3 Who am I?Elonka Dunin, General Manager of Online Community at Simutronics Corp. (www.play.net)In the online multiplayer games business for almost 15 yearsComputer hobbyist since I was tall enough to see over the top of a keypunch machine(unofficial) Cryptography speaker at Def Con since 2001
4 Who am I? First to crack: PhreakNIC v3.0, PhreakNIC5 and PN6 Codes @LANta.con 2 CodeSeptember 11th - Organized the Simutronics Crisis Center, uncovered the "Bloodwrath Hoax"Team leader for cracking the Cyrillic Projector Cipher in September 2003
5 The PhreakNIC v3.0 CodeHad been uncracked since its release in October 1999I cracked it in 10 daysWon a free trip to PhreakNIC v4.0 in NashvilleFree hotel, drinks, T-shirts, etc.
8 Kryptos Commissioned in 1988 Dedicated in 1990 Code systems designed by Ed Scheidt, Chairman of a "CIA Cryptographic Center"Sculptor: James Sanborn
9 CIA & Kryptos Difficult to examine the sculpture, because: Only people with "official business" can access CIAThe Agency is not easy to find (no street address!)
10 CIA & KryptosI did, however, obtain an invitation
11 Kryptos – Part 4 Ciphertext ?OBKR UOXOGHULBSOLIFBBWFLRVQQPRNGKSSO TWTQSJQSSEKZZWATJKLUDIAWINFBNYP VTTMZFPKWGDKZXTJCDIGKUHUAUEKCAR
12 Kryptos Two panels are a vigenère table A keyword builds a cipher alphabetFirst keyword: KryptosSolvers (of the first three parts):1998: David Stein, CIA Analyst1999: Jim Gillogly???: Three unnamed NSA analysts
13 Jim Sanborn Born 1945 in Washington DC Studied Archaeology at Oxford Traveled extensively through AsiaBachelor’s Degree in Social AnthropologyMaster’s degree in SculptureNo (public) comprehensive list of his works existed, until I started making one in 2003
14 Kryptos Solver – David Stein Solved parts 1-3 in 1998Works at CIASolved Kryptos on his own time, working on evenings and weekendsUsed pencil and paper methodsMarried and a new father, not working on it seriously anymore
15 Jim GilloglyHas solved several other historical codes, with computer assistanceDebunked Beale cipherWorking on Voynich ManuscriptEx-Head of American Cryptogram AssociationSolved Kryptos (parts 1-3) in 1999, by running a computer attack
16 The "Untitled Kryptos Piece" After creating the CIA version of Kryptos, Sanborn made a smaller "untitled" version, which was sold to a private collectorOne side has all the text of the CIA's Kryptos (with at least two distinct differences)One side has encrypted Russian textMost of the Russian text is duplicated on the Cyrillic Projector
30 Kryptos – Part 2 Plaintext Keywords: KRYPTOS and ABSCISSAIt was totally invisible. How's that possible? They used the earth's magnetic field. x The information was gathered and transmitted undergruund to an unknown location. x Does Langley know about this? They should: it's buried out there somewhere. x Who knows the exact location? Only WW. This was his last message: x 38 degrees 57 minutes 6.5 seconds North, 77 degrees 8 minutes 44 seconds West. ID by rows.
31 Kryptos Part 1 – A clue for part 2? Between subtle shading and the absence of light lies the nuance of iqlusion.Subtle Shading: SSAbsence: ABSLight: CABS C I SS AABSCISSA ABS SS "C I A" ?
