Presentation on theme: "Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture"— Presentation transcript:
1Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty
2Village Farmer Federation Includes crop farmer, Dairy farmer and Horticultural farmerBasically work on:Production and marketing plansTechnical Capacity BuildingPost-Harvest technologiesIndicators at Village levelProductivity of the cropping system, than individual cropIncrease in net realizable incomesReduction in pesticide, Fertilizer usageExtent of Internalization of inputsDecrease in Distress and tied up salesIncreased national security
3There will be forward and backward linkages Institution BuildingDLFFMLFFVLFFFarmer SHGFFSVOSHGMMSZSThere will be forward and backward linkages
4Identification of CA/VA, On season advance, trained in preceding Rabi Human ResourcesIdentification of CA/VA, On season advance, trained in preceding RabiConcerned sarpanch, V.O – exposure visitNGOs work in deepening in their villagesResource Organizations:CSA, NGOs part of SANET,KVKsScientists of ICRSSAUDepartment of Agricultureexperienced in Organic Agriculture
5Broad expansion strategy YearStrategyExisting 300 clusters with 2 years experiences250 clusters with 2 years experience will adopt other clusters in the mandal, total 480 clusters480 clusters with 3 years experience will adopt other clusters- total 500 clusters500 clusters with 2 years experience will adopt another 800 clusters800 clusters will expand to 1000 clustersNew mandal will be included when reaches morethan 70% villagesNPM, Marketing, Dairy over lappingFocus on Tribal Mandals, as pesticide comsumption increasing
6Evolving Suitable Institutional Systems V.O. (SHG),Federation of SHGs at Mandal / District level.At village level farmers organised into small (Homogenates)Organic farmer groups (Sasya Mitra Sanghas) operateOrganic farmer school (Sendriya Polam Badi)Federate at Village Level as collectivesOrganise productionInternal Quality Control (PGS)Federation of these collectorsTake up Marketing Activities with the help of VOsVillage Resource Centre:builds capacities, farmers, agriculture workers, small entrepreneurs - involving pre-production and post production processes.
7Technology transferVA – practising farmer/village organise organic farming school every weel with the help of Convener, Co-convener for group of 20 – farmers using V.R.C.CA – 5 villages, Technical support and monitoring farmer CRPIdentified NGOs, KVKs, Support Community Mobilization, Capacity Building Monitoring.MMS enters into agreement with NGOs90 NGOs2 KVKs are workingCSA at State level supportDiscussions with SAV, ICRISAT in progressState level SPMU established in SERPCSA, consultation of NGOs – SANET Technical SupportPlanning , Monitoring field level activitiesEstablishing approximate Institution SystemsDesigning resource material, Capacity Building progressMonitoring and review, process documentation and reporting
8Organic Farming Systems – Operational Strategies Main IssuesOperational StrategiesAdoption rateNon Pesticidal ManagementIntegration all suitable management techniques prerenting pests , reaching damaging proportions.Restoring Natural Economic balanceMaking best use of natural resources, locally availableFarmers training in concepts of economic systemIdentifying insect pests/predators – life cyclesThrough FFSmore than 50%Farmers developing pest calendarsAdopting various NPM methods like –- Agronomic – summer plowing – 80%- Seed treatment – Ash, cow urine, trichodema visidac - 30%- Traps – Bonfires %- Pheromone traps %- Sticked plates %- Enabling Environment trap crop – 60%Bird perches – 60%- Green sprays NSKE botanicals Chillies / garlic %- Inventory of Resources - 100% villages- Documentation - done at state level
9Focus – selection, sharing, revising maintenance, good quality seed Community Seed BankOut comes 07-08To make available good quality seed, locally, intime, affordable price, saving, staringFocus – selection, sharing, revising maintenance, good quality seedImproving Soil Health and ProductivityImproving Soil population/Microbial EnvironmentSoil organic matter texturePromiting Best cropping systemsIn cropping crop and genetic diversityMatrix of performances vis a vis yield, price premium, pest of diseases tolerance, Traditional and improved.Training of farmers – seed saving production and maintenanceDemonstrate of new varieties – for specific pest/disease/soil related problemsIdentifying, planning, ---, employment and income generating activities- Popularizing preparation and application of Panchagavya, Jeevamrutham etc.- Inoculation with Azospirellu,. Azotobactor etc- Biomass plantation – bunds, common lands- promoting dry land composting techniques- tanksilt application, Azolla- ICRISAT Model trial69 villages – 7 districtsSeed production in QualityPaddy – 1024Pulses – 235Redgram – not harvestedChillies – not harvestedSesaum – 5Groundnut –- Started in significant way- Planned- next year
10Cropping SystemsCurrently – Monoculture croups & resulting pest & disease building upIncreasing cropping Intensity with rational inter crop & mixed cropping systems.Situation specific croups based on suitability, water budgeting, etc.Pulses as inter croup, in croup component, cycle-mandatory.Integrating with live stockPromoting tree based formingPlans are being made, for next Kharif onwards.
