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How to Make Lesson Plan. THINK… What is a lesson plan?

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Presentation on theme: "How to Make Lesson Plan. THINK… What is a lesson plan?"— Presentation transcript:

1 How to Make Lesson Plan

2 THINK… What is a lesson plan?

3 What is a lesson plan description of the course  A teacher’s detailed description of the course of instruction for an individual lesson.  -- Wikipedia Dictionaries written guide definition and direction  A lesson plan is a written guide for trainers plans in order to achieve the intended learning outcomes. It provides specific definition and direction on learning objectives, equipment, instructional media material requirements, and conduct of the training.  -- Education Dictionaries

4 THINK… What is the purpose of a lesson plan?

5 Communicate You Communicate to… You

6 THINK… What to consider when writing a lesson plan?

7 What to consider when writing a lesson plan Ability & interest levels Backgrounds Attention spans Ability to work together in groups Prior knowledge and learning experiences Special needs or accommodations Learning preferences Know your students Subject matter that you will be teaching State/school district curriculum guides National/state curriculum standards Know the content Technology, software, audio/visuals, teacher mentors, community resources, equipment, library resources, local guest speakers, etc. Know the instructional materials Modified from sources: What to Consider When Writing a Lesson Plan

8 What to consider when designing a lesson plan? Know your students Know the content Know the materials  Ability & interest levels  Backgrounds  Attention spans  Ability to work together in groups  Prior knowledge and learning experiences  Special needs or accommodations  Learning preferences

9 What to consider when designing a lesson plan? Know your students Know the content Know the materials  Subject matter that you will be teaching  State/school district curriculum guides  National/state curriculum standards

10 What to consider when designing a lesson plan? Know your students Know the content Know the materials  Technology  Software  Audio/visuals  Teacher mentors  Community resources  Equipment  Library resources  Local guest speakers

11 Key components of a lesson plan ProfileObjectives Materials/ Equipments ProcedureAssessment

12 Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment  Basic information about the lesson 1. Name of lesson 2. Contributor 3. Subject 4. Grade level 5. Instructional settings: Small Group, Whole class 6. General Description of lesson 7. Standards

13 Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment  Determine what you want students to learn and be able to do conceptskill  Focus on the concept or skill which you intend to teach  E.g. Organize, design and prototype content-rich Web sites that are easy to navigate and search

14 THINK… The types of instructional materials Materials/Equipment Profile -> Objectives -> Materials/Equipment -> Procedure -> Assessment

15 Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment  Materials  Power Point presentations (visual aids)  Text Books  Journal Articles  Multimedia materials: Instructional video or audio  Job-aid  Rubric  Checklist Modified from sources: Designing Instructional Materials

16 THINK… The equipment available for the instructor Materials/Equipment Profile -> Objectives -> Materials/Equipment -> Procedure -> Assessment

17 Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment  Commonly used instructional equipments  Software applications PowerPoint Media Player  Computer equipment Computer Internet connection  Video equipment Projector Modified from sources: Designing Instructional Materials

18 Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment  Outlining the STEPS of the teaching process  Useful Instructional Strategies Useful Instructional Strategies  Using the Appropriate Technique in Your Lesson Plan Using the Appropriate Technique in Your Lesson Plan

19 Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment outcome  Assess the outcome and to what extent the objectives were achieved objectives.  Ensure the assessment activity is directly and explicitly tied to the stated objectives. reflect upon the result revise  Take time to reflect upon the result, and revise the lesson plan accordingly

20 THINK… The assessment activities available for the instructor Assessment Profile -> Objectives -> Materials/Equipment -> Procedure -> Closure -> Assessment

21 Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment  Some commonly used assessment activities:  quizzes  tests  independently performed worksheets  cooperative learning activities  hands-on experiments  oral discussion  question-and-answer sessions

22 reflect upon the resultrevise Take time to reflect upon the result, and revise the lesson plan accordingly! AND…

23 Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan ModelMadeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan Model The 5E’s Model Check handouts for detailed information

24 1. Gain attention 2. Inform learners of objectives 3. Stimulate recall of prior learning 4. Present the stimulus 5. Provide “learning guidance 6. Elicit performance (practice) 7. Provide feedback 8. Assess performance 9. Enhance retention and transfer Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan Model The 5E’s Model

25  Step 1. Review  Step 2. Anticipatory Set  Step 3. Objective  Step 4. Input and modeling  Step 5. Checking understanding  Step 6. Guided practice  Step 7. Independent practice Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan Model The 5E’s Model

26  Engage  Explore  Explain  Elaborate  Evaluate Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan Model The 5E’s Model

27 Activity  In teams of 2, read through the given exemplary lesson plan, thenexemplary lesson plan  Review the key components of a lesson plan  Collaboratively design a lesson plan by using the lesson plan templatelesson plan template  Try to incorporate the strategies, techniques and lesson plan models introduced before in your lesson plan Useful Instructional Strategies Using the Appropriate Technique in Your Lesson Plan  Evaluate and revise your lesson by using the lesson plan checklistlesson plan checklist  Time: 30 minutes

28 Activity  Share your lesson plan with the class  Critique other groups’ lesson plans, and discuss how to fix the existing problems:  learning objectives are clearly defined  Instructional materials, equipment, techniques and strategies are appropriately selected  Procedure is clearly stated  assessment activities are directly and explicitly tied to the stated objectives  …

29 Reference  Omrod, J.E. (2008) Human Learning (5th edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.  Madeline Hunter. (Year). Components of a Lesson Plan. Retrieved June 5, 2010 from:  Lewis, Beth (2010). Top 8 Components of a Well-Written Lesson Plan. Retrieved June 5, 2010 from:  CLRN. (2002). Lesson Plan Builder Worksheet. Retrieved June 5, 2010 from:  BCIT. (2003). Preparing Lesson Plan. BCIT Learning and Teaching Centre. Retrieved July 9, 2010 from:  Gagne, R.M., Wager, W. W., Golas, K. C., & Kelle, J. M. (2005). Principle of Instructional Design (5th Edition). Belmont, CA: Thomson Learning, Inc.  Teachnology (2010) What to Consider When Writing a Lesson Plan. Retrieved July 5, 2010 from:


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