34 Kryptos Part 3 – RowsENDYAHROHNLSRHEOCPTEOIBIDYSHNAIACHTNREYULDSLLSLL NOHSNOSMRWXMNETPRNGATIHNRARPESLNNELEBLPIIACAEWMT WNDITEENRAHCTENEUDRETNHAEOETFOLSEDTIWENHAEIOYTEY QHEENCTAYCREIFTBRSPAMHHEWENATAMATEGYEERLBTEEFOAS FIOTUETUAEOTOARMAEERTNRTIBSEDDNIAAHTTMSTEWPIEROA GRIEWFEBAECTDDHILCEIHSITEGOEAOSDDRYDLORITRKLMLEH AGTDHARDPNEOHMGFMFEUHEECDMRIPFEIMEHNLSSTTRTVDOHW?S L O W L Y D E S P A R A T L Y
35 Kryptos – Part 3 Plaintext Slowly, desparatly slowly, the remains of passage debris that encumbered the lower part of the doorway was removed. With trembling hands I made a tiny breach in the upper left-hand corner. And then, widening the hole a little, I inserted the candle and peered in. The hot air escaping from the chamber caused the flame to flicker, but presently details of the room within emerged from the mist. x Can you see anything q?
36 Kryptos – Part 3 Explanation Paraphrased account from Howard Carter’s diary, upon the opening of King Tut’s tombNovember 26, 1922His answer to "Can you see anything?""Yes, wonderful things." (or "Yes, it is wonderful.")
37 Kryptos – Part 4 Ciphertext ?OBKR UOXOGHULBSOLIFBBWFLRVQQPRNGKSSO TWTQSJQSSEKZZWATJKLUDIAWINFBNYP VTTMZFPKWGDKZXTJCDIGKUHUAUEKCAR
39 The Cyrillic Projector – History Created in early 90s for gallery showsInstalled at UNC-Charlotte in 1997Kryptos Group started studying it in 2003
40 The Cyrillic Projector Three Step Solution ProcessTranscriptionDecryptionTranslation
41 The Cyrillic Projector – Transcription Pictures taken May 2003 by Randall BolligTranscript created June 2003Л T Ф E Ю T Ф Я Й Я M П X Ц Ф A Ч H Щ П B Б Г Ж Ч C К Ь Г Г Л З Д Э Й П Ъ К X C Й P Э A Ф H Ф П Щ B П E Ц P Д Ф A Щ Ш T К C X C Ч Ы У X X E Ю К У M Л E Ч Л Ы T O Б H E Я Ж Ж И Ь H Э З Щ Ц P Л Ы Б П H Ф O И И A Б Ь П И К Л E У P Ы C M Ъ Ш Л Л Б X M X Л Ж Ш P A Щ P Й Л П E O O Й Й B Ц И Ъ Л Б X Ц P Ы Ч C К A P C P B Я Э Ф К Ю Ф P Ю M O Я З O Л O Д Э Ш P З У Д X M A Э X O Й Г Й Ю Ф M Щ X X C B И И З X A Г Й Я Ь П C И Б P P Ш O M К T C У Я Г X У Ь Л E У P Ы C M Ъ Ш C П П Я Я Ц Ш У Ш A Ц Ч П И M Ш H P Б Ч P Я Ы M И У P A Д Ф A И Ю Й Ы Ц Я Л O H У Ф Ж O Ф Ш X Ф Ж C Б B Ъ Ч Д Ц C Ф Б M Д Э Ш P З У Д X У P Б Ш T O К Щ Ъ M X П O T O X O Щ Ч Ж A Ц Д Щ P A Ю Г O Й B P Б Г Ю Б З Г E Ж P Й Л П E O O Й Й B Ц H З П Г Ф Ц З A И B Я Ю Ф Л Ъ Ц X C Ч Ы Ш Ь Б E O M Щ Ш Ж T Э Д Й O T T Ф X П P П Л O Д Э Щ P З У Д X К П Г Ф O Ц Б Щ Ъ M M Э К Ч E P Л M К Ъ Ц Ц З Щ Л Ф Ц Ч Ъ Щ К B H Ф A E C Д П T Д Ф П P Я Й К Ю H X B Ц Б Ю E И C Ч Я Ч Ц X M Ж Л C П P Ч У Л Э Ш Ж Ы И И M E D U S A И H X E З Л Ч З P З Й К Л П П E B Л Ч C X Ц Ы O Й B P Б У Д X C B Ъ Г Ж Ч C К A P C P B Я Э Ф P Щ Ф Я Ц Щ П Ъ З Ы T Ф O Й Й У C Д T Ю T B C Б P X C П Б Щ Л Ш К У B Й Й Г З
42 The Cyrillic Projector – Anonymous Message In July 2003, I received an via my company's anonymous feedback form:I have managed to solve the cryptographic portion of the cipher. It is, as advertised, not terribly difficult…P.S. I am doing this anonymously because I have a sense of humor.
