Presentation on theme: "HANDLING OF CONSUMER/PRODUCT COMPLAINT"— Presentation transcript:
1HANDLING OF CONSUMER/PRODUCT COMPLAINT Abdulsalam A. OZIGISAssistant Director(FCT )NAFDAC AbujaAtONE-DAY NAFDAC / NIFST WORKSHOP ON CURRENT HYGIENE AND SANITARY PRACTICES FOR FOOD HANDLERS23ND OCTOBER, INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE CENTRE, ABUJA
2objectivesTo identify the key issues in Consumers Complaint and recall handlingTo understand the specific requirements for organisation, procedures and resourcesTo understand and develop actions to resolve current issues applicable to you
3Product Complaint Principle “ All complaints and other information concerning potentially defective foods must be carefully reviewed according to written procedures.” (S.O.P)
4Complaints Handling Principle Handled positively and carefully reviewedMust be seen as important workManaged by a senior staff memberThorough investigation of the cause is essentialA major source of information and learningEnable possible production defects to be remedied before they lead to a recall.Necessary actions taken – even a recall decision
5Complaints Procedure - I Designated responsible person- May be authorized person- If not, must advise authorised person of results- Sufficient support staff- Access to recordsWritten procedure describing action to be takenAcknowledge and respond to complainant within a reasonable periodRecord written and verbal comments
6Records of Complaint Investigation Name of productName of ingredient if necessaryPackaging form and storage equipmentBatch numberName of complaint and nature of complaintRecords, retention sample investigated, other batches reviewed and staff reviewedResult of investigation: “Justified” or “Not justified”If “justified, actions taken to prevent reoccurrenceSign- off upon completion
7Decision from a complaint investigation Complaint justified- Actions to prevent reoccurrence- On going observation of process- recall product may be requiredComplaint “Not justified”- Advise customer of findings- Appropriate marketing response
8Other Issues Regular review of trends required - Reoccurring problems - Potential recall or withdrawal of productInform competent authority (NAFDAC) of serious quality problems that relates to Public Health
9|Classification of Defects If complaint is justified then there has been a failure of the quality systemOnce defect has been identified, company should be dealing with it in an appropriate way,Even recall.The definition of defects is useful.The following system has been found in some countries- Critical defects-Major defects- Minor defects
10Critical DefectsThose defects which can be life threatening and require the company to take immediate action by all reasonable means, whether in or out of business hoursExamples- Product labelled with incorrect name or incorrect content- counterfeit or deliberately tampered with product- Microbiological contamination of a product leading to spoilage/infestation & toxicity / off odour, off taste/ off colour
11Major DefectsThose defects which may put the patient at some risk but are not life threatening and will require the batch recall or product withdrawal within a few daysExamples- any labelling/ leaflet misinformation (lack of information) which represents a significant hazard to the patient- Microbial contamination of products with some risks for patients-Non- compliance to specifications (e.g. ingredient list)
12Other DefectsThose defects which present only a minor risk to the patient- batch recall or product withdrawal would normally be initiated within a few daysExamples- Readily visible isolated packaging/closure faults- contamination which may cause spoilage dirt and where there is minimal risk to the patient
13Reasons for Recall Customer complaint Detection of GHP failure and Non compliance to HACCP plan during preparation/ productionResult from on going stability testingRequest by the national authoritiesResult of an inspectionKnown counterfeiting or tamperingAdverse event reporting
14Product Recall Principle “There should be system to recall from the market promptly and effectively, products known or suspected to be defective.”
15DefinitionRecall- Removal from the market of specified batches of a product- may refer to one batch or all batches of product
16Designated Responsible Recall person May be authorized personIf not, must advise authorized person opf resultsSufficient support staff urgency of recallIndependent of sales and marketingAccess to records
17SOP for Recall Established, authorized Actions to be taken Regularly checked and updatedCapable of rapid operation to hospital and pharmacy levelCommunication concept to national authorities and internationally
18Distribution recordsAvailable to designated persons for recall purposesAccurateInclude information on- Outlet supplied by the CPKU (Central Processing Kitchen Unit)- Direct customers- Batch numbers- Quantities
19Written progress report and reconciliation - Record progress as a procedure followed- Reconcile delivered with recovered products- issue final reportEffectiveness of procedures checked- Test effectiveness from time to timeSecure segregated storage of returned goods- Essential to keep returned goods away from other goods
20Group SessionCollect 3 examples of complaints or recalls from your experienceDescribe the actions to be taken by the company or authority and the implications for all interested partiesSuggest a classification of the complaint or recall into critical (life threatening ), major or other
21Possible Issues - I No response to justified complaints Response to unjustified complaintsFailure to recallFailure to correct frequent complaintsNo resources to investigateNo senior management supportSenior management interference
22Possible Issues -II No distribution information/ batch records No access to recordIn ability to contact government during holidays/weekendsDisagreement on severity of defect
23Standard operating procedure Title: Product complain Procedure Department : Quality Management Document no QMS-000Prepared by : Date: supersedes:Checked by : Date: Date issued :Approved by :Date : Review Date:Document Owner : Quality Assurance ManagerAffected Parties: All Manufacturing employees
24Standard operating procedure Title: Product complain Procedure……. Purpose: This procedure descries the process to ensure that product manufacture by Stomarch care are documented, evaluated, monitored, reported, and trended in accordance with regulatory and corporate requirements.Scope: The scope of this procedure covers receipt, logging, evaluation, investigation and reporting of all complaints received by stomach care customer complaint and quality assurance departments.
