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THE MARYLAND MODEL: What Happens When Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Corrections Collaborate Joan Gillece, Ph.D. Steven Williams.

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Presentation on theme: "THE MARYLAND MODEL: What Happens When Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Corrections Collaborate Joan Gillece, Ph.D. Steven Williams."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE MARYLAND MODEL: What Happens When Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Corrections Collaborate Joan Gillece, Ph.D. Steven Williams

2 The Maryland Model Collaboration between Mental Hygiene Administration, Maryland Correctional Administrators Association, and Core Service Agencies.

3 The Maryland Community Criminal Justice Treatment Program Purpose: To provide comprehensive services to individuals with special needs who are involved with the criminal justice system.

4 MCCJTP Guiding Philosophies zThis population is part of our community and deserves treatment and community services. zPublic safety issues are paramount in the service delivery system. zHolistic and coordinated treatment is most effective and efficient zLocal jurisdictions should have autonomy in program implementation, within state guidelines. zAll public service providers should contribute their share of services and resources to serve this population.

5 A Warden’s Perspective zArrest them, put them in Jail or “dump” them in the Mental Hospital zDidn’t care about Mental Health zDidn’t care about Medical/Physical Issues zPut them in Jail, No more, no less

6 History zBecame Warden of the new “Dorchester County Detention Center” in 1992. z204 bed facility, learned that if you have an empty bed, someone wishes to fill it-and they did. zI was put there to cut costs and save tax dollars. zStarted looking good by contracting food service. zContracted medical services.

7 zNow I thought that we had everything covered and could sit back and enjoy life in this brand new, modern, professionally run Detention Center.


9 Arrested Persons with Mental Health Issues zWe overlooked a problem that we had dealt with for many years and always “dumped” on someone else. zThese arrested persons demanded that they be sent to the local State hospital for treatment. zWe had a State hospital just down the street, but they had an open door policy. zWe now knew that we had overlooked Mental Health issues in our Detention Center and that it had become our major problem.

10 Help is on the way zI asked for and was quickly given support from the Maryland Mental Hygiene Administration. zDr. Joan Gillece of the Mental Hygiene Administration helped secure grant funding to provide mental health services in the detention center. MCCJTP is born. zThese services proved to be the best management tool that we have.

11 Each county that receives MCCJTP Funding must form a Local Advisory Board. Components are as follows:


13 The Advisory Board develops a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that outlines what each agency has committed to do.

14 Jail Mental Health Program MOU The following agencies and organizations have agreed to enter into this memorandum of understanding concerning the mentally ill who are involved or demonstrating potential involvement in the criminal justice system: -Dorchester Detention Center (DDC) -Dorchester County Health Department’s Mental Health Clinic (MHC) & Addictions Center (AC) -Dorchester County Parole & Probation (CDP&P) -Dorchester County Office of Public Defender -Dorchester County State’s Attorney -Circuit Court of Dorchester County -District Court of Dorchester County -Dept. of Social Services (DSS) -Mid-Shore Mental Health Systems, Inc.

15 Dorchester County Criminal Justice Treatment Network zA collaborative effort between a number of State, County, and City officials that serves as a clearinghouse for Law Enforcement, Treatment, Social Services, Corrections, & Courts. zPartnership is to develop and administer programs designed to enhance public safety for all citizens.

16 The Network zBuilds open communication between agencies. zAs new laws are made & new regulations are established, the Network continues to design new ways of implementing them with the least restrictions & impact on the members who they effect.

17 MCCJTP zBegun in 1992 in 4 detention centers zIn 2001 expanded to 23 detention centers and communities zServes consumers with serious mental illness and other disorders or conditions such as co- occurring substance abuse or trauma history

18 HUD SHELTER PLUS CARE zRental assistance for mental health consumers who are coming out of jail or under P & P zBegun in 1995. MHA awarded a five year grant of $5.5 million for 14 counties zAwarded 7 additional expansion grants since 2001 zCurrently renewed at $2.8 million for 1 year zServed 449 single adults, 233 families and 277 children since 1995

19 S + C Housing Program Accomplishments zHas reunited families. zHas provided decent and affordable housing. zHas broken the cycle of recidivism to multiple service systems by providing case management and other supportive services for individuals, families, and children. z1% recidivism to homelessness z1% recidivism to psychiatric hospitals z3.5% recidivism to jail

20 PATH - Projects for Assistance in Transition from Homelessness z Provides outreach, screening and diagnostic services, case management, community mental health, alcohol and drug treatment services, supportive and supervisory services in residential settings, housing assistance,and consumer and staff training z $956,000 in State FY 2005 z 2,970 served in FY 2002 z In 21 counties & Baltimore City

21 PHOENIX zFunded by SAMHSA, 3 Year Diversion Study zPre- and Post-booking treatment and supports for women with co-occurring disorders and their children zUniversity partnership for evaluation

22 Conclusions and Impacts zAbout 2/3 of women (68%) grew up in families in which one or both parents had active alcohol or substance abuse problems. zAbout 24% grew up in families where one or both parents had a serious mental illness. zApproximately 51% experienced childhood sexual abuse by a family member or someone outside the family prior to age 14.

