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Hydrophobic: tending to repel and not absorb water; tending not to dissolve in or mix or be wetted by water.
Hydrophilic: tending to dissolve in, mix with, or be wetted by water.
Polymer: a chemical compound or mixture of compounds that is formed by a combination of smaller molecules.
Gene: a unit of a chromosome that codes for a specific hereditary trait.
Amino Acid: building blocks for peptides.
Protein: nutrients made up of amino acids that build, maintain, and replace tissues in your body.
Transcription: the process when the amino acid bases are copied onto this RNA strand.
Peptide: building blocks of proteins.
Side Chain: a shorter chain or group of atoms attached to a principal chain or to a ring in a molecule.
Hydrogen Bond: a chemical bond that consists of a hydrogen atom bonded with something that is slightly negative.
Codon: a sequence of three adjacent nucleotides that corresponds with a specific amino acid or stop signal
Translation Section 11-2 cont.. Transcription Translation 20 different amino acids 20 different amino acids A group of three nucleotides in mRNA code.
3.2 Review PBS. What is the DNA code? What is the connection between genes and proteins? DNA is read in segments, called genes A gene is a particular.
Molecules and Compounds. Atoms Molecules Cells.
Transcription & Translation. Objectives: Relate the concept of the gene to the sequences of nucleotides in DNA Sequence the steps involved in protein.
SC.912.L.16.3 DNA Replication. – During DNA replication, a double-stranded DNA molecule divides into two single strands. New nucleotides bond to each.
What our bodies are made of Chemistry of Cells. Nature of Matter All matter is made of atoms. Atoms consist of electrons, protons and neutrons. Molecules.
Gene Action Protein Synthesis. Overview of Protein Synthesis … the short version DNA contained in genes provides instructions for making protein Information.
Polymer Molecule made of many monomers bonded together Also known as a Macromolecule.
Chapter 11 DNA and Genes. Proteins Form structures and control chemical reactions in cells. Polymers of amino acids. Coded for by specific sequences of.
Organic Compounds Contain the elements carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur. Carbon is found in things that are or once were living.
12-3: RNA AND PROTEIN SYNTHESIS Biology 2. DNA double helix structure explains how DNA can be copied, but not how genes work GENES: sequence of DNA that.
A. Chromosomes are made of DNA B.Segments of DNA code for a protein C.A protein in turn, relates to a trait or a gene (examples: eye color, hair color,
DNA, RNA and PROTEIN SYNTHESIS. WHAT MAKES UP DNA? IT IS A MOLECULE COMPOSED OF CHEMICAL SUBUNITS CALLED NUCLEOTIDES.
Atom Building block of life (MOLECULES/COMPOUNDS).
TRANSCRIPTION & TRANSLATION: From DNA to Protein Chapter 11, Section 2 pgs
What is the DNA code? What is the connection between genes and proteins? DNA is read in segments, called genes A gene is a particular sequence of.
PROTEIN SYNTHESIS THE FORMATION OF PROTEINS USING THE INFORMATION CODED IN DNA WITHIN THE NUCLEUS AND CARRIED OUT BY RNA IN THE CYTOPLASM.
SC.912.L.16.5 Protein Synthesis: Transcription and Translation.
Do Now:. TRANSCRIPTION: process that makes an RNA copy of DNA. RNA is single-stranded, and T is replaced by U (A-U; G-C) RNA polymerase makes RNA,
Making Sense of DNA. DNA is a code for making proteins DNA (Gene) Protein Trait.
Protein Synthesis. The DNA Code It is a universal code. The order of bases along the DNA strand codes for the order in which amino acids are chemically.
FIGURE deoxyadenosine-5-triphosphate.. FIGURE 4.2. The four bases found in DNA.
Molecular Biology 2.7 DNA Replication, transcription and translation.
1 NOTES: Chapter 13 - RNA & Protein Synthesis Vocabulary: Messenger RNA (mRNA) Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) Transfer RNA (tRNA) Transcription RNA Polymerase Codon.
DNA Replication to Transcription to Translation. DNA Replication Replication : DNA in the chromosomes is copied in the nucleus. DNA molecule is unzipped.
DNA Processes. Objectives Be able to explain the processes of DNA replication, transcription and translation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gG7uCskUOrA.
Chapter 13.2 (Pgs ): Ribosomes and Protein Synthesis.
Double Helix DNA consists of two strips, made of sugars and phosphates, twisted around each other and connected by nitrogen bases. Looks like a spiral.
Gene to Protein Part 2: Translation After the mRNA transcript leaves the nucleus it goes to a ribosome (site of protein synthesis).
Transcription and Translation… Its what make you, YOU!
Protein Synthesis Transcription. DNA vs. RNA Single stranded Ribose sugar Uracil Anywhere Double stranded Deoxyribose sugar Thymine Nucleus.
Chapter 2 Section 1 Chemical reactions take place inside cells.
Transcription begins - Cell gets message that a protein needs to be made & a portion of DNA unwinds exposing the gene that needs to be copied.
TRANSCRIPTION & TRANSLATION: From DNA to Protein Chapter 11, Section 2.
DNA StructureDNA Structure DNA is composed of a chain of nucleotides.
Chapter 11 DNA and Genes Section 2 From DNA to Protein.
8.5 Translation KEY CONCEPT Translation converts an mRNA message into a polypeptide, or protein.
Protein Synthesis: DNA CONTAINS THE GENETIC INFORMATION TO PRODUCE PROTEINS BUT MUST FIRST BE CONVERTED TO RND TO DO SO.
What organic molecule is DNA? Nucleic Acid. An organic molecule containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus Examples: DNA ???? RNA.
THE MOLECULES OF LIFE CHAPTER 5, SECTIONS 1-4. Living things are composed of ORGANIC molecules which contain the element CARBON (INORGANIC compounds do.
From DNA to Protein Section 11.2 Pg There are 3 types of RNA: 1. messenger RNA (mRNA) – The RNA that brings information from the DNA in the.
Central Dogma DNA RNA Protein. What are chromosomes? Where are they found? Chromosome Histones DNA double helix.
How Genes Work. Transcription The information contained in DNA is stored in blocks called genes the genes code for proteins the proteins determine.
RNA and Protein Synthesis Protein Synthesis Ribonucleic acid, RNA, plays a role in protein synthesis. Central Concept DNA RNA protein.
Protein Synthesis The process of putting together amino acids to form proteins in the cell. The process of putting together amino acids to form proteins.
Gene Expression Transcription and translation. Types of RNA Messenger RNA (mRNA) carries copies of instructions for assembling amino acids into proteins.
Replication, Transcription, & Translation. DNA Replication Before a cell can divide by mitosis or meiosis, it must first make a copy of its chromosomes.
PROTEIN SYNTHESIS. Learning Outcomes B7 Demonstrate an understanding of the process of protein synthesis State roles of DNA, mRNA, tRNA and ribosomes.
Bell Work GCCTTA 1.What would be the DNA compliment of the section of DNA above? a. CGGAAT b. CGGUUT c. ATTCCG d. TAAGGC.
Protein Synthesis. Codes! DNA contains codes –Codons 3 nucleotide bases = amino acid –Sequence of amino acids = proteins –DNA copied = mRNA (messenger.
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