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The Great River of the West The Columbia – A scenic wonderland Monterey Bay The West The Columbia River and Monterey Bay NCSR Photos by Lester Reed1.

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Presentation on theme: "The Great River of the West The Columbia – A scenic wonderland Monterey Bay The West The Columbia River and Monterey Bay NCSR Photos by Lester Reed1."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Great River of the West The Columbia – A scenic wonderland Monterey Bay The West The Columbia River and Monterey Bay NCSR Photos by Lester Reed1

2 Our trip up the Columbia Adapted from USGS Columbia River Snake River Portland Hells Canyon Tour Route

3 Our departure for the Columbia is from Portland, Oregon - a city of bridges NCSR Photos by Lester Reed 3

4 A ride on the new tram seemed a must The view was worth the fare In Portland we did some sightseeing NCSR Photos by Lester Reed4

5 The gardens are about tranquility The sound of water falling establishes the mood The Japanese Gardens were on the schedule NCSR Photos by Lester Reed5

6 We are soon off on the Sea Lion Heading north upriver Our main purpose was to sail the river NCSR Photos by Lester Reed6

7 The Columbia is a changed river with the building of the hydroelectric dams NCSR Photos by Lester Reed7

8 Dams of the Columbia River Basin Map courtesy of State of Washington – Department of Ecology 1.8

9 All Columbia dams we visit here are of uniform width to accommodate two barges side by side There are various lock designs – this one is called a Guillotine design Over the next week we will transit eight dams on the Columbia NCSR Photos by Lester Reed9

10 The generation of hydroelectric power for the region and to allow economical barge transportation on the waterway The dams have two main economic purposes NCSR Photos by Lester Reed10

11 Dams block free access to spawning grounds, reducing numbers of fish for commercial fishing, Native American dip netting (platform on left) and sport fishing (on right) Dams are controversial due to their adverse impact on the native salmon population NCSR Photos by Lester Reed 11

12 In spite of the dams, the river remains the most scenic in North America Even on a cloudy day, as water flows between gorge walls, the view is stunning Politics aside - our purpose is to explore the Columbia River NCSR Photos by Lester Reed12

13 Forest stands surround rocky cliffs Thousands of years of river flow shapes the land Federal protection has controlled development along the Columbia Gorge NCSR Photos by Lester Reed13

14 Falls typically are tall and narrow and are fed by underground sources The Gorge is noted for its stunning waterfalls NCSR Photos by Lester Reed14

15 An early settlers sod houseThere are wind swept vistas As we head north we take the opportunity to view the river and its banks from onshore NCSR Photos by Lester Reed15

16 Built by hand beginning in 1913 and completed in 1922, the road was the first paved road in the Northwest The Gorge tunnel and road are now closed to motorized vehicles except on special historical events The original Gorge Highway NCSR Photos by Lester Reed16

17 Chicken Charlie's Island named for an early 1900s chicken ranch The farther upriver the more desolate the landscape We continue north headed for the Snake River and Hells Canyon NCSR Photos by Lester Reed17

18 Road and electric power terminus Soon the landscape is basalt cliffs devoid of trees As we reach the Snake near Hells Canyon, road access along the banks ends and traffic is by boat NCSR Photos by Lester Reed18

19 The fast-moving jet boat allows us to navigate rapids and get close to shore to observe the rock formations that make up the canyon At Hells Canyon we change to a jet boat to see first hand this natural wonder NCSR Photos by Lester Reed19

20 The light and dark shading reflect various flood levels Look closely and you can see five distinct water levels that discolored these rocks Much of the history of the Canyon can be read in the rock formations NCSR Photos by Lester Reed20

21 The jet boat’s wake adds to the stark beauty of the canyon NCSR Photos by Lester Reed21

22 Early Native American petroglyphs are found along the walls of the canyon NCSR Photos by Lester Reed22

23 Geologists can read the history of the Canyon in its rock walls NCSR Photos by Lester Reed23

24 Big horn sheep Mule deer Occasionally we get a glimpse of the Canyon’s wildlife NCSR Photos by Lester Reed24

25 We depart Hells Canyon seeing why it is known for its stark beauty NCSR Photos by Lester Reed25

26 Our next stop, the lower reaches of the Palouse River NCSR Photos by Lester Reed26

27 Using Zodiacs and kayaks we take a close look at this tranquil Snake River tributary Getting “on the water” gave us a special appreciation for this historic area NCSR Photos by Lester Reed27

28 Basalt rock walls and stark canyons give witness to the force of the waters The effects of the Lake Missoula ice age floods 20,000 years ago are clearly evident NCSR Photos by Lester Reed28

29 Climbing up above the Palouse Falls gives more dramatic evidence of the floods NCSR Photos by Lester Reed29

30 Below the falls the flow continues as the Palouse connects with the Snake The various rock types are shown in the exposed cliff faces The floods clearly changed the landscape into one of barren beauty NCSR Photos by Lester Reed30