25DefinitionA complaint is any expression of dissatisfaction with a product or service marketed.Complainant – A person or organisation making a complaint.Customer – the person or institution making the complaintCritical complaint – a complaint that strongly indicates the purity, identity, safety or efficacy of a product may have been compromised and has the potential to cause a life threatening or serious health situation.Serious complaint – a complaint that indicates the purity, identity, safety, or efficacy of a product may have been compromised, but does not present as a life threatening or serious health risk.
26Complaint…..Standard complaint : a complaint that is neither critical nor serious.Justified complaint - A complaint where the investigation has shown the complaint to be valid and it occurred under company control.Non-justified complaint is complaint where the investigation has shown no valid reason for the complaint.DR- Deviation report systemMI- Sheet manufacturing instruction sheetBPN- Batch production Number
27Related Documents Form -000 Complaints Details form Form -000 Laboratory testing form for customer complaint enquiryForm -000 Complaint investigation ReportForm – 000 Process Data Collection FormLAB-000 Retention Samples-Laboratory
28Procedure for handling product complaint If the customer has returned multiple samples of the same batch number, but clearly indicates that there is more than one complaint, then these issues must be logged separately.If the customer has returned multiple samples of the same batch number and clearly indicated that all are for the same issue then these are will be logged as one complaint.The package containing the complaint form (Form-000) and sample is sent to the quality assurance where the details are checked and an evaluation of the product can be made.
29QA Initial EvaluationAfter getting the Complaint Details Form and the samples, the QA staff has to initiate the following things:The initial evaluation of complaintsCreate a QA complaints spread sheet and enter the details of the complaint in the fileDetermine the investigation plan and send the complaints samples to either inProduction, laboratory or other contract manufacturers as appropriate .Ensure the complaint investigation and documentation is completed within the time frames.The Area Managers or Laboratory Manager should be responsible for giving the complaint sample to appropriate staff for investigation with necessary directions (i.e Finished Product specification or control method) and to finih within the specified time.They have to ensure any corrective action is taken to rectify problems identified.
30QA Initial Evaluation …….. QA staff has to read all information available in the complaint Details Form.Concerning the particular complaint. Ensure that all information entered in the form is correct and make necessary changes if its not.Check batch number details for all parts of the product returned. The product and the outer packaging may have been interchanged if the batch numbers are different, then use the batch number of the actual unit or product. Enter details into QA complaint spread sheet like expiry date, product code and Box number for storage of sample after evaluation.Enter information relating to the quantity and condition of product received, e.g. number of units, containers are whether full, empty, used, opened, sealed or damaged,(this is very important, especially if tampering with the product ids suspected.)
31Complaints for In-house Manufactured Goods label the returned product securely with the complaint reference number quoted from the complaint from (Form-000) and the storage box number on all sections of the complaint sample that are able to be separated e.g. outer packaging.For suspect counterfeit or tampering complaints the chain of custody needs to be maintained. Refer to section 7 of this SOP.Determine if the complaint is critical, serious or standard. If the complaint is critical in nature in form the QA manager, or delegate. Complaints should be worked on in order of severity, (i.e. critical complaints get highest priority).Determine the site of manufacture. If the product has been in –house manufactured.If the product has been imported or contract manufactured.
32Complaints for In-house Manufactured Goods …… The process for imported or contract manufactured complaint is very similar to locally manufactured complaints. The difference is that the responsibility for investigation is for the contract manufacturer.For investigation by contract Manufacturer, forward sample with covering letter detailing the complaint and results of initial evaluation to designated contact.Keep track of complaints with the contract manufacturer so that they will be analysed and reported within the specified time frame
33Storage of SamplesThe QA staff is responsible for the storage of samples using the following process:Disposal of samples takes places as set out in the SOPSamples are to be preserved days past their expiry date. Boxes are kept in designated complaint storage are in the retention sample room.The system in place allows for samples to be stored in numbered boxes that can be easily discarded at the end of the storage period.The boxes are numbered and clearly labelled complaints, Box number --- to be discarded in December xxxx (the appropriate year for sample disposal). Details and allocation of box numbers are recorded in the table QA complaint spread sheet
34Trending of product complaints The quality assurance staff reviews the data entered into an Excel sprea sheet forCustomer complaint, periodically to determine if there are any unfavourable trends in the complaints Data. The data is analyzed based on the following criteria:Process Line (for nin-house manufactured goods)Product codeDate of manufactureThe data will be sent to management for review and copy of the data will be held in QA files under Quarterly complaints trend review.Any unfavourable trends will be discussed in the quality Meeting with the view to generateContinuous improvement plans and preventive action plans to reduce the level of complaints received for the issue identified.
35Handling of Suspect counterfeit samples and product diversions A sample will be suspect if there is reason to believe that : A counterfeit product and or pack is whenProduct that has been tampered withProduct that has been diverted from the normal supply chain.A written and documented record (Chain of Custody) of the history and movements of the suspect sample to support any legal prosecutions has to be initiated and maintained with sample by the designated QA staff if a suspect sample is received and should include the relevant information.