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Agricultural Transformation in South Sudan Effort for Agricultural Transformation (EAT) Pre-Read for February 5 th, 2013 Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry,

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Presentation on theme: "Agricultural Transformation in South Sudan Effort for Agricultural Transformation (EAT) Pre-Read for February 5 th, 2013 Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Agricultural Transformation in South Sudan Effort for Agricultural Transformation (EAT) Pre-Read for February 5 th, 2013 Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Juba Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Cooperatives and Rural Development Republic of South Sudan

2 Republic of South Sudan | The People and the President of South Sudan have demanded a “hunger-free” nation What will it mean to be “hunger-free”?  National food independence  Improved health and nutrition across the country  Agriculture as a major economic engine, complementing oil and gas  Increased incomes for >80% of the population 1

3 Republic of South Sudan | To achieve this goal we will use a zonal approach – building on the unique agricultural potential of each of South Sudan’s agronomic zones What is an integrated zonal transformation? A strategy to develop a targeted zone of the country, focusing on specific crops —with a broad plan providing clear direction across different sectors Plans will be comprehensive: Locations: Tailored to each zone to prioritize scarce resources Crop(s): Focused on select high value crops Change agents: Identify key actors that can drive change Enabling environment: Detailed plans for non- agricultural support Donors and implementing partners Communities and farmers Private sector entrepreneurs National and State governments And will require us to work together: 2

4 Republic of South Sudan | To start the zonal EAT process, opportunities in each agro-ecological zone across South Sudan are being examined The 6 Agro-Ecological Zones of South Sudan Eastern Flood Plains - North Greenbelt Nile Sobat Western Flood Plains 1 2 5 Hills and Mountains 4 Eastern Flood Plains - South 3B 3A Ironstone Plateau 6 3

5 Republic of South Sudan | Step 2 Select accessible output markets to link production Step 2 Select accessible output markets to link production Step 3 Identify key constraints to growth in the value- chain Step 3 Identify key constraints to growth in the value- chain Step 4 Choose model(s) of change to address these constraints Step 4 Choose model(s) of change to address these constraints Step 1 Identify a high-potential economic opportunity Step 1 Identify a high-potential economic opportunity The teams followed 4 steps to identify each zone’s economic transformation opportunity Yambio-Tambura Wau ProductionHarvestInput supply Post- harvest Resale Low yields driven by poor quality inputs Market competiveness hindered by poor roads Agro- entrepreneur FBOBlock farmExtension Agronomic suitability Market potential Cultural fit EXAMPLES Juba Others: Finance 4

6 Republic of South Sudan | Steps 1 and 2 identified high-potential economic opportunities in each zone which will need to be tested in the coming months Primary opportunity Western Flood Plains 1 Ironstone Plateau 6 Greenbelt 5 Eastern Flood Plains - North 3A Eastern Flood Plains - South 3B Hills and Mountains 4 Nile Sobat 2 RiceFishSorghum Horticulture Maize Groundnut Livestock SorghumCassava Horticul- ture Sorghum Simsim Sugar SimsimMaize Livestock Fish Wheat Irish potatoes Emerging opportunities include: ▪ Arid zone – sheep ▪ Greenbelt – small ruminants, aquaculture, honey PRELIMINARY 5 Sorghum

7 Republic of South Sudan | Steps 3 and 4 looked at the major value chain constraints in each opportunity, and identified a primary approach to drive change PRELIMINARY 6 Greenbelt 5 Smallholder aggregation Hills and Mountains 4 Trader-lead outgrower scheme Eastern Flood Plains - South 3B Stability promotion through youth engagement Ironstone Plateau 6 Processing Hubs Nile Sobat 2 Commercial Processing hub Western Flood Plains 1 Inclusive irrigation scheme Eastern Flood Plains - North 3A Large-scale commercial farms SOURCE:WFP/FAO Crop Assessment; Expert interviews with Ministries of Agriculture and Animal Resources

8 Republic of South Sudan | Financial assistance to farmers and agro dealers Social improvements to empower farmers Roads to connect farmers to markets Supportive policies to promote trade Unlocking these opportunities depends on a strong enabling environment, achieved by deep coordination across Ministries, States, donors, and other stakeholders 7 ▪ Priority trunk and feeder road rehabilitation ▪ Ongoing maintenance ▪ Access to credit for inputs ▪ Capital loans for machinery ▪ Support for imports ▪ Consistent interstate tariffs ▪ Protection against counterfeit products ▪ Health and nutrition investments ▪ Empowering female farmers and cooperatives We will work together … ▪ Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries ▪ Ministry of Roads and Bridges ▪ Lands Commission ▪ Ministry of Commerce and Trade ▪ Ministry of Finance ▪ Ministry of Gender ▪ Ministry of Health ▪ Ministry of Environment ▪ State governments ▪ Private sector ▪ Strategic planning support (e.g., CAMP, FAO) ▪ Donors and development partners ▪ Etc. SOURCE: Expert interviews with Ministries of Agriculture and Finance; Workshop discussions in Torit, Magwi, Yambio and Yei counties

9 Republic of South Sudan | Each zone is being assessed on several factors important for rapid growth 1 RSS and donor SOURCE: IFPRI Statistical yearbook (2010), World Bank “Agricultural Potential” (2012) ▪ All zones have clear potential but each transformation requires its own locally-specific strategy ▪ We will learn from our initial efforts and apply lessons to each subsequent zone Existing Infrastruc ture Length of time to impact Overall Readiness Return on in- vestment Security status Good Medium Difficult Legend: 1 2 3a 3b 4 5 6 Western Flood Plains Eastern Flood Plains – North Eastern Flood Plains – South Hills and Mountains Greenbelt Ironstone Plateau Nile Sobat Funding available 1

10 Republic of South Sudan | In order to refine these hypotheses, we have planned a full-day meeting to review our findings in detail and plan the critical next steps H.E. Min of AgIntroduction  Reminder: Why zonal approach? (Focus, unified investment plan across RSS & donors)  3 phases of the transformation 10:15-10:30 H.E. Vice PresidentOpening remarks10-10:15 DescriptionFacilitator Timing Introduction Zonal overviews H.E. Min of AgPresentation: 6 agro-ecological zones  “Quick win” opportunities  Costs and challenges 10:30-11:00 EAT working teamWorking groups: Zonal investment plan feedback11:00-12:00 H.E. Min of AgPrioritization and Next Steps12:00-12:30 LUNCH BREAK Deep dive: Greenbelt Illustration H.E. Min of Ag State representatives Presentation: Greenbelt  Overall goals  Locally targeted strategies 1:30-3:00 EAT working teamEnabling Environment: Needs and investments3:00-4:00 Scale-up plans: Operationalizing and scaling to all zones H.E. Min of Ag Next steps4:00-5:00 9

11 Republic of South Sudan | Next steps following the meeting: Prioritize and sequence investments based on ROI and feasibility ▪ Validate economic opportunity choices for each zone ▪ Develop detailed investment plan ▪ Understand fiscal resources for both donor and government Design the management structure for the effort ▪ Determine the leadership structure and lines of authority ▪ Construct monitoring and evaluation plan ▪ Set stakeholder milestones and schedule for reconvening 10


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