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1 Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty

2 2 Village Farmer Federation Includes crop farmer, Dairy farmer and Horticultural farmer Basically work on: 1. Production and marketing plans 2.Technical Capacity Building 3.Post-Harvest technologies Indicators at Village level Productivity of the cropping system, than individual crop Increase in net realizable incomes Reduction in pesticide, Fertilizer usage Extent of Internalization of inputs Decrease in Distress and tied up sales Increased national security

3 3 Institution Building DLFF MLFF VLFF Farme r SHG FFS VO SHG MMS ZS There will be forward and backward linkages

4 4 Human Resources Identification of CA/VA, On season advance, trained in preceding Rabi Concerned sarpanch, V.O – exposure visit NGOs work in deepening in their villages Resource Organizations: CSA, NGOs part of SANET, KVKs Scientists of ICRS SAU Department of Agriculture experienced in Organic Agriculture

5 5 Broad expansion strategy YearStrategy 2007-08Existing 300 clusters with 2 years experiences 2008-09250 clusters with 2 years experience will adopt other clusters in the mandal, total 480 clusters 2009-10480 clusters with 3 years experience will adopt other clusters- total 500 clusters 2010-11500 clusters with 2 years experience will adopt another 800 clusters 2011-12800 clusters will expand to 1000 clusters New mandal will be included when reaches morethan 70% villages NPM, Marketing, Dairy over lapping Focus on Tribal Mandals, as pesticide comsumption increasing

6 6 Evolving Suitable Institutional Systems 1. V.O. (SHG), Federation of SHGs at Mandal / District level. 2.At village level farmers organised into small (Homogenates) Organic farmer groups (Sasya Mitra Sanghas) operate Organic farmer school (Sendriya Polam Badi) 3.Federate at Village Level as collectives Organise production Internal Quality Control (PGS) 4.Federation of these collectors Take up Marketing Activities with the help of VOs 5.Village Resource Centre: builds capacities, farmers, agriculture workers, small entrepreneurs - involving pre-production and post production processes.

7 7 6.Technology transfer VA – practising farmer/village organise organic farming school every weel with the help of Convener, Co-convener for group of 20 – farmers using V.R.C. CA – 5 villages, Technical support and monitoring farmer CRP 7.Identified NGOs, KVKs, Support Community Mobilization, Capacity Building Monitoring. 8.MMS enters into agreement with NGOs 90 NGOs 2 KVKs are working CSA at State level support Discussions with SAV, ICRISAT in progress 9.State level SPMU established in SERP CSA, consultation of NGOs – SANET Technical Support Planning, Monitoring field level activities Establishing approximate Institution Systems Designing resource material, Capacity Building progress Monitoring and review, process documentation and reporting

8 8 Main IssuesOperational StrategiesAdoption rate 1.Non Pesticidal Management  Integration all suitable management techniques prerenting pests, reaching damaging proportions.  Restoring Natural Economic balance  Making best use of natural resources, locally available  Farmers training in concepts of economic system  Identifying insect pests/predators – life cycles Through FFS more than 50%  Farmers developing pest calendars  Adopting various NPM methods like – - Agronomic – summer plowing – 80% - Seed treatment – Ash, cow urine, trichodema visidac - 30% - Traps – Bonfires - 20% - Pheromone traps - 10% - Sticked plates - 30% - Enabling Environment trap crop – 60% Bird perches – 60% - Green sprays NSKE botanicals Chillies / garlic -- - 90% - Inventory of Resources - 100% villages - Documentation - done at state level Organic Farming Systems – Operational Strategies

9 9 Community Seed Bank Out comes 07-08  To make available good quality seed, locally, intime, affordable price, saving, staring  Focus – selection, sharing, revising maintenance, good quality seed Improving Soil Health and Productivity -Improving Soil population/Microbial Environment -Soil organic matter texture -Promiting Best cropping systems -In cropping crop and genetic diversity  Matrix of performances vis a vis yield, price premium, pest of diseases tolerance, Traditional and improved.  Training of farmers – seed saving production and maintenance  Demonstrate of new varieties – for specific pest/disease/soil related problems  Identifying, planning, ---, employment and income generating activities - Popularizing preparation and application of Panchagavya, Jeevamrutham etc. - Inoculation with Azospirellu,. Azotobactor etc - Biomass plantation – bunds, common lands - promoting dry land composting techniques - tanksilt application, Azolla - ICRISAT Model trial 69 villages – 7 districts Seed production in Quality  Paddy – 1024  Pulses – 235  Redgram – not harvested  Chillies – not harvested  Sesaum – 5  Groundnut – 1913.6 - Started in significant way - Planned - next year

