Presentation on theme: "Presented by Briar Schoon, Sustainability Analyst Erin Stanforth, Sustainability Manager Portland Community College Footprinting the Supply Chain: Shifting."— Presentation transcript:
Presented by Briar Schoon, Sustainability Analyst Erin Stanforth, Sustainability Manager Portland Community College Footprinting the Supply Chain: Shifting Priorities at Portland Community College
About PCC Largest higher educational institution in the state of Oregon PCC has 10 campuses and centers throughout the Portland- metro area Approximately 90,000 students 3205 staff and faculty members Collectively, our square footage combined is slightly larger than the state of Rhode Island.
Sustainability Timeline 2006: Board passes Sustainable Use of Resources Policy B-707 2006: President signs ACUPCC 2006: College completes first GHG inventory to establish baseline 2009: President signs Climate Action Plan 2010: President convenes Sustainable Practices, Academics and Resources Council (SPARC) 2010: College hires Sustainability Manager 2010: College hires Energy Manager
Sustainability Background Cont. 2012: College completes third GHG inventory, comprehensive and retrospective including supply chain emissions. 2012: College completes first STARS report 2013: President signs updated Climate Action Plan 2013: College approves Sustainability Focus Award, a student completion award 2013: College completes fourth GHG inventory and second STARS report 2013: College appointed to national Sustainable Purchasing Leadership Council
Commuter emissions include all indirect emissions associated with staff and students getting to PCC – Single occupancy vehicles – Public transit (bus, light rail) – Carpool/rideshare PCC Shuttles not included What is Commuting
Commute Calculation The calculation looks something like this: An average employee-owned fuel efficiency of 20 miles per gallon is assumed.
Commute Survey Some of the data you are looking to capture and extract from a commute survey include: Commute distance Transportation mode (single occupancy vehicle, carpool, bus, bike/walk) Number of commute days (also possibly available from HR) Number of carpool occupants
PCC Commute Survey Portland Community College Student Survey 2011 For the Campuses: -Sylvania -Rock Creek -Cascade -Southeast Student Population22,000 Surveys Returned 2,814 Response Rate 13% The data listed in the following report are based on the answers of the 2,814 respondents. While the report provides valuable insight into the transportation patterns of PCC students, it is not a statistically valid representation of all students.
PCC Commute Survey Weekly Average Mode SylvaniaRock CreekCascadeSoutheast Rode Bus/Max17%25%27% 34% Car/Vanpool12%14%4% 14% Walked2%1%6%7% Biked2%1% 10%6% Distance Learning7% 8%5% PCC Shuttle11%2%4%5% Drive Alone47%48%41% 28% Motorcycle/Scooter1% Summary of Mode Use by Campus Portland Community College Student Commute Survey COMBINED CAMPUS REPORT
Commute Data Entry Depending on the calculator you are using, the data is now ready to be entered in: CommutersDaysDistanceEfficiencyCarpoolTransportation Mode Inventory Year / Facilities Description Full-Time Employees Average Annual Workdays Estimated Average Employee Daily Commute (One Way) Average Employee Owned Fuel Efficiency Average Carpool Occupants Single Occupant Vehicle (SOV) CarpoolBusLight Rail # of FTEswork days / yearmilesmiles / gallon# % of employees 2006 26,122180720247.0%9.0%11.0% 2007 26,382180720247.0%9.0%11.0% 2008 27,227180720247.0%9.0%11.0% 2009 29,945180720247.0%9.0%11.0% 2010 35,118180720247.0%9.0%11.0% 2011 36,775180720247.0%9.0%11.0% 2012 38,457180720247.0%9.0%11.0% 2013 38,088180720247.0%9.0%11.0% Cumulative Totals:258,114 55
All waste destined for the landfill is included (including Bond activities) Does not include recycled or composted materials PCC partners with Oregon Oils to recycle cooking oil What is Solid Waste?
