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SUSTAINABLE BUILDING SYSTEMS By: Justin Kramer.

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Presentation on theme: "SUSTAINABLE BUILDING SYSTEMS By: Justin Kramer."— Presentation transcript:

1 SUSTAINABLE BUILDING SYSTEMS By: Justin Kramer

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7 Off-Grid Zero Emissions Building (OGZEB)

8 What is the OGZEB?? Platinum Green – Water Efficient – Sustainable Site – Materials – Indoor Air Quality – Energy

9 Energy Efficiency Source: Daniel Kammen, UC Berkeley, ER 100 Lecture 1, Fall 2005

10 Energy Efficiency Energy Consumption by Application

11 Building Efficiency –Structural Insulated Panels Consumer Efficiency –HVAC –Water Heater –Lighting Energy Efficiency

12 $116/barrel in April 2008

13 Energy Production

14 $116/barrel in April 2008

15 $116/barrel in April 2008

16 Photovoltaic Panels – First Generation – 6 kW Array – 500 sqft Solar Thermal – 120 sqft Collector – 300 gallon tank Energy Collection

17 Energy Storage

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19 ElectrolyzerFuel Cell H 2 O H 2 O H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 O Energy Storage

20 H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 Thermal O

21 Energy Consumers Energy Consumption by Application

22 Energy Storage

23 Hydrogen Properties

24 Combustion Properties

25 Premixing Properties No Premixing 50% Premixing 100% Premixing No Premixing Hydrogen

26 Hydrogen Properties Experimental Setup

27 Temperature Gradient Setup

28 Gradient Profile: 135 Degrees 1.25 psig Temperature Gradient Analysis

29 Gradient Profile: 135 Degrees 1.25 psig

30 Gradient Profile: 135 Degrees 1.25 psig Z=0 Z=0.5 z=1

31 Gradient Profile: 135 Degrees 1.25 psig

32 Hydrogen Retrofits

33 Solaire Grill

34 Solaire Burner

35 Burner Considerations

36 Hydrogen Burner

37 Thermocouple Plate

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40 Rinnai Water Heater

41 Rinnai Burner

42 Burner Considerations 135 Degrees 180 Degrees Both at 0.5 psig Both have a in Diameter Orifice

43 Hydrogen Burner

44 Hydrogen Burner Testing

45 Hydrogen Burner Results

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49 Hydrogen Safety

50 University of Miami Test By: Dr. M. Swain Hydrogen vs. Gasoline 0 sec

51 University of Miami Test By: Dr. M. Swain Hydrogen vs. Gasoline 30 sec

52 University of Miami Test By: Dr. M. Swain Hydrogen vs. Gasoline 1 min

53 University of Miami Test By: Dr. M. Swain Hydrogen vs. Gasoline 1min 30 sec

54 University of Miami Test By: Dr. M. Swain Hydrogen vs. Gasoline 2min 20 sec

55 Conclusion/Questions

56 mdot Qdot Burners.25 psi.5 psi.25 psi.5 psi 48.31E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E+04 mdot Qdot Pressure E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E+03 Density Propane 1.91 kg/m 3 Natural Gas 0.68 kg/m 3 Hydrogen kg/m 3

57 Error The error in the data was ± 0.5 C for the thermocouples, ± 0.1 C for the thermistor and ± psi for the pressure transducer.


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