Presentation on theme: "The Four Families of Instruments"— Presentation transcript:
1The Four Families of Instruments Woodwinds, Brass, Strings, Percussion
2Flute Oboe Clarinet Bassoon Woodwind FamilyFluteOboeClarinetBassoonClick link above to listen to the timbre of the Woodwind instruments (listening test over the woodwind family of instruments following this section of the power point!)
3The flute~ What are the parts? How It's Made The body of the flute is a long cylinder that is divided into three sections: the headjoint, the body, and the foot joint. On these three sections you will find 16 tone holes that are covered by fingers and key pads when played.(click link above to watch 8 min. youtube video on the Native American Flute (story of Charles LittleLeaf)
4A painting from the Middle Ages, 1340 of right held flutes The fluteThe Flute is a member of the woodwind section of the orchestra. Only the piccolo, a member of the flute family, plays higher. The flute produces a sound that is light, clear and penetrating on its highest notes. A flute player may be referred to as a flautist or a flutist.History The transverse (side-blown) flutes can be seen in paintings and manuscripts that date back as far as the 14th century, though most flutes were played like the recorder, blowing air in from the end. By about the 15th century the transverse flute had become quite popular and by 1847 the modern orchestral flute had reached its present form.Click link above to watch/hear Claude Bolings, ‘Javanaise’ featuring computer graphics by Romero Caldinin (6 min. )
5Fun Fact The Flute (continued) The hyperbass flute is the biggest member of the flute family. It is pitched in C, and plays four octaves lower than the standard symphonic flute. The hyperbass flute tubing is over 8 meters long. Its lowest note is one C lower than the lowest C on the piano - lower than what scientists consider the range of human hearing!
6The OboeFun Fact The oboe is featured in "Across the Stars" from John Williams film score to Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones.Sonya, the Duck is portrayed by an ‘OBOE’ in the Orchestral composition including narration written by Prokofiev for Children’s Theatre titled, “Peter and the Wolf”.Peter is portrayed by the StringsThe Bird is portrayed by a fluteThe Cat is portrayed by the ClarinetGrandpa is portrayed by the BassoonThe Wolf is portrayed by the French HornClick link above to hear and watch the intro. To Peter and the Wolf (7 min.)
7The ClarinetClick link above to listen to opening passage to jazz concerto: “Rhapsody in Blue” by George Gershwin (1 min.30 sec)Fun Facts One of the most popular symphonic clarinet solos is the one in George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue.The opening for Gershwin's 'jazz concerto' features the clarinet ascending from a low note to a high note followed by a melody. During the rehearsal of the piece for the premier performance in 1924, the clarinet soloist decided it would be funny to glissando (slide) up to the high note rather than play the written chromatic scale notes. Gershwin liked it so much that it has been played that way ever since!The clarinet sometimes is referred to a licorice whip.
8The BassoonFun Facts The bassoon has 7 feet of tubing, while the contrabassoon has a whopping 16 feet!If instrument builders hadn't decided to "fold" the tubing, you would have to stand on a very tall ladder to play the contrabassoon - but then how would you reach the keys?Click link above to hear ‘Bad Romance’ played by a Bassoon Quartet (5 min.)
9Listening Test Over Woodwinds Get Out your Quiz sheet for the this listening quiz.Listen carefully, and choose which instrument you hear in the correct order. Your choices are listed below:FLUTEOBOECLARINETBASSOONClick link above to access instruments for the listening testAFTER THE QUIZ, Click to listen to the rest of PETER & THE WOLF!
10Trumpet French Horn Trombone Tuba The Brass FamilyTrumpetFrench HornTromboneTubaClick link above to listen to the timbre of the Brass instruments (listening test over the brass family of instruments following this section of the power point!)Picture of Miles Davis, Famous jazz trumpet player
11The TrumpetFun FactThe trumpet was known to be used in the medieval era for war and pagentry. It could be heard over the noise of battle, therefore, it was used for signaling.Trumpets are made of brass, a metal made of copper and zinc. Both of these metals are found in vitamins. This means that during your life you may eat an entire trumpet - and it would be good for you!Trumpets can play 45 notes! They are played by buzzing softer and faster as well as changing the positions of the buttons.Click link above to hear: “Fanfare for the common Man” by Aaron Copland slideshow with Grand Canyon (3 min.)