43 Anonymous Message Should an anonymous solver get credit? In most cases, credit goes not to the first person who *does* something, but the first person who can prove that they've done it, by supplying enough information that the work can be independently verified and duplicated.If it can't be duplicated, it's probably not real.
44 The Cyrillic Projector – Decryption Elonka, while reading her weblogs, saw an interesting link on September 19,
45 The Cyrillic Projector – Decryption Decryption confirmed September 19, 2003B Ы C O Ч A Й Ъ И M И C К У C C T B O M B T A Й H O Й P A З B E Д К E C П И T A E T C Я C П O C O Б H O C T Ь P A З P A Б O T A T Ь И C T O Ч H И К К O T O P Ы M T Ы Б У Д E Ш Ь B C E Ц E Л O P A H П O P Я Ж A T Ь C Я И К O H T P O Л И P O B A T Ь П O Э T O C У T A Й H O Й P A З B E Д Ы B A T E Л Ь H O Й C Л У Ж Б Ы К O H T P O Л И P У E M Ы Й И C T O Ч H И К К A К П P A B И Л O П O C T A Я Л Я E T C A M У Ю H A Д E Ж H У Э И H Ф O P M A Ц И Ю К O H T P O Л И P У E M Ы M C Ч И T A E T C Я К У П Л E H H Ы Й И Л И H A X O Д Я Щ И Й C Я B Л Ю Б O Й Д P У Г O Й З A B И T И M O C T И И C T O Ч H И К П O T P A Д И Ц И И Ц E Л Ь Э П P O Ф E C C И O H A Л A P A Б O T A Ю
46 The Cyrillic Projector – Translation Example of the problem:thissentencemightbeeasxlyunderstondbblet oanativeenglishspeekerbutsomeonenotfamil iarwethenglishwouldhaveagreatdealoftroub lereidingortranslatingitplusthefactthatt hereisntanypuncuuationisntanyhelpeither
47 The Cyrillic Projector – Translation Translation provided by Stanley Dunin, Anatoly K., and Elonka Dunin on September 20th, 2003BЫCOЧAЙЪИM ИCКУCCTBOM B TAЙHOЙ PAЗBEДКE CПИTAETCЯ CПOCOБHOCTЬ PAЗPAБOTATЬ ИCTOЧHИК КOTOPЫM TЫ БУДEШЬ BCEЦEЛO PAHПOPЯЖATЬCЯ И КOHTPOЛИPOBATЬ ПOЭTOCУ TAЙHOЙ PAЗBEДЫBATEЛЬHOЙ CЛУЖБЫ КOHTPOЛИPУEMЫЙ ИCTOЧHИК КAК ПPABИЛO ПOCTAЯЛЯET CAMУЮ HAДEЖHУЭ ИHФOPMAЦИЮ КOHTPOЛИPУEMЫM CЧИTAETCЯ КУПЛEHHЫЙ ИЛИ HAXOДЯЩИЙCЯ B ЛЮБOЙ ДPУГOЙ ЗABИTИMOCTИ ИCTOЧHИК ПO TPAДИЦИИ ЦEЛЬЭ ПPOФECCИOHAЛA . . .
48 The Cyrillic Projector – Translation (Part 1) The highest skill of the secret service is the ability to develop a source, which you will handle and control completely so that the source supplies, as a rule, the most reliable information. A controllable source is a source that is considered bought or made otherwise dependent by some means. Traditionally, the goal of the secret service professional is to ensnare any potential-value source of information with a psychological net, and pull tight this net at the appropriate time. There are not too many possibilities for this, but those secret agents who develop controllable sources of information will get promotions and the respect of colleagues. However, the methods and behavioral techniques that are needed to attain this goal are radically contrary to the ethics and morality of society in the field of interpersonal relations.
49 The Cyrillic Projector – Translation (Part 2) … about the creation of Sakharov's new anti-Soviet address to The West and its use by Americans for goals inimical to the Soviet Union. In May, academician A. D. Sakharov wrote a report for members of the Pugwash Conference. This report contains sharp anti-Soviet evaluations of the internal and foreign policy of the CPSU and the Soviet Government, and it also contains an accusation against the USSR about the intensification of army, navy, missile arsenal, and air force, and intervention in …
50 The Cyrillic Projector – Source Document for Part 2
51 Cyrillic Projector Solutions (/.) Then Slashdot got ahold of the news . . .Alternate proposed solutions on Slashdot"Send more vodka!""Keep information away from Moose and Squirrel!"
62 Other Kryptos Discoveries / Speculations Originally thought:Ciphertext: 867 chars, tableau: 864Add in missed "L"Ciphertext: 867 chars, tableau: 865Add in two reference spaces:Ciphertext: 867 chars, tableau: 867
63 Other Kryptos Speculations / Info Spelling errors "iqlusion" and "undergruund":Sanborn said, "Those errors are deliberate. It's not *what* they are that's so important though, as their orientation or positioning."
67 Ed Scheidt CIA’s "Wizard of Codes" Currently working for TecSec Likes ties with hieroglyphic patternsSaid the last part of Kryptos would probably stand for 10 years before it was cracked."I saved the best for last."
68 Other Kryptos Discoveries / Speculations IM from "MolleeH""The key to Kryptos is komitet"Komitet is the "K" in KGBKomitet Gosudarstvenoi BezopasnostiCommittee of State SecurityMolly Hale is the head of the CIA's Public Affairs department"Key" not "keyword"7 letters in Komitet
70 Hint or Hoax? "The key to Kryptos is komitet" Whoever sent the IM: Knew I was working on Kryptos(possibly) knew some CIA structure (Molly Hale)Knew some crypto terminology: "key" not "keyword"Knew some cold war history: "Komitet" is not commonly known.Sent a *7-letter* keyKnew how to cover their tracks
71 Sanborn's Other Sculptures Has over 100 pieces around the worldSome are encrypted, or in other languagesFrench, Latin, Russian, Iroquois, Spanish, Chinese, Greek, Ethiopian, Creek, AlgonquinSome have sections in binaryConnecticut, FloridaIRS Computing Center, West Virginia"Covert Operations Fragments"Other curiosities:Three sculptures that use quotes from Adam SmithThree sculptures that use engraved compassesOne named "Hidden under the Three Events“
78 Summary Kryptos has 4 sections of code 3 of the 4 have been solvedSanborn's "Untitled Kryptos Piece" has two sidesThe CIA side repeats the text of Kryptos over and overThe KGB side was what we solved in September 2003Both sides have obvious spelling errorsUnknown how many are accidental or deliberateBoth Jim Sanborn and Ed Scheidt said Kryptos was designed to be solvedElonka: "Is part 4 solvable?"Sanborn: "Yes. It ain't easy, but it's solvable."
79 Things we need help with Linguists to transcribe/translateIroquoisCreekAlgonquinAbyssinianChineseGreek3D modelers
80 To get more information Sci.crypt newsgroup (search on “kryptos”)Subscribe by ing:AIM: ElonkaGoogle
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