Presentation on theme: "CRY FREETOWN Director Sorious Samura"— Presentation transcript:
1CRY FREETOWN Director Sorious Samura Year 2000 Documentary of Sierra Leone Civil War
2Sorious Samura (born 1964) Amy Awards Peabody Awards Filmmaker’s info:Sorious Samura (born 1964)Journalist at Sierra LeonFilm awards:Amy AwardsPeabody AwardsFilm background:Sierra Leone Civil War (1991~2002)Revolution United Front (RUF),supported from Charles Taylor’s National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL).Attempted to overthrow the Joseph Momoh government.The war lasted for 11 years, enveloped the country, left over 50,000 dead.
5HistoryPortuguess exploer names Serra Leoa, meaning Lioness Mountain.Sierra Leone became important center of transatlantic trade in slaves.Freetown was founded by the Sierra Leone Company as a home forformer enslaved from (or freed by) the British Empire1808Freetown became a British Crown Colony1896The interior of the country became aBritish Protectorate1961Independence from the Great Britainand became the country’s first Prime Minister1962First general election, The Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP) won,Prime minister: Milton Margai
71967The APC’s (All People’s congress) narrowly won a small majority seatsin Parliament over the SLPP, Siaka Stevens sworn in as Prime Minister.1968Steven rule grew more and more authoritarian,he removed the SLPP party from competitive politics in general elections.1970Bangura, the popular head of Sierra Leone Armed Forces,was arrested and charged with conspiracy, executed by hanging in Freetown.1973SLPP boycotted the General election, APC won 84 of 85 elected seats.1976Stevens was elected without opposition for a second five-year term as president.1978The APC dominant parliament approved a new constitution making the country a one-party state1985Stevens retired from politics.Major General Joseph Saidu Momoh was elected President as the only candidate.
81991-2002 Sierra Leone Civil War 1987More than 60 senior government officials were arrested,Vice-President Francis Minah was convicted plotting the coup,and executed by hanging in 1989 along with 5 others.Sierra Leone Civil War1991The Revolutionary United Front (RUF), supported by the special forces ofCharles Taylor’s National Patriotic Front Liberia (NPFL), intervened in Sierra Leonein an attempt to overthrow the Jospeh Momoh government.During the first year of the war, the RUF took control of large territoryin eastern and southern Sierra Leone, which were rich in alluvial diamonds.1993The Sierra Leone Army (SLA) had succeeded in pushing the RUF rebels back to the Liberian border.1995A South Africa-based private military company Executive Outcomes (EO) was hired to repel the RUF.1996Sierra Leone installed an elected civilian government,the retreating RUF signed the Abidjan Peace Accord.The government terminated its contract with EO, hostilities recommenced.
91997A group of disgruntled SLA officers staged a coup and establishedthe Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) as the new government of Sierra Leone.The new government, led by Jonny Paul Koroma, declared the war officially over.A wave of looting, rape and murder followed the announcement.ECOMOG (Economic Community Of West African States Monitoring Group) forcesIntervened and retook Freetown on behalf of the government.1999World leaders intervened diplomatically to promotenegotiations between the RUF and the government, The Lome Peace Accord was signed.2000The rebels were advancing again upon Freetown.With Help from a renewed UN mandate and Guinean air support,the British Operation Palliser finally defeAted the RUF2002President Kabbah declared the Sierra Leone Civil War Officially Over.