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Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture

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1 Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture
Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty

2 Village Farmer Federation
Includes crop farmer, Dairy farmer and Horticultural farmer Basically work on: Production and marketing plans Technical Capacity Building Post-Harvest technologies Indicators at Village level Productivity of the cropping system, than individual crop Increase in net realizable incomes Reduction in pesticide, Fertilizer usage Extent of Internalization of inputs Decrease in Distress and tied up sales Increased national security

3 There will be forward and backward linkages
Institution Building DLFF MLFF VLFF Farmer SHG FFS VO SHG MMS ZS There will be forward and backward linkages

4 Identification of CA/VA, On season advance, trained in preceding Rabi
Human Resources Identification of CA/VA, On season advance, trained in preceding Rabi Concerned sarpanch, V.O – exposure visit NGOs work in deepening in their villages Resource Organizations: CSA, NGOs part of SANET, KVKs Scientists of ICRS SAU Department of Agriculture experienced in Organic Agriculture

5 Broad expansion strategy
Year Strategy Existing 300 clusters with 2 years experiences 250 clusters with 2 years experience will adopt other clusters in the mandal, total 480 clusters 480 clusters with 3 years experience will adopt other clusters- total 500 clusters 500 clusters with 2 years experience will adopt another 800 clusters 800 clusters will expand to 1000 clusters New mandal will be included when reaches morethan 70% villages NPM, Marketing, Dairy over lapping Focus on Tribal Mandals, as pesticide comsumption increasing

6 Evolving Suitable Institutional Systems
V.O. (SHG), Federation of SHGs at Mandal / District level. At village level farmers organised into small (Homogenates) Organic farmer groups (Sasya Mitra Sanghas) operate Organic farmer school (Sendriya Polam Badi) Federate at Village Level as collectives Organise production Internal Quality Control (PGS) Federation of these collectors Take up Marketing Activities with the help of VOs Village Resource Centre: builds capacities, farmers, agriculture workers, small entrepreneurs - involving pre-production and post production processes.

7 Technology transfer VA – practising farmer/village organise organic farming school every weel with the help of Convener, Co-convener for group of 20 – farmers using V.R.C. CA – 5 villages, Technical support and monitoring farmer CRP Identified NGOs, KVKs, Support Community Mobilization, Capacity Building Monitoring. MMS enters into agreement with NGOs 90 NGOs 2 KVKs are working CSA at State level support Discussions with SAV, ICRISAT in progress State level SPMU established in SERP CSA, consultation of NGOs – SANET Technical Support Planning , Monitoring field level activities Establishing approximate Institution Systems Designing resource material, Capacity Building progress Monitoring and review, process documentation and reporting

8 Organic Farming Systems – Operational Strategies
Main Issues Operational Strategies Adoption rate Non Pesticidal Management Integration all suitable management techniques prerenting pests , reaching damaging proportions. Restoring Natural Economic balance Making best use of natural resources, locally available Farmers training in concepts of economic system Identifying insect pests/predators – life cycles Through FFS more than 50% Farmers developing pest calendars Adopting various NPM methods like – - Agronomic – summer plowing – 80% - Seed treatment – Ash, cow urine, trichodema visidac - 30% - Traps – Bonfires % - Pheromone traps % - Sticked plates % - Enabling Environment trap crop – 60% Bird perches – 60% - Green sprays NSKE botanicals Chillies / garlic % - Inventory of Resources - 100% villages - Documentation - done at state level

9 Focus – selection, sharing, revising maintenance, good quality seed
Community Seed Bank Out comes 07-08 To make available good quality seed, locally, intime, affordable price, saving, staring Focus – selection, sharing, revising maintenance, good quality seed Improving Soil Health and Productivity Improving Soil population/Microbial Environment Soil organic matter texture Promiting Best cropping systems In cropping crop and genetic diversity Matrix of performances vis a vis yield, price premium, pest of diseases tolerance, Traditional and improved. Training of farmers – seed saving production and maintenance Demonstrate of new varieties – for specific pest/disease/soil related problems Identifying, planning, ---, employment and income generating activities - Popularizing preparation and application of Panchagavya, Jeevamrutham etc. - Inoculation with Azospirellu,. Azotobactor etc - Biomass plantation – bunds, common lands - promoting dry land composting techniques - tanksilt application, Azolla - ICRISAT Model trial 69 villages – 7 districts Seed production in Quality Paddy – 1024 Pulses – 235 Redgram – not harvested Chillies – not harvested Sesaum – 5 Groundnut – - Started in significant way - Planned - next year

