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Section 811 Supportive Housing Program It’s Time for Change!!! Andrew Sperling National Alliance on Mental Illness and the Consortium for Citizens With.

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Presentation on theme: "Section 811 Supportive Housing Program It’s Time for Change!!! Andrew Sperling National Alliance on Mental Illness and the Consortium for Citizens With."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 811 Supportive Housing Program It’s Time for Change!!! Andrew Sperling National Alliance on Mental Illness and the Consortium for Citizens With Disabilities Housing Task Force

2 Section 811: What It Does and How It Works Creates supportive housing for people with the most significant and long term disabilities who can benefit from community-based services and supports Creates supportive housing for people with the most significant and long term disabilities who can benefit from community-based services and supports Provides a capital advance AND a long-term Project Rental Assistance Contract to ensure that tenants pay no more than 30% of income towards housing costs Provides a capital advance AND a long-term Project Rental Assistance Contract to ensure that tenants pay no more than 30% of income towards housing costs Funding provided to non-profit organizations through an annual competitive HUD NOFA Funding provided to non-profit organizations through an annual competitive HUD NOFA An estimated 28,000 units have been created since 1990 An estimated 28,000 units have been created since 1990

3 Section 811 Models Single purpose projects Single purpose projects Small group homes – no more than 8 units Small group homes – no more than 8 units Independent living rental complexes – no more than 24 units Independent living rental complexes – no more than 24 units Condominiums and cooperatives (very few units produced with this approach) Condominiums and cooperatives (very few units produced with this approach) Tenant-based rental assistance Tenant-based rental assistance

4 Section 811 Tenant Based Assistance Poorly managed by HUD Poorly managed by HUD Funding has not provided supportive housing and has not gone to Section 811 target population Funding has not provided supportive housing and has not gone to Section 811 target population HUD “converted” Section 811 funding to Section 8 Mainstream Housing Choice Vouchers for People with Disabilities HUD “converted” Section 811 funding to Section 8 Mainstream Housing Choice Vouchers for People with Disabilities 14,000+ Mainstream vouchers awarded primarily to Public Housing Agencies from ,000+ Mainstream vouchers awarded primarily to Public Housing Agencies from No tracking system implemented until 2005 No tracking system implemented until 2005 Some vouchers have been provided to people without disabilities Some vouchers have been provided to people without disabilities Renewal costs now $80+ million – paid for out of Section 811 appropriation Renewal costs now $80+ million – paid for out of Section 811 appropriation

5 Legislative History Formerly the Section 202 Program for Persons with Disabilities Formerly the Section 202 Program for Persons with Disabilities Section 811 created in 1990 Section 811 created in 1990 Modified to include Tenant Based Rental Assistance in 1992 Modified to include Tenant Based Rental Assistance in 1992 Low Income Housing Tax Credit provisions enacted in late 1990s Low Income Housing Tax Credit provisions enacted in late 1990s Current law is outdated in terms of disability housing policy Current law is outdated in terms of disability housing policy

6 Recent Appropriations and Production Levels Appropriations have declined from $350+ million in mid-1990s to current level of $237 million (FY’06- FY08) Appropriations have declined from $350+ million in mid-1990s to current level of $237 million (FY’06- FY08) $350 million in 2008 dollars would be $500 million $350 million in 2008 dollars would be $500 million Recent HUD budget proposals would have cut program by 50% Recent HUD budget proposals would have cut program by 50% New units funded annually have declined: New units funded annually have declined: – 3,000+ in mid-1990s –700+ units in 2006 –1,008 in 2007.

7 President’s FY 2009 Budget Proposal Administration requested only $160 million, a cut of $77 million Administration requested only $160 million, a cut of $77 million –$87 million for Mainstream Voucher renewals –$32 million for PRAC renewals –$Only $29 million for new units (less than 300) –$10 million for “mixed finance” demo (same proposal as FY 2008 but no details ever provided by HUD)

8 The Section 811 Program is in Trouble! Very few units produced at time of greatest need Very few units produced at time of greatest need Outdated program models Outdated program models HUD processing/bureaucracy a huge problem HUD processing/bureaucracy a huge problem Application is expensive and problematic (compare to McKinney-Vento SHP program which produces similar housing) Application is expensive and problematic (compare to McKinney-Vento SHP program which produces similar housing) Only 140 applications in 2007 – most from Section 811 “experts” Only 140 applications in 2007 – most from Section 811 “experts”

9 HR 5772 – The Frank Melville Supportive Housing Investment Act of 2008 Sponsored by Representatives Christopher Murphy (D-CT) and Judy Biggert (R-IL) Sponsored by Representatives Christopher Murphy (D-CT) and Judy Biggert (R-IL) PRAC-Only Demonstration Program PRAC-Only Demonstration Program Improvements to Existing 811 Program Improvements to Existing 811 Program Shifting renewal of Section 811-funded Mainstream Vouchers to Housing Choice Voucher program appropriation Shifting renewal of Section 811-funded Mainstream Vouchers to Housing Choice Voucher program appropriation Technical changes Technical changes

10 PRAC-Only Demonstration Provides the essential project-based rental subsidy to create “deep affordability” in Low Income Housing Tax Credit and HOME-financed rental housing Provides the essential project-based rental subsidy to create “deep affordability” in Low Income Housing Tax Credit and HOME-financed rental housing Emphasizes small set-asides of supportive housing units within high quality affordable rental housing developments produced routinely by state and local government Emphasizes small set-asides of supportive housing units within high quality affordable rental housing developments produced routinely by state and local government Modeled after successful efforts in North Carolina, Louisiana, and other states and localities Modeled after successful efforts in North Carolina, Louisiana, and other states and localities Systematic links to state Medicaid policies, $ Follows the Person grants, Mental Health Transformation initiatives, and state Olmstead plans Systematic links to state Medicaid policies, $ Follows the Person grants, Mental Health Transformation initiatives, and state Olmstead plans Low per-unit cost of PRAC-Only Demonstration would produce 2,500-3,000 new 811 units every year with $80 million from “shift” of Mainstream vouchers to Section 8 appropriations Low per-unit cost of PRAC-Only Demonstration would produce 2,500-3,000 new 811 units every year with $80 million from “shift” of Mainstream vouchers to Section 8 appropriations

11 PRAC-Only Rent Structure Median Income 50% AMI Rent – LIHTC/HOME 18% SSI /Section 811 Rent

12 PRAC-Only Approach Combine with LIHTC/HOME financed projects through Qualified Allocation Plans and/or Consolidated Plans Combine with LIHTC/HOME financed projects through Qualified Allocation Plans and/or Consolidated Plans States/localities apply for specific number of 811 PRAC-Only units (e.g. 200 units) States/localities apply for specific number of 811 PRAC-Only units (e.g. 200 units) States/localities create incentives/requirements for developers to include long-term set-asides of Section 811 supportive housing units (pre-development, in construction, completed projects etc.) States/localities create incentives/requirements for developers to include long-term set-asides of Section 811 supportive housing units (pre-development, in construction, completed projects etc.) Applications must include systematic linkages to people with Medicaid-financed supportive services Applications must include systematic linkages to people with Medicaid-financed supportive services CCD recommended no more than 25 percent 811 PRAC-Only units in any project CCD recommended no more than 25 percent 811 PRAC-Only units in any project Examples: Examples: –100 unit LIHTC project with 10 Section 811 units owned by for-profit –50 unit LIHTC/HOME project with 12 Section 811 units developed by CDC

13 Successful Models North Carolina mandates 10% set-aside in every LIHTC project – Over 1,200 units in occupancy or in development North Carolina mandates 10% set-aside in every LIHTC project – Over 1,200 units in occupancy or in development Average cost of “811-like” rent subsidy is $ per month or $3,000 per year Average cost of “811-like” rent subsidy is $ per month or $3,000 per year Average cost of current Section 811 unit is $100,000+ in capital plus PRAC of $400-$500 per month, or $5,000-$6,000 per year Average cost of current Section 811 unit is $100,000+ in capital plus PRAC of $400-$500 per month, or $5,000-$6,000 per year Other states/localities with similar approach include Louisiana, Pennsylvania, City of Boston, Illinois Other states/localities with similar approach include Louisiana, Pennsylvania, City of Boston, Illinois Many states/localities interested in this cost-effective approach Many states/localities interested in this cost-effective approach

14 Improvements to Existing Program Goals – create more units, more integrated units, more efficiently Goals – create more units, more integrated units, more efficiently Improve incentives to leverage affordable housing funding Improve incentives to leverage affordable housing funding Eliminate barriers to “mixed finance” Section 811 projects Eliminate barriers to “mixed finance” Section 811 projects Create a new category of “multi-family” Section 811 projects to encourage more integrated approaches – 811 units would not exceed 25% of total units in project Create a new category of “multi-family” Section 811 projects to encourage more integrated approaches – 811 units would not exceed 25% of total units in project Streamline Section 811 processing and eliminate unnecessary bureaucratic requirements Streamline Section 811 processing and eliminate unnecessary bureaucratic requirements

15 “Shift” Mainstream Funding to HCV Appropriation Projected cost of 14,000+ Mainstream Vouchers in 2009 estimated at $87 million for FY 2009 Projected cost of 14,000+ Mainstream Vouchers in 2009 estimated at $87 million for FY 2009 Costs will only increase in future years Costs will only increase in future years Vouchers would remain permanently set-aside for people with disabilities in HCV program Vouchers would remain permanently set-aside for people with disabilities in HCV program Permanently addresses significant problems with this flawed program (no monitoring, little tracking, people without disabilities receiving this assistance, etc.) Permanently addresses significant problems with this flawed program (no monitoring, little tracking, people without disabilities receiving this assistance, etc.) Frees up significant funding for Section 811 PRAC-Only Demonstration Program Frees up significant funding for Section 811 PRAC-Only Demonstration Program

16 For More information licy/Section811Legislation.htm licy/Section811Legislation.htm licy/Section811Legislation.htm licy/Section811Legislation.htm d.org/task_forces/housing/HR5772- Section-811-factsheet.pdf d.org/task_forces/housing/HR5772- Section-811-factsheet.pdf d.org/task_forces/housing/HR5772- Section-811-factsheet.pdf d.org/task_forces/housing/HR5772- Section-811-factsheet.pdf alertid= alertid=


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