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July 2004 Farnborough Briefing Airbus Innovation in the Cockpit.

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Presentation on theme: "July 2004 Farnborough Briefing Airbus Innovation in the Cockpit."— Presentation transcript:

1 July 2004 Farnborough Briefing Airbus Innovation in the Cockpit

2 July 2004 Farnborough Briefing Airbus Innovation in the Cockpit Presented by Peter Chandler A380 Project Pilot

3 A380 Cockpit presentation 3 Past Innovation A320 A330 A340 The State of the Art A380 The Future On-going Studies Airbus Innovation in the Cockpit

4 A380 Cockpit presentation 4 Past Innovation A320

5 A380 Cockpit presentation 5 Past Innovation Fly-by-wire Flight Control System Flight Envelope Protection Side-sticks Dark Cockpit Philosophy Standard Electronic Instrument Layout A320

6 A380 Cockpit presentation 6 Past Innovation A330

7 A380 Cockpit presentation 7 Past Innovation A340

8 A380 Cockpit presentation 8 Past Innovation Common Cockpit right from A318 to A Easy Cross-crew Qualification (CCQ) Mixed Fleet Flying (MFF) A340

9 A380 Cockpit presentation 9 Past Innovation A320 A330 A340 The State of the Art A380 The Future On-going Studies Airbus Innovation in the Cockpit

10 A380 Cockpit presentation 10 The State of the Art - A380

11 A380 Cockpit presentation 11 The State of the Art - A380 A Common Cockpit Philosophy But many new features and improvements A340 A380

12 A380 Cockpit presentation 12 A380 - Main enhancements 8 Identical larger displays interactive through Cursor Control

13 A380 Cockpit presentation 13 A380 - Main enhancements New FMS and ATC communication interfaces

14 A380 Cockpit presentation 14 A380 - Main enhancements Vertical situation awareness

15 A380 Cockpit presentation 15 A380 - Main enhancements Navigation on airport

16 A380 Cockpit presentation 16 A380 - Main enhancements Taxi aids

17 A380 Cockpit presentation 17 A380 - Main enhancements Enhanced Electronic Centralized Aircraft Monitoring (ECAM)

18 A380 Cockpit presentation 18 A380 - Main enhancements On-board information system

19 A380 Cockpit presentation 19 The State of the Art - A380 Increased Flexibility Interactive Displays Increased Awareness Vertical Display Airport Navigation Taxi Cameras Head-Up-Display Increased Efficiency and Safety Brake-to-vacate Approach and Landing Systems Back-up Speed Indication Paperless Cockpit On-screen Checklists On-board Information System

20 A380 Cockpit presentation 20 The State of the Art - A380 Increased Flexibility Interactive Displays Increased Awareness Vertical Display Airport Navigation Taxi Cameras Head-Up-Display Increased Efficiency and Safety Brake-to-vacate Approach and Landing Systems Back-up Speed Indication Paperless Cockpit On-screen Checklists On-board Information System

21 A380 Cockpit presentation 21 A380 - Interactive Displays and Cursor Control

22 A380 Cockpit presentation 22 A380 - Interactive Displays and Cursor Control

23 A380 Cockpit presentation 23 A380 - Interactive Displays and Cursor Control

24 A380 Cockpit presentation 24 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Nav Display Multi Function Display Mailbox A380 – Interactive Displays and Cursor Control

25 A380 Cockpit presentation 25 A340 FMS Interface

26 A380 Cockpit presentation 26 A380 FMS Interface - MFD

27 A380 Cockpit presentation 27 A380 FMS Presentation

28 A380 Cockpit presentation 28 A380 FMS Presentation Much Larger Screen Area Clearer Presentation On-screen Interactive Menus Direct Access Buttons

29 A380 Cockpit presentation 29 A380 - Interactive Displays - Navigation Display

30 A380 Cockpit presentation 30 A380 - Graphical flight planning Nav Display shows the planned route graphically Interactivity allows easy route modification directly on the Nav Display

31 A380 Cockpit presentation 31 A380 - Graphical flight planning Select a Waypoint

32 A380 Cockpit presentation 32 Graphical flight planning Select the modification

33 A380 Cockpit presentation 33 A380 - Graphical flight planning TALOL Select the next Waypoint

34 A380 Cockpit presentation 34 A380 - Graphical flight planning Confirm the change

35 A380 Cockpit presentation 35 A380 - Interactive Displays - ATC Datalink Communication

36 A380 Cockpit presentation 36 ATC Mailbox

37 A380 Cockpit presentation 37 The State of the Art - A380 Increased Flexibility Interactive Displays Increased Awareness Vertical Display Airport Navigation Taxi Cameras Head-Up-Display Increased Efficiency and Safety Brake-to-vacate Approach and Landing Systems Back-up Speed Indication Paperless Cockpit On-screen Checklists On-board Information System

38 A380 Cockpit presentation 38 A380 – Vertical Display

39 A380 Cockpit presentation 39 A380 - Vertical Display WPT 3 All displays used for position awareness are grouped together Lateral Nav Display above. Vertical Profile Display below.