11Major strategies for improving crop sector Expansion of Irrigated areaStabilization of Irrigated areaCanal ModernizationDrainage improvementConjunctive use of waterBridging yield gap (Adoption gap)Revamping of extension systemAdopting Farming Situation / Systems based approachCritical Resource Interventions like Seed, Mechanization, Green manure & Zinc Sulphate
12Major strategies Contd… Rainfed AgricultureDiversification – Crop Shift.Promoting drought resistant plantations such as Simarouba, etc.,Other interventions like mechanization, seed, extension, short term weather forecasting – critical.Watersheds promotion.Research SupportStrengthening the University Research InfrastructureSupport to new Universities – Veterinary & HorticultureImproving Credit DeliveryImproving Rural Infrastructure - Rural GodownsSpecial programme for reclamation of salt affected soils
13SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN AGRICULTURE UNDER ADDL SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN AGRICULTURE UNDER ADDL. CENTRAL ASSISTANCERs. CroresContd.,
14SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN AGRICULTURE UNDER ADDL SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN AGRICULTURE UNDER ADDL. CENTRAL ASSISTANCERs. in Crores
15TOTAL 762.89 3358.95 SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN AGRICULTURE UNDER ADDL. CENTRAL ASSISTANCERs. in CroresTOTAL762.89
16Projected Attainable Production In Million TonnesS.NoCropTriennium AverageOutcomesYear wise projected attainable production1Rice11.5611.9412.9013.3015.0416.252Pulses1.261.381.521.671.842.023Groundnut1.231.331.441.551.6861.81
17Average Annual Growth Rate- Crop Sector – XI PlanBase( )Rs. In Crores SectorsAgriculture (3%)1926519843204382105221683Rice Production to increase by 2 million tonnes over TrienniumPulses production to increase by 2.5 lakh tonnesOilseeds production to increase by 3 lakh tonnes
20SPECIAL SCHEMES SUGGESTED FOR ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE 1.Special Micro Irrigation Programme to saturate area under Oilpalm & sugarcaneMicro Irrigation coverage in A.P. – 2.5 lakh ha.Request GoI to increase subsidy for Micro Irrigation for oil palm, sugarcane & vegetables to 70%. Amount requested Rs. 628 crores.2.Special programme for rejuvenation in 1.0 lakh ha. of Mango, Sweet Orange & Cashew suggested.3. Assistance for farm mechanization for pre and post harvest areas Rs. 30 crores requested.Other InitiativesRequest for increase in subsidy on Post Harvest Technology from 25% to 50%
21ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE PROPOSED DURING XI PLAN FOR HORTICULTURE Additional central assistance per annum : Rs.199 CroresAssistance sought is over and above the assistance presently received under CSS & NHM.
22STATUS OF ANDHRA PRADESH IN MILK, MEAT & EGG PRODUCTION (2006 – 07) S. NoITEMQuantity producedPosition in the Country1Annual Milk production79.35Lakh MTsFourth2Annual Meat production4.84Second3Annual Egg production1594CroresFirst
23ADDITIONAL SUPPORT REQUIRED FROM GOI DURING 11TH FIVE YEAR PLAN S.NoItemAmount required for 5 years (Rs.in crores)1Calf rearing by inducting superior germ plasm heifer calves (1000 per district) on 50 % subsidy1182Calf feed support to heifer calves born to A.I (1000 per district) on 50 % subsidy593Foot and Mouth Disease Control Programme (FMDCP) for entire state1574Establishment of mobile disease diagnostic laboratories235Fodder production and fodder chaffing on 50 % subsidy926Health Care to sheep and training of sheep growers427Expanding milk procurement network(Establishment of bulk milk cooling units)4008Support for the new Veterinary University250TOTAL1141
24GROWTH RATES OF PRODUCTION PARAMETERS 6 %12 %8.5 %XI Plan (Proposed)7.07 %Milk Production1.8.54 %Meat Production2.5.52 %Egg Production3.X planAnnual Growth RateParameterSl. No.
