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Exploring 19th Century Native Americans An interdisciplinary unit for 7 th grade Kansas History and Physical Education. Cheri Bevis, Contributor.

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Presentation on theme: "Exploring 19th Century Native Americans An interdisciplinary unit for 7 th grade Kansas History and Physical Education. Cheri Bevis, Contributor."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Exploring 19th Century Native Americans An interdisciplinary unit for 7 th grade Kansas History and Physical Education. Cheri Bevis, Contributor

3 Goal of the Lesson: The students will be able to identify the native American tribes that settled in Kansas and compare and contrast their arts, culture, foods, customs, and games.

4 Kansas State Standards 7th Grade History Standard – Benchmark 1: The student understands individuals, groups, ideas, events, and developments during the period before settlement in pre-territorial Kansas. Indicator 1: The student compares and contrasts nomadic and sedentary tribes in Kansas (e.g., food, housing, art, customs). 7th Grade Physical Education Standard Content Standard 5: A physically educated person exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others in physical activity settings. Indicator 4: Through verbal and non-verbal behavior, demonstrate cooperation with peers of different gender, race, ethnicity, and ability in physical activity setting.

5 Vocabulary nomadic – having no fixed home and moving according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land nomadic – having no fixed home and moving according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land artifact – something made or used by people from the past artifact – something made or used by people from the past reservation – a special area of land set aside for the native Americans reservation – a special area of land set aside for the native Americans sod house – a home made from earth or grass sod house – a home made from earth or grass tipi – an American Indian cone-shaped tent tipi – an American Indian cone-shaped tent maize – Indian corn maize – Indian corn adaptation – change in behavior in response to new or modified surroundings adaptation – change in behavior in response to new or modified surroundings barter – to trade one thing for another without the exchange of money barter – to trade one thing for another without the exchange of money domesticate – to change or adapt (an animal or plant) to be of use to humans domesticate – to change or adapt (an animal or plant) to be of use to humans migration – the act of moving from one land or country to settle in another place migration – the act of moving from one land or country to settle in another place oral tradition – the spoken preservation, from one generation to the next, of cultural history and ancestry, often by a storyteller in narrative form. oral tradition – the spoken preservation, from one generation to the next, of cultural history and ancestry, often by a storyteller in narrative form.

6 People to Know Nomadic Tribes CCCCheyenne AAAArapahoe PPPPlains Apache CCCComanche KKKKiowa KKKKiowa Apache Sedentary Tribes PPPPawnee WWWWichita KKKKansa OOOOsage

7 Kansas History Activities Labeling the movement of Historic Tribes in the State of Kansas. Labeling the movement of Historic Tribes in the State of Kansas. The map shows how over time, the tribes moved in and out of Kansas from all directions. (Chinn, J., 2005, The Kansas Journey; pg. 33 The map shows how over time, the tribes moved in and out of Kansas from all directions. (Chinn, J., 2005, The Kansas Journey; pg. 33 Using a map, such as the sample one below, label with the correct native American tribes. (Toth, S.,1998, Fun Kansas History Projects; pg. 50) Using a map, such as the sample one below, label with the correct native American tribes. (Toth, S.,1998, Fun Kansas History Projects; pg. 50)

8 Kansas History Activities Cont. Discussion of migration and adaptation of native Americans to the state of Kansas. (Chinn, J., 2005, The Kansas Journey; pgs. 24-32) Assignment: Experiences of Indian Removal Directions: Imagine you are a teenage Indian in 1840 whose family moved to Kansas from your beloved homeland. Write a one-page essay describing the hardships you and your family faced.

9 Read/Analyze/Discuss Historic Tribes in Kansas. ( Chinn, J., 2005, The Kansas Journey; pgs. 33-42) Read/Analyze/Discuss Historic Tribes in Kansas. ( Chinn, J., 2005, The Kansas Journey; pgs. 33-42) Create story map for each native American tribe discussed. Create story map for each native American tribe discussed. Include categories such as housing, art, customs, food, culture etc. Include categories such as housing, art, customs, food, culture etc. Use pictures or words to illustrate your thoughts. Use pictures or words to illustrate your thoughts.

10 Kansas History Activities Cont. Sample story map for Pawnee Indians. Sample story map for Pawnee Indians.

11 Kansas History Activities Cont. Read/Analyze/Discuss the Importance of the buffalo to the Plains Indians. (Chinn, J., 2005, The Kansas Journey; pg 34) Read/Analyze/Discuss the Importance of the buffalo to the Plains Indians. (Chinn, J., 2005, The Kansas Journey; pg 34) Complete “The Buffalo” Activity. ( Toth, S., 1997, Fun Lessons in Kansas History; pgs. 24-27) Complete “The Buffalo” Activity. ( Toth, S., 1997, Fun Lessons in Kansas History; pgs. 24-27)  Discuss the overhead transparency of the buffalo.  Brainstorm ways that we might use the parts of the buffalo today (for example, the horn could make a funnel for pouring gasoline into a lawn mower). Fill out the first column of “The Buffalo” page.  Using a variety of sources (encyclopedias, textbook, books, Internet), find out how the Plains Indians used the same buffalo parts. Fill out the second column of "The Buffalo” page. Compare and discuss answers.

