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A Study of the Development of Experiential Business English coursebooks from the Perspective of Experiential Learning Zeng Jing, Mo Zaishu Hunan University,

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Presentation on theme: "A Study of the Development of Experiential Business English coursebooks from the Perspective of Experiential Learning Zeng Jing, Mo Zaishu Hunan University,"— Presentation transcript:

1 A Study of the Development of Experiential Business English coursebooks from the Perspective of Experiential Learning Zeng Jing, Mo Zaishu Hunan University, Changsha

2 Outline Background Experiential learning theory Characteristics of Experiential Business English Coursebooks Conclusion

3 1.Background  Experiential learning  Business English coursebooks Experiential Learning Business English coursebooks Experiential Business English coursebooks

4 2.Experiential Learning Theory Experiential Learning Theory (ELT) Experiential Teaching Embodied Philosophy Origin

5  孔子《礼记 中庸》 “ 好学近乎知,力行近乎仁。 ” To be fond of learning is to be near to knowledge. To practice with vigor is to be near to magnanimity. (Doctrine of the Mean)  荀子《荀子 儒效篇》 “ 不闻不若闻之,闻之不若见之;见之不若知之, 知之不若行之;学至于行之而止矣。 ” ( Confucian Devotional Writing ) Not having heard is not as good as having heard, having heard is not as good as having seen, having seen is not as good as mentally knowing, mentally knowing is not as good as putting into action; true learning is complete only when action has been put forth.  朱熹 “ 切己体察 ” reflecting upon yourself and comparing your own experiences with the book.  陶行知 “ 生活即教育,社会即学校,教学做合一 ” Life is education, society is school, teaching, learning, and practicing should be united.  毛泽东《实践论》 “ 通过实践而发现真理,又通过实践而证实真理和发 展真理 ” Discover the truth through practice, and again through practice verify and develop the truth. Origin of ELT--At home

6 Origin of ELT--Abroad ResearcherViewpoint J. J. Rousseaul Naturalism J. S. Bruner “Knowing is a process, not a product” J. Dewey “Learning by doing” J. Piaget Theory of cognitive development K. Lewin Group dynamics C. R. Rogers Significant learning & meaningless learning D. Kolb Experiential learning cycle

7 ELT: Experiential education (Greeno & Msmapg 1998) The pedagogy of experiential education calls educators to "purposefully engage learners in direct experience and focused reflection in order to create knowledge, develop skills, and clarify values". Experiential education focus on how learners create and discern meaning through direct experience in particular social and physical contexts. In other words, what, where, and with whom learners have experiences constitute how and what they know.

8 ELT: Embodied Philosophy Lakoff & Johnson. Philosophy in the Flesh: The Embodied Mind and is Challenge to Western Thought,1999. Embodied mind 1 Cognitive unconscious 2 Metaphorical thought 3

9 Characteristics of Kolb’s ELT 1 Learning is best conceived as a process, not in terms of outcomes. 2 Learning is a continuous process grounded in experience. 3 The process of learning requires the resolution of conflicts between dialectically opposed modes of adaptation to the world. 4 Learning is a holistic process of adaptation to the world. 5 Learning involves transactions between the person and the environment. 6 Learning is the process of creating knowledge. Conclusion Learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience. Kolb, D. A.(1984) Experiential learning: experience as the source of the learning and development

10 3.Characteristics of Experiential Business English coursebooks

11 3.1 Experiential Business English represents the process of learning Experiential learning theory proceeds from a different set of assumptions, learning is described as a process whereby concepts are derived from and continuously modified by experience. Learning is emergent process whose outcomes represent only historical record, not knowledge of future. (Kolb,1984) How to stimulate inquiry and skills?  Principle of stage Principle of stage  Difficulty of text

12 Principle of stage

13 3.2Experiential Business English represents the continuity of learning Learning is a continuous process grounded in experience has important educational implication, it implies that all learning is relearning. How to form a good habit?  Preview  Interactive task

14 3.3Experiential Business English represents the resolution of learning Conflict, differences, and disagreement are what drive the learning process. In the process of learning one is called upon to move back and forth between opposing modes of reflection and action and feeling and thinking. How to improve the ability of resolution?  Language review

15 3.4 Experiential Business English represents the adaptation of learning Learning is not just the result of cognition but involves the integrated functioning of the total person—thinking, feeling, perceiving and behaving. It encompasses other specialized models of adaptation from the scientific method to problems solving, decision making and creativity. How to make students to adapt new situation ?  Authentic business audiovisual material

16 3.5 Experiential Business English represents the transaction of learning In Piaget’s terms, learning occurs through equilibration of the dialectic processes of assimilating new experiences into existing concepts and accommodating existing concepts to new experience. Following Lewin’s famous formula that behavior is a function of the person and the environment, ELT holds that learning is influenced by characteristics of the person and the learning environment. How to make transaction effective?  Stereoscopic teaching material  Classroom atmosphere

17 3.6Experiential Business English represents the creativity of learning ELT proposes a constructivist theory of learning whereby social knowledge is created and recreated in the personal knowledge of the learner. This stands in contrast to the “transmission” model on which much current educational practice is based where pre-existing fixed ideas are transmitted to the learner. How to make learning creative?  Exercise  Classroom feedback

18 4. Conclusion 1) From the perspective of ELT, Experiencing Business English coursebooks reflect the six characteristics of ELT more comprehensively, it is a positive attempt to current business English materials. 2) Implication for the compilation of the experiential business English textbooks  Readability  Cultural differences  Objective of teaching

19 Thank you! Your suggestions are welcome!


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