23 Conclusions and Impacts - Continued zAbout 43% experienced physical abuse by a family member prior to age 14. zBy age 14, 59% reported using alcohol and 44% had begun using marijuana, zBy age 17, 57% had become pregnant. zBy age 18, 74% had experienced their first indications of serious mental illness & 34% had made at least 1 suicide attempt. zBy age 18, 27% had been arrested at least 1 time.

24 TAMAR PROGRAM z Funded by MHA & AIDS Administration z Provides mental health, substance abuse, and trauma treatment for men and women in detention centers z Formerly Site for SAMHSA Women and Violence Study

25 Tamar’s Story zIn the Old Testament, Tamar was a daughter of King David. Tamar’s half brother Amnon raped her. The author of II Samuel writes that afterwards she tore her clothes and went into her brother Absalom’s house. She is not mentioned again. The Tamar’s of today deserve better futures.

26 T.A.M.A.R. zTrauma zAddictions zMental health zAnd zRecovery z TAMAR is the Middle Eastern name for Palm Tree- a tree known for its flexibility and strength

27 The goals of TAMAR cannot be achieved unless we, as professionals, come together with profound respect for each other’s expertise in our chosen fields. We propose a model for working together that employs four basic principles.

28 The R.I.C.H. Model zRespect - for each other and our clients zInformation- a willingness to share our expertise with each other and learn from each other through shared information zConnection- affirmation of a system of treatment based on a sense of connectedness as a team working collaboratively for the client zHope-an atmosphere of hope within our teams and with our clients

29 What services does TAMAR provide? zAssessment & Referral zTreatment groups in Detention Center & in the community zConnection to community case management and services zPeer support in some communities zBaby sitting available while attending treatment & peer support groups in community.

30 TAMAR GROUP Initial Assessment zWe are interested in helping better serve you. TAMAR Group meets weekly. The following is a confidential pre-assessment form. Please complete and forward this form in the enclosed envelope.

31 Sample Questions zAre you haunted by terrible things that happened from your past (distressing dreams or flashbacks)? zHave you experienced, witnessed, or been confronted with events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others? zDo you have periods of time in your life that you cannot remember that is not because of substance abuse?

32 TAMAR also includes extensive training for Correctional Staff: zUnderstanding trauma zBehaviors to look for zVicarious Traumatization zAvoiding burnout zPrevalence of abuse among inmates and probationers

33 All Correctional Officers receive extensive training in areas including: Mental Health issues Substance Abuse issues Trauma Crisis Management

34 Program Expansion zJuly, 2000 program expanded serving 8 counties. zNow includes trauma treatment for men as well as women. zPlans are underway to increase program capacity in additional counties as well as the Maryland Correctional Institute for Women. zIn State FY2002 served over 700 individuals.

35 Cross-Training zIn addition to receiving training from various service agencies, Correctional Officers also train these agencies in the “Language of Corrections”

36 Tamar’s Children- Baltimore City z Partnership with Baltimore City Mayor’s Office on Criminal Justice z Designed to serve pregnant and post- partum incarcerated women and their infants z Provides holistic care

37 Services in Facility zIn last trimester, women will move to off-site facility zReceive mental health, substance abuse, & trauma treatment, parenting supports, case management, and pre & post-natal care zParticipate in the Circle of Security

38 Circle of Security Intervention zGroup Interventions zCareful & repeated review of videotapes of mother’s interaction with baby. zAssists in establishing a secure base & attachment zIncreases mother’s awareness of events/behaviors

39 Services in the Community z Intensive case management to transition into community z Entitlements z Housing-HUD’s Shelter Plus Care z Mental health, substance abuse, & trauma treatment z Peer support group z Continue with Circle of Security

40 Funding Sources for Tamar’s Children zSAMHSA - Build Mentally Healthy Communities Grant zHUD - Shelter Plus Care Grant zOpen Society Institute zAbell Foundation zGOCCP - RSAT Funds (DOJ) zState- In-Kind services zCity- In-Kind services

41 MCCJTP’s Proven Success zThis program has shown that more can be done with less. zInter-agency collaboration has built a partnership that provides citizens better services for less money, with less confusion and less “red tape”.

42 Best Practices zBe open minded and willing to change zBecome friends with your enemies zBecome colleagues; respect & trust each other zThink about other’s position before you reject it zExamine other sources of funding zMake this population a priority zWardens/law enforcement/mental health can very effectively address county councils and State legislatures as partners

43 Best Practices - Continued zInvite input from all agencies that will be involved zBe flexible & patient zEvaluate your program, get data zEstablish parameters, but do not micromanage zAdvocate at all levels for inclusions of individuals in the criminal justice system zInclude consumers and family members

44 CONTACT INFORMATION: Division of Special Populations 8450 Dorsey Run Road P O Box 1000 Jessup MD 20794-1000 (410)724-3235 Fax (410)724-3239

45 CONTACT INFORMATION: Dorchester County Department of Corrections 829 Fieldcrest Road Cambridge, MD 21216 (410)228-8101

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