2Have you ever walked across a carpet in stocking feet and reached for the doorknob only to be “zapped” by an unexpected shock? Why does your hair mysteriously stand on end after you pull off a wool hat on a winter day? These event are actually caused by the same thing!
3Shocking, Isn’t It?To explain why you get a shock by touching a doorknob after walking across the carpet, we need to become familiar with static electricityParticularly:Electric ChargesLaw of Attraction & RepulsionHow objects become chargedInsulators & Conductors
5What Is A “Charge”? All objects are made of atoms Atoms contain protons, neutrons and electronsAn atom must keep their protons and neutrons “trapped” inside their nucleus.Electrons are “free” to move around.
6What Is A “Charge”?When an object contains an unequal number of protons and electrons it is said to be chargedNegatively charged means there are more electrons than protonsPositively charged means there are more protons than electrons
7When an object contains an equal number of protons and electrons it is said to be neutral Neutral objects do not carry a chargeBenjamin Franklin named charges “positive” and “negative” about 100 years before the electron was discovered
8Law of Attraction & Repulsion Scientists found that a charged object will either attract or repel another charged objectTwo objects with the same charge will repel each otherTwo objects with opposite charges will attract each otherThis is summarised in the “Law of Attraction and Repulsion”Like charges repel, unlike charges attract
10This force of attraction or repulsion is known as electric force. Object that exert an electric force are said to have an electric charge.
11A neutral object has an equal number of protons and elections. An object that has more electrons than protons is negatively charged.An object that has fewer electrons that protons is positively charged.PLAY: Electric Field Hockey