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Homeowners Armed With Knowledge (HAWK) for New Homebuyers Pilot Program October 7, 2014 Office of Housing PRE-DECISIONAL.

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Presentation on theme: "Homeowners Armed With Knowledge (HAWK) for New Homebuyers Pilot Program October 7, 2014 Office of Housing PRE-DECISIONAL."— Presentation transcript:

1 Homeowners Armed With Knowledge (HAWK) for New Homebuyers Pilot Program October 7, 2014 Office of Housing PRE-DECISIONAL

2 Contents Session Guidelines Responsible and Sustainable Homeownership HAWK for New Homebuyers – Consumer Responsibilities and Incentives – Housing Counseling Content, Delivery and Timing – Industry Responsibilities and Incentives – Marketing and Technical Assistance Other HAWK Initiatives Discussion PRE-DECISIONAL 2

3 Session Guidelines We are in the deliberation phase and cannot make forward- looking statements predicting the final HAWK design This presentation ties to the pilot published in the Federal Register on May 13. The final terms may change. Uses examples to demonstrate how HAWK might work Opportunity to hear individual insights and questions Not a substitute for official comments on the Federal Register Notice PRE-DECISIONAL 3

4 Supporting Responsible and Sustainable Homeownership Office of Housing Counseling – Provides grants and oversees a broad range nonprofit organizations and government agencies to educate homeowners and renters so they may improve their housing conditions and meet the responsibilities of homeownership and tenancy. HUD-Approved Housing Counseling Agencies – Approximately 2,400 housing counseling agencies – 1.5 million consumers counseled in 2013 – Nearly half of all counseling was for mortgage default and foreclosure prevention – Approximately 176,000 consumers sought pre-purchase counseling PRE-DECISIONAL 4

5 Housing Counseling Value Proposition PRE-DECISIONAL 5 Consumers Provide unbiased assistance to help clients resolve their housing problems or needs Provide group education and one-on- one housing counseling in person, by internet, and telephone… where, when and how the client wants the information Review client’s financial situation and housing needs Design an action plan with the client Refer clients to appropriate community resources and provide access to benefits and government programs Lenders/Investors/Real Estate Agents Divert inappropriate applicants from homeownership by helping them assess readiness and responsibilities Identify “ready” applicants who may not be reached by traditional marketing efforts Increase consumer confidence in traditional banking Improve borrower risk profile by increasing savings, reducing debts, correcting credit reporting errors, and increasing disposable income Provide alternatives for applicants who are denied loans Confirm adequacy of fair housing and fair lending protocols

6 Growing and Overwhelming Evidence that Housing Counseling Works 6 Counseling reduces the delinquency rate by 29% for first time homebuyers and by 15% overall. 2013 Freddie Mac study Borrowers receiving pre-purchase counseling and education…are one-third less likely to become 90+ days delinquent over the two years after receiving their loan. 2013 Neil Mayer & Associates study Borrowers receiving counseling through individual programs experience a 34 percent reduction in delinquency rates, all things equal, while borrowers receiving classroom and home study counseling obtain 26 percent and 21 percent reductions, respectively. 2001 Joint Center for Housing Studies Counseled homeowners were at least 67% more likely to remain current on their mortgage nine months after receiving a loan modification cure. NFMC counseling increased by at least 89% the relative odds of modification cures for counseled homeowners. Counseled homeowners received loan modifications resulting in a monthly payment that was $176 less on average than non- counseled borrowers, a savings of $2,100 a year. 2011 Urban Institute and NFMC study Homeowners in default who received counseling were twice as likely to avoid foreclosure as those who did not. Quercia, Roberto and Spencer M. Cowan. 2008 The monthly payments of households that received counseling were, on average, $267 less than those who did not participate in counseling. Counseling also made it 45 percent more likely that the homeowner would sustain those payments after modification. 2011 Urban Institute and NFMC study PRE-DECISIONAL

7 Helping Underserved Consumers ChallengesSolutionExpected outcomes Informed consumers make housing, mortgage and financial decisions with confidence More underserved borrowers have credit access that is – Sustainable – Affordable Lower losses to MMIF and better performing FHA portfolio Housing Counseling and MIP incentives Millions of borrowers with credit scores below 680 face barriers Underserved Consumers – Qualified but do not participate in mortgage market – Qualified but denied – Not qualified but can overcome challenges Declining affordability 7 PRE-DECISIONAL

8 HAWK Pilot Program Parameters Voluntary participation in the four year pilot program Available to first-time homebuyers for purchase loans Uses a variety of delivery channels and content for housing counseling – Minimum number of hours of individual counseling and housing education required – Housing Counseling Certificate evidences completion of housing counseling element and the amount paid for the service Accommodates different sources of funding to pay for counseling and is flexible MIP incentives for FHA borrowers designed to share the benefits of lower risk and to motivate participation Incorporates program evaluation component to assess effectiveness PRE-DECISIONAL 8