10 10  Currently – Monoculture croups & resulting pest & disease building up  Increasing cropping Intensity with rational inter crop & mixed cropping systems.  Situation specific croups based on suitability, water budgeting, etc.  Pulses as inter croup, in croup component, cycle- mandatory.  Integrating with live stock  Promoting tree based forming  Plans are being made, for next Kharif onwards. Cropping Systems

11 11 Major strategies for improving crop sector  Expansion of Irrigated area  Stabilization of Irrigated area Canal Modernization Drainage improvement Conjunctive use of water  Bridging yield gap (Adoption gap) Revamping of extension system Adopting Farming Situation / Systems based approach Critical Resource Interventions like Seed, Mechanization, Green manure & Zinc Sulphate

12 12  Rainfed Agriculture Diversification – Crop Shift. Promoting drought resistant plantations such as Simarouba, etc., Other interventions like mechanization, seed, extension, short term weather forecasting – critical. Watersheds promotion.  Research Support Strengthening the University Research Infrastructure Support to new Universities – Veterinary & Horticulture  Improving Credit Delivery  Improving Rural Infrastructure - Rural Godowns  Special programme for reclamation of salt affected soils Major strategies Contd…




16 16 S.No Crop Triennium Average Outcomes Year wise projected attainable production 2007- 08 2008- 09 2009- 10 2010- 11 2011- 12 1Rice11.5611.9412.9013.3015.0416.25 2Pulses1.261.381.521.671.842.02 3 Ground nut1.231.331.441.551.6861.81 Projected Attainable Production In Million Tonnes

17 17 Sectors 2007- 08 2008- 09 2009- 10 2010- 11 2011- 12 Agriculture (3%)1926519843204382105221683 Average Annual Growth Rate- Crop Sector – XI Plan Rice Production to increase by 2 million tonnes over Triennium Pulses production to increase by 2.5 lakh tonnes Oilseeds production to increase by 3 lakh tonnes Rs. In CroresBase(1999-2000)

18 18 Allied Sectors Horticulture Livestock Fisheries Sericulture


20 20 1.Special Micro Irrigation Programme to saturate area under Oilpalm & sugarcane Micro Irrigation coverage in A.P. – 2.5 lakh ha. Request GoI to increase subsidy for Micro Irrigation for oil palm, sugarcane & vegetables to 70%. Amount requested Rs. 628 crores. 2.Special programme for rejuvenation in 1.0 lakh ha. of Mango, Sweet Orange & Cashew suggested. 3. Assistance for farm mechanization for pre and post harvest areas Rs. 30 crores requested. Other Initiatives Request for increase in subsidy on Post Harvest Technology from 25% to 50% SPECIAL SCHEMES SUGGESTED FOR ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE

21 21 ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE PROPOSED DURING XI PLAN FOR HORTICULTURE Additional central assistance per annum : Rs.199 Crores Assistance sought is over and above the assistance presently received under CSS & NHM.

22 STATUS OF ANDHRA PRADESH IN MILK, MEAT & EGG PRODUCTION (2006 – 07) S. No ITEM Quantity produced Position in the Country 1Annual Milk production 79.35 Lakh MTs Fourth 2Annual Meat production 4.84 Lakh MTs Second 3Annual Egg production 1594 Crores First

23 23 ADDITIONAL SUPPORT REQUIRED FROM GOI DURING 11 TH FIVE YEAR PLAN S.NoItemAmount required for 5 years ( crores) 1Calf rearing by inducting superior germ plasm heifer calves (1000 per district) on 50 % subsidy 118 2Calf feed support to heifer calves born to A.I (1000 per district) on 50 % subsidy 59 3Foot and Mouth Disease Control Programme (FMDCP) for entire state 157 4Establishment of mobile disease diagnostic laboratories23 5Fodder production and fodder chaffing on 50 % subsidy92 6Health Care to sheep and training of sheep growers42 7Expanding milk procurement network (Establishment of bulk milk cooling units) 400 8Support for the new Veterinary University250 TOTAL1141

24 24 GROWTH RATES OF PRODUCTION PARAMETERS 6 % 12 % 8.5 % XI Plan (Proposed) 7.07 %Milk Production1. 8.54 %Meat Production2. 5.52 %Egg Production3. X plan Annual Growth Rate Parameter Sl. No.