10 Cropping Systems Currently – Monoculture croups & resulting pest & disease building up Increasing cropping Intensity with rational inter crop & mixed cropping systems. Situation specific croups based on suitability, water budgeting, etc. Pulses as inter croup, in croup component, cycle-mandatory. Integrating with live stock Promoting tree based forming Plans are being made, for next Kharif onwards.

11 Major strategies for improving crop sector
Expansion of Irrigated area Stabilization of Irrigated area Canal Modernization Drainage improvement Conjunctive use of water Bridging yield gap (Adoption gap) Revamping of extension system Adopting Farming Situation / Systems based approach Critical Resource Interventions like Seed, Mechanization, Green manure & Zinc Sulphate

12 Major strategies Contd…
Rainfed Agriculture Diversification – Crop Shift. Promoting drought resistant plantations such as Simarouba, etc., Other interventions like mechanization, seed, extension, short term weather forecasting – critical. Watersheds promotion. Research Support Strengthening the University Research Infrastructure Support to new Universities – Veterinary & Horticulture Improving Credit Delivery Improving Rural Infrastructure - Rural Godowns Special programme for reclamation of salt affected soils

13 SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN AGRICULTURE UNDER ADDL
SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN AGRICULTURE UNDER ADDL. CENTRAL ASSISTANCE Rs. Crores Contd.,

14 SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN AGRICULTURE UNDER ADDL
SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN AGRICULTURE UNDER ADDL. CENTRAL ASSISTANCE Rs. in Crores

15 TOTAL 762.89 3358.95 SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT IN
AGRICULTURE UNDER ADDL. CENTRAL ASSISTANCE Rs. in Crores TOTAL 762.89

16 Projected Attainable Production
In Million Tonnes S.No Crop Triennium Average Outcomes Year wise projected attainable production 1 Rice 11.56 11.94 12.90 13.30 15.04 16.25 2 Pulses 1.26 1.38 1.52 1.67 1.84 2.02 3 Ground nut 1.23 1.33 1.44 1.55 1.686 1.81

17 Average Annual Growth Rate-
Crop Sector – XI Plan Base( ) Rs. In Crores  Sectors Agriculture (3%) 19265 19843 20438 21052 21683 Rice Production to increase by 2 million tonnes over Triennium Pulses production to increase by 2.5 lakh tonnes Oilseeds production to increase by 3 lakh tonnes

18 Allied Sectors Horticulture Livestock Fisheries Sericulture

19 OVERVIEW OF HORTICULTURE PERFORMANCE

20 SPECIAL SCHEMES SUGGESTED FOR ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE
1.Special Micro Irrigation Programme to saturate area under Oilpalm & sugarcane Micro Irrigation coverage in A.P. – 2.5 lakh ha. Request GoI to increase subsidy for Micro Irrigation for oil palm, sugarcane & vegetables to 70%. Amount requested Rs. 628 crores. 2.Special programme for rejuvenation in 1.0 lakh ha. of Mango, Sweet Orange & Cashew suggested. 3. Assistance for farm mechanization for pre and post harvest areas Rs. 30 crores requested. Other Initiatives Request for increase in subsidy on Post Harvest Technology from 25% to 50%

21 ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE PROPOSED DURING XI PLAN FOR HORTICULTURE
Additional central assistance per annum : Rs.199 Crores Assistance sought is over and above the assistance presently received under CSS & NHM.