25FISH PRODUCTION DURING LAST (3) YEARS. LAKH TONSYEAR
26FISH PRODUCTION DURING NEXT (5) YEARS LAKH TONSYEAR
27SERICULTURE SCENARIO IN A.P. Andhra Pradesh produces 5,000 MTs raw silk against 15,000 MTs annually produced in the country.There are 1 lakh farmers cultivating mulberry in 1 lakh acres. 95% of farmers are SF / MF.Special RequestSince the productivity is directly linked to permanent rearing sheds, enhancement of subsidy from Rs.50,000/- per shed to Rs.1 lakh (75:25 matching share of GOI – State Govt.) to cover 10,000 sheds per year during XI Plan.Addl. Financial Requirement – Rs.75 crores from GOI & Rs 25 Crores from State Govt. during the XI Plan.Minimum Support Price for Cocoons.To continue imposition of Anti-Dumping Duties on imports to facecompetition from China.
28State specific request for ACA- Summary S.NoSectorAssistance proposed in Rs CroresPer annumFor XI plan period1Crop Sector762.892Horticulture198.60993.003Livestock228.204Fisheries15.0075.005SericultureTOTAL
29Projection for XI Five Year Plan for Agriculture and Allied Sectors Rs. In Crores Base( ) SectorsAgriculture (3%)187041926519843204382105221683Horticulture (3%)833285828839910593789659Live Stock (7%)146751570216801179781923620582Forestry (1%)147514901505152015351550Fishing (6%)484351345442576861146481TOTAL480295017352430548085731459956CAGR4.54
30Issues for discussionPlan & Non-Plan expenditure on Agriculture and Allied Sectors, Cooperation and Marketing, Major, Medium & Minor Irrigation and Power subsidy to be taken into computation of baseline expenditure.Year of baseline – need to be spelt out – ideal to take the year as baseline year.Investments in weather and pest forecasting models shall be expanded.
31Issues for discussionNational level multi-lingual dedicated agricultural channels.National Institute of Excellence for Agribusiness management in AP in PPP model.Real time market intelligence network.Power subsidy reimbursement.Seed Act.MSP
32Production (Million Tonnes) All India Food grainsYearAreaProduction (Million Tonnes)AAGR(%)Yield(Kg/Ha)123.58199.4410.541614123.85192.26-3.601552125.17203.615.901627123.10209.803.041704121.05196.81-6.191626122.78212.858.151734113.86174.77-17.891535123.45213.9821.981727AAGR( in quantitative terms)2.74AAGR( in monetary value) in constant terms-0.31
35Agricultural Extension – Present Scenario in AP Reach and focus missing.An Agricultural Officer covering villages / mandal. Assisted by 1-2 AEOs/ mandal, compared to around 6000 VLWs during CD block period.More focus on regulatory and administrative functions rather than knowledge/skill transfer.The gap in spread/reach grabbed by input dealer network- quality missing.Lack of convergence.Cont….
36Agricultural Extension – Present Scenario in AP Weak research - extension-farmer-market linkages.Poor infrastructural facilities.Inadequate operating resources & financial sustainability.World over three approaches found to be successful- Local body managed extension- Farmers organizations/ commodity groups managed extension- Private sector promoted.
37Current budgetary investment on extension & plan schemes on each farm holding per annum
38Approach for the XI Five Year Plan on Agricultural Extension. Focused & farming situation based approach-rainfed agricultureImproved reach-through dedicated manpowerUsing progressive farmers as resource for better reach.Encouraging CIG/FIG groups and farmers organizations/ federations for extension as well as non farm linkages.Promoting broad based extension towards farming systems approach.Cont….
39Approach for the XI Five Year Plan on Agricultural Extension. Bottom up planning & market orientation.Harnessing synergy of public & private sector.Use of Information & Communication technologies for effective delivery.Main streaming gender in Agriculture.Strengthening Research – Extension - Farmer-market linkages
40Proposed Extension Model (Broad based)Village level Extension WorkerCIG leader/ Model farmerMandal level Agril. Officer / CoordinatorADA - Division levelJDA- District levelDistrict level CIG Coordinator
41Support needed for PLEWs and Extension Requirement for Five years Rs in CroresItemNumberFunds per monthAnnual requirementRequirement for Five yearsNo. of Panchayats21807-Available Staff with Agriculture, Horticulture and Sericulture3400Requirement of funds per annum / PLEWs5000 Diploma and Degree holders in Agriculture/ Horticulture672360CIG / FIG groups50,000 Model Farmers560300Support to Farmers’ organizations220Support to IT & Communication network for effective delivery25Training, Contingencies and other support100Total159805
4353rd NDC MEETING CONVENED ON 29TH MAY 2007 Resolution :Implementation of Vaidyanathan Committee recommendationsAmendment of APMC Act and framing of rules there under.