9 HAWK Pilot - Housing Counseling and Education Content PRE-DECISIONAL 9 Pre-Purchase Counseling and Education Understanding home shopping, Home buying and mortgage application process Understanding and evaluating mortgage products Role of real estate professionals Rights and responsibilities of homeownership (including avoidance of mortgage delinquency and default) Costs associated with homeownership Avoiding fraud and scams Fair housing and anti- discrimination laws Pre-Purchase Counseling and Education Analysis of homeownership readiness Household budget development Analysis of credit and debt Affordability analysis HAWK program including MIP incentives, counseling requirements, and payment of counseling costs Pre-Closing Housing Counseling Review of the mortgage loan information provided by the Lender General expectations for the closing process Good Faith Estimate Loan documents, HUD- 1, deed and note APR and interest rate Earnest money Title insurance Homeowner insurance Inspections Escrow Right to change mind after closing Post-Closing Housing Counseling Development of a new household budget reflecting new expenses of home ownership How to maintain and improve the home Delinquency prevention Maintaining good credit Taxes Reserves Home equity Refinancing

10 HAWK Pilot - Consumer Responsibilities and Incentives Happily Living in Home Loan Closing Applying for Financing Shopping for a Home Housing Counseling Responsibilities Incentives Completes pre- purchase housing counseling and education from HUD-approved counseling agency Completes pre- closing housing counseling Completes post- closing housing counseling and meets payment requirements for 18 months post-closing Receives an incentive post- closing reducing the annual MIP on the 25th month Receives reductions in the upfront and annual MIP Works with a real estate agent to find a home and a lender to obtain financing Submits certificates for pre-purchase and pre-closing counseling for verification by FHA Lender Signs contract for home purchase and is approved for FHA-insured loan PRE-DECISIONAL 10

11 Paying for Housing Counseling PRE-DECISIONAL 11 Principles: Parties that benefit from the HAWK program should pay for it Consumer Government Real Estate Agent Originating Lender Servicer Investor Foundations BUT limits on sources and uses Appropriation insufficient Maximize choice and accessibility to housing counseling agencies Consumers will resist out-of- pocket outlays Avoid conflicts and steering CFPB and FHA mortgage rules relating to fees at closing

12 HAWK Pilot - Marketing and Technical Assistance HAWK for New Homebuyers: Using Phased Approach – Phase One: Test operations and communications with a limited number of housing counseling agencies and FHA-approved mortgagees – Phase Two: All FHA-approved mortgagees and servicers, and all HUD- approved housing counseling agencies may participate. Technical Assistance to Build Capacity is Critical – Assess how private sector can support HAWK for New Homebuyers – Need targeted training and technical assistance for Housing Counselors, Real Estate Brokers and Agents, and Lenders HAWK program evaluation component Coordination with HUD pre-purchase demonstration PRE-DECISIONAL 12

13 Steps Towards Implementation Federal Register Notice – Proposed Pilot Program – 60 day comment period ended on July 14, 2014 Publish Federal Register Notice – announces final structure of pilot and selection criteria for participants in Phase One Selection and announcement of participants in Phase One Publish Mortgagee Letter and Housing Notice Providing Guidance on Implementation of Pilot Implement Phase One to test operations Implement full Pilot under Phase Two Conduct Evaluation PRE-DECISIONAL 13

14 HAWK Pilot – Public Comments HUD received more than 400 comments from nearly 100 stakeholders. Comments focused on: 1) the timing of counseling; 2) MIP incentives; 3) Phase one participant selection; 4) expansion of HAWK to all FHA borrowers; 5) counseling curriculum; and 6) challenges with implementation. 14 PRE-DECISIONAL

15 HAWK Pilot – Public Comments Commenters also made recommendations that would significantly alter aspects of the proposed program design. HUD is still working through the comments and implementation issues. HUD is shifting the timeline for implementation and will not launch October 1. We will keep working to move things along as quickly as possible and update you on progress. HAWK remains a high priority for HUD and as such we are committed to rolling out the strongest possible program. PRE-DECISIONAL; FOR DISCUSSION 15

16 Other HAWK Initiatives In Development HAWK Modification Success Program – – seeks to connect borrowers to housing counseling prior to permanent loan modification – modeled on the principles of the Treasury’s HAMP program. HAWK Housing Counseling Referral Release Form – – a consumer release form incorporated at loan closing that permits the servicer or FHA to connect the consumer to a housing counseling agency when there is a risk of default – FHA/VA Addendum will be updated and finalized after comment period. – monitoring FHFA’s similar efforts Benefits of Housing Counseling Notice for Delinquent Borrowers – one page of housing counseling information, to be distributed by servicers when they contact delinquent borrowers – intended to be available to nonprofit agencies to distribute 16 PRE-DECISIONAL

17 Questions? Contact the Office of Housing Counseling at Go to the Office of Housing Counseling website at Subscribe to our listserv and to The Bridge, the Office of Housing Counseling newsletter. Send an email request to 17 PRE-DECISIONAL

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