12The French HornFun Fact French horns are made of brass, a metal made of copper and zinc. Both of these metals are found in vitamins. This means that during your life you may eat an entire french horn - and it would be good for you!The Horn comes from a long tradition of instruments firstused in ancient China, Egypt, and Scandinavia.In the 1600’s, the French Horn was used in the Englishroyal mounted hunt.The horn became a regular member of the orchestraduring the 1700’s.
13Click link above to hear the song, 76 Trombones written by Meredith Wilson (3 min. )The TromboneFun Facts Beethoven was the first composer to write a trombone part for a symphony. He included one in his Fifth Symphony.The German name for Trombone is ‘sackbut’ which means push and pull.In Mason City, Iowa, hometown of Meredith Wilson (who wrote the musical 'The Music Man' and its famous song "Seventy-Six Trombones"), is a building called Music Man Square that has 76 Trombones hanging from the ceiling in one room
14The TubaFun FactTubas are the largest and lowest of the brass instruments.The first Friday in May is known as ‘International Tuba Day”An orchestra typically has one to three tubas in it (they are LOUD!)Very little music is written to feature a tuba soloist.The tuba is made of brass, a metal made of copper and zinc. Both of these metals are found in vitamins. This means that during your life you may eat an entire tuba - and it would be good for you!
15Listening Test Over Brass Instruments Get Out a Piece of blank paper.Copy the following list of Brass instruments in the exact order as you see them listed below ~ do not number them.Once everyone has written down the instruments, we will turn off the projector and proceed with the listening test.________ TRUMPET________ FRENCH HORN________ TROMBONE________ TUBADirections: In the blank beside each box, write the number (order) that you hear each instrument played. (ex. If you think the first instrument you hear is a TUBA, then write the number ‘1’ in the blank beside TUBAClick link above to access instruments for listening test
16Violin Viola Cello Double Bass Harp The String FamilyClick link above to listen to the timbre of the String instruments (listening test over the string family of instruments following this section of the power point!)!)ViolinViolaCelloDouble BassHarp
17The ViolinFun Fact On May 16, 2006, Christie's, a London auction house, auctioned a Stradivarius called The Hammer for a record $3,544,000. It is the most anyone has ever paid at public auction for a musical instrument.It is said that unlike the Lady Tennant, sold for $2,000,000, the Hammer was made after 1700, during Stradivari's "golden period", when he is believed to have made his finest instruments.Of more than 1100 instruments Stradivari is believed to have made, only about 620 survive. "These are the finest violins in the world and there is a finite number of them.”
18Songs that feature the strings/viola: The ViolaFUN FACTSJimi Hendrix’s first instrument he played was the viola.Velvet Underground features the viola because one of the members, John Cale was a trained violist.The Viola reads in the ‘Alto Clef’ or the C clef since the symbol centers around the C line.Songs that feature the strings/viola:Velvet Underground: “Stephanie Says”The Verve, “Bittersweet Symphony”Listen to hear ‘Firework’ played by a Violaist (viola soloist)
19The CelloFun FactA cello made in 1707 by Matteo Goffriller of Venice, sold at auction on April 22, 2005 for $620,800, a new record for Goffriller's instruments.Click link above to hear STRINGS featured in Regina Spektor’s song , “US” (4 min.) ONLY IF TIME PERMITS
20The String Bass FUN FACTS ! Of the four main members of the orchestra's string section, the string bass, or double bass, is the largest and deepest in sound.The electric bass guitar is a popular modern version of the same instrument.Mrs. Smith’s husband, Steve Smith is an Electric Bass guitar player!Click link above to hear Steve play a bass solo at an outdoor festival!
