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U.S. Drug Supply Chain Integrity: Protecting Patient Safety CDR Connie Jung, PharmD, PhD LCDR Eleni Anagnostiadis, RPh Office of Drug Security, Integrity,

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. Drug Supply Chain Integrity: Protecting Patient Safety CDR Connie Jung, PharmD, PhD LCDR Eleni Anagnostiadis, RPh Office of Drug Security, Integrity,"— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. Drug Supply Chain Integrity: Protecting Patient Safety CDR Connie Jung, PharmD, PhD LCDR Eleni Anagnostiadis, RPh Office of Drug Security, Integrity, and Recalls Office of Compliance/Center for Drug Evaluation and Research U.S. Food and Drug Administration USPHS Scientific and Training Symposium June 21, 2012

2 2 Objectives At the end of this session participants will be able to: 1) Describe the threats and vulnerabilities of the pharmaceutical supply chain, such as counterfeiting, diversion, and cargo theft. 2) Identify initiatives undertaken by FDA to ensure that patients receive quality prescription medications. 3) Define the pharmacist's role in educating patients how to identify and report suspect counterfeit or other substandard drug issues.

3 3 Agenda Overview of Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Supply Chain Risks –Counterfeit Drugs –Diverted Drugs –Cargo Theft –Internet Pharmacies Current FDA action –Office of Drug Security, Integrity, and Recalls –Response to Counterfeit Avastin and Altuzan Incidents –Operation Pangea IV Pharmacist’s Role

4 4 Finished dosage form or API API and Inactive Ingredients Patient Intentional Adulteration Counterfeit Unknown threats Terrorism Globalization Terrorism Cargo theft Diversion Counterfeit Unknown threats Manufacturer Importer Wholesaler Manufacturer Wholesaler Pharmacy Threats Throughout the Drug Supply Chain Globalization

5 5 Distributor (Primary) Pharmacy Manufacturer Distributor (Secondary) Repackager Complexity of the supply chain is increased by: –Multiple participants –Globalization of supply chains –Criminal activities such as diversion, cargo theft, and counterfeiting –Rules that vary by state Example of vulnerabilities in the supply chain: –Stolen products reintroduced –Counterfeit/falsified drugs sold to suppliers –Diverted drugs resold –Other adulterated/misbranded drugs introduced Supply Chain for Finished Drugs

6 6 Distributor (Primary) Pharmacy Manufacturer Distributor (Secondary) Repackager Complexity of the supply chain is increased by: –Multiple participants –Globalization of supply chains –Criminal activities such as diversion, cargo theft, and counterfeiting –Rules that vary by state Example of vulnerabilities in the supply chain: –Stolen products reintroduced –Counterfeit/falsified drugs sold to suppliers –Diverted drugs resold –Other adulterated/misbranded drugs introduced Supply Chain for Finished Drugs Vulnerabilities/ Threats

7 7 Public Health Concerns Public health risk created by: Introduction of stolen product into the legitimate supply chain Resurfacing of product many months or years after the theft Improper Storage Expired Products Dilution and adulteration Counterfeiting Importation

8 8 Compromised Integrity: Examples of Supply Chain Threats Counterfeit drugs Diverted drugs Cargo Theft/ Stolen drugs

9 9 Recent Counterfeit Drugs Counterfeit Adderall Counterfeit Avastin Counterfeit Altuzan Counterfeit

10 10 Counterfeit Drug Cases Opened by FDA’s Office of Criminal Investigations per Fiscal Year

11 11 Diverted Drugs The sale of drugs outside of the distribution channels for which they were originally intended Can originate domestically or internationally Counterfeiting is usually associated with a diversion scheme Reselling of Rx drugs obtained by doctors

12 12 Cargo Theft/Stolen Drugs multiple adverse event reports of patients who suffered poor glycemic control after using a vial from a stolen lot

13 13 Problems with current ‘buying online’ practices –High volume –Vast scope –Unknown origin Drug quality concerns –Lack of “sameness” –Counterfeits or not FDA-approved –Potentially confusing names Websites –Misleading (fake online pharmacies, counterfeit products, false health claims) How patients can buy drugs online safely (www.fda.gov/buyonline) Internet – Illegitimate Drug Sellers

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16 16 New Office of Drug Security, Integrity, and Recalls (ODSIR) Enhanced and targeted resources Address increasing supply chain threats –Intentional adulteration, cargo theft, counterfeiting, diversion, other –Focus on life-cycle of the product from drug components through to the finished dosage from delivered to the patient New and coordinated approaches, policies and enforcement strategies Recalls Drug Shortages Imports Exports Drug Supply Chain Integrity

17 17 FDA Supply Chain Security Initiatives Response to recent Counterfeit Avastin and Altuzan incidents Operation Pangea

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19 19 Sent to medical practices in the U.S. Warned against the use of counterfeit Avastin Risks of purchasing from foreign sources Quality Specialty Products (QSP) Volunteer Distribution Report adverse events to MedWatch Letters from FDA

20 20 Avastin. Authentic Avastin marketed by Genentech was not subject to counterfeiting Only FDA-approved Avastin for use in U.S Considered as safe and effective for intended uses Patients that received Genentech Avastin did not need to be concerned Counterfeit was a fake of foreign approved version (Images from Genentech)

21 21 Counterfeit Altuzan Altuzan ® 400mg/16mL vial with lot number B6021 Vial contains no active ingredient Writing is in English

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23 23 Global Collaborations – tackling internet  Operation Pangea IV - INTERPOL led global operation targeting internet websites supplying illegal and dangerous drugs; - 81 countries participated - 13,500 websites shutdown - Approximately 8,000 packages seized million illicit counterfeit pills confiscated

24 24 Minimize the risk of and exposure to counterfeit medical products –Know who you are doing business with Be vigilant –Inspect the product and packaging –Consider counterfeits if patient complains of: New/unusual side effects; lack of therapeutic effect; abnormal taste or smell; pain, burning, or redness at injection site Counseling patients about counterfeit medical products –Encourage patients to shop only at pharmacies licensed by the state board of pharmacy –Tell patient if you dispense a drug that may look different from their previously dispensed drug –If cost is an issue, counsel on assistance program and generics, rather than buying online –Explain the dangers of buying drug online Report Suspect Counterfeit medical products to Pharmacist’s Role Pharmacist’s Role

25 25 Resources ODSIR Drug Integrity and Supply Chain Security urity/default.htm Counterfeit Medicine urity/default.htm Buying Medicines Online Resources

26 26 Thank you CDR Connie Jung, RPh, PhD Acting Associate Director for Policy and Communications LCDR Eleni Anagnostiadis, RPh Division of Supply Chain Integrity Office of Drug Security, Integrity & Recalls Center for Drug Evaluation and Research U.S. Food and Drug Administration Thank You!


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