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Mint Aromatic, cosmetic, culinary, and medicinal. Fresh or dried leaves scent sachets and potpourris. They also are used in herbal water to refresh and.

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Presentation on theme: "Mint Aromatic, cosmetic, culinary, and medicinal. Fresh or dried leaves scent sachets and potpourris. They also are used in herbal water to refresh and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mint Aromatic, cosmetic, culinary, and medicinal. Fresh or dried leaves scent sachets and potpourris. They also are used in herbal water to refresh and cool skin, in facials to cleanse skin, and in lotions. Mint flavors candy, gum, teas, mint water, vinegars, jellies, and sauces. Young, tender leaves and stems are more flavorful than older ones. Best used fresh, as mint loses potency quickly. Health Benefits of Mint Digestion: Mint is a great appetizer or palate cleanser, and it promotes digestion. It also soothes stomachs in cases of indigestion or inflammation. When you feel sick to your stomach, drinking a cup of mint tea can give you relief. Weight Loss: Mint is a stimulant, it also stimulates the digestive enzymes that absorb nutrients from food and consume fat and turn it into usable energy. Therefore, by adding mint to your diet, you are increasing the amount of fat that is being consumed and put to use, rather than being stored. stimulates the digestive enzymes Nausea & Headache: Again, the strong and refreshing aroma of mint is a quick and effective remedy for nausea. Mint is a naturally soothing substance, so it can alleviate the inflammation and temperature rise that is often associated with headaches and migraines. Respiratory Disorders and Coughs: Unlike the inhalers that are based on aerosols, those with mint as the fundamental component tend to be more effective and eco-friendly as well. Skin Care and Pimples: While mint oil is a good antiseptic and anti-pruritic material, mint juice is an excellent skin cleanser. It soothes skin, and helps to cure infections and itchiness, as well as being a good way to reduce pimples, and it can even relieve some of the symptoms of acne and insect bites. Memory : A recent study explored the effects that mint has on alertness, retention, and cognitive function. It found that people who frequently use chewing gum, whose major active ingredient is mint, had higher levels of memory retention and mental alertness than those who did not.A recent study How to Grow Mint SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mentha x piperita LIGHT: Partial Shade SOIL TYPE: Rich, moist well-draining soil pH RANGE: 6.5 KNOWN PESTS: Spider mites, loopers, flea beetles, grasshopper KNOWN DISEASES: erticillium wilt, mint rust Take cuttings and place in a growth medium. Keep moist and transplant when the root system is well established. Thrives in partly shady locations with plenty of moisture. Mint spreads rather quickly by runners. Allow 12 to 18 inches between plants. Do not dress the soil with too much organic matter or fresh manure, as this will cause rust problems. Frequent cuttings or mowing of large plots will keep mints at their prettiest. Mint is said to repel aphids, flea beetles, and cabbage pests. Grow mint near roses to deter aphids. Prepared by

2 Lemon Grass Health Benefits of Lemon Grass Obesity: Lemongrass contains citral, which has been proven to be effective in combating obesity. It prevents the accumulation of abdominal fat and promotes the use of stored energy, which helps in preventing diet- induced weight gain.Lemongrass Pet Products : Lemongrass is used in the manufacturing of shampoos and grooming products for pets due to its repellant effects on lice and ticks. Stomach Disorders : Lemongrass is beneficial in the prevention of gastrointestinal disorders such as gastric ulcers, constipation, ulcerative colitis, diarrhea, nausea and stomach aches and helps in stimulating the bowel function, and improves digestion.Lemongrass Antiseptic: The antiseptic properties of Lemongrass Oil make it a good application for external and internal wounds as well as an ingredient of antiseptic lotions and creams. Insomnia: Lemongrass aids in calming the muscles and nerves which helps in inducing deep sleep. Research has shown that lemongrass tea has sedative and hypnotic properties which help in increasing the duration and quality of sleep.Research Infections: Lemongrass works as an antiseptic and is effective in treating infections such as ringworm, sores, Athlete’s Foot, scabies, and urinary tract infections because of its antimicrobial and anti-fungal properties.Lemongrass Aches: Lemongrass helps in alleviating the pain and discomfort caused by headaches and migraines due to its analgesic properties. The phytonutrients present in lemongrass improve the blood circulation and help in relieving spasms, muscle cramps, sprains, and back aches.Lemongrass Type-2 Diabetes: Lemongrass has been proven beneficial in treating Type-2 diabetes. Studies have shown that the citral present in lemongrass helps to maintain optimum levels of insulin and improves the tolerance of glucose in the body. Studies How to Grow Lemon Grass LIGHT: Full Sun SOIL TYPE: Rich, Moist, Well-drained pH RANGE: 6.5 KNOWN PESTS/DISEASES N/A You may start a new lemongrass plant from fresh stalks you purchase at the regular grocery store. Each plant can grow to between 3 and 6 feet high. Water your plant regularly and don’t let it completely dry out, especially when the weather is very hot. Fertilize your container plants once every 2 weeks. Culinary Applications Apart from folk medicines, lemongrass is commonly used in Asian cuisines, especially those of Vietnam, Thailand, and Malaysia. It is used for adding flavor to beverages such as teas, curries and soups, and also finds extensive use in the preparation of pudding, meat products, candies and baked goods. Prepared by