25 25 FISH PRODUCTION DURING LAST (3) YEARS. LAKH TONS YEAR 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07


27 27  Andhra Pradesh produces 5,000 MTs raw silk against 15,000 MTs annually produced in the country.  There are 1 lakh farmers cultivating mulberry in 1 lakh acres. 95% of farmers are SF / MF. SERICULTURE SCENARIO IN A.P. Special Request  Since the productivity is directly linked to permanent rearing sheds, enhancement of subsidy from Rs.50,000/- per shed to Rs.1 lakh (75:25 matching share of GOI – State Govt.) to cover 10,000 sheds per year during XI Plan.  Addl. Financial Requirement – Rs.75 crores from GOI & Rs 25 Crores from State Govt. during the XI Plan.  Minimum Support Price for Cocoons.  To continue imposition of Anti-Dumping Duties on imports to face competition from China.

28 28 State specific request for ACA- Summary S. No Sector Assistance proposed in Rs Crores Per annumFor XI plan period 1Crop Sector762.893358.95 2Horticulture198.60993.00 3Livestock228.201141.00 4Fisheries15.0075.00 5Sericulture15.0075.00 TOTAL1219.695642.95

29 29 Rs. In Crores Base(1999-2000) Sectors2006-072007-082008-092009-102010-112011-12 Agriculture (3%)187041926519843204382105221683 Horticulture (3%)833285828839910593789659 Live Stock (7%)146751570216801179781923620582 Forestry (1%)147514901505152015351550 Fishing (6%)484351345442576861146481 TOTAL480295017352430548085731459956 CAGR 4.54 Projection for XI Five Year Plan for Agriculture and Allied Sectors

30 30 Issues for discussion  Plan & Non-Plan expenditure on Agriculture and Allied Sectors, Cooperation and Marketing, Major, Medium & Minor Irrigation and Power subsidy to be taken into computation of baseline expenditure.  Year of baseline – need to be spelt out – ideal to take the year 2003-04 as baseline year.  Investments in weather and pest forecasting models shall be expanded.

31 31  National level multi-lingual dedicated agricultural channels.  National Institute of Excellence for Agribusiness management in AP in PPP model.  Real time market intelligence network.  Power subsidy reimbursement.  Seed Act.  MSP Issues for discussion

32 32 YearAreaProductio n (Million Tonnes) AAGR (%) Yield (Kg/Ha) 1996-97123.58199.4410.541614 1997-98123.85192.26-3.601552 1998-99125.17203.615.901627 1999-00123.10209.803.041704 2000-01121.05196.81-6.191626 2001-02122.78212.858.151734 2002-03113.86174.77-17.891535 2003-04123.45213.9821.981727 AAGR( in quantitative terms) 2.74 AAGR( in monetary value) in constant terms -0.31 All India Food grains

33 33

34 34

35 35 Agricultural Extension – Present Scenario in AP Reach and focus missing. An Agricultural Officer covering 20-30 villages / mandal. Assisted by 1-2 AEOs/ mandal, compared to around 6000 VLWs during CD block period. More focus on regulatory and administrative functions rather than knowledge/skill transfer. The gap in spread/reach grabbed by input dealer network- quality missing. Lack of convergence. Cont….

36 36 Weak research - extension-farmer-market linkages. Poor infrastructural facilities. Inadequate operating resources & financial sustainability. World over three approaches found to be successful - Local body managed extension - Farmers organizations/ commodity groups managed extension - Private sector promoted. Agricultural Extension – Present Scenario in AP

37 37 Current budgetary investment on extension & plan schemes on each farm holding per annum

38 38 Approach for the XI Five Year Plan on Agricultural Extension. Focused & farming situation based approach-rainfed agriculture Improved reach-through dedicated manpower Using progressive farmers as resource for better reach. Encouraging CIG/FIG groups and farmers organizations/ federations for extension as well as non farm linkages. Promoting broad based extension towards farming systems approach. Cont….