31 Even the scoured land vegetation struggles for a foothold NCSR Photos by Lester Reed31

32 Reluctantly, we head back down stream NCSR Photos by Lester Reed 32

33 Back to Portland NCSR Photos by Lester Reed33

34 and south to the Monterey Bay area NCSR Photos by Lester Reed34

35 Map courtesy of USGS – N. Maher and R. Hall 35

36 The Monterey Bay area has many faces - all unique and often stunning NCSR Photos by Lester Reed36

37 Noted for its marine mammal population and rugged beauty it is a prime tourist destination NCSR Photos by Lester Reed37

38 Such as sea lions and the ever popular sea otters In the next few minutes we will visit some of these attractions NCSR Photos by Lester Reed38

39 Among the sights are harbor seals and the sea lions are the noisy ones (being visited by cormorants) These guys are prolific and some are noisy NCSR Photos by Lester Reed39

40 Can you find the sea otters? Here I am sleeping in the kelp A fun creature – the California sea otter NCSR Photos by Lester Reed40

41 Sea otters spend nearly all of their time in the water (there are six in this picture) NCSR Photos by Lester Reed41

42 This otter has a happy life – eating, sleeping, and grooming NCSR Photos by Lester Reed42

43 Up close and personal NCSR Photos by Lester Reed43

44 A cousin of the sea otter – the American river otter NCSR Photos by Lester Reed44

45 A day of whales tails – Monterey Bay, June 2008 NCSR Photos by Lester Reed45

46 Humpback whales feeding on anchovies NCSR Photos by Lester Reed46

47 Almost too close for comfort – heading for the boat and diving at the last minute NCSR Photos by Lester Reed47

48 You see lots of backs and flukes when whale watching NCSR Photos by Lester Reed48

49 Actually it is their water spout that has a distinct “dead fish” odor and an audible roar as it is released Ever smell whales breath or hear it breathing? NCSR Photos by Lester Reed49

50 Rough-toothed dolphins feeding with the humpback whales (lower right) NCSR Photos by Lester Reed50

51 ... even if there are whalessee upper right Sea lions join in on the feast… NCSR Photos by Lester Reed51

52 Monterey Bay 17-Mile Drive – Bird Island (guess its real color) NCSR Photos by Lester Reed52

53 Restless waters and rocks make beautiful pictures NCSR Photos by Lester Reed53

54 There is surf splashingand tide pools Wherever you look NCSR Photos by Lester Reed54

55 Wind shaped Cypress trees form stark images against a blue sky NCSR Photos by Lester Reed55

56 Meet some of the seals and sea lions NCSR Photos by Lester Reed56

57 Flippers and heads – courtesy of a sea lion swim-in NCSR Photos by Lester Reed57

58 See my spotsThis guy is all wired-up Young seals play in the surf NCSR Photos by Lester Reed58

59 The kids have lots of color variation depending on age NCSR Photos by Lester Reed59

60 Grooming and sleeping are favorite pastimes NCSR Photos by Lester Reed60

61 …like their own rocks although some venture out to Bird Island with the cormorants Sea lions… NCSR Photos by Lester Reed61

62 Meet the elephant seals NCSR Photos by Lester Reed 62

63 Hey humans – I’d like a little peace and quiet NCSR Photos by Lester Reed63

64 When dry, the elephant seals are quite brownbut are black when wet Out to the water and back NCSR Photos by Lester Reed64

65 Pelicans on the wing NCSR Photos by Lester Reed65

66 Hey buddy – have you got a nut for me? PS: He is used to begging NCSR Photos by Lester Reed66 Not everyone likes the water – California ground squirrel

67 Crowed together – how do you get yours out ? Not all are fancy yachts Water attracts boats NCSR Photos by Lester Reed67

68 Black sea nettle Pacific sea nettle Our last stop – The Monterey Bay Aquarium’s jelly collection NCSR Photos by Lester Reed68

69 Spotted jelly or lagoon jellyMediterranean jelly Although currents move them, they have a choice as to where they go NCSR Photos by Lester Reed69

70 Purple-striped jelly Which is right side up? The jellies know but don't seem to care. NCSR Photos by Lester Reed70

71 Upside-down jelly Mediterranean jelly or fried egg jelly The shapes and colors seem endless NCSR Photos by Lester Reed71

72 Out of focus sometimes makes for an interesting composition NCSR Photos by Lester Reed 72

73 Had to sneak in a tropical fish or two NCSR Photos by Lester Reed73

74 The colors are a photographers dream NCSR Photos by Lester Reed74

75 Shapes and colors cover every conceivable variety NCSR Photos by Lester Reed75

76 And we make our good-byes to Monterey Bay NCSR Photos by Lester Reed76

77 and the Columbia River - we come to the end of our visit to the west NCSR Photos by Lester Reed77


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