22 STATUS OF ANDHRA PRADESH IN MILK, MEAT & EGG PRODUCTION (2006 – 07)
S. No ITEM Quantity produced Position in the Country 1 Annual Milk production 79.35 Lakh MTs Fourth 2 Annual Meat production 4.84 Second 3 Annual Egg production 1594 Crores First

23 ADDITIONAL SUPPORT REQUIRED FROM GOI DURING 11TH FIVE YEAR PLAN
S.No Item Amount required for 5 years (Rs.in crores) 1 Calf rearing by inducting superior germ plasm heifer calves (1000 per district) on 50 % subsidy 118 2 Calf feed support to heifer calves born to A.I (1000 per district) on 50 % subsidy 59 3 Foot and Mouth Disease Control Programme (FMDCP) for entire state 157 4 Establishment of mobile disease diagnostic laboratories 23 5 Fodder production and fodder chaffing on 50 % subsidy 92 6 Health Care to sheep and training of sheep growers 42 7 Expanding milk procurement network (Establishment of bulk milk cooling units) 400 8 Support for the new Veterinary University 250 TOTAL 1141

24 GROWTH RATES OF PRODUCTION PARAMETERS
6 % 12 % 8.5 % XI Plan (Proposed) 7.07 % Milk Production 1. 8.54 % Meat Production 2. 5.52 % Egg Production 3. X plan Annual Growth Rate Parameter Sl. No.

25 FISH PRODUCTION DURING LAST (3) YEARS.
LAKH TONS YEAR

26 FISH PRODUCTION DURING NEXT (5) YEARS
LAKH TONS YEAR

27 SERICULTURE SCENARIO IN A.P.
Andhra Pradesh produces 5,000 MTs raw silk against 15,000 MTs annually produced in the country. There are 1 lakh farmers cultivating mulberry in 1 lakh acres. 95% of farmers are SF / MF. Special Request Since the productivity is directly linked to permanent rearing sheds, enhancement of subsidy from Rs.50,000/- per shed to Rs.1 lakh (75:25 matching share of GOI – State Govt.) to cover 10,000 sheds per year during XI Plan. Addl. Financial Requirement – Rs.75 crores from GOI & Rs 25 Crores from State Govt. during the XI Plan. Minimum Support Price for Cocoons. To continue imposition of Anti-Dumping Duties on imports to face competition from China.

28 State specific request for ACA- Summary
S.No Sector Assistance proposed in Rs Crores Per annum For XI plan period 1 Crop Sector 762.89 2 Horticulture 198.60 993.00 3 Livestock 228.20 4 Fisheries 15.00 75.00 5 Sericulture TOTAL

29 Projection for XI Five Year Plan for Agriculture and Allied Sectors
  Rs. In Crores Base( )  Sectors Agriculture (3%) 18704 19265 19843 20438 21052 21683 Horticulture (3%) 8332 8582 8839 9105 9378 9659 Live Stock (7%) 14675 15702 16801 17978 19236 20582 Forestry (1%) 1475 1490 1505 1520 1535 1550 Fishing (6%) 4843 5134 5442 5768 6114 6481 TOTAL 48029 50173 52430 54808 57314 59956 CAGR 4.54

30 Issues for discussion Plan & Non-Plan expenditure on Agriculture and Allied Sectors, Cooperation and Marketing, Major, Medium & Minor Irrigation and Power subsidy to be taken into computation of baseline expenditure. Year of baseline – need to be spelt out – ideal to take the year as baseline year. Investments in weather and pest forecasting models shall be expanded.

31 Issues for discussion National level multi-lingual dedicated agricultural channels. National Institute of Excellence for Agribusiness management in AP in PPP model. Real time market intelligence network. Power subsidy reimbursement. Seed Act. MSP

32 Production (Million Tonnes)
All India Food grains Year Area Production (Million Tonnes) AAGR (%) Yield (Kg/Ha) 123.58 199.44 10.54 1614 123.85 192.26 -3.60 1552 125.17 203.61 5.90 1627 123.10 209.80 3.04 1704 121.05 196.81 -6.19 1626 122.78 212.85 8.15 1734 113.86 174.77 -17.89 1535 123.45 213.98 21.98 1727 AAGR( in quantitative terms) 2.74 AAGR( in monetary value) in constant terms -0.31

33 Thank You

34 Agricultural Extension

35 Agricultural Extension – Present Scenario in AP
Reach and focus missing. An Agricultural Officer covering villages / mandal. Assisted by 1-2 AEOs/ mandal, compared to around 6000 VLWs during CD block period. More focus on regulatory and administrative functions rather than knowledge/skill transfer. The gap in spread/reach grabbed by input dealer network- quality missing. Lack of convergence. Cont….

36 Agricultural Extension – Present Scenario in AP
Weak research - extension-farmer-market linkages. Poor infrastructural facilities. Inadequate operating resources & financial sustainability. World over three approaches found to be successful - Local body managed extension - Farmers organizations/ commodity groups managed extension - Private sector promoted.

37 Current budgetary investment on extension & plan schemes on each farm holding
per annum

38 Approach for the XI Five Year Plan on Agricultural Extension.
Focused & farming situation based approach-rainfed agriculture Improved reach-through dedicated manpower Using progressive farmers as resource for better reach. Encouraging CIG/FIG groups and farmers organizations/ federations for extension as well as non farm linkages. Promoting broad based extension towards farming systems approach. Cont….

39 Approach for the XI Five Year Plan on Agricultural Extension.
Bottom up planning & market orientation. Harnessing synergy of public & private sector. Use of Information & Communication technologies for effective delivery. Main streaming gender in Agriculture. Strengthening Research – Extension - Farmer-market linkages

40 Proposed Extension Model
(Broad based) Village level Extension Worker CIG leader/ Model farmer Mandal level Agril. Officer / Coordinator ADA - Division level JDA- District level District level CIG Coordinator

41 Support needed for PLEWs and Extension Requirement for Five years
Rs in Crores Item Number Funds per month Annual requirement Requirement for Five years No. of Panchayats 21807 - Available Staff with Agriculture, Horticulture and Sericulture 3400 Requirement of funds per annum / PLEWs 5000 Diploma and Degree holders in Agriculture/ Horticulture 6 72 360 CIG / FIG groups 50,000 Model Farmers 5 60 300 Support to Farmers’ organizations 2 20 Support to IT & Communication network for effective delivery 25 Training, Contingencies and other support 100 Total 159 805

42 Agricultural Marketing
Presentation on Co-operative Credit and Agricultural Marketing

43 53rd NDC MEETING CONVENED ON 29TH MAY 2007
Resolution : Implementation of Vaidyanathan Committee recommendations Amendment of APMC Act and framing of rules there under.

44 AP has initiated the process of implementing Vaidyanathan Committee recommendations.
APMC Act has been amended and rules framed there under.

45 Status (cooperative credit)
Deposits - Rs crores Loans outstanding - Rs crores Share of Total lending in the State - 20% Recovery Rate - 70% Proportion of Small & Marginal farmers - 85%

46 Measures Required for Improved Credit Flow
Enabling existing borrowers to access credit Credit to additional 18 Lakh farmers Doubling of per capita input credit from Rs. 12,600 to Rs. 25,000 Sustaining credit cooperatives

47 Issues (cooperative credit)
Waiver of accumulated interest as on under PM package Extended coverage under Crop Insurance Coverage of deposits raised by PACS under Deposit Insurance Cover Enhancement of refinance of NABARD from existing 40% to 75% Right-sizing of staff through VRS

48 Restoration of exemption from Income Tax for DCCB and APCOB
Creation of Security Fund of Rs. 500 Crores Losses to be reimbursed under recapitalization programme upto Networking of credit cooperatives using Information Technology to provide wider range of services to the farmers

49 Additional Central Assistance for Cooperation (Rs. in crores)
1 Security Fund 500 2 Funding for VRS 150 3 IT initiatives TOTAL 800

50 Marketing APMC Act amended in May, 2005 intune with Model Act of GOI; Rules notified there under; MOU with National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) to encourage National Integrated (terminal) market in the State for fruits & vegetables; Establishment of State of art terminal market complexes (3) under PPP mode at Vizianagaram/ Vijayawada, Tirupati / Rajampet and Hyderabad in the State by GOI, Small farmer Agri-business consortium (49%) and private investors (51%) equity participation;