Solid Waste 5 haulers for 10 campuses and centers 2 landfills, both use CH 4 capture with flaring Understanding the impact of solid waste
Business Travel All emissions associated with employee business travel – Air travel – Employee-owned vehicles Need to know destination cities for air travel emissions Need data on mileage reimbursement
Air Travel No system in place at PCC for tracking although there is just one point of contact Data can be overwhelming due to disorganization We created a cheat sheet to help track.
Em Past years… This year the Payroll Manager provided total miles reimbursed for employee travel Employee-owned Vehicles
Selecting a Calculator Here are some calculators to consider: Clean Air-Cool Planet Good Company's G3C calculator GHG Protocol Carbon Footprint Business Calculator Carbon Trust The Carbon Neutral Company
Supply Chain Emissions Like Commuting, Supply Chain emissions are indirect emissions and are therefore shared.
Supply Chain Emissions The scale of greenhouse gas emissions from supply chain can be quite large.
Supply Chain Methodology 1.Collect the necessary purchasing data
Supply Chain Methodology 2.Ensure you can decipher that data (and ask for assistance if you can’t). 1.Collect the necessary purchasing data
2. Understanding the Data You may need assistance to decipher the accounting numbers you received such as account labels or descriptions as shown in the adjacent image.
Supply Chain Methodology 3.Remove the account categories that either represent double-counting (such as electricity and solid waste) or that are not for goods and services such as simple transfers of money. 1.Collect the necessary purchasing data 2.Ensure you can decipher that data (and ask for assistance if you can’t).
Supply Chain Methodology 4. Group and sort purchases into 10-15 major categories. 1.Collect the necessary purchasing data 2.Ensure you can decipher that data (and ask for assistance if you can’t). 3.Remove the account categories that either represent double-counting (such as electricity and solid waste) or that are not for goods and services such as simple transfers of money.
Supply Chain Methodology 5. Utilize the Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA) method to find the CO 2 e-intensity for each of those categories.
Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment “The EIO-LCA method estimates the materials and energy resources required for, and the environmental emissions resulting from, activities in our economy. It is one technique for performing a life cycle assessment, an evaluation of the environmental impacts of a product or process over its entire life cycle.” www.eiolca.net/Method/
5. Use the EIO-LCA tool The EIO-LCA online tool is available for free and assists in converting economic activity through dollars spent into GHG emissions. The tool and more information about it can be found at the following website: http://www.eiolca.nethttp://www.eiolca.net
Supply Chain Methodology 6. Adjust the results for inflation using the U.S. Department of Labor – Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Consumer Price Index (CPI). 5. Utilize the Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA) method to find the CO 2 e-intensity for each of those categories.
6. Adjust for inflation When using the EIO-LCA tool, you must adjust for inflation because it is based on 2002 prices
Supply Chain Methodology 7. Enter your results into the calculator you are using for your inventory. 5. Utilize the Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA) method to find the CO 2 e-intensity for each of those categories. 6. Adjust the results for inflation using the U.S. Department of Labor – Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Consumer Price Index (CPI).
Lessons Learned Start early! Set a baseline year and move forward Define boundaries (district-wide vs. campus) Effectively communicate shared goals
Lessons Learned Importance of transparency Beware of diminishing returns Importance of outreach Realign goals and strategies accordingly
Sustainability Organization - Before Sustainability Leadership Team Buildings and Energy Transportation Consumption and Solid Waste Food and Agriculture Sustainability in Education Community Outreach Tracking Progress and Financing
Sustainability Organization - After Sustainability Leadership Team Scope I Scope II Scope IIIaScope IIIbSPARC Community Outreach
Two questions: – How to promote sustainable purchases in a complex and diverse organization like PCC? – How to account for sustainable purchases in GHG inventory? Next Steps
More specific supply chain GHG inventory Next Steps
Product-specific Green Office Supplies Purchasing Guide Work with Office Max to highlight green products and track purchases Next Steps
Sustainability language and criteria in RFPs and college-wide contracts Sustainable purchasing with the District Student Council Sustainable Purchasing Leadership Council Next Steps