Presentation on theme: "CRY FREETOWN Director Sorious Samura Year 2000 Documentary of Sierra Leone Civil War."— Presentation transcript:
CRY FREETOWN Director Sorious Samura Year 2000 Documentary of Sierra Leone Civil War
Filmmaker’s info: Sorious Samura (born 1964) Journalist at Sierra Leon Film awards: Amy Awards Peabody Awards Film background: Sierra Leone Civil War (1991~2002) Revolution United Front (RUF), supported from Charles Taylor’s National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL). Attempted to overthrow the Joseph Momoh government. The war lasted for 11 years, enveloped the country, left over 50,000 dead.
Republic of Sierra Leone Location : West Africa Border: Guinea (NE), Liberia (SE), Atlantic Ocean (SW) Capital: Freetown Climate: Tropical (Rain season, Dry season) Average temperature: 26°C (78.8 °F) Population: 6 million, comprise 16 ethnic groups Official Language: English Religion: 60% Muslim, 30% Christian, 10% Indigenous animist beliefs
Portuguess exploer names Serra Leoa, meaning Lioness Mountain. Sierra Leone became important center of transatlantic trade in slaves. History Freetown was founded by the Sierra Leone Company as a home for former enslaved from (or freed by) the British Empire 1808 Freetown became a British Crown Colony 1896 The interior of the country became a British Protectorate 1961 Independence from the Great Britain and became the country’s first Prime Minister 1962 First general election, The Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP) won, Prime minister: Milton Margai
1967 The APC’s (All People’s congress) narrowly won a small majority seats in Parliament over the SLPP, Siaka Stevens sworn in as Prime Minister Steven rule grew more and more authoritarian, he removed the SLPP party from competitive politics in general elections Bangura, the popular head of Sierra Leone Armed Forces, was arrested and charged with conspiracy, executed by hanging in Freetown SLPP boycotted the General election, APC won 84 of 85 elected seats Stevens was elected without opposition for a second five-year term as president The APC dominant parliament approved a new constitution making the country a one-party state 1985 Stevens retired from politics. Major General Joseph Saidu Momoh was elected President as the only candidate.
1987 More than 60 senior government officials were arrested, Vice-President Francis Minah was convicted plotting the coup, and executed by hanging in 1989 along with 5 others Sierra Leone Civil War 1991 The Revolutionary United Front (RUF), supported by the special forces of Charles Taylor’s National Patriotic Front Liberia (NPFL), intervened in Sierra Leone in an attempt to overthrow the Jospeh Momoh government. During the first year of the war, the RUF took control of large territory in eastern and southern Sierra Leone, which were rich in alluvial diamonds The Sierra Leone Army (SLA) had succeeded in pushing the RUF rebels back to the Liberian border A South Africa-based private military company Executive Outcomes (EO) was hired to repel the RUF Sierra Leone installed an elected civilian government, the retreating RUF signed the Abidjan Peace Accord. The government terminated its contract with EO, hostilities recommenced.
1997 A group of disgruntled SLA officers staged a coup and established the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) as the new government of Sierra Leone. The new government, led by Jonny Paul Koroma, declared the war officially over. A wave of looting, rape and murder followed the announcement. ECOMOG (Economic Community Of West African States Monitoring Group) forces Intervened and retook Freetown on behalf of the government World leaders intervened diplomatically to promote negotiations between the RUF and the government, The Lome Peace Accord was signed The rebels were advancing again upon Freetown. With Help from a renewed UN mandate and Guinean air support, the British Operation Palliser finally defeAted the RUF 2002 President Kabbah declared the Sierra Leone Civil War Officially Over.