3 Rosemary Health Benefits of Rosemary Leaves Rosemary is a very good source of dietary fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, folate, calcium, iron and manganese and a good source of vitamin B6, magnesium, potassium and copper. Digestion: Rosemary leaves are often added to meat dishes because it is particularly helpful in digesting meat, particularly lamb, beef and pork. Rosemary oil is often used for indigestion, relieving flatulence, stomach cramps, constipation, and bloating. Furthermore, research has shown the essential oil to be detoxifying for the liver, and it also helps to regulate the creation and release of bile. release of bile It also stimulates blood flow and improves circulation, which can benefit the absorption of nutrients from food. Hair care: Rosemary oil and rosemary teas are widely used for hair care in shampoos and lotions. Regular use of rosemary oil helps to stimulate follicles, making hair grow longer and stronger. It is also believed that rosemary oil slows down premature hair loss and greying of the hair. stimulate follicles Rosemary essential oil is also beneficial for dry and flaky scalps. Regular massaging of the scalp with rosemary oil nourishes the scalp and removes dandruff. Mouth care: Rosemary essential oil is a disinfectant and is often used as a mouth wash. It also helps in removing bad breath. By removing oral bacteria, rosemary essential oil can prevent gingivitis, cavities, plaque build up, and other damaging dental conditions.removing oral bacteria Boosting mental activity: Rosemary essential oil is an excellent brain and nerve tonic. It is often used by students during exam times because it increases concentration and helps in studying efficiently. It stimulates mental activity and is a good remedy for depression, mental fatigue and forgetfulness. How to Grow Rosemary SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ocimum Basilicum LIGHT: Full Sun SOIL TYPE: Rich, Moist, Well-drained pH RANGE: 6.0 KNOWN PESTS: Japanese Beetles KNOWN DISEASES: N/A Rosemary is best started from cuttings. Once the root system is established, plant cuttings outside in a sunny location. Plant rosemary next to sage because they stimulate each other. Rosemary is said to repel carrot flies. It also attracts honey bees. Many Uses of Rosemary Rosemary has a mesmerizing aroma, which makes rosemary essential oil an excellent inhalant. The oil is used in room fresheners, cosmetics, beauty aids, food, bath oil, candles and perfumes because of its unique and intoxicating aroma. The leaves are used in sachets and potpourris as well as in herbal baths, facial steams, hair rinses, and dyes. Dried or fresh leaves may be used to flavor poultry, fish, lamb, beef, tomatoes, mushrooms, cheese, eggs, potatoes, vinegars, and herbal butters. Prepared by

4 Dill is a good source of dietary fiber and an excellent source of niacin, dietary fiber, zinc, copper, and phosphorus, and it also has a host of vitamins like vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B6, riboflavin, folate, and minerals like iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium & manganese.dietary fiber This herb contains ‘Eugenol’, a volatile oil that has potent antiseptic and anesthetic powers. Health Benefits of Dill Digestion: Dill itself is an appetizer and therefore extensively used in culinary applications. The essential oils present in dill are stimulating and they activate the secretion of bile and digestive juices. These oils also stimulate peristaltic motion of the intestine, easing the passage of bowel movements and relieving constipation.stimulate peristaltic motion of the intestine Diabetes: Dill has long been associated with diabetes and the management of insulin levels. Despite the fact that research is somewhat limited in this area, particularly on human subjects, studies have indicated that they can help reduce the fluctuations of serum lipids and insulin levels in corticosteroid-induced diabetes. diabetes Protection Against Free Radicals and Carcinogens The monoterpene components of dill have been shown to activate the enzyme glutathione-S-transferase, which helps attach the anti-oxidant molecule glutathione to oxidized molecules that would otherwise do damage in the body. An Anti-Bacterial Spice The total volatile oil portion of dill has also been studied for its ability to prevent bacterial overgrowth. A Flavorful Way to Help Prevent Bone Loss In addition to its chemoprotective and bacteriostatic properties, our food ranking system qualified dill as a very good source of calcium. calcium Arthritis: Dill has long been known as an anti-inflammatory herb, meaning that it helps to reduce the inflammation and the associated pain of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and arthritis. Dill has been used since ancient times for precisely this reason. rheumatoid arthritis How to Grow Dill SCIENTIFIC NAME: Anethum graveolens LIGHT: Full Sun - Wind Protected Area SOIL TYPE: Fairly rich, well-drained, moist soil pH RANGE: 6.0 KNOWN PESTS/DISEASES : N/A Direct Seed. Plant 1/4 inch deep about 10 inches apart in a prepared bed. Dill is best started from cuttings. Dill and cabbage plants grow well together. Dill also helps corn, lettuce, onions, and cucumbers. Firm the soil down and water well. The plants do best in a sunny, sheltered area. Culinary Uses Both the leaves and seeds of dill are popular for flavoring pickles, sauerkraut, and beet dishes. Culinary, decorative, and medicinal. Dill is used in herbal butter and herb vinegars. It can flavor fish, lamb, pork, poultry, cheese, cream, eggs, vegetables, avocados, apples, popcorn, salads, soups, sauces, and spreads. Prepared by Dill

