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Plugging Abandoned Wells in Unconsolidated Formations.

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Presentation on theme: "Plugging Abandoned Wells in Unconsolidated Formations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Plugging Abandoned Wells in Unconsolidated Formations

2 DRINKING WATER AQUIFER Abandoned wells can bypass natural protective geological features and provide a pathway for contaminants to flow directly into our drinking water aquifers.

3 Abandoned wells and well pits are a safety hazard for children.

4 PLUGGING AN ABANDONED WELL IN AN UNCONSOLIDATED FORMATION STEPS LOCATE ABANDONED WELLLOCATE ABANDONED WELL REMOVE OBSTRUCTIONS FROM WELLREMOVE OBSTRUCTIONS FROM WELL MEASURE DEPTH & DIAMETER OF WELLMEASURE DEPTH & DIAMETER OF WELL CALCULATE VOLUME OF PLUGGING MATERIAL NEEDEDCALCULATE VOLUME OF PLUGGING MATERIAL NEEDED EMPLACE PLUGGING MATERIALEMPLACE PLUGGING MATERIAL RESTORE SITERESTORE SITE COMPLETE ABANDONED WELL PLUGGING RECORDCOMPLETE ABANDONED WELL PLUGGING RECORD

5 Use records, surveys, permits, or other documents that are available for the property to locate the old well. X Suspected location of 2 nd abandoned neighbor.

6 REMOVE ALL OBSTRUCTIONS FROM THE WELL

7 MEASURE WELL DEPTH TO ESTIMATE THE VOLUME OF PLUGGING MATERIAL NEEDED

8 EXAMPLE 4 Inch Well, 100 feet deep (Contains approx. 66 liquid gallons) Neat Cement 13.4 feet/94 lb sack of Portland Cement (from GWQCR code p. 54) 13.4 feet/94 lb sack of Portland Cement (from GWQCR code p. 54) Requires approx. 7.5 sacks to plug 100’deep, 4” well Requires approx. 7.5 sacks to plug 100’deep, 4” well 5.2 gallons of water/sack yields 8.8 gallons of grout. 5.2 gallons of water/sack yields 8.8 gallons of grout. Bentonite Chips 7.9 feet/50 lb bag of Bentonite Chips (from GWQCR code p. 54) 7.9 feet/50 lb bag of Bentonite Chips (from GWQCR code p. 54) Requires approx. 13 bags to plug 100’ deep, 4” well Requires approx. 13 bags to plug 100’ deep, 4” well Bentonite Slurry (Granular/Polymer) 54 feet/50 pound bag of Granular + 1 pint Polymer (from Mfg. spec.) 54 feet/50 pound bag of Granular + 1 pint Polymer (from Mfg. spec.) Requires approx. 2 bags & 2 pints polymer to plug 100’ deep 4” well Requires approx. 2 bags & 2 pints polymer to plug 100’ deep 4” well gallons of water/bag, with 1 pint of polymer yields 35.5 gallons of grout gallons of water/bag, with 1 pint of polymer yields 35.5 gallons of grout.

9 RULES RULES R Rule 164. (a-c) NEAT CEMENT, CONCRETE, OR BENTONITE GROUT SLURRIES NEAT CEMENT, CONCRETE, OR BENTONITE GROUT SLURRIES * A tremie pipe from the bottom of the well to the ground surface must be used. All obstructions must be removed prior to placement of the tremie pipe.

10 ASSEMBLE AND PLACE TREMIE PIPE TO BOTTOM OF WELL 120’ OF THIN WALL TREMIE PIPE

11 REMOVAL OF TREMIE PIPE IS RECOMMENDED. EXAMPLE: THREADED TREMIE PIPE IN 20 FOOT SECTIONS USED FOR PUMPING BENTONITE SLURRY DOWN 180’ WELL.

12 Using Tremie Pipe Without Solvent-welding Joints

13

14 ADDING THE POLYMER TYPICAL BENTONITE GROUTING RIG

15 ADDING THE GRANULAR BENTONITE

16 MIXING THE BENTONITE GROUT SLURRY

17 BENTONITE SLURRY “RETURN” TO GROUND SURFACE. HYDRATED GRANULES

18 6 gallons of water mixed with one 94 pound sack of Portland cement = 15 pound per gallon slurry weight. TYPICAL CEMENT GROUTING RIG

19 PUMP ESTIMATED VOLUME OF CEMENT GROUT INTO THE WELL.PUMP ESTIMATED VOLUME OF CEMENT GROUT INTO THE WELL. STOP IF POOR OR NO “RETURN” TO THE SURFACE.STOP IF POOR OR NO “RETURN” TO THE SURFACE. LOST CIRCULATION ZONES MAY REQUIRE SPECIAL PLUGGING MATERIALS OR ADDITIVES.LOST CIRCULATION ZONES MAY REQUIRE SPECIAL PLUGGING MATERIALS OR ADDITIVES.

20 Pump neat cement using a tremie pipe to the bottom of the well. Cloudy water will appear before the cement returns to the surface. Cloudy water will appear before the cement returns to the surface. Add 15-20% to allow for routine loss to formation.

21 Neat Cement Grout / Tremie Pipe Removed

22 WEIGHING SLURRY GROUT USING MUD SCALE Grout weight in mixer should equal weight of grout “return.”

23 RULES RULES R Rule 164. (a-c) POURING BENTONITE CHIPS OR PELLETS FROM THE SURFACE POURING BENTONITE CHIPS OR PELLETS FROM THE SURFACE * USE A SCREEN TO REMOVE * USE A SCREEN TO REMOVE FINES. FINES. * ADD WATER TO PROMOTE * ADD WATER TO PROMOTE HYDRATION. HYDRATION.

24 WHEN POURING BENTONITE, FINES MUST BE REMOVED PRIOR TO PLACEMENT INTO CASING TO AVOID BRIDGING

25 PLACING PRE- SCREENED BENTONITE CHIPS BY HAND INTO 2” WELL CASING.

26 DIRECT POURING OF BENTONITE CHIPS CAN RESULT IN FINES CAUSING BRIDGING… SLOW POURING LIKE THIS IS USUALLY INEFFECTIVE.

27 UNSCREENED BENTONITE CHIPS BRIDGED IN THIS 2 INCH WELL. BREAKING THE BRIDGE WAS DIFFICULT.

28 BE SURE THAT THE CHIPS HAVE HYDRATED

29 FILL OUT AND SUBMIT AN ABANDONED WELL PLUGGING RECORD FILL OUT AND SUBMIT AN ABANDONED WELL PLUGGING RECORD


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