Presentation on theme: "Ending Homelessness: Fact or Fiction Presentation by Joe Colletti, PhD Institute for Urban Initiatives."— Presentation transcript:
Ending Homelessness: Fact or Fiction Presentation by Joe Colletti, PhD Institute for Urban Initiatives
Is ending homelessness fiction? Is ending homelessness fact? Why are we divided? Where do we go from here? Four Questions
10-year plans to end chronic homelessness; On May 20, 2009 the President signed the HEARTH Act into law which directs HUD to establish regulations for, and promote communitywide commitment to, ending homelessness; Opening Doors: Federal Strategic Plan to End Homelessness (2010) The Call to End Homelessness
Means helping everyone who is living on the streets obtain and maintain permanent housing; Means helping anyone who becomes homeless obtain permanent housing within 30 days or less and helping them maintain their housing. Defining “Ending Homelessness”
If you have only been providing emergency assistance such as food, clothing, “spare change” and shelter, ending homelessness is likely fiction; If you have been involved in implementing plans based on evidence-based and “best” practices during the past 10 years or so, ending homelessness is likely fact. Fact or Fiction
Compassion is a powerful force; A person can spend untold hours assisting others in need or journey into harms way Compassion beckons us into unexplored territory—often into a world of persistent human need; Emergency assistance and compassion fatigue. 1980s: A Decade of Compassion
Emergency assistance and compassion frustration; Pity as a powerful motivator. The right mix of misery and hope 1990s: A Decade of Backlash
Street Outreach; Intake and Assessment; Emergency Shelter; Transitional Housing; Permanent Supportive Housing. 1995: HUD’s Continuum of Care
Had limited success (“got off on the wrong foot”) Too often street outreach was a means of providing emergency assistance; Intake and assessment was more about finding a bed, any bed. 1995: HUD’s Continuum of Care
Emergency shelter was either the old “three hots and a cot” model; or a new “housing-ready” model. 1995: HUD’s Continuum of Care
Housing –ready means You commit to a case management plan in order to “earn” your housing; Transitional housing programs also became housing-ready models I can remember agencies applying for transitional housing because shelters were not eligible 1995: HUD’s Continuum of Care
Plan to obtain housing was implemented at the end of a resident’s length of stay instead of the beginning; If the agreed upon length of stay was 60 days in a shelter, too often it was not until the last week that serious attempts were made to find housing; Treating the symptoms of homelessness instead of its root cause was the primary emphasis for the first seven weeks. 1995: HUD’s Continuum of Care
10-year Plans to End Homelessness; More than 1,000 jurisdictions created approximately 350 plans Evidence-based and “best” practices; Research-based, field-tested, and time tested “Next practices.” scaling what we know works 2000s: Plans and Practices
I believe that the allocation of resources is one primary action that divides those who think ending homelessness is fiction and those who think ending homelessness is fact Why Are We Divided?
I believe that if you want to continue to see public and private grant funds, other charitable giving, in-kind donations or services used to support the initial continuum of care system, then you are likely to believe that ending homelessness is fiction. Why Are We Divided?
I believe if you want to see a reallocation of resources of public and private grant funds, other charitable giving, in-kind donations or services used to support evidence-based and best practices, then you are likely to believe that ending homelessness is fact Why Are We Divided?
Instead of continuing to spend millions and millions of dollars to sustain people’s lives on the streets, or live in shelters and transitional housing programs, we would spend the money on helping people obtain and maintain permanent housing. Why Are We Divided?
We need to reach critical mass? Enough of us have to believe that we can end homelessness 100 yrs ago – child labor 50 yrs ago – civil rights 40 yrs ago – section 8 Where Do We Go From Here?
“Undecideds” You want to believe we can end homelessness You’re not sure where all the resources will come from You’re even willing to give it a shot even if you are not sure where all of the resources will come from Where Do We Go From Here?
We need to convince you that enough housing can be found? We need to convince you that most homeless people will not lose their housing once they are housed We need to convince you that we can get chronically homeless people off the streets Where Do We Go From Here?
We need to reach critical mass concerning resources; Public funding Federal, State, County, and City Leveraging – HUD encourages 150% Private foundations and grants Scaling what works Where Do We Go From Here?
Private Donations Corporations, civic groups, individuals Fundraising Events Dinners, auctions, tournaments, etc Volunteers legion Social capital quality and quantity of relationships, networks, and norms among people and organizations that facilitate collective action. Where Do We Go From Here?
Compassion and Critical Mass Compassion is a powerful force; A person can spend untold hours assisting others in need or journey into harms way; Compassion beckons us into unexplored territory—often into a world of persistent human need. Where Do We Go From Here?