51 Private Markets - M/s Metro (cash & carry) licensed -functioning at Hyderabad;
Single license system enabled super markets accessing agri-produce directly from farmers and route through food supply chain; Contract farming – efforts on to educate farmers;

52 ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE SCHEMES (During 11th Plan Period)
Rs in crores A Rural markets-Providing market user common facilities (5000 procurement / collection centres estimate of Rs.25 lakh per centre and 1000 centres every year proposed) 1250 B Farmers Information Centres (FICs) (Package developed by Electronic Corporation of India (ECIL) (Proposed in existing (889) market yards at Rs.7.35 lakh per unit) 65 C E-Trading Infrastructure (Proposed in existing (202) functional market yards at Rs.20 lakhs per Unit) 40 TOTAL 1355

53 Thank You

54 Community managed organic farming to enhance net incomes in rainfed areas

55 Community managed organic farming
Proposal : to bring 10 lakh ha under organic farming in rainfed areas in 5000 villages covering 10 lakh farm families Village level collaboration between women S.H.Gs, farmers, and N.G.Os Objective: to increase net incomes for small & marginal farmers in rainfed areas A.C.A required: Rs crores over 5 years Benefits per ha – Rs.5,400 Total benefits: Rs.1485 crores over 5 years

56 Community managed organic farming
End-to-end solution: seed to marketing Technical support from KVKs, Agri Dept 1st step - Non pesticidal management, move to organic farming over a period of 5 years Seed banks - self sufficiency in cereals, pulses and oilseeds Farmer driven extension systems, best practising farmers, village level farmer activists Institutional Credit through S.H.G – bank linkage Integration with N.R.E.G.S for soil fertility improvement and moisture conservation

57 Marketing support to farmers
To enable farmers to get fair terms of trade for their produce Village level procurement centres run by women S.H.Gs in 500 centres for villages Infrastructure for: Post harvest and quality control Godowns – M.T/centre Local value addition through processing Seed storage facility A.C.A required: Rs crores over 3 years

58 Benefits to farmers Benefits: 5.0 lakh farmers, Rs.100 crores/annum
Price increase of 10 – 30% Quality enhancement, reduction in wastage: 5 – 10% Proper weighment: 1 – 2 % Savings in time and transport costs: Rs.100/quintal Prompt payment by women S.H.Gs Benefits: 5.0 lakh farmers, Rs.100 crores/annum

59 Thank You

60 PRESENT STATUS OF SEED DISTRIBUTION 2006-07
Qty. in 000 qtls

61 PROPOSED SEED SUPPLY PLAN FOR 2007-08 AND FOR NEXT FIVE YEARS
Qty. in 000 qtls S.No Crop Total require- ment Supply Plan Seed Supply for next five years SRR% Qty. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Paddy 1936 68 1313 1386 1482 1540 1579 85 1646 Redgram 58 28 16 21 24 26 29 55 32 Greengram 91 35 40 45 50 65 59 Blackgram 103 33 39 43 48 54 57 Bengalgram 391 155 161 167 181 196 215 Groundnut 2775 38 1060 1249 1387 1526 1665 64 1775

62 Agency wise amount requirement
Rs. in lakhs Sl.No. Particulars APSSDC ANGRAU Deptl. Seed Farms AMC PACS Total Phy. Fin. Fin. (25% subsidy) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Storage godown 200 100 45 225 30 150 875 Processing units 250 125 40 25 35 22 672 Revolving fund to SVP 1100 2200 Corpus/Revolving fund to institutions (Production cost) 7269 Seed subsidy (C/s) 19347 20 450 1120 2650 85 65 172 1300 30363