44AP has initiated the process of implementing Vaidyanathan Committee recommendations. APMC Act has been amended and rules framed there under.
45Status (cooperative credit) Deposits - Rs croresLoans outstanding - Rs croresShare of Totallending in the State - 20%Recovery Rate - 70%Proportion of Small& Marginal farmers - 85%
46Measures Required for Improved Credit Flow Enabling existing borrowers to access creditCredit to additional 18 Lakh farmersDoubling of per capita input credit from Rs. 12,600 to Rs. 25,000Sustaining credit cooperatives
47Issues (cooperative credit) Waiver of accumulated interest as on under PM packageExtended coverage under Crop InsuranceCoverage of deposits raised by PACS under Deposit Insurance CoverEnhancement of refinance of NABARD from existing 40% to 75%Right-sizing of staff through VRS
48Restoration of exemption from Income Tax for DCCB and APCOB Creation of Security Fund of Rs. 500 CroresLosses to be reimbursed under recapitalization programme uptoNetworking of credit cooperatives using Information Technology to provide wider range of services to the farmers
49Additional Central Assistance for Cooperation (Rs. in crores) 1Security Fund5002Funding for VRS1503IT initiativesTOTAL800
50MarketingAPMC Act amended in May, 2005 intune with Model Act of GOI; Rules notified there under;MOU with National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) to encourage National Integrated (terminal) market in the State for fruits & vegetables;Establishment of State of art terminal market complexes (3) under PPP mode at Vizianagaram/ Vijayawada, Tirupati / Rajampet and Hyderabad in the State by GOI, Small farmer Agri-business consortium (49%) and private investors (51%) equity participation;
51Private Markets - M/s Metro (cash & carry) licensed -functioning at Hyderabad; Single license system enabled super markets accessing agri-produce directly from farmers and route through food supply chain;Contract farming – efforts on to educate farmers;
52ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE SCHEMES (During 11th Plan Period) Rs in croresARural markets-Providing market user common facilities (5000 procurement / collection centres estimate of Rs.25 lakh per centre and 1000 centres every year proposed)1250BFarmers Information Centres (FICs) (Package developed by Electronic Corporation of India (ECIL)(Proposed in existing (889) market yards at Rs.7.35 lakh per unit)65CE-Trading Infrastructure(Proposed in existing (202) functional market yards at Rs.20 lakhs per Unit)40TOTAL1355
54Community managed organic farming to enhance net incomes in rainfed areas
55Community managed organic farming Proposal :to bring 10 lakh ha under organic farming in rainfed areas in 5000 villagescovering 10 lakh farm familiesVillage level collaboration between women S.H.Gs, farmers, and N.G.OsObjective: to increase net incomes for small & marginal farmers in rainfed areasA.C.A required: Rs crores over 5 yearsBenefits per ha – Rs.5,400Total benefits: Rs.1485 crores over 5 years
56Community managed organic farming End-to-end solution: seed to marketingTechnical support from KVKs, Agri Dept1st step - Non pesticidal management, move to organic farming over a period of 5 yearsSeed banks - self sufficiency in cereals, pulses and oilseedsFarmer driven extension systems, best practising farmers, village level farmer activistsInstitutional Credit through S.H.G – bank linkageIntegration with N.R.E.G.S for soil fertility improvement and moisture conservation
57Marketing support to farmers To enable farmers to get fair terms of trade for their produceVillage level procurement centres run by women S.H.Gs in 500 centres for villagesInfrastructure for:Post harvest and quality controlGodowns – M.T/centreLocal value addition through processingSeed storage facilityA.C.A required: Rs crores over 3 years
