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Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Quality Assurance Visits by QA Team of the Project Everard.

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Presentation on theme: "Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Quality Assurance Visits by QA Team of the Project Everard."— Presentation transcript:

1 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Quality Assurance Visits by QA Team of the Project Everard van Kemenade - Key Expert Salwa el Bayoumi - International Expert Paul Rinderu - International Expert January 25th - 27th, 2009

2 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Topic Objectives of the visit General considerations Introduction of the standards Methodology Challenges

3 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Objectives of the visit Introducing the first draft of accreditation standards for Higher Education sector in Syrian Arab Republic Feed-back from universities’ representatives

4 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY General considerations Building the “Syrian Model on QA” -Syrian private universities -Other Arab universities -ENQA experience/model -Experience of US, UK, ISO 900x

5 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY General considerations ACCREDITATION Institutional Accreditation Academic Program Accreditation There are many similarities (the same set of standards/indicators as much as possible) There are differences (different weights of various categories of standards/indicators)

6 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Introduction of the standards Resources management Staff management Institutional capacity Learning outcomes Content of study programs Scientific research activities Educational effectiveness QA policy QA data Program revision Evaluation LO Staff evaluation Public information Quality Management Institutional administrative and managerial structures

7 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Area: Institutional capacity Criteria: Institutional, administrative and managerial structures »Indicator: Mission and objectives Minimal The institution is established and functions in compliance with the legal requirements. The institution has a University Regulation Code whose provisions comply with the national legislation and are known by the academic community members. The mission and objectives taken by the institution particularize it in the national higher education system by clarity, distinction and specificity. Benchmark The manner in which the mission and objectives are formulated and accomplished reflects the individual identity of the institution within the Syrian Higher Education System.

8 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Area: Institutional capacity Criteria: Resource management, including finances »Indicator: Financial resources Minimal The institution can prove that it has sufficient financial resources in the short term (1-2 year)s and in the medium term (a minimum of 3-4 successive years), to adequately fulfill its stated mission and objectives. The institution has a realistic annual budget and a three/four-year budget, as well as financial policies for both the short and medium term which address its financial sustainability. Benchmark In addition to the current requirements, the higher education institution has consistent financial provisions and diversified financing sources (derived from parallel students, open learning, professional units functioning etc.), necessary for the planning and defining of its investment policies and financial management.

9 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Area: Institutional capacity Criteria: Staff management »Indicator: Staff planning Minimal The University, the Faculties and other adjacent department/ structures have plans for ensuring the appropriate staff for all envisaged activities. Benchmark The University, the Faculties and other adjacent department/ structures have plans for ensuring the appropriate staff for all envisaged activities. All the staff is selected following qualitative aspects.

10 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Area: Educational Effectiveness Criteria: Learning outcomes »Indicator: Focus on student-centered learning methods Minimal The main responsibility of the teacher is to focus the learning methods and environments on the student, and to de-emphasize the traditional role of purely information transmitter. The student-teacher relationship is a partnership in which each assumes the responsibility of reaching the learning/research outcomes. Learning/research outcomes are explained and discussed with students from the perspective of their relevance to the students’ development. Teachers use new IT resources (e-mail, personal web page, topics, bibliographies and other resources in electronic format and communication with students) and auxiliary materials, such as whiteboard, flipchart and video-projector.

11 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Benchmark Teachers are specially trained for teaching at university level and/or convene debate groups for discussing the teaching methodology. They not only have training/teaching competences, but also counseling, monitoring, and learning facilitation competences. A continuous process of identifying, developing, testing, implementing, and evaluating new effective learning techniques, including new IT and computer applications, takes place at the higher education institution. The study programmes are integrated with traineeships, placements and internships and student involvement in research projects. Teachers involve students in teaching (through questions asked in the classroom, short presentations, and demonstrative experiments) and the teaching process follows the students’ learning pace. The teaching strategy also takes into considerations the needs of students with disabilities. Additionally, more than a simple transfer of knowledge from teacher to student, the institution creates learning environments and experiences which lead students to discover and create knowledge themselves. The teacher guides a student’s intellectual development while giving it a strategic dimension.

