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The National Context for Smart Mobility John V. Thomas, PhD US EPA Smart Growth Program.

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Presentation on theme: "The National Context for Smart Mobility John V. Thomas, PhD US EPA Smart Growth Program."— Presentation transcript:

1 The National Context for Smart Mobility John V. Thomas, PhD US EPA Smart Growth Program

2 Why Smart Mobility? Big Challenges and Limited Resources Movement toward more integrated programs = Need for a more comprehensive approach

3 HUD DOT EPA Sustainable Communities Partnership Enhance integrated planning and investment Provide a vision for sustainable growth Redefine housing affordability and make it transparent Redevelop underutilized sites Develop livability measures and tools Align HUD, DOT and EPA programs Joint research, data collection and outreach

4 Guiding Principles Related to the Smart Mobility Principles More transportation choices –Location Efficiency, Reliability, Safety Promote equitable, affordable housing –Location Efficiency Increase economic competitiveness –Reliability, Stewardship Support existing communities –Stewardship Value communities and neighborhoods –Stewardship, Safety

5 Emerging Legislation What did ARRA tell us about the future of Federal Programs? –Clean Water State Revolving Fund –Transportation provisions in HUD / DOE programs “Transportation Efficiency” provisions in the proposed House climate change bill

6 Reshaping Clean Water Investments $4 B in additional resources 20% Green Project Reserve requirement –Water Efficiency, Energy Efficiency, Environmentally Innovative Projects and… –Green Infrastructure “Implementation of green streets (combinations of green infrastructure practices in transportation rights-of-ways), for either new development, redevelopment or retrofits.” Under consideration in current revolving fund reauthorization Source – March 9 th 2009 Guidance

7 Drawn by: Kevin Perry BEFORE: Madison Avenue and 15 th AFTER: Madison Avenue with Stormwater Swale Stormwater Management with Green Streets

8 Drawn by: Kevin Perry BEFORE: Madison Avenue and Convention Center AFTER: Madison Avenue with Stormwater Swale Stormwater Management with Green Streets

9 Greenway Planning Example – Covington, KY

10 DOE Energy Efficiency and Conservation Program Eligible Transportation Projects –Zoning guidelines that promote energy efficient development; –Infrastructure such as bike lanes and pathways and pedestrian walkways; –Integrated planning activities with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and vehicle miles traveled

11 HUD Neighborhood Stabilization Program 2 $1.9 B in competitive grant funds –eligible applicants - states, local governments, nonprofits, and consortia of nonprofits Although targeted at purchasing foreclosed property in at risk areas… –Rating Factor 5: Energy efficiency improvement and sustainable development factors

12 ACES (aka Waxman Markey Bill) Section 222 “Transportation Efficiency” State and regional “goals” for emission reduction “reasonably commensurate” with overall targets in the Act Plans shall –use transportation and land use scenario analysis to address transportation-related GHG emissions –be done in consultation with the State and local housing, public health, economic development, land use, environment, and transit agencies

13 Strategies Identified in the Bill Updates to zoning and other land use regulations and plans to support development that— –coordinates transportation and land use planning; –focuses future growth close to existing and planned job centers and public facilities; –uses existing infrastructure; –promotes walking, bicycling, and public transportation use; and –mixes land uses such as housing, retail, and schools Implementation of a complete streets policy

14 National Best Practices Related to Smart Mobility Concepts

15 DRCOG TIP Requirements 100 point rating system for road capacity projects –10 pts. contribution to multimodal connectivity –5 pts. transportation system management –26 pts. helps implement Metro Vision –15 pts. long range plan score Other project categories have similar criteria but weighting varies –E.g. bike and pedestrian projects, transit projects, planning studies (road capacity planning, operations studies, station area plans)

16 Bike and Pedestrian Project Criteria User base Cost per user base Connectivity improvements –Gap closure –Access to schools, jobs and etc. –Eliminating barriers –Access to transit

17 PSRC – Connecting Vision 2040 and Destination 2030 Comprehensive performance measures –mobility, safety, land use, environment Monitoring system to track progress 1. Linking TIP programming to growth management considerations 2. Incorporating design guidelines into review process 3. “best practices” for physical design guidelines, financial incentives, and development strategies 4. Investigating issues related to concurrency

18 If you measure it… it matters

19 Performance Measurement – Florida DOT Multi-modal Level of Service

20 Network Connectivity

21 VDOT Secondary Street Standards requires new developments to provide connectivity with adjacent developments –“provision of connectivity can help improve the overall capacity of the transportation network. “ –“by providing direct and alternative routes, connectivity can help reduce the burden on major roadways and vehicle miles traveled, and improve emergency response times. “

22 Typical Configuration

23 Two Alternatives That Meet the Standard

24 Standards Vary by Place Type

25 Enhanced Connectivity or Bypass Highway Source – NJ DOT (2006)

26 Massachusetts Commonwealth Capital Fund Smart Growth Scorecards 14 State Programs pooled into a single fund 70% of rating criteria is from each program 30% is based on the commonwealth capital application score –PLAN FOR & PROMOTE LIVABLE COMMUNITIES (14) –ZONE FOR & PERMIT COMPACT DEVELOPMENT (38) –EXPAND HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES (33) –REDEVELOP SITES AND BUILDINGS (8) –CONSERVE NATURAL RESOURCES (11) –ADVANCE SOUND WATER POLICY (14) –SUSTAIN WORKING NATURAL LANDSCAPES (12)

27 Other EPA Work Related to Smart Mobility Street Design Standards for Emergency Response –Performance Based Standard submitted to International Code Council Smart and Sustainable Streets –Best practices database Traffic Analysis and Mixed Use Development –Working with Institute of Transportation Engineers to publish a new Trip Generation method

28 Why is Better Traffic Analysis So Important? Source: TCRP Report 128 (2008)

29 Applications of Smart Mobility Regional Transportation Plans Criteria for Grant Programs Design Standards Development Review

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