40 A380 Cockpit presentation 40 A380 - Vertical Display Vertical Display linked to planned route VD shows : Planned vertical flight path Minimum Safe Altitude Terrain profile along route

41 A380 Cockpit presentation 41 The State of the Art - A380 Increased Flexibility Interactive Displays Increased Awareness Vertical Display Airport Navigation Taxi Cameras Head-Up-Display Increased Efficiency and Safety Brake-to-vacate Approach and Landing Systems Back-up Speed Indication Paperless Cockpit On-screen Checklists On-board Information System

42 A380 Cockpit presentation 42 Airport Navigation The task: To taxi safely from/to the airport gate. To avoid runway incursion. Airport Map on ND Aircraft positioned on map Taxi/Runway identification Facility to highlight specific areas 20 kts ND: Navigation Display

43 A380 Cockpit presentation 43 The State of the Art - A380 Increased Flexibility Interactive Displays Increased Awareness Vertical Display Airport Navigation Taxi Cameras Head-Up-Display Increased Efficiency and Safety Brake-to-vacate Approach and Landing Systems Back-up Speed Indication Paperless Cockpit On-screen Checklists On-board Information System

44 A380 Cockpit presentation 44 Taxi camera display (A ) A340 Fin tip & belly camera display

45 A380 Cockpit presentation 45 A380 taxi picture on PFD EFIS Control Panel TAXI

46 A380 Cockpit presentation 46 The State of the Art - A380 Increased Flexibility Interactive Displays Increased Awareness Vertical Display Airport Navigation Taxi Cameras Head-Up-Display Increased Efficiency and Safety Brake-to-vacate Approach and Landing Systems Back-up Speed Indication Paperless Cockpit On-screen Checklists On-board Information System

47 A380 Cockpit presentation 47 A380 - Head-Up-Display (HUD) To increase pilot situational awareness particularly during the approach and landing phases. Fully integrated. Symbology consistent with Airbus cockpit philosophy and existing head- down displays. LCD technology offering large field of view and video capability. Compatible with Enhanced Vision Systems (EVS) being developed to enhance operations by night and in poor visibility. Enabling the aircrew to fly the aircraft using collimated flying symbols overlaying the real world cues.

48 A380 Cockpit presentation 48 The State of the Art - A380 Increased Flexibility Interactive Displays Increased Awareness Vertical Display Airport Navigation Taxi Cameras Head-Up-Display Increased Efficiency and Safety Brake-to-vacate Approach and Landing Systems Back-up Speed Indication Paperless Cockpit On-screen Checklists On-board Information System

49 A380 Cockpit presentation 49 A380 - Aircraft control on ground To automatically brake in order to vacate at the chosen runway exit. Minimize landing brake energy and runway occupancy time. Enhance passenger comfort A380 Autobrake Panel New Function: BTV Brake to Vacate

50 A380 Cockpit presentation 50 The State of the Art - A380 Increased Flexibility Interactive Displays Increased Awareness Vertical Display Airport Navigation Taxi Cameras Head-Up-Display Increased Efficiency and Safety Brake-to-vacate Approach and Landing Systems Back-up Speed Indication Paperless Cockpit On-screen Checklists On-board Information System

51 A380 Cockpit presentation 51 The State of the Art - A380 Approach and Landing Systems FMS Landing System (FLS) Precision Approaches based on Satellite Navigation (GPS) Approaches based on Required Navigation Performance (RNP)

52 A380 Cockpit presentation 52 A380 - FMS Landing System (FLS) To provide better guidance for non- precision approach (ie where there is no instrument landing system available). ILS look-alike guidance Approach capability displayed on FMA-PFD as for ILS GNSS based FMS navigation approach FMA: Flight Mode Annunciator PFD: Primary Flight Display ILS: Instrument Landing System FMS generates a pseudo guidance beam

53 A380 Cockpit presentation 53 A380 - Precision Approach based on GPS GPS Landing System (GLS) GPS Satellites with differential corrections transmitted from a ground station. Targetting automatic landing with reduced minimum visibility. Satellites navigation GPS satellites Differential corrections Integrity 3D reference path GLS Ground station To make the best use of satellite navigation capabilities for approach and landing.

54 A380 Cockpit presentation 54 A380 - RNP Approaches To cope with the problems of:  Airspace and airport saturation  Environmental issues (noise, overflight)  Obstacle issues. For aircraft such as the A380 which have sufficiently high navigation accuracy, RNP approaches will allow: Reduced separation between aircraft in RNP environment Straight in / segmented / curved approach operation Approach minimum adapted to the navigation performance of the airplane. Airbus Queenstown experiment with ANZ RNP: Required Navigation Precision

55 A380 Cockpit presentation 55 The State of the Art - A380 Increased Flexibility Interactive Displays Increased Awareness Vertical Display Airport Navigation Taxi Cameras Head-Up-Display Increased Efficiency and Safety Brake-to-vacate Approach and Landing Systems Back-up Speed Indication Paperless Cockpit On-screen Checklists On-board Information System

