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 starter activity Woodcut from 1536. Those caught begging were whipped through the streets. Repeated offenders would be mutilated and could even be hanged.

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Presentation on theme: " starter activity Woodcut from 1536. Those caught begging were whipped through the streets. Repeated offenders would be mutilated and could even be hanged."— Presentation transcript:

1  starter activity Woodcut from Those caught begging were whipped through the streets. Repeated offenders would be mutilated and could even be hanged. Why were the Tudors so tough on this type of crime?  Are we more tolerant of begging today?

2 Why was it a crime to be homeless in the 1500s? TBAT describe different types of vagabonds, how they were punished & assess why they were thought to be a problem  Learning objectives  Key words: vagabond / vagrancy sturdy beggars canting House of Correction

3 What have all these pictures got to do with ‘sturdy beggars’?

4  Your task Read p.48-9 (Wilkes) and note down these types of sturdy beggars and the differences between them: Read p.48-9 (Wilkes) and note down these types of sturdy beggars and the differences between them: Bristler Bristler Counterfeit Crank Counterfeit Crank Clapper Dudgeon Clapper Dudgeon Baretop Trickster Baretop Trickster Tom O’Bedlam Tom O’Bedlam Which was the most dangerous to public order? Which was the most dangerous to public order?  Use SHP to complete the Source Investigation, p.73  Use SHP to complete the Source Investigation, p.73

5 Types of sturdy beggar Bristler – specially weighted dice or ‘bristles’ Bristler – specially weighted dice or ‘bristles’ Counterfeit Crank – pretended to be sick, often using soap in mouth Counterfeit Crank – pretended to be sick, often using soap in mouth Clapper Dudgeon – cut himself & cover himself with bandages to feign injuries Clapper Dudgeon – cut himself & cover himself with bandages to feign injuries Baretop Trickster – lure men in and rob them Baretop Trickster – lure men in and rob them Tom O’Bedlam – feign madness Tom O’Bedlam – feign madness

6  Your task Read p.48 (Wilkes) and note down the reasons why there were so many beggars in Tudor England Read p.48 (Wilkes) and note down the reasons why there were so many beggars in Tudor England Read p.50-1, including Source E and note down the different punishments for beggars at these times: 1495, 1531, 1547 & 1601 Read p.50-1, including Source E and note down the different punishments for beggars at these times: 1495, 1531, 1547 & 1601  Use SHP to complete the Source Investigation, p.73  Use SHP to complete the Source Investigation, p.73

7 Reasons for so many vagabonds Unemployment – Henry VII banned private armies, lots of soldiers without work Unemployment – Henry VII banned private armies, lots of soldiers without work Enclosure – large sheep farms needing fewer workers Enclosure – large sheep farms needing fewer workers Reformation – closure of monasteries Reformation – closure of monasteries Vulnerable people – widows, orphans, sick, elderly Vulnerable people – widows, orphans, sick, elderly

8 Punishments 1495 – Henry VII – beggars in stocks 3 days 1495 – Henry VII – beggars in stocks 3 days 1531 – Henry VIII – licence to beg for worthy poor, others whipped & sent back 1531 – Henry VIII – licence to beg for worthy poor, others whipped & sent back 1547 – Edward VI – whipped, branded with V and made slave for 2 years, with threat of execution for escaping 1547 – Edward VI – whipped, branded with V and made slave for 2 years, with threat of execution for escaping 1601 – Elizabeth I – local taxes to support poor, poor made to work in House of Correction, beggars whipped out of town 1601 – Elizabeth I – local taxes to support poor, poor made to work in House of Correction, beggars whipped out of town

9 In 1567 Thomas Harman wrote a best-selling book about vagabonds in Tudor England. Why do you think his book was so popular? Read SHP p.72 and note down at least 3 ideas.  Complete the extension task on p.73 of SHP

10 Reasons for fear of vaganbonds Idleness for considered a sin – especially Puritans Idleness for considered a sin – especially Puritans Fear of crimes – beggars often blamed for other crimes, e.g. theft Fear of crimes – beggars often blamed for other crimes, e.g. theft Cost – people didn’t want to pay more taxes especially to support beggars from other places Cost – people didn’t want to pay more taxes especially to support beggars from other places Lack of welfare state – no state support for vulnerable people Lack of welfare state – no state support for vulnerable people

11  Group task Produce a public information film warning your community about the perils of sturdy beggars. You film should include: Produce a public information film warning your community about the perils of sturdy beggars. You film should include: References to at least 3 types of beggars References to at least 3 types of beggars Explanations of why they are such a danger to society Explanations of why they are such a danger to society Punishments typical of one particular time, e.g or 1601 Punishments typical of one particular time, e.g or 1601  Try to include some ‘canting’ expressions  Try to include some ‘canting’ expressions

12  Homework Write up the script of your commercial. Write up the script of your commercial.  Include some more examples of ‘canting’ from your own research  Include some more examples of ‘canting’ from your own research

13 Why was it a crime to be homeless in the 1500s? TBAT describe different types of vagabonds, how they were punished & assess why they were thought to be a problem  Learning objectives  Key words: vagabond / vagrancy sturdy beggars canting House of Correction


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