL6dsc&feature=related dSxL6dsc&feature=related

7 Why Should Students Care?  cQzbY7FB98k&feature=related cQzbY7FB98k&feature=related

8 Copyright Criminals TV Show  sS7F5H2VpM&feature=related sS7F5H2VpM&feature=related

9 Great Curriculum Sites   y/ y/   

10 Creative Commons 

11 Copyright Lawsuit Sites   property-rights/copyrights/2-live-crew- weird-al property-rights/copyrights/2-live-crew- weird-al  7/11/harvard-takes-back-hornstine- admission-offer/ 7/11/harvard-takes-back-hornstine- admission-offer/  5/human-flesh-copyright/ 5/human-flesh-copyright/

12 Great Reference Sites    encyclopedia/videotape-classroom-copyright- law html encyclopedia/videotape-classroom-copyright- law html  de/referenc.html de/referenc.html   ain.cfm ain.cfm   

13 Government Website for Copyright   faq/ faq/

14 Student Reference Handouts 1  ck.pdf ck.pdf 

15 What Options Do I Have?     nic.html nic.html  x?tabid=67&EntryId=596 x?tabid=67&EntryId=596  /freemusic.htm /freemusic.htm

16 1. Brevity: how much you can copy 2. Spontaneity: how many times you can copy 3. Relevance: how are you going to use it Reference Handout #2

17 Copyright and Fair Use Guidelines for Educators Reference Handout 3

18 Teacher Use Scenarios 1. A student snaps in half a CD- ROM the teacher really needed for her next class. The teacher decides to make a back-up copy of all her crucial disks so it never happens again. This is permissible. True. The law allows the archival copies, and, in some cases, lost, stolen, or damaged originals may be replaced with copies if the originals are unavailable or unreasonably priced.

19 2. A technology coordinator installs the one copy of a Photoshop the school owns on a central server so students are able to access it from their classroom workstations. This is a violation of copyright law. False. As long as one copy is not being used simultaneously, it’s OK to distribute the software via the server. However, when districts or schools fail to monitor and enforce simultaneous use, they get in trouble.

20 3. A school has a site license for version 3.3 of a multimedia program. A teacher buys five copies of version 4.0, which is more powerful, and installs them on five workstations in the computer lab. But now when students at these workstations create a project and bring it back to their classrooms, the computers (running 3.3) won’t read the work! To end the chaos, it’s permissible to install 4.0 on all machines. False. Alas, the teacher bought a product that isn’t backwards-compatible and should complain to the manufacturer. It’s likely the law would deem it reasonable to install 3.3 in the new machines (after removing 4.0) until the issue is resolved.

21 4. A geography teacher has more students and computers than software. He uses a CD burner to make several copies of a copyright interactive CD-ROM so each student can use an individual copy in class. This if fair use. False. Just as with a print encyclopedia, one student at a time has access to a piece of software. The number of students who can use a software program simulataneously is restricted to the number of copies the school owns.

22 5. A student film buff downloads a new release from a Taiwanese Web site to use for a humanities project. As long as the student gives credit to the sties from which he’s downloaded material, this is covered under fair use. False. Educators may use “legitimately acquired” material without asking permission, but many file- sharing sites are suspect in this area. Use common sense to determine if those peer-to-peer resources are legitimate or pirated. You can also check copyright ownership at or

23 6. A teacher gets clip art and music from popular file-sharing sites, then creates a lesson plan and posts it on the school web site to share with other teachers. This is permissible. False. Legitimately acquired material can be used in classrooms. However, under the current law, no teacher can redistribute such material over the Net or any other medium. You can use it, but you can’t spread it around.

24 7. A teacher makes a compilation of movie clips from various VHS tapes to use in his classroom as lesson starters. This is covered under fair use. False. The current guidelines exclude the creation of video compilations. However, FilmClipsOnline.com offers film clips for free. Michael Rhodes at

25 8. A number of students take digital pictures of local streets and businesses for their web project. These are permissible to post online. True. You may use the images in projects and post such images on the Web. Some sites, like Disneyland and architectual landmarks, may be considered copyright material, however, and might ask you to remove the image. People (not selectively chosen) in public places are as a rule OK in photographs.*

26 9 Last year, a school’s science fair multimedia CD-ROM was so popular everyone wanted a copy of it. Everything in it was copied under fair use guidelines. The school decided to sell copies of the CD-ROM to recover the costs of reproduction. This fair use. False. Fair use allows educational use of copyright materials, true, but it does so only if there is no anticipation of wider distribution.

27 10. A teacher scans a picture of the Mona Lisa from her textbook and allows the students to use it in a digital project. This is fair use. False. The permission to use this picture was given to the textbook publisher. Only if the teacher had taken the picture herself would she be able to give the students permission to use it in a digital project. U.S. Copyright Act of 1976

28 11. A teacher wants his students to read a chapter out of a book that is not their regular textbook. The teacher scans the chapter, saves it as a.pdf, and posts it on his website for students to access. This is fair use. False. Analysis of this activity would conclude that the market is directly affected by this activity. Students who would otherwise be expected to purchase the book no longer need to and the publisher is deprived of sales. An alterative approach would be to place an appropriately purchased copy of the book on reserve in the library or ask students to purchase the book.

29 12. A last minute addition to a teacher’s class means that one student does not have a textbook. A textbook is ordered and the teacher makes copies of the chapters that will be covered before the book arrives. This is fair use. True. Since the new textbook has been ordered this situation falls under the condition of spontaneity. There is no intent to prevent the author from receiving compensation for the work so this is permissible. U.S. Copyright Act of 1976

30 13. Students in a French III course are required to purchase a workbook for use in the class. One student cannot afford to purchase the workbook so the teacher asks one student to borrow her workbook so she can make copies of the pages. Since she is only coping one workbook it is fair use. False. There shall be no copying of or from works intended to be “consumable” in the course of study or of teaching. U.S. Copyright Act of 1976

31 14. On Back-to-School night, an elementary school offers child care for students’ younger siblings. They put the kids in the library and show them Disney VHS tapes bought by the PTA. This is permissible. False. Video (like everything else) is not covered under fair use for entertainment or reward. The use described is entertainment, purse and simple. However, Disney will sell you a one-time license for $25 that makes this legal use. Call Disney at (818) , ask for “Rights.”

32 16. An entrepreneurship class watches an episode of “The Apprentice” that the teacher recorded at home to give them background information for use in their own Apprentice-like competition. This is fair use. True. A television show that is recorded during broadcast to the general public is generally permissible for viewing in the classroom. The program should be shown in the first 10 days after the recording and limited number of copies may be made. After the 10 days are done the recording could be used for evaluation purposes but after 45 days the recording must be destroyed. A purchased copy of the video must be obtained in order to continue use. The continued use is fair use as long as relevance can be shown.

33 17. A history class videotapes a Holocaust survivor who lives in the community. The students digitally compress the interview, and, with the interviewee’s permission, post it on the web. Another school discovers the interview online and uses it in their History Day project. This is fair use. True. That’s the other side of fair use. Just as you can use other people’s intellectual property for educational purposes without permission, so can your own be used.

34 Summary Men at Work Copyright Infringement   e=fvwrel e=fvwrel


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