63 SEED PLAN - FINANCIAL SUPPORT PROJECTED
Sl No Crop Total seed required in Qtls Present SRR ( %) Proposed C/s production plan Requirement and Production cost of various class of seed (Rs. in lakhs) Corpus Fund (Rs. in lakhs) Certified seed distribution on subsidy Nucleus seed Breeder seed Foundation seed Phy. 50% subsidy (Rs. in lakhs) SRR (%) Qty. in Qtls. Fin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Paddy 58 68 2.6 0.1 205 5.1 16413 246 251 Redgram 58000 21 28 16000 0.0 160 23580 472 Greengram 91000 35 32000 0.5 20 1.2 800 36 37 47550 1189 Blackgram 103000 32 33000 825 50 51 51660 1292 Bengalgram 391000 40 155000 155 10.9 1550 93.0 15500 775 879 206650 5166 Groundnut 22 38 2070 124.2 16563 828.1 132500 5300 6043 10028 Other crops 58100 1201 Total Amount 2229 135 18360 929 166198 6414 7269 19347

64 Productivity Range of Rice in India and Position of Andhra Pradesh

65 Performance of Pulses – AP vs All India
2500 2000 1500 Productivity kg/ha 1000 500 Pigeonpea Urad Moong Chickpea National 765 540 414 808 AP 609 632 316 1591 Improved Practice 1417 839 890 2224 Farmers Practice 1093 685 690 1954 Crops

66 Improving irrigation by
Expansion Stabilization Intensification Complete augmentation of ground water potential

67 CRITICAL RESOURCE INTERVENTIONS
Rs. in crores

68 CRITICAL RESOURCE INTERVENTIONS
Rs. in crores

69 Physical : ha. Financial : Rs. in Crores
CROP SHIFTS -PROMOTION OF SIMAROUBA Physical : ha. Financial : Rs. in Crores S. No. Component Subsidy per ha Proposed for one year Requirement for 5 years Physical Financial 1 Nursery raising (Full cost) Rs.3000/- 100000 30.00 500000 150.00 2 Plantation (75% cost) Rs.6750/- 67.50 337.50 3 Maintenance for two years (75% cost) Rs.2250/- 22.50 112.50 TOTAL Rs.12000/- 120.00 600.00

70 Credit flow (Rs. in Crores)
S.No. Year Credit flow (Rs. in Crores) Crop loan Term loan Total 1 6124 1161 7285 2 6332 985 7317 3 7903 1116 9019 4 10285 3336 13621 5 13306 2674 15980 6 15718 3625 19343 7 (Target) 17300 5350 22650

71 RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE S.No. Year Unit cost Physical Financial Total
Rs. in Crores S.No. Year Unit cost Physical Financial 1 Rs lakhs / per each 200 40 2 3 4 5 Total 1000

72 STRENGTHENING OF LABAORATORY INFRASTRUCTURE
Rs. in Crores S.No Name of the Laboratory Establishment of Addl. Labs Strengthening of existing labs Total amount required Physical . Financial 1 Soil Testing Laboratory 2 1.00 22 1.76 24 2.76 Seed Testing Laboratories 19 9.50 3 0.45 9.95 Fertilizer Control Order Laboratories 6 3.00 5 0.75 11 3.75 4 Pesticide Testing Laboratory 4.50 5.25 Pesticide Residue Testing Laboratory 10.00 4.5 14.5 Bio-fertiliser Laboratory 0.15 1.15 7 DNA Finger Printing Laboratory Total 37 29.00 38.00 9.36 75.00 38.36

73 INTERVENTIONS AND OUT COME
Cont..

74 INTERVENTIONS AND OUT COME
Cont..

75 INTERVENTIONS AND OUT COME

76 Last 4 Years Expenditure
Rs in Crores

77 STATEMENT SHOWING THE EXPENDITURE FROM TO AND OUTLAY FOR UNDER HOTICULTURE SECTION Rs in Crores Note: GOI provided 100% grant under NHM during & and during it is shared in a ratio of 15% and 85% State and Central respectively.

78 RICE (KHARIF) Area in 000’ ha. Production in ooo’ tonnes

79 RICE (KHARIF) Production in ooo’ tonnes Area in 000’ ha.

80 RICE (KHARIF) Production in ooo’ tonnes Area in 000’ ha.

81 RICE (KHARIF) Area in 000’ ha. Production in ooo’ tonnes


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