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3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 1 3.7.6 Identifying Procedures for Conducting Container Vapor Flaring Operations Before.

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Presentation on theme: "3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 1 3.7.6 Identifying Procedures for Conducting Container Vapor Flaring Operations Before."— Presentation transcript:

1 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage Identifying Procedures for Conducting Container Vapor Flaring Operations Before ASME tank maintenance tasks can be done, it may be necessary to evacuate propane liquid and flare the propane vapor. In this module, you will learn to: (1)Identify procedures for conducting vapor flaring operations

2 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 1 Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations Flaring is the process of burning LP-gas removed from storage containers in a controlled and safe manner of NFPA 58 requires that LP-gas be burned at least 25 feet from combustibles edition NFPA 58

3 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 1 Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3.

4 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 2 Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations Figure 4a. Electronic Ignition Flare Tower Figure 4b. Top of Flare Tower Burning Propane from Cylinder

5 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPages Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations Step 1:Evacuate as much propane from the container as possible. Step 2:Select the proper site for flaring the remaining propane in the container. Step 3:Select the necessary equipment for flaring the remaining propane in the container. Step 4:Assemble and connect all necessary hoses, fittings, burner, etc., to flare the remaining propane in the container. Step 5:Pressure test the flaring assembly.

6 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPages Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations Step 6:Flare the remaining propane in the container. Step 7:Bleed down and disconnect the flaring equipment.

7 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 3 Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations Figure 5. Recommended Site for Flaring Containers (At Bulk Plant) Although the flaring operation is simple, it does involve an open flame. As a result, certain safety precautions should be followed when selecting a site for flaring the container. These safety precautions will limit the danger of an accidental fire while the flaring burner is operating.

8 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 3 Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations NOTE: The flaring burner should be located at least 25 feet away from the container being flared, any transfer area or important building.

9 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 4 Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations Flaring equipment should have these features: 1.An orifice or other gas flow controlling device 2.A built-in shutoff valve 3.Designed for vapor service 4.An approximate input rating of 500,000 BTU/hr. or less 5.Should incorporate a regulator

10 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 4 Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations It is important to select a burner with both a built-in shutoff and a regulator. This allows for adjustment of the output of the burner and prevents any excessive withdrawal from the cylinder or tank being flared. Remember, excessive withdrawal could easily cause the tank or cylinder to temporarily stop vaporizing enough gas to supply the burner. This condition may be noticed when a frost line appears on the container, yet sufficient liquid may remain to re- pressurize the container when it regains heat from surrounding air.

11 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 5 Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations Figure 6. Supply Hose for Flaring Burner

12 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 6 Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations Figure 7. Flaring Burner Support

13 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 6 Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations Figure 7. Flaring Burner Support

14 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 8 Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations During Step 6, observe the pressure gauge on the service valve (or purging adaptor). When the pressure drops below 15 psig, temporarily shut down the burner and allow the pressures in the tank or cylinder to increase. (Because of the high demand of the burner, the container may refrigerate during the flaring operation. If a frost line develops on the cylinder, temporarily shut down the burner and allow the pressure in the container to increase.) When the vapor pressure no longer increases above 15 psig, flare the remaining vapor until the burner extinguishes.

15 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPage 9 Conducting Vapor Flaring Operations Flaring operations should incorporate the following safety practices and recommendations: 1.Flaring operations should never be left unattended and qualified personnel should continuously monitor flaring equipment and conditions. 2.If qualified personnel must leave the flaring operation for any reason, the operation should be shut down and the valve(s) on the container being flared should be closed. Check with your supervisor or any company- specific procedures that may apply to flaring operations.

16 3.7.6 Student Book © 2004 Propane Education & Research CouncilPages 10 & 11 Time to See If You Got the Key Points of This Module… Complete the Review on pages 10. See if you are ready for the Certification Exam by checking off the performance criteria on page 11.


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