1Tribal Indoor Environments Funding Scenario #1: Radon Erin McTigue, EPA R10 Tribal Air Program
2Radon and HealthRadon is a cancer-causing, radioactive gas. You can’t see it or smell it.Found all over the USComes from the national breakdown of uranium in soil, rock, and waterIf you smoke and your home has high radon levels, your risk of lung cancer is especially highTesting is the only way to know if radon is in a building
3Leveraging Resources to Address Radon Testing/Identification: EPACommunity Education & Partnership Building: EPAInstallation of Mitigation Systems: USDA, BIA, HUDGOAL: Eliminate radon exposure in homes and tribal buildings
4Costs of Addressing Radon TestingCan purchase test kits (radon canisters) for anywhere from $3.45 to $12 each (depends on quantity you order)ExamplesAir Chek $4.85 for order >100 (most recent quote)Prolab $4.95 (order of 500)American Lung Association $12.00 eachMitigation & PreventionCosts of installing a mitigation system in an existing home = $1500-$2500 per home (varies)Radon resistant new construction typically costs a builder between $250 and $750. Could cost less than $250 if the builder already uses some of the same techniques for moisture control.
5Radon Testing & Outreach: EPA Funds Tribal Clean Air Act Grants – can use to purchase test kits, build partnerships, conduct community outreach, work on code developmentIndian General Assistance Program (IGAP) funds – purchase kits, conduct outreach program, build partnerships, work on code developmentSIRG Funds – purchase kits, conduct outreach, build partnerships, support meetings and conferences, trainings, surveys, plans for testing and mitigation, demonstration projects
6Radon Mitigation: USDA Funds Section 533 Housing Preservations Grants to non-profits/housing authority/tribes to make repairs to groups of apartment buildings, individual homes, etc. The program is very competitive as each state only gets an initial allocation of $45,000 annually but it is valuable because it is awarded to the tribe for their use. Section 502/504 loans/grants are made directly to home owners. The 504 is a 1% loan of up to $20,000 amortized over 20 years, making payments extremely affordable. Those who are over 62 years old and cannot qualify for a loan may be eligible for $7,500 grant. The 504 program is only for those meeting low income limits.Possible emergency/disaster funds?
7Radon Mitigation Funds: BIA Funds Housing Improvement Program (HIP) for low-income families (does not exceed 125% of the Federal Poverty Levels)Interim Improvements: Provides up to $2,500 in housing repairs for conditions that threaten the health and/or safety of the occupantsRepairs and Renovation: Provides up to $35,000 in repairs and renovation to improve the condition of a homeowner’s dwelling to meet applicable building code standardsReplacement Housing: Provides a modest replacement home if a homeowner’s dwelling cannot be brought to applicable building code standards. New Housing: Provides a modest new home if the individual does not own a home. An individual may be eligible if s/he is the owner or leaseholder of land suitable for housing and the lease is for not less that 25 years at the time assistance is received.
8Radon Mitigation Funds: HUD Funds Block Grants such as NAHASDA Indian Housing Block Grant – Use for new construction or rehabilitationCompetitive Grants such asIndian Community Development Block Grant for rentals and homeownership units.Section 202 Housing Program - for senior homes.Loan GuaranteesNAHASDA Title VI – construction or rehab of homeownership and rental unitsNAHASDA Section New construction or rehab of single family homesFHA - New construction, acquisition, or refinance of single family homes.Multi Family - New construction, acquisition, refinance, or rehabilitation of rental units.Emergency Funds – Imminent Threat Grants (less common)
9Other Resources to Explore Department of EnergyCancer Control Plans?Others?
11Mold and HealthMold exposures are associated with allergic reactions, asthma, and other respiratory issuesWe cannot eliminate all mold and mold spores; the way to control indoor mold growth is to control moistureMolds can be found almost anywhere; they can grow on virtually any substance, providing moisture is presentIndoor humidity should be 30-60% to decrease mold growth
12Costs of Preventing & Remediating Mold Costs of mold prevention and remediation vary greatly.Examples of potential interventions:Using a moisture meter to test dampness in wallsEducating residents on how to prevent moldTraining for housing staff on mold: $800-$1000Installing bathroom fans with timers or hygrometerInstalling hood vents over stovesRemoving and replacing moldy drywallRemoving and replacing moldy carpet
13Leveraging Resources to Address Mold Prevention (Resident Education, Home Assessments): EPA, HUDPreventative Tools (e.g. Ventilation systems): HUD, BIA, USDAMold Remediation: USDA, BIA, HUDGOAL: Reduce excess moisture and mold in tribal homes and buildings
14Home Assessments and Resident Education EPA Grants, such asTribal Clean Air Act GrantsIndian General Assistance Program (IGAP)HUD funds
15Preventing Mold: Repairing the Home, Buying “Tools” [Examples: repairing leaks, installing ventilation in bathrooms and kitchens, purchasing green cleaning toolkits, installing window covers]HUD funds Note: NOFA for HUD Mold Prevention and Remediation Grant for Tribes to be released within the next year.USDA loan and grant programsBIA Housing Improvement ProgramDOE funds
16Remediating Homes with Existing Mold Problems [When mold cannot be cleaned up – e.g. removing walls, carpeting, etc, and replacing them]HUD fundsNote: NOFA for HUD Mold Prevention and Remediation Grant for Tribes to be released within the next year.USDA loan and grant programsBIA Housing Improvement ProgramDOE funds
17Other Resources to Explore Department of EnergyWeatherization ProgramsOthers?
18Other Home Health & Safety Scenarios Installing Ventilation (Fresh 80s, HRVs, hood ranges, etc.)Heating appliance changeouts (e.g. funds for changing out old, uncertified wood stoves for new stoves or other types of home heating devices)Heating appliance maintenance (e.g. funds for cleaning chimneys or repairing a toyo stove)Resident education overall…