5 Sweet Basil Basil, Thai basil, or sweet basil, is a common name for the culinary herb Ocimum Basilicum of the family Lamiaceae (mints). Basil is originally native to India, having been cultivated there for more than 5,000 years. It is a half-hardy annual plant, best known as a culinary herb prominently featured in Italian cuisine, and also plays a major role in Southeast Asian cuisines of Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, and the cuisine of Taiwan. Health Benefits of Basil Leaves Protects Cell structures as well as chromosomes from radiation & oxygen- based damage Anti-Bacterial Properties Anti-Inflammatory Effects A good source of Vitamin A A good source of Magnesium Improves Cardiovascular Health Makes good sense to include basil in more of your dishes especially uncooked leafy salads toss. Fresh or dried basil is used in cooking to flavor Italian, Mediterranean, and Thai dishes. Fresh leaves are used in tomato and pesto sauces. Basil is good with veal, lamb, fish, poultry, white beans, pasta, rice, tomatoes, cheese, and eggs. It also is used in vinegar and for tea. Basil is said to have some Aromatic, cosmetic, culinary, and medicinal qualities. Dried basil is used for its fragrance in potpourris and sachets. It also is used in herbal bath mixtures and to add luster to the hair. A study of the essential oil showed antifungal and insect-repelling properties. A similar study reported in 2009 has confirmed that extracts from the plant are very toxic to mosquitoes. However, the plant is not toxic to rats. How to Grow Basil SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ocimum Basilicum LIGHT: Full Sun SOIL TYPE: Rich, Moist, Well-drained pH RANGE: 6.0 KNOWN PESTS: Japanese Beetles KNOWN DISEASES: N/A Basil must have warm conditions, and prefers moist, rich, well-drained soil with pH of 6. Basil can be grown from seed directly or from stem-cutting. When seeding directly in the garden, be sure to keep the very surface of the soil moist. Water plants lightly, twice daily with warm water until well established. Pick basil leaves every week, pinching terminal buds first to stimulate branching and encourage bushiness. When inter planted, basil is said to improve the taste of tomatoes and peppers, as well as repelling horn worms and aphids. Prepared by

6 Garlic Basil, Thai basil, or sweet basil, is a common name for the culinary herb Ocimum Basilicum of the family Lamiaceae (mints). Basil is originally native to India, having been cultivated there for more than 5,000 years. It is a half-hardy annual plant, best known as a culinary herb prominently featured in Italian cuisine, and also plays a major role in Southeast Asian cuisines of Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, and the cuisine of Taiwan. Health Benefits of Basil Leaves Protects Cell structures as well as chromosomes from radiation & oxygen- based damage Anti-Bacterial Properties Anti-Inflammatory Effects A good source of Vitamin A A good source of Magnesium Improves Cardiovascular Health Makes good sense to include basil in more of your dishes especially uncooked leafy salads toss. Fresh or dried basil is used in cooking to flavor Italian, Mediterranean, and Thai dishes. Fresh leaves are used in tomato and pesto sauces. Basil is good with veal, lamb, fish, poultry, white beans, pasta, rice, tomatoes, cheese, and eggs. It also is used in vinegar and for tea. Basil is said to have some Aromatic, cosmetic, culinary, and medicinal qualities. Dried basil is used for its fragrance in potpourris and sachets. It also is used in herbal bath mixtures and to add luster to the hair. A study of the essential oil showed antifungal and insect-repelling properties. A similar study reported in 2009 has confirmed that extracts from the plant are very toxic to mosquitoes. However, the plant is not toxic to rats. How to Plant Garlic SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ocimum Basilicum LIGHT: Full Sun SOIL TYPE: Rich, Moist, Well-drained pH RANGE: 6.0 KNOWN PESTS: Japanese Beetles KNOWN DISEASES: N/A Choose a planting spot and prepare the soil. Garlic needs a lot of full sun, but it might tolerate partial shade provided it's not for very long during the day or growing season. The soil must be well dug over and crumbly. Sandy loam is best. Ensure that the soil has good drainage. Clay-based soils are not good for planting garlic. Use compost and manure to add nutrients to the soil before planting the garlic. 1 Water the plants often. Newly planted garlic needs to be kept moist to help the roots to develop. Don't overdo the water, as garlic does not grow well, or may even rot, if sodden during cold months. Water deeply once a week if rain has not fallen. Watering garlic is not necessary unless there is a drought, in which case water sparingly, as garlic hates wet soil. Reduce the watering gradually as the season warms up. The garlic needs a hot, dry summer to allow the bulbs to mature Prepared by

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