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Brett Bobley NEH CIO Director, Office of Digital Humanities We fund innovation in the digital humanities.

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Presentation on theme: "Brett Bobley NEH CIO Director, Office of Digital Humanities We fund innovation in the digital humanities."— Presentation transcript:

1 Brett Bobley NEH CIO Director, Office of Digital Humanities We fund innovation in the digital humanities

2 Stuff to Talk About Open Data in the Humanities Academic Libraries and Data Management Libraries as Partners in the Digital Humanities Electronic Monographs in the Humanities

3 "There is no clear idea in the humanities of what sustainable data, interoperable data, reusable data should actually look like.“ -- Will Noel, University of Pennsylvania Libraries’ director of the Special Collections Center White House Open Science Champions of Change, Eric Kansa and Will Noel

4 Papyrology? The Study of Ancient Writing on Papyrus

5 CC:BY. © Heidelberger Gesamtverzeichnis der griechischen Papyrusurkunden Ägyptens.

6 Epigraphy? The Study of Ancient Inscriptions on Stone, Metal, Ceramics

7 Letter of Valerian and Gallienus, AD 257. CC:BY Published by Reynolds in Roueché, Aphrodisias in Late Antiquity no. 1

8 Epigraphy: EpiDoc Project Roger Bagnall, Tom Elliott, NYU; Josh Sosin, Hugh Cayless, Duke; Gabriel Bodard, KCL CA.BERK.UC.HMA.L.8-3420

9 Papyrology: Papyri.info Project Roger Bagnall, Tom Elliott, NYU; Josh Sosin, Hugh Cayless, Duke CC:BY. © Heidelberger Gesamtverzeichnis der griechischen Papyrusurkunden Ägyptens.

10 Archaeology The study of human activity in the past, through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind.

11 Archaeology: Open Context Project Sarah Whitcher Kansa, Eric Kansa, Alexandria Archive Institute

12 Journal article cites their dataset located in Open Context. Archaeology: Open Context Project Sarah Whitcher Kansa, Eric Kansa, Alexandria Archive Institute

13 Professor Ben Arbuckle led effort to build major zooarchaeology dataset. Now other scholars (e.g. Canan Cakilar, Arek Marciniak) using same data for completely different studies. Archaeology: Open Context Project Sarah Whitcher Kansa, Eric Kansa, Alexandria Archive Institute

14 Geography Linking open data via geo mapping.

15 Ancient Mapping: Pleiades Project Roger Bagnall, Tom Elliott, NYU; Richard Talbert, Ross Twele, UNC

16 Pelagios: Enable Linked Ancient Geodata In Open Systems Currently 40 Partners

17 What research data is there around Byzantium? The Pelagios linked data system automatically provides relevant links to papyri databases, epigraphic inscriptions, modern books, ancient texts, archeological dig data, and others that all reference this exact geographical site. Pelagios: Enable Linked Ancient Geodata In Open Systems Currently 40 Partners

18 Let's Talk About… Mummies

19 Anthropology: IMPACT Mummy Project Randall Thompson, Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute Andrew Nelson, University of Western Ontario Museum scanning an ancient mummy specimen. IMPACT has made arrangements with 49 institutions, to date, to share their radiographic mummy data.

20 Anthropology: IMPACT Mummy Project Randall Thompson, Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute

21 Anthropology: IMPACT Mummy Project Andrew Wade, McMaster University “Evisceration and excerebration in the Egyptian mummification tradition”

22 Philosophy Stanford University University of Tennessee at Martin

23 Philosophy Colin Allen, Indiana University Data Mining — Natural language processing (NLP) techniques generate statistical hypothesis about the relationships among philosophically-salient topics. Expert Feedback — These hypotheses are evaluated by domain experts through online interfaces. Machine Reasoning — Our machine reasoning program uses feedback and statistical measures to populate the ontology.

24 This view of articles on Alan Turing shows heavier emphasis in the SEP on formal computational theory versus more generic discussions of Turing's contributions to discussions of the nature of intelligence. Philosophy Colin Allen, Indiana University

25 Let's Loop back to Art History…

26 Art History, History Will Noel, University of Pennsylvania Libraries CC. Walters Art Museum Ms. W.86, Book of Hours, 13th Century

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30 "There is no clear idea in the humanities of what sustainable data, interoperable data, reusable data should actually look like.“ -- Will Noel, Art Historian, University of Pennsylvania

31 Stuff to Talk About Open Data in the Humanities Academic Libraries and Data Management Libraries as Partners in the Digital Humanities Electronic Monographs in the Humanities

32 Data Management Plans From a typical ODH grant guideline: All proposals will be required to include both a sustainability plan that discusses long-term support for the project and a data management plan that discusses how research data will be preserved.

33 Small Workshop Example DMP Example from the University of Maryland Types of Data The proposed project is a workshop with an accompanying demonstration “sandbox” of potential technologies to be evaluated for a larger project on Afro-Caribbean labor, migration, and the Panama Canal. The following types of data will be produced: 1) a white paper outlining opportunities for further work; 2) a digital bibliography of sources related to Afro-Carribean labor; 3) a website for the workshop; [etc.]

34 Small Workshop Example DMP Data and Metadata Formats Data Storage and Security Access, Dissemination, and Preservation Role of the University of Maryland Library

35 Data Repository Example DMP Example from Alexandria Archive Institute NATURE OF THE DATA PRODUCED All query results from Open Context are expressed as: JSON: The Javascript Object Notation format makes it easier for third parties to develop applications using Open Context’s querying services. Atom Syndication Format: Atom is a widely used standard ideal for sharing lists of resources. Open Context expresses all query results as paged Atom feeds, using the feed-paging and archiving link relations.

36 Data Repository Example DMP Metadata and Standards Linked Data Entities Versioning and Citation Role of the California Digital Library

37 Stuff to Talk About Open Data in the Humanities Academic Libraries and Data Management Libraries as Partners in the Digital Humanities Electronic Monographs in the Humanities

38 Libraries as DH Partners Exploring the Billions and Billions of Words in the HathiTrust Corpus with Bookworm: HathiTrust + Bookworm Project HathiTrust Digital Library, University of Illinois, Rice University, Northeastern University.

39 Libraries as DH Partners Folger Shakespeare Library's "Early Modern Digital Agendas: Advanced Topics Institute" Folger Shakespeare Library

40 Libraries as DH Partners "Are We Speaking in Code?" (Voicing the Craft & Tacit Understandings of Digital Humanities Software Development) The Scholars Lab at the University of Virginia Library.

41 Libraries as DH Partners Scribe: Turning Text into Structured Information through the Power of the Crowd New York Public Library in Partnership with Zooniverse

42 Libraries as DH Partners Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) Everybody!

43 Humanities Commons/CORE Projects Kathleen Fitzpatrick, Modern Language Association Rebecca Kennison, Columbia University Libraries' Center for Digital Research and Scholarship

44 Humanities researchers increasingly wish to share their scholarly output both within and outside their disciplines. In the past, scholarly societies served this role by connecting their members at conferences and the like. How can societies (with small budgets) address the needs of their members in a digital age where “open” is becoming the norm?

45 Humanities Commons/Humanities CORE Projects Modern Language Association Columbia University Libraries' Center for Digital Research and Scholarship “Humanities CORE” is a shared, library-quality repository for open access papers, articles, data, and books. (Think arXiv for the humanities.) “Humanities Commons” is a shared networking space that can be skinned & deployed by any scholarly society. It will facilitate exchange of dialog, papers, and other materials within & between disciplines.

46 Stuff to Talk About Open Data in the Humanities Academic Libraries and Data Management Libraries as Partners in the Digital Humanities Electronic Monographs in the Humanities

47 Georgetown University Symposium* *These slides are from a talk I did at the Future of First Books, held at Georgetown University. My thanks to them! They have a video on their website.Future of First Books

48 Let’s take a deliberately naïve, outsider’s perspective on the “first book problem.” Sometimes this perspective can shine an interesting light on a problem.

49 What do most people think of when they hear the term “first book?”

50 William Faulkner’s First Book

51 “…as sales of monographs decline, reducing opportunities for scholars to publish, a vital component of earning tenure. How will new faculty members now receive the credentialing they need to earn tenure and move forward with their careers?” -- From the website of the Georgetown symposium.

52 Let’s parse that….

53 “…as sales of monographs decline, reducing opportunities for scholars to publish, a vital component of earning tenure. How will new faculty members now receive the credentialing they need to earn tenure and move forward with their careers?” -- From the website of today’s symposium.

54 So, that means…??

55 if sales decline then not (humanities scholars = tenured)

56 What would William Faulkner’s editor think?

57 Could universities credential their employees in some other way?

58 The economics of a first book (the professor, the headhunter)

59 Sales numbers

60 Why a “First Book”? (Why not skip to the second?)

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62 We don’t write humanities monographs for riches. We may do so in an attempt to earn academic fame. But the career kickback for me was rapid promotion. In the humanities, the monograph’s the thing. -- Melissa Terras, in the Guardian, 30 September 2014.

63 Even with the changing publishing environment, some things stay the same: the importance of the physical single author monograph, and the importance of academic patronage. -- Melissa Terras, in the Guardian, 30 September 2014.

64 Will I publish another monograph without an associated Open Access version? No…. -- Melissa Terras, in the Guardian, 30 September 2014

65 Why a “First Book”? (Why not skip to the second?)

66 National Monograph Strategy Ben Showers, Jisc

67 While the monograph remains a critical part of the scholarly dialogue, especially within the humanities and social sciences, sales are falling and as a result researchers find it increasingly difficult to publish their book-length research. -- Jisc Report

68 BackgroundThe IdeasNext steps

69 BackgroundThe IdeasNext steps

70 BackgroundThe IdeasNext steps

71 The way forward for the United States?

72 Some Ideas Being Discussed: AAU-ARL Prospectus for an Institutionally Funded First-Book Subvention New Mellon Foundation program to explore models for subventing first books

73 Thank you! Contact: E-Mail: bbobley@neh.gov Twitter: @brettbobley Web: www.neh.gov/odh/


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