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Tribal Indoor Environments Funding Scenario #1: Radon ERIN MCTIGUE, EPA R10 TRIBAL AIR PROGRAM.

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Presentation on theme: "Tribal Indoor Environments Funding Scenario #1: Radon ERIN MCTIGUE, EPA R10 TRIBAL AIR PROGRAM."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tribal Indoor Environments Funding Scenario #1: Radon ERIN MCTIGUE, EPA R10 TRIBAL AIR PROGRAM

2 Radon and Health  Radon is a cancer-causing, radioactive gas. You can’t see it or smell it.  Found all over the US  Comes from the national breakdown of uranium in soil, rock, and water  If you smoke and your home has high radon levels, your risk of lung cancer is especially high  Testing is the only way to know if radon is in a building

3 Leveraging Resources to Address Radon Testing/Identification: EPA Community Education & Partnership Building: EPA Installation of Mitigation Systems: USDA, BIA, HUD GOAL: Eliminate radon exposure in homes and tribal buildings

4 Costs of Addressing Radon Testing ◦ Can purchase test kits (radon canisters) for anywhere from $3.45 to $12 each (depends on quantity you order) ◦ Examples ◦ Air Chek $4.85 for order >100 (most recent quote) ◦ Prolab $4.95 (order of 500) ◦ American Lung Association $12.00 each Mitigation & Prevention ◦ Costs of installing a mitigation system in an existing home = $1500-$2500 per home (varies) ◦ Radon resistant new construction typically costs a builder between $250 and $750. Could cost less than $250 if the builder already uses some of the same techniques for moisture control.

5 Radon Testing & Outreach: EPA Funds  Tribal Clean Air Act Grants – can use to purchase test kits, build partnerships, conduct community outreach, work on code development  Indian General Assistance Program (IGAP) funds – purchase kits, conduct outreach program, build partnerships, work on code development  SIRG Funds – purchase kits, conduct outreach, build partnerships, support meetings and conferences, trainings, surveys, plans for testing and mitigation, demonstration projects

6 Radon Mitigation: USDA Funds  Section 533 Housing Preservations Grants to non-profits/housing authority/tribes to make repairs to groups of apartment buildings, individual homes, etc. The program is very competitive as each state only gets an initial allocation of $45,000 annually but it is valuable because it is awarded to the tribe for their use.  Section 502/504 loans/grants are made directly to home owners. The 504 is a 1% loan of up to $20,000 amortized over 20 years, making payments extremely affordable. Those who are over 62 years old and cannot qualify for a loan may be eligible for $7,500 grant. The 504 program is only for those meeting low income limits.  Possible emergency/disaster funds?

7 Radon Mitigation Funds: BIA Funds Housing Improvement Program (HIP) for low-income families (does not exceed 125% of the Federal Poverty Levels)HIP 1. Interim Improvements: Provides up to $2,500 in housing repairs for conditions that threaten the health and/or safety of the occupants 2.Repairs and Renovation: Provides up to $35,000 in repairs and renovation to improve the condition of a homeowner’s dwelling to meet applicable building code standards 3.Replacement Housing: Provides a modest replacement home if a homeowner’s dwelling cannot be brought to applicable building code standards. 4.New Housing: Provides a modest new home if the individual does not own a home. An individual may be eligible if s/he is the owner or leaseholder of land suitable for housing and the lease is for not less that 25 years at the time assistance is received.

8 Radon Mitigation Funds: HUD Funds Block Grants such as NAHASDA Indian Housing Block Grant – Use for new construction or rehabilitation Competitive Grants such as  Indian Community Development Block Grant for rentals and homeownership units.  Section 202 Housing Program - for senior homes. Loan Guarantees  NAHASDA Title VI – construction or rehab of homeownership and rental units  NAHASDA Section New construction or rehab of single family homes  FHA - New construction, acquisition, or refinance of single family homes.  Multi Family - New construction, acquisition, refinance, or rehabilitation of rental units. Emergency Funds – Imminent Threat Grants (less common)

9 Other Resources to Explore  Department of Energy  Cancer Control Plans?  Others?

10 Tribal Indoor Environments Funding Scenario #2: Mold

11 Mold and Health  Mold exposures are associated with allergic reactions, asthma, and other respiratory issues  We cannot eliminate all mold and mold spores; the way to control indoor mold growth is to control moisture  Molds can be found almost anywhere; they can grow on virtually any substance, providing moisture is present  Indoor humidity should be 30-60% to decrease mold growth

12 Costs of Preventing & Remediating Mold Costs of mold prevention and remediation vary greatly. Examples of potential interventions: o Using a moisture meter to test dampness in walls o Educating residents on how to prevent mold o Training for housing staff on mold: $800-$1000 o Installing bathroom fans with timers or hygrometer o Installing hood vents over stoves o Removing and replacing moldy drywall o Removing and replacing moldy carpet

13 Leveraging Resources to Address Mold Prevention (Resident Education, Home Assessments): EPA, HUD Preventative Tools (e.g. Ventilation systems): HUD, BIA, USDA Mold Remediation: USDA, BIA, HUD GOAL: Reduce excess moisture and mold in tribal homes and buildings

14 Home Assessments and Resident Education  EPA Grants, such as o Tribal Clean Air Act Grants o Indian General Assistance Program (IGAP)  HUD funds

15 Preventing Mold: Repairing the Home, Buying “Tools” [Examples: repairing leaks, installing ventilation in bathrooms and kitchens, purchasing green cleaning toolkits, installing window covers]  HUD funds Note: NOFA for HUD Mold Prevention and Remediation Grant for Tribes to be released within the next year.  USDA loan and grant programs  BIA Housing Improvement Program  DOE funds

16 Remediating Homes with Existing Mold Problems [When mold cannot be cleaned up – e.g. removing walls, carpeting, etc, and replacing them]  HUD funds Note: NOFA for HUD Mold Prevention and Remediation Grant for Tribes to be released within the next year.  USDA loan and grant programs  BIA Housing Improvement Program  DOE funds

17 Other Resources to Explore  Department of Energy  Weatherization Programs  Others?

18 Other Home Health & Safety Scenarios  Installing Ventilation (Fresh 80s, HRVs, hood ranges, etc.)  Heating appliance changeouts (e.g. funds for changing out old, uncertified wood stoves for new stoves or other types of home heating devices)  Heating appliance maintenance (e.g. funds for cleaning chimneys or repairing a toyo stove)  Resident education overall…


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