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Movies. Thomas Edison The Creation of Motion Pictures A weird and wonderful tale of unrelated things coming together.

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Presentation on theme: "Movies. Thomas Edison The Creation of Motion Pictures A weird and wonderful tale of unrelated things coming together."— Presentation transcript:

1 Movies

2 Thomas Edison

3 The Creation of Motion Pictures A weird and wonderful tale of unrelated things coming together

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6 That’s gun cotton Soak cotton in nitric and sulfuric acid Soak cotton in nitric and sulfuric acid Let dry Let dry Wash in water Wash in water Let dry Let dry Light it and get… Light it and get…

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9 It’ll make sense later

10 Franz Uchatius

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12 Projector

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16 Ludwig Doebler

17 Aristotle

18 Pinhole camera

19 Ibn Al-Hathem (Alhazen)

20 Joseph Nièpce

21 World’s first photograph

22 Louis Daguerre

23 Daguerrotype of Lincoln

24 William Henry Fox Talbot

25 Photograph of Lincoln

26 Ludwig Doebler (again)

27 Uchatius’ projector

28 Eadweard Muybridge

29 The Horse Bet

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31 Muybridge’s disk

32 The Zoopraxiscope

33 John Wesley Hyatt

34 Why is Hyatt important?

35 Hyatt, a printer, combined camphor, alcohol and gun cotton, compressed it into billiard balls Hyatt, a printer, combined camphor, alcohol and gun cotton, compressed it into billiard balls The material was called “celluloid” The material was called “celluloid” Great stuff, except Great stuff, except

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37 They had an unfortunate tendency to explode – after all, they were made of gun cotton.

38 Hannibal Goodwin Took the celluloid invented by Hyatt and turned it into sheets Took the celluloid invented by Hyatt and turned it into sheets

39 George Eastman Took Goodwin’s celluloid sheets and turned them into strips These strips are called film

40 Etienne Jules Marey Added sprocket holes to the edge of film in order to pull it through the projector The first movie projector using strips of pictures instead of disks

41 Thomas Alva Edison

42 Edison put together all the parts Parts and ideas he got from others Parts and ideas he got from others Uchatius’s idea of passing pictures rapidly in front of a light and through a lens, creating the appearance of moving pictures, which was taken by Doebler as stage show, attracting the attention of Muybridge, who told Edison about it Uchatius’s idea of passing pictures rapidly in front of a light and through a lens, creating the appearance of moving pictures, which was taken by Doebler as stage show, attracting the attention of Muybridge, who told Edison about it Hyatt’s celluloid, turned into sheets by Goodwin, and then into strips as film by Eastman Hyatt’s celluloid, turned into sheets by Goodwin, and then into strips as film by Eastman Marey’s sprocket holes on the edge of the film Marey’s sprocket holes on the edge of the film

43 Edison’s parts Edison’s parts The light bulb for a light source The light bulb for a light source Marketing the whole idea, selling his Marketing the whole idea, selling his

44 Edison’s Kinetoscope – 1894

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48 Movies were short films of regular life Movies were short films of regular life Two men boxing Two men boxing A girl dancing A girl dancing Personal lives, such as Personal lives, such as

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51 Lumière Brothers

52 Lumière’s program La Sortie des usines Lumière (quitting time at the Lumiere factory) La Sortie des usines Lumière (quitting time at the Lumiere factory)

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54 Le Repas de bébé (a Lumiere child eating)as Le Repas de bébé (a Lumiere child eating)as

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56 L’Arroseur arrosé (a boy playing a practical joke on a gardener) L’Arroseur arrosé (a boy playing a practical joke on a gardener)

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58 L’Arrivée d’un train en gare L’Arrivée d’un train en gare

59 Arrivee d’un train en gare

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61 All this was fine, but soon the novelty wore off. More was needed.

62 George Méliès

63 Méliès

64 Melies and others followed the Lumieres and showed movies in theatres. They were called “Nickelodeons” – odeon from the Greek for theatre, and nickel for what patrons paid to watch the movies.

65 Edison jumped on the bandwagon.

66 Edison’s projecting kinetoscope

67 The Great Train Robbery

68 Again, the novelty soon wore off. The time had come for longer films – two and three reelers instead of one-reelers, like D.W. Griffith’s “Birth of a Nation”

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70 You may have noticed something

71 No sound

72 Edison tried adding sound by combining his kinetoscope and his kinetophone, showing the film while playing the sound.

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75 The major problem was synchronization

76 Remember the telephone – How sound could be converted to electrical impulses

77 Changing the amplitude of an electrical current can cause a light to brighten or dim in direct relation to the amount of electricity.

78 Danish researchers – Discovered selenium would generate an electrical signal in direct relation to the amount of light shining on it.

79 Exposing film to the flickering light created by sound, then putting it on one side of the film created the sound track.

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