21The HarpFun Facts If you are a beginning harp student Harpsicle Harp Co. may have just the harp for you! The company's brightly colored Harpsicles are affordable and lots of fun! These little harps come in a variety of "flavors," including blue (blueberry), red (cherry), purple (grape), black (licorice), pink (bubble gum), white (marshmallow), dark green, gold, silver, and natural wood finish. Made in the USA by the Harpsicle Harp Co., these simple harps are well designed, sturdily built, and lightweight. They have a great sound for a small harp, and their light tension makes them easy to play.
22Listening Test Over String Instruments Get Out a Piece of blank paper.Copy the following list of String instruments in the exact order as you see them listed below ~ do not number them.Once everyone has written down the instruments, we will turn off the projector and proceed with the listening test.________ VIOLIN________ VIOLA________ CELLO________ THE STRING BASS_________HARPDirections: In the blank beside each box, write the number (order) that you hear each instrument played. (ex. If you think the first instrument you hear is a CELLO, then write the number ‘1’ in the blank beside CELLOClick link above to access instruments for listening test
23Chimes Snare Drum Timpani Xylophone Glockenspiel Cymbal Bass Drum The Percussion FamilyChimesSnare DrumTimpaniXylophoneGlockenspielCymbalBass DrumClick link above to listen to the timbre of the Percussion instruments (listening test over the percussion family of instruments following this section of the power point!)
24ChimesFun Fact In 1950, NBC filed with the U. S. Patent Office to make their three note chime tune a registered audible service mark. It was the first time a 'tune' was filed with that office. The following is the record from the Patent Office:Serial Number : Type of Mark: SERVICE MARK Mark Drawing Code: (6) NO DRAWINGDescription of Mark: THE MARK COMPRISES A SEQUENCE OF CHIME-LIKE MUSICAL NOTES WHICH ARE IN THE KEY OF C AND SOUNDED THE NOTES G, E, C, THE "G" BEING THE ONE JUST BELOW MIDDLE C, THE "E" THE ONE JUST ABOVE MIDDLE C, AND THE "C" BEING MIDDLE C, THEREBY TO IDENTIFY APPLICANT'S BROADCAST SERVICE.Owner Name: NATIONAL BROADCASTING COMPANY, INC., The Owner Address: 30 ROCKEFELLER PLAZA NEW YORK, NEW YORK CORPORATION DELAWAREThe NBC chime tune was discontinued in 1971 and then returned in 1976 on the anniversary of the network's 50th year in broadcasting.Click link above to hear the patented NBC chime trademark
25Snare DrumThe earliest known snare drum was the medieval drum called tabor. It was used to call in a war between tribes or communities or to announce the arrival of a famous personality in the tribe or community.The snare drum is a percussion instrument used in musical styles from classical to pop. It takes its name from the metal wires stretched across the bottom head, and it has a piercing "snap" sound. The snare drum is sometimes called a "side drum," as it was originally worn by soldiers on a strap under the left arm. It can also be placed on a stand, either on its own or as part of a drum kit.Birch and oak are also a much preferred wood material for making snare drums.Songs that feature the snare drum:‘50 Ways to Leave Your Lover” by Paul Simon“The Ballade of the Green Beret” by Johnny Cash“Mercenary” by the Go-Gos“Cherub Rock” by the Smashing Pumpkins“Seven Nation Army” the White StripesClick link above to watch “Seven Nation Army” by White Stripes (4 min.)Click above to listen & see lyrics to: ‘the Ballade of the Green Beret”
26TimpaniFUN FACTS!!Classical Era composer, Johann Karl Fischer once wrote a symphony for 8 timpani and orchestra which required the timpani player to play eight drums at the same time!Groups that featured the Timpani:The Beatles,Led Zepelin’s, “The Immigrant Song” (1st song that used Electronic Timpani) ,Queen, The Beach Boys, Emerson Lake and PalmerClick to hear Fischer’s, “Symphony for 8 Timpani, III, Allegretto”
