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Fraud Prevention and Risk: Protecting Your Procurement Card Program Presented By Patricia Larkin Green, VP, Relationship Manager J.P.Morgan, Wholesale.

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Presentation on theme: "Fraud Prevention and Risk: Protecting Your Procurement Card Program Presented By Patricia Larkin Green, VP, Relationship Manager J.P.Morgan, Wholesale."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fraud Prevention and Risk: Protecting Your Procurement Card Program Presented By Patricia Larkin Green, VP, Relationship Manager J.P.Morgan, Wholesale Card & Procurement Services Betty Heimansohn, CPPB, Procurement Card Manager University of Colorado April 20, 2009

2 Overview Patricia Larkin Green, J.P.Morgan Evolving History and Trends Steps J.P.Morgan is taking to Combat Fraud Betty Heimansohn, University of Colorado How CU is Keeping Credit Card Fraud at Bay Addendum Questions, Concerns

3 3 Types of Fraud Lost: Recovery varies Stolen: Recovery varies Non-receipt: NRI - Non-receipt of card Internet: Card Not Present/MOTO/Internet: Recovery is good Counterfeit/skimming: Card present - Recovery unlikely thru chargeback process Stolen/compromised number: Recovery varies Account takeover: True name fraud

4 4 Fraud by Type 4Q06 – 3Q07 Acct Takeover Misc Counterfeit Stolen Lost Card Not Present Consumer Credit and Commercial Card Counterfeit and Card Not Present Fraud are the fastest growing fraud type today NRI

5 5 Fraud types change and continue to evolve Fraud Trends  Increase in Counterfeit Cases – 1Q09 trending higher than FY08.  Test Merchants – Method in which fraudsters test the status of the card.  Gift Cards – Counterfeit card used to purchase gift cards from a retail merchant.  Day to Day Living Expenses – Not easily detected in the tools.  Gas Pumps – Focused on states with fewer controls.

6 Industry Landscape  Fraud activity - Dynamic and nimble.  “Carder” Sites - Well organized with business like structures.  Wireless Technology - One of the leading drivers in hacking events.  Skimming - Continues to challenge the industry.

7 Association Alerts  Four step process is followed to validate a compromise occurred.  Issued after confirmation that account data has been accessed by an intruder.  JPM Commercial Card handles about twelve alerts per week.  Not a breach involving JPM systems.  Assessment is done by JPM to determine level of risk and strategy.  JPM cannot reveal the name of the merchant or company involved in the breach.

8 Fraud Strategy and Case Analytics  Review of fraud cases to identify fraud trends and patterns of test (probe) merchants.  Adjust fraud tools and strategies to target the most recent trends or test merchants.  Review false positive fraud ratios weekly and revise strategies if needed to reduce fraud exposure without impacting spend  Participate in regular meetings with processors, Associations and other issuers to validate industry trending.  Identify Common Points of Purchase(CPP) in relation to confirmed fraud cases. We turn this over to the Associations for forensic investigation.  Work with law enforcement on large fraud cases that involve suspected fraud rings.  Suggest and implement enhancements to further refine fraud detection tools.

9 What is JPMC Doing?  Analyze accounts queued in the Fraud Detection Systems or via Association Alerts to detect fraud, misuse or credit related risks (i.e. NSF Payments).  Contact Cardholders to validate transactional activity.  Work with the Program Administrators in reaching card members.  Block accounts, flag fraud transaction(s), fraud report confirmed fraud to Associations.  Process replacement card requests.  Initiate recommendations on strategic opportunities related to trends and test merchants.  Handle Inbound calls to verify transaction activity.  Partner with Program Coordinators on potential misuse in escalation to the Program Administrators.

10 10 1. Unique designed credit card What is J.P.Morgan Doing to Prevent Fraud? Hologram Tamper-evident signature panel Unique Magnetic strip encoding

11 11 2. Partner with Visa and MasterCard What is J.P.Morgan Doing to Prevent Fraud? E-mail alerts are generated from Visa/MasterCard notifying of account number compromise J.P.Morgan security representatives review accounts and make proper contact with cardholders or administrators based on information obtained from Visa and MC alerts J.P.Morgan security representatives contacts appropriate agency – FBI, Secret Service, or other law enforcement agencies with pertinent fraud information based on requirements within the Visa or MC alert

12 12 What is J.P.Morgan Doing to Prevent Fraud? 3. Cardholder and client awareness J.P.Morgan works with program administrators to develop proper card control to reduce risk i.e: MCC codes credit limits purchase velocity limits Participate at conferences and forums to educate cardholders and clients on current trends and fraud prevention

13 13 What is J.P.Morgan Doing to Prevent Fraud? 4. Fraud detection systems Flexible Fraud detection systems are used that provide the ability to target both general fraud trends as well as specific trends Criteria/rules dynamically defined based on analysis of current fraud trends  Fraud patterns  Specific MCC  Dollar amounts  Geographic location  Specific merchants

14 14 What is J.P.Morgan Doing to Prevent Fraud? 4. Fraud detection systems (cont) When authorizations meet these pre-defined criteria, the account is sent to queue J.P.Morgan security representatives analyze account and determine if contact with cardholder and/or program administrator is needed Merchant referral status put on account if appropriate

