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1541 – Coronado visits Kansas, makes contact with the Wichita 1673 – Jolliet and Marquette name Kansas 1803 – Kansas is a part of the Louisiana Purchase.

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Presentation on theme: "1541 – Coronado visits Kansas, makes contact with the Wichita 1673 – Jolliet and Marquette name Kansas 1803 – Kansas is a part of the Louisiana Purchase."— Presentation transcript:

1 1541 – Coronado visits Kansas, makes contact with the Wichita 1673 – Jolliet and Marquette name Kansas 1803 – Kansas is a part of the Louisiana Purchase 1804 – Lewis and Clark Expedition reaches Kansas 1821 – Santa Fe Trail Opens 1830 - US Congress passes the Indian Removal Act to relocate more eastern tribes to Kansas Territory 1843 – Oregon and California Trails open

2 Invasions and Encounters Chap. 3, p. (44- 65)

3 Reasons Europeans Explored Kansas: Spread Christianity Conquest of new lands Trade and Wealth New Knowledge

4 Spanish Exploration Seeking gold and conquest of new lands Establish trade with the Indians (native Americans) French Exploration

5 Francisco Vasquez de Coronado – sought to find mythical city of gold (Quivira); made contact with the Wichita in 1541

6 Fabled city of Gold (in present day Kansas) Coronado failed to find gold, relieved of his command and put on trial for mistreating the natives

7 French explorers and traders established trade with Indians Kansas is named for the Kansa Indians Jolliet placed the name “Kansas” and “Missouri” on a map

8 Jolliet and Marquette - from Canada followed Mississippi River to Missouri River. Jolliet placed the name “Kansas” and “Missouri” on a map Claude Charles Du Tisne failed to make alliances with the Comanche Indians but made connections with the Osage and Pawnee Etienne Veniard de Bourgmont set up relations with the Kansa and Apache

9 Indians were asked to give loyalty to the European monarchy, royal family Sovereign Rights – the right for the people to choose who rules them ( this was denied to the Kansas tribes) Europeans brought new diseases to the Indians like smallpox and the flu

10 Napoleon Bonaparte (Emperor of France) sold a huge area of land known as Louisiana to the United States. Most of Kansas was part of the Louisiana Purchase (p.51) Napoleon needed money to build up his military against England and he didn’t want the land to fall into English hands. The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the U.S.

11 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark Zebulon Pike Stephen H. Long

12 Sent by President Thomas Jefferson to explore new areas of the nation, incl. Louisiana Purchase (1803) Traveled by boat; looking for a water route to the Pacific Ocean Seemed to like Kansas, commenting on the variety of game and a prairie of great beauty

13 Sent to make peace between the Osage and Kansa tribes Observed and brought back many botanical and mineral samples (similar to Lewis and Clark) Asked Pawnee to take down Spanish flag and put up American flag Described land as a desert Botanical - referring to plant species

14 Explored and mapped the southwest part of the country. He traveled by steamboat Long was first to publish a U.S. atlas with state and territory maps; labeled the area that would become Kansas “The Great Desert”

15 Andrew Jackson moved the Indians from the eastern part of the nation to the west. Over 25 tribes were forced to move to Kansas. Assimilate - adapt to fit in Isaac McCoy tried to protect Indian way of life and create an Indian state where Indians would be assimilated and converted to Christianity

16 Tribes were assigned to reservations. Many tribes did not like living so close together because their cultures were so different

17 Missionaries worked to covert Indians to Christianity and teach them European ways of life Vocation skills – basic work skills Boarding schools – schools where kids live away from their families

18 Santa Fe Trail Built to allow trade Started by William Becknell Oregon-California Trail Used by people who wanted to move west The trip 4 to 6 months

19 The idea that America was meant to expand from coast to coast and was blessed by a higher power Chain mail - looped metal armor New World – the name Europeans gave the Americas Confluence - where two or more rivers come together

20 Wichita trades with the Indians from the southwest brought to Kansas looking for gold, thus making contact with the Spanish

21 Missionaries set up schools to convert Indian children to Christianity and to teach them vocational* skills The main goal of missionary schools was to change the culture of the child – to Americanize the Indian * Vocation: an occupation

22

23 Indian Removal Act of 1830 - moved Indian tribes in the East to lands west of the Mississippi

24 Member of the Delaware tribe who operated a ferry boat on the Kansas River


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