27Songs that use xylophone: Fun Fact The sounds of Fred Flintstone's twinkling toes at the bowling alley aren't made by his toes... they're made by a xylophone!Songs that use xylophone:‘Wake Me Up When September Ends” by Green Day“Born to Run” by Bruce Springsteen“I will Follow You” by U2“Little Wing” by Jimi Hendrix“Moonlight Feels Right” by Starbuck“Under My Thumb” by Rolling Stones“Africa” by TotoClick to hear the sound of the Xylophone, used to symbolize Fred’s toes when he bowls!Click link above to listen to ‘Under My Thumb’ by The Rolling Stones
28GlockenspielThe glockenspiel is German for 'bells that are played' Songs that utilized the glockenspiel in the recording:The Beatles song, “Only A Northern Song”The Black Crowes song, “Gone”Radio Head song, “No Surprises”One of the most famous glockenspiels is located in Munich, Germany. Built at the beginning of the 19th century, the glockenspiel clock is the largest in Germany. The carillon has 43 bells which together weigh in excess of 2,800 lbs. The glockenspiel celebrates two different events from Munich’s past.One scene shows barrelmakers, or coopers, dancing in memory of the end of the black plague in 1517, and the other scene is jousting knights re-enacting a tournament that took place at Duke Wilhelm V’s royal wedding. During the summer the glockenspiel has become a “must-see” tourist attraction with hundreds of visitors waiting to see the shows.Click link above to listen to the Glockenspiel bells in Munich, Germany (4 min. 35 sec)
29CymbalFun Fact In the year 1623, Avedis Zildjian, an Armenian alchemist in the city of Constantinople, in his attempt to create gold from a combination of copper, tin and traces of silver, found instead a new metal alloy with unique sound qualities. The secret blend of Zildjian's celebrated cymbals remains the same today as it was four centuries ago.Click link above to watch video of how Cymbals are made!
30The Keyboard Family The Piano Click link above to hear a Piano piece written and played for 2 pianos, and 16 hands. How many people would be playing?2 pianos~ 16 handsThe PianoThe Spinet…the smallest piano at inches highThe Console…40-43 inches highThe Studio Piano…45-48 inches high.Upright Piano …50-60 inches high~what we have in the choir room!Petite Grand Piano…smallest of the grands at: 4 feet 5 inches to 4 feet 10 inches in sizeBaby Grand Piano…2nd in smallest of the grands at: 4 feet 11 inches to 5 feet 6 inches in sizeParlor Grand Piano…5 feet 8 inches to 6 feet 1 inche in sizeConcert Grand Piano…largest of the grands at 9 feet in size
31The PianoFun Facts By the time a piano is put together it can be quite heavy. A Steinway Concert Grand can weigh up to 990 pounds. The largest piano built, the Fazioli F308, weighs in at a whopping 1520 pounds!The system described for building the rim of a grand piano was developed by Theodore Steinway in 1880.Piano playing is sometimes referred to as "tickling the ivories". They used to make the ivory keys from elephant tusks, until they became an endangered species.Click link above to watch video of: How pianos are made (10 min)Click link above to listen to Martin Vatter’s “Where is this Yearning Leading Me?” based on Max Erhmann’s poem, Desiderata”
32Listening Test Over Percussion Instruments Get Out a Piece of blank paper.Copy the following list of Percussion instruments in the exact order that you see them listed below ~ do not number them.Once everyone has written down the instruments, we will turn off the projector and proceed with the listening test.________ SNARE DRUM________ TIMPANI________ Bass Drum_________CYMBALDirections: In the blank beside each box, write the number (order) that you hear each instrument played. (ex. If you think the first instrument you hear is a CYMBAL, then write the number ‘1’ in the blank beside CYMBALClick link above to access instruments for listening test