15 15 Fraud Investigations and Recovery Fraud Department Structure Partner with Program Coordinators on potential misuse in escalation to Program Administrators. Initiate recommendations to Clients on strategic opportunities related to improved authorization controls. Open Fraud Cases  Fraud Report to the Associations  Send Affidavit  Request and initiate chargeback for recoveries via Association regulations  Investigate High Risk Merchant Category Codes to identify potential suspect  Analyze for account history for potential point of compromise  Work with various law enforcement agencies

16 16 Fraud Chargeback Process SALE Customer calls to report fraud Affidavit sent and customer to return within 30 days J.P.Morgan puts temporary credit on account Orders copy of sales draft-30 days Representment of charge to merchant Merchant can dispute-45 days Second representment of charge to merchant-30 days If merchant contests, case in arbitration with Visa-30 days Settlement of decision by Visa

17 17 Fraud Investigations and Recovery Fraud Department Structure Recovery Investigations  Upon receipt of the signed affidavit the Recovery Investigator will initiate request to the merchant(s) to obtain documentation on the fraud transaction(s) (This process takes approximately 45-90 days)  If JPMorgan Chase recovers the loss via the Association Regulations the Recovery Investigator will issue credit(s) for the fraud dollars to the old (lost/stolen) account to offset the initial debit that was placed on the old account when the case was initially opened.

18 Minimize Risk – Your Role Use card controls available:  Restrict MCCs when possible, especially high risk MCCs.  Set daily velocity and dollar limits on MCCs.  Review the credit limits and determine based on usage.  Set limits for the expected usage.  Cash access should only be granted as needed.  Flag can be set to restrict all foreign transactions in some cases.

19 Minimize Risk – Your Role Program Monitoring:  Review transactions for exceptions and declines.  Educate your cardholders to:  review their transactions and statements.  go into a bank to get cash or use a bank owned ATM.  Use account blocking for temporary leaves or infrequent travelers.

20 Case Study Company A Fraud Losses 2006 $88,000 2007 $86,000 2008(YTD)$18,448  Increase in fraud loss trend detected.  MCC changes implemented May, 2007.  Over $50,000 in fraud losses avoided in two months.  Common point of compromise identified and reported to Association.  Investigation resulted in confirmation of a merchant breach.

21 Denver campus Anschutz Medical campus Colorado Springs campus Boulder campus

22  $83M in Spend Last Year  309,000 Transactions  5000 Cardholders  900 Approvers  Unrecoverable Fraud is Minimal CU’s Procurement Card Program

23  Controls on the Cards  Merchant Category Codes (MCC) Groups  Include Groups  No Gas or Travel  Cardholder Limits  Maximum Single Purchase Limit  $ Limit per Cycle  # of Transactions per Day Protecting CU’s Procurement Card Program

24  Keep the End-Users Informed  Bi-Weekly Newsletter  Email Alerts  Ad Hoc  Immediate Notification of Transactions   Procurement Card Program Handbook Protecting CU’s Procurement Card Program

25 Special Section in the CU Procurement Card Handbook on Security Considerations:

26  Watch for Red Flags  Excessive Declines  Unusual Merchants  Cardholder Awareness  Small $ Purchases  Pay Attention to Notifications of Charges  Phishing Emails Protecting CU’s Procurement Card Program

27  Guarding the Data  Use Encryption Program (Some are free!)  Don’t Keep Card #s or Personal Information on the Desktop  Work with IT to Make Sure Systems are PCI Compliant Protecting CU’s Procurement Card Program

28 Betty Heimansohn, CPPB University of Colorado Procurement Card Manager 303-315-2778 CU Procurement Card Program Patricia Green, VP Product Specialist JPMorgan to report scams Resources

29 Top Merchant Category Codes – Fraud Losses  5310 Discount Stores  5411 Grocery Stores and Supermarkets  5200 Home Supply Warehouse  5941 Sporting Goods  5311 Department Stores  5541 Service Station  5542 Automated Gas Pump  5912 Drug Store and Pharmacy (Gift Cards) Other High Risk Merchant Category Codes  5732 Electronic  5944 Jewelry Watch and Clocks  5945 Hobby Toy and Game Store  5948 Luggage and Leather Goods  5722 Household Appliances  5300 Wholesale Clubs  5734 Computer Software  4812 Telecommunication Equipment Including Telephone Sales Resources High Risk MCCs Block or Data-Mine These MCCs

30 Resources Why are my passwords so complex? Six CharactersExample Combinatio nsDays All numbers1234561,000,00058 All letters abcdef 309,000,00 017,882 Numbers & letters1a2b3c 2,180,000,0 00126,157 Numbers, letters and special characters1a#2b$ 3,520,000,0 00203,704 Lower and upper case lettersABcDeF 19,600,000, 000 1,134,2 59 Lower and upper case letters and numbersAB1dE2 56,800,000, 000 3,287,0 37 Lower and upper case letters, numbers and special charactersAB1#cD 690,000,00 0,000 39,930, 556 Did you know how long it tacks a hacker to crack a password?

31 Where can I go for more information? We can all play a significant part in thwarting Fraudulent activity by practicing strong computer security habits such as updating anti-virus software, using strong passwords and employing good email and web security practices.

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