56 A380 Cockpit presentation 56 A380 - Back-up Speed Indication Speed scale replaced by Colour Scale derived from angle of attack sensor Barometric altitude replaced by geometric GPS altitude Fly the green Target Speed Current Speed To provide air-data look-alike speed indications on PFD in case of total loss of air data. PFD: Primary Flight Display

57 A380 Cockpit presentation 57 The State of the Art - A380 Increased Flexibility Interactive Displays Increased Awareness Vertical Display Airport Navigation Taxi Cameras Head-Up-Display Increased Efficiency and Safety Brake-to-vacate Approach and Landing Systems Back-up Speed Indication Paperless Cockpit On-screen Checklists On-board Information System

58 A380 Cockpit presentation 58 A380 – On-screen Checklists Enhanced Electronic Centralized Aircraft Monitoring (ECAM)

59 A380 Cockpit presentation 59 A380 - On-screen Checklists ECAM Control Panel

60 A380 Cockpit presentation 60 A380 - On-screen Checklists N1 % EGT °C CL88. 6% THR % CHECKLISTS BEFORE START BEFORE TAKEOFF AFTER START AFTER TAKEOFF LANDING APPROACH AFTER LANDING SECURING AIRCRAFT PARKING COCKPIT PREPARATION Normal Procedure Menu

61 A380 Cockpit presentation 61 A380 - On-screen Checklists Approach Checklist

62 A380 Cockpit presentation 62 DITCHING EMER DESCENT FORCED LANDING SMOKE / TOXIC FUMES REMOVAL OPERATING TECHNIQUES FIRE PROTECTION FLIGHT CONTROLS INDICATING / RECORDING LANDING GEAR NAVIGATION POWER PLANT MISCELLANEOUS ON GROUND EMERGENCY EVAC SUPPLEMENTARY PROC A380 - On-screen Checklists Abnormal Procedures Menu

63 A380 Cockpit presentation 63 The State of the Art - A380 Increased Flexibility Interactive Displays Increased Awareness Vertical Display Airport Navigation Taxi Cameras Head-Up-Display Increased Efficiency and Safety Brake-to-vacate Approach and Landing Systems Back-up Speed Indication Paperless Cockpit On-screen Checklists On-board Information System

64 A380 Cockpit presentation 64 Additionnal Keys (for limited OIS use when sliding table stowed) 12”display Keyboard & pointing device A380 - On-Board Information System (OIS)

65 A380 Cockpit presentation 65 A380 - OIS Examples – Menu Page

66 A380 Cockpit presentation 66 A380 - OIS Examples – Takeoff Performance

67 A380 Cockpit presentation 67 A380 - OIS Examples – Document access following a failure

68 A380 Cockpit presentation 68 A380 - OIS Examples – Navigation Charts

69 A380 Cockpit presentation 69 Past Innovation A320 A330 A340 The State of the Art A380 The Future On-going Studies Airbus Innovation in the Cockpit

70 A380 Cockpit presentation 70 Automatic take-off monitoring Energy awareness displays Turbulence detection and mitigation Automated pull-up for terrain avoidance On-going Studies

71 A380 Cockpit presentation 71 On-going Studies - Take Off Monitoring Before Take-off: To independently verify planned configuration and thrust settings. During Take-off: To detect anomalies early so as to abort take off in low energy conditions. Weight and CG error monitoring Slat, flap, pitch trim setting Power and bleed selection Acceleration monitoring Visual and oral warning Monitors the distance to reach the speed expected for the nominal theoretical acceleration profile

72 A380 Cockpit presentation 72 On-going Studies - High Energy Approach Monitoring To assist aircrew in achieving stabilized approach conditions from high energy situation. Predicted aircraft position at runway elevation and on flight plan trajectory is displayed on the ND, assuming best achievable descent path LFBO 33R ND: Navigation Display  If predicted position is before the runway, stabilized approach conditions are achievable.  If not, the aircraft is “too high or too fast” and stabilized approach conditions not recoverable; alert provided.

73 A380 Cockpit presentation 73 On-going Studies - Atmospheric Turbulence Mitigation To pre-warn pilots of areas of atmospheric turbulence and to mitigate their effects on the aircraft. To ensure a smooth ride to the traveller. Early detection of turbulence in clouds, and soon, clear air Alleviation of structural loads on the aircraft through the use of turbulence-damping flight control laws Cabin new safety devices for passenger seats and trolleys

74 A380 Cockpit presentation 74 On-going Studies - Auto Pull-Up to avoid terrain Provides a progressive and automatic pull-up in case of a late or no reaction from the crew to a terrain warning. Caution/Alert provided by Terrain Warning System (TAWS) Time delay to allow for pilot reaction If no pilot reaction the autopilot will initiate an automatic pull-up in time to avoid the terrain / obstacle. « Terrain ahead » « Pull up » TAWS: Terrain Awareness & Warning System

75 A380 Cockpit presentation 75 Airbus Innovation in the Cockpit Conclusion The A320 introduced a radical advance in cockpit design The A380 represents a similar leap forward Development work continues which will benefit both future and existing Airbus aircraft

76 A380 Cockpit presentation 76 Airbus Innovation in the Cockpit Questions ?


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