39 39 Bottom up planning & market orientation. Harnessing synergy of public & private sector. Use of Information & Communication technologies for effective delivery. Main streaming gender in Agriculture. Strengthening Research – Extension - Farmer- market linkages Approach for the XI Five Year Plan on Agricultural Extension.

40 40 Proposed Extension Model (Broad based) Village level Extension Worker CIG leader/ Model farmer Mandal level Agril. Officer / Coordinator ADA - Division level JDA- District level District level CIG Coordinator

41 41 ItemNumberFunds per month Annual requirement Requirement for Five years No. of Panchayats 21807 --- Available Staff with Agriculture, Horticulture and Sericulture 3400 --- Requirement of funds per annum / PLEWs 5000 Diploma and Degree holders in Agriculture/ Horticulture 672360 CIG / FIG groups 50,000 Model Farmers 560300 Support to Farmers’ organizations - - 220 Support to IT & Communication network for effective delivery - - 525 Training, Contingencies and other support - - 20100 Total159805 Support needed for PLEWs and Extension Rs in Crores

42 42 Presentation on Co-operative Credit and Agricultural Marketing

43 43  Implementation of Vaidyanathan Committee recommendations  Amendment of APMC Act and framing of rules there under. 53rd NDC MEETING CONVENED ON 29TH MAY 2007 Resolution :

44 44  AP has initiated the process of implementing Vaidyanathan Committee recommendations.  APMC Act has been amended and rules framed there under.

45 45 Status (cooperative credit)  Deposits -Rs. 4200 crores  Loans outstanding-Rs. 7300 crores  Share of Total lending in the State-20%  Recovery Rate-70%  Proportion of Small & Marginal farmers-85%

46 46  Enabling existing borrowers to access credit  Credit to additional 18 Lakh farmers  Doubling of per capita input credit from Rs. 12,600 to Rs. 25,000  Sustaining credit cooperatives Measures Required for Improved Credit Flow

47 47 Issues (cooperative credit)  Waiver of accumulated interest as on 31-3-2004 under PM package  Extended coverage under Crop Insurance  Coverage of deposits raised by PACS under Deposit Insurance Cover  Enhancement of refinance of NABARD from existing 40% to 75%  Right-sizing of staff through VRS

48 48  Restoration of exemption from Income Tax for DCCB and APCOB  Creation of Security Fund of Rs. 500 Crores  Losses to be reimbursed under recapitalization programme upto 31-3-2006  Networking of credit cooperatives using Information Technology to provide wider range of services to the farmers

49 49 Additional Central Assistance for Cooperation (Rs. in crores) 1Security Fund500 2Funding for VRS150 3IT initiatives150 TOTAL800

50 50 Marketing  APMC Act amended in May, 2005 intune with Model Act of GOI; Rules notified there under;  MOU with National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) to encourage National Integrated (terminal) market in the State for fruits & vegetables;  Establishment of State of art terminal market complexes (3) under PPP mode at Vizianagaram/ Vijayawada, Tirupati / Rajampet and Hyderabad in the State by GOI, Small farmer Agri-business consortium (49%) and private investors (51%) equity participation;

51 51  Private Markets - M/s Metro (cash & carry) licensed -functioning at Hyderabad;  Single license system enabled super markets accessing agri-produce directly from farmers and route through food supply chain;  Contract farming – efforts on to educate farmers;

52 52 ARural markets-Providing market user common facilities (5000 procurement / collection centres estimate of Rs.25 lakh per centre and 1000 centres every year proposed) 1250 BFarmers Information Centres (FICs) (Package developed by Electronic Corporation of India (ECIL) (Proposed in existing (889) market yards at Rs.7.35 lakh per unit) 65 CE-Trading Infrastructure (Proposed in existing (202) functional market yards at Rs.20 lakhs per Unit) 40 TOTAL 1355 Rs in crores ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE SCHEMES (During 11 th Plan Period)

53 53

54 Community managed organic farming to enhance net incomes in rainfed areas

55 55 Community managed organic farming Proposