Presentation on theme: "The Effect of Beta Carotene on Plants Infected with Agrobacterium Tumefaciens Christina Adams Grade 9."— Presentation transcript:
The Effect of Beta Carotene on Plants Infected with Agrobacterium Tumefaciens Christina Adams Grade 9
Problem Will Beta Carotene have any role in preventing the effect of Agrobacterium tumefaciens on violets? I picked this experiment because of my interest in Botany and how different bacteria and solutions can affect the plant’s growth.
Research Beta Carotene is a red-orange pigment found in various types of plants. Beta Carotene is converted in the body to Vitamin A. Agrobacterium tumefaciens is the bacteria that causes tumor formation in over 140 different dicot plants (plants with 2 or more embyrotic leaves.) A. tumefaciens can live freely in soil or inside plants as a parasite; Causes disease by transferring its own DNA into plants cells. Most A. tumefaciens infections caused by wounds in the plants (result from grafting together different plant stocks.)
Hypothesis If Beta Carotene is used, then it should have no effect on preventing damage from the Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Beta Carotene
Procedure 8 plants were placed in each pot Pot A is inoculated with A. tumefaciens and watered with 100ml of beta carotene twice weekly. Pot B is inoculated with A. tumefaciens and watered with 100ml of distilled water twice weekly. Pot C is not inoculated, but watered with 100ml of distilled water twice weekly. The height of the plants will be documented over a 30-day period.
Independent and Dependent Variables Independent variable: what the seeds are germinated in Dependent variable: the height and growth rate of the plants Control: Group C (water control group)
Conclusion If Beta Carotene is used then it will have no effect on A. tumefaciens infections. This was not supported. The control group had the highest growth rate followed by the beta carotene group. The bacterial group had the lowest growth rate -Growth stopped after two weeks and plants began to brown
Conclusion (cont) How to improve experiment: - use different types of plants, such as monocot plants, and different types of solution to test the effectiveness of prevention. - Test the effectiveness of the Beta Carotene on infected plants in higher doses. - Test Beta Carotene on humans with cancer.
Works Cited Bochinski, Julianne Blair. The Complete Handbook of Science Fair Projects. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. Helling, Christopher H. “How Effective is Beta Carotene in Fighting Cancer in Plants?” California State Science Fair 2008 Project Summary. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Oct Tzfira, Tzvi, and Vitaly Citovsky. “Taking Biology Lessons from a Bug.” The Agrobacterium- Plant Cell Interaction. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Oct University of Minnesota- Department of Pediatrics. “Agrobacterium Infections in Humans.” University of Minnesota. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Oct Various school students. “Do Plants Get Cancer?” Student Sheet. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Oct Thank you for listening!