58Benefits to farmers Benefits: 5.0 lakh farmers, Rs.100 crores/annum Price increase of 10 – 30%Quality enhancement, reduction in wastage: 5 – 10%Proper weighment: 1 – 2 %Savings in time and transport costs: Rs.100/quintalPrompt payment by women S.H.GsBenefits: 5.0 lakh farmers, Rs.100 crores/annum
60PRESENT STATUS OF SEED DISTRIBUTION 2006-07 Qty. in 000 qtls
61PROPOSED SEED SUPPLY PLAN FOR 2007-08 AND FOR NEXT FIVE YEARS Qty. in 000 qtlsS.NoCropTotal require- mentSupply PlanSeed Supply for next five yearsSRR%Qty.1234567891011Paddy19366813131386148215401579851646Redgram582816212426295532Greengram91354045506559Blackgram103333943485457Bengalgram391155161167181196215Groundnut27753810601249138715261665641775
62Agency wise amount requirement Rs. in lakhsSl.No.ParticularsAPSSDCANGRAUDeptl.Seed FarmsAMCPACSTotalPhy.Fin.Fin. (25% subsidy)12345678910111213Storage godown2001004522530150875Processing units25012540253522672Revolving fund to SVP11002200Corpus/Revolving fund to institutions (Production cost)7269Seed subsidy (C/s)1934720450112026508565172130030363
63SEED PLAN - FINANCIAL SUPPORT PROJECTED Sl NoCropTotal seed required in QtlsPresent SRR ( %)Proposed C/s production planRequirement and Production cost of various class of seed (Rs. in lakhs)Corpus Fund (Rs. in lakhs)Certified seed distribution on subsidyNucleus seedBreeder seedFoundation seedPhy.50% subsidy (Rs. in lakhs)SRR (%)Qty. in Qtls.Fin123456789101112131415Paddy58682.60.12055.116413246251Redgram580002128160000.016023580472Greengram9100035320000.5201.28003637475501189Blackgram10300032330008255051516601292Bengalgram3910004015500015510.9155093.0155007758792066505166Groundnut22382070124.216563828.11325005300604310028Other crops581001201Total Amount2229135183609291661986414726919347
64Productivity Range of Rice in India and Position of Andhra Pradesh
65Performance of Pulses – AP vs All India 250020001500Productivity kg/ha1000500PigeonpeaUradMoongChickpeaNational765540414808AP6096323161591Improved Practice14178398902224Farmers Practice10936856901954Crops
66Improving irrigation by ExpansionStabilizationIntensificationComplete augmentation of ground water potential
69Physical : ha. Financial : Rs. in Crores CROP SHIFTS -PROMOTION OF SIMAROUBAPhysical : ha. Financial : Rs. in CroresS. No.ComponentSubsidy per haProposed for one yearRequirement for 5 yearsPhysicalFinancial1Nursery raising (Full cost)Rs.3000/-10000030.00500000150.002Plantation (75% cost)Rs.6750/-67.50337.503Maintenance for two years (75% cost)Rs.2250/-22.50112.50TOTALRs.12000/-120.00600.00
70Credit flow (Rs. in Crores) S.No.YearCredit flow (Rs. in Crores)Crop loanTerm loanTotal161241161728526332985731737903111690194102853336136215133062674159806157183625193437(Target)17300535022650
71RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE S.No. Year Unit cost Physical Financial Total Rs. in CroresS.No.YearUnit costPhysicalFinancial1Rs lakhs / per each200402345Total1000
72STRENGTHENING OF LABAORATORY INFRASTRUCTURE Rs. in CroresS.NoName of the LaboratoryEstablishment of Addl. LabsStrengthening of existing labsTotal amount requiredPhysical .Financial1Soil Testing Laboratory21.00221.76242.76Seed Testing Laboratories199.5030.459.95Fertilizer Control Order Laboratories63.0050.75113.754Pesticide Testing Laboratory4.505.25Pesticide Residue Testing Laboratory10.004.514.5Bio-fertiliser Laboratory0.151.157DNA Finger Printing LaboratoryTotal3729.0038.009.3675.0038.36
77STATEMENT SHOWING THE EXPENDITURE FROM TO AND OUTLAY FOR UNDER HOTICULTURE SECTIONRs in CroresNote: GOI provided 100% grant under NHM during & and during it is shared in a ratio of 15% and 85% State and Central respectively.
78RICE (KHARIF)Area in 000’ ha.Production in ooo’ tonnes
79RICE (KHARIF)Production in ooo’ tonnesArea in 000’ ha.
80RICE (KHARIF)Production in ooo’ tonnesArea in 000’ ha.
81RICE (KHARIF)Area in 000’ ha.Production in ooo’ tonnes