12 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Area: Educational efectiveness Criteria: Content of study programmes »Indicator: Structure of study programmes Minimal Each study/specialization programme of the higher education institution is based on correlations between learning outcomes (in the case of Bachelor’s study programmes) and learning&research outcomes in the case of Master’s and Doctoral programmes. A study programme is presented in the form of a series of documents which includes: –general and specific objectives of the programme; –the curriculum, with the subjects’ weight expressed in credit hours and disciplines distributed over the study period; –thematic programmes and syllabuses expressing learning outcomes in the form of cognitive, technical or professional and affective-value competences achieved by a discipline; –the examination and evaluation methods for each discipline, taking into consideration the planned learning/research outcomes; –the method and content of the graduation examination as a comprehensive examination which certifies the assimilation of cognitive and professional competences corresponding to the academic qualification.

13 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Benchmark Each study programme is presented according to the stated standard, but a study programme is implemented at the higher education institution level through cooperation between faculties and facilitating students’ mobility within the higher education institution, through transfers and the accumulation of credit hours. The structure of the study programmes is flexible and allows each student to chose his/her own learning direction corresponding to his/her interests and skills. At least 30% of the total number of credits accumulated by a student at the end of a study programme comes from optional study subjects.

14 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Area: Educational efectiveness Criteria: Scientific research activities »Indicator: Validation of research Minimal Research is validated through: educational publications, scientific publications, technological transfer through consultancy centres, scientific parks and other structures for validation and the realization of new products etc. Each academic staff member and researcher produces at least one publication or didactical or scientific achievement per year. The institution participates, through mass media, in the dissemination of its research outcomes. Benchmark The research outcomes are appreciated at national level through awards, citations, quotations etc. The publications, patents, and other important outcomes are listed in international databases.

15 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Area: Quality Management Criteria: Quality assurance strategies, structures and procedures »Indicator: Organization of the quality assurance system Minimal The institution has a central body and develops working groups on study programmes which work together and promote a quality culture in the institution. Benchmark The commission develops activities to establish qualitative and quantitative benchmarks for evaluating and monitoring quality, by comparing with other universities from Syrian Arab Republic and abroad.

16 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Area: Quality Management Criteria: Procedures for the initiation, monitoring and periodic revision of the implemented programmes and activities »Indicator: Existence and implementation of regulations regarding the initiation, approval, monitoring and periodic evaluation of study programmes Minimal The regulations exist and are implemented. Benchmark The regulations are associated with a system of monitoring study programmes, based on data and information. The regulations and the monitoring are associated with annual evaluations of the quality of each programme and of the institution.

17 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Area: Quality Management Criteria: Procedures for the periodic evaluation of the teaching staff »Indicator: Student evaluation of the teaching staff Minimal There is a form for student evaluation of all teaching staff, which is approved by the University Council and is applied optionally, after each academic semester, the results of which are confidential and are made available only to the Dean, the Rector and the evaluated person. Benchmark Student evaluation of the teaching staff is compulsory. The results of the student evaluation of the teaching staff are discussed individually, processed statistically, by chairs, faculties and higher education institution, and analyzed at faculty and institution level, in order to ensure transparency and to formulate policies regarding the quality of teaching.

18 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Area: Quality Management Criteria: Objective and transparent procedures for learning outcomes evaluation »Indicator: Integration of examinations in the teaching and learning plan, by courses and study programmes Minimal Each course is designed so that it combines teaching, learning and evaluation. The procedures for student examination and evaluation are focused on learning outcomes and communicated to students in due time and in detail. Benchmark Diagnostic, formative and summative evaluation assures learning continuity and consistency. Evaluation stimulates students towards creative learning, manifested through works elaborated independently, and based on rigorously acquired knowledge.

19 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Methodology Self Evaluation Report +Supporting Documents Application Peer Review (site- visits) Report Appeal Procedure ACCREDITATION

20 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Accreditation ≠ Quality Assurance Accreditation The sequential process by which a (non-) governmental or private body evaluates the quality of a higher education institution as a whole or of a specific educational programme in order to formally recognize it as having met certain predetermined minimal criteria or standards. The result of this process is usually the awarding of a status (a yes/no decision), of recognition, and sometimes of a license to operate within a time-limited validity. Quality assurance Is a multi-dimensional, multi-level, dynamic and continuous concept that relates to the contextual settings of an educational model, to the institutional mission and objectives, as well as to specific standards within a given system, institution, programme, or discipline.

21 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Challenges Developing institutional partnership in the field of QA. Capacity building in the field of QA at the level of both universities and other stakeholders. Having a system in line with existing realities in the higher education system from Syrian Arab Republic. Making the system functional. Having high quality input from Universities.

22 Upgrading the Higher Education System in Syrian Arab Republic - UHES, EuropeAid/ 123741/C/SER/SY Thank You for Your Attention!


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