Presentation on theme: "HINDUISM. Predominant religion of India, they call it Sanātana Dharma which means “eternal law”"— Presentation transcript:
Predominant religion of India, they call it Sanātana Dharma which means “eternal law”
Vedas – the holy texts of Hinduism
Avatars The gods appear on Earth, how they interact on Earth
Brahman is the one supreme, universal Spirit that is the origin and support of the phenomenal universe. Brahman is sometimes referred to as the Absolute or Godhead which is the Divine Ground of all being. Brahman is conceived as personal("with qualities"), impersonal ("without qualities") Brahman controls both fate and chance.
Trimurti The Hindu Trinity The cosmic functions of creation, maintenance and destruction
Brahma The creator of all humans
Vishnu All-Pervading essence of all beings, the master of—and beyond—the past, present and future, one who supports, sustains and governs the Universe and originates and develops all elements within
Shiva The destroyer God who controls death, rebirth and immortality
Krishna Vishnu’s avatar on Earth
Krishna is the son of the Virgin Devaki.
Krishna's birth occurs while his foster father, Nanda, is in his native city to pay taxes to the king, King Kansa.
King Kansa tried to kill Krishna by ordering the slaughter of all males born on the same day as Krishna
The Virgin Devaki is told by an angel, "In thy delivery, O favored among women, all nations shall have cause to rejoice
The nativity of Krishna is heralded by a star.
Krishna is born in a cave. The cave story is an indication of lower-class birthplace.
Krishna is visited in the cave by three wise men bearing gifts
The cave was mysteriously illuminated
Nanda is warned by an angel to flee from King Kansa by crossing the Jumna River with the infant Krishna
Krishna performs miracles in Mathura
Krishna was crucified
During the crucifixion, Krishna was wounded by an arrow
At noon on the day of Krishna's crucifixion, the sun darkened
Krishna descended into Hell. He raised the dead. He brought back two boys from Hell.
Krishna is the second person of the Hindu Trinity: Brahma, Vishnu, Siva. Krishna is the incarnation of Vishnu
Hinduism Caste System
Varna – Hindu social caste Dharma – one’s duty to their varna Karma – means “deed” or “action” and is the universal principle of cause and effect and determines which varna you will be reincarnated in Reincarnation – the belief that the soul returns to Earth to live in a new body Ahimsa – the belief of non-violence towards all living things because they could possibly be one of your ancestors
Dharma ("righteousness, duty to varna) Artha ("livelihood, wealth") Kāma ("sensual pleasure") Kama sutra Mokṣa ("liberation, freedom”) Hindu Objectives of Life
Bhakti Yoga (the path of love and devotion) Karma Yoga (the path of right action) Rāja Yoga (the path of meditation) Jñāna Yoga (the path of wisdom) Yoga The method used to reach that goal