12 Kansas History Activities Cont. Sample “The Buffalo” worksheets. Sample “The Buffalo” worksheets.

13 Kansas History Activities Cont. Topic – Native Americans Guest Speaker – Don Rash

14 Kansas History Assessment Poster Project Poster Project  Assign students to groups of three.  Assign each group a native American tribe.  Using the information learned in class, the internet, and any other resources available each group will construct a poster board using pictures and narrative to illustrate their tribes culture.  Students will also be responsible for typing a two- page summary of their findings.  As a group, the students will present their tribe to the rest of the class.

15 Kansas History Assessment Cont. Sample Native American poster boards Sample Native American poster boards

16 Physical Education Activities Native American games research Native American games research  In partners, students will research native American children’s games dances, and chants using the Internet, Kansas history notes, and books.  Each pair will choose a game, dance, or chant to learn to teach to the rest of the PE class.  Possible sources (Examples) www.native americangames.net www.apples4theteacher.com/native-american/games/index.html www.nativetech.org/games/othergames.html nativeamericans.mrdonn.org/games.html Handbook of American Indian Games by Allan and Paulette Macfarlan

17 Physical Education Activities Cont. Possible American Indian unit enrichment activities for physical education Possible American Indian unit enrichment activities for physical education  Stations – use the games learned from the student presenters.  Crossing KS Warm-up Activity – Imagine the gym is the state of KS. Label each area according to where the tribes settled. Yell out a tribe name and the students must race to that designated area. Repeat until warm-up is completed.  Luck of the Draw (Relay races with vocab words) – Construct a set of note cards with the definitions of vocab words written on them for each team. Write the vocab words on posters and hang them randomly on the gym walls. First team member draws a card and must run and touch the poster that matches their definition and race back to their team. One point scored for each correct answer. Keep rotating through team members until one team reaches 10 points.

18 Physical Education Assessment Creating Native American Board Games  Discuss how a board game might be able to convey information about the cultures they studied. Use the following questions and their current knowledge of Native American groups to spark discussion:  What could a game board show about life in a Native American tribe or nation?  What kinds of tokens might be used to reflect information or ideas about the tribe?  What would be an appropriate “reward” during the game—like the play money in Monopoly?  Your game might include positive events that move a player forward, or negative events that set a player back. Think of a few examples of positive and negative events that were common in Native American tribes. (Such events might be “catching many fish” or “bad drought.”)  How could the game objective and rules tell something about life in this tribe?

19 Physical Education Assessment Cont. In teams of three, students will create a board game highlighting the aspects of life of the tribe assigned to them. In teams of three, students will create a board game highlighting the aspects of life of the tribe assigned to them. Use reference materials to record information they have learned about their assigned tribe. Use reference materials to record information they have learned about their assigned tribe.

20 Physical Education Assessment Cont. Challenge the students to create a board game that reflects what they have learned about their assigned tribe. Challenge the students to create a board game that reflects what they have learned about their assigned tribe. Do not create a game that may have been played by that tribe but instead create a game for today’s children that teaches about that tribe. Do not create a game that may have been played by that tribe but instead create a game for today’s children that teaches about that tribe.

21 Physical Education Assessment Cont. When the games are completed, have the teams exchange and play each other’s games. When the games are completed, have the teams exchange and play each other’s games. Possible activity – Choose a few of the best games created and take those teams to an elementary school to teach their games. Possible activity – Choose a few of the best games created and take those teams to an elementary school to teach their games.

22 ELL Adaptations Students will study vocabulary words using note cards. On one side of the note card they will write the vocab word and on the other side they will draw a picture that illustrates the definition. Students will study vocabulary words using note cards. On one side of the note card they will write the vocab word and on the other side they will draw a picture that illustrates the definition. Allow students to complete their projects in their native language. Allow students to complete their projects in their native language.

23 ResourcesBooks: Unrau, W. (1991). Indians of Kansas. Mennonite Press, Newton, KS. Unrau, W. (1991). Indians of Kansas. Mennonite Press, Newton, KS. Napier, R. (2003). Kansas and the West: New Perspectives. Napier, R. (2003). Kansas and the West: New Perspectives. Tucker, M. (2002). Buffalo Hunt. TLC, Carthage, IL. Tucker, M. (2002). Buffalo Hunt. TLC, Carthage, IL. Isern, T. & Wilson, R. (1988). Kansas Land. Gibbs Smith, Layton, UT. Isern, T. & Wilson, R. (1988). Kansas Land. Gibbs Smith, Layton, UT. Toth, S. (1997). Fun Lessons in Kansas History. The Prairie Teacher, Colby, KS. Toth, S. (1997). Fun Lessons in Kansas History. The Prairie Teacher, Colby, KS. Toth, S. (1998). Fun Kansas History Projects. The Prairie Teacher, Colby KS. Toth, S. (1998). Fun Kansas History Projects. The Prairie Teacher, Colby KS. Chinn, J. (2005). The Kansas Journey. Gibbs Smith, Salt Lake City. Chinn, J. (2005). The Kansas Journey. Gibbs Smith, Salt Lake City. Macfarlan, A. & P. (1985). Handbook of American Indian Games. Dover Publications, Mineola, NY. Macfarlan, A. & P. (1985). Handbook of American Indian Games. Dover Publications, Mineola, NY.

24 Resources Internet Sites: www.nativeamericangames.net www.apples4theteacher.com/native-american/games/index.html school.discovery.com/lessonplans/programs/nativeamericans www.nativetech.org/games/othergames.html nativeamericans.mrdonn.org/games.htmlwww.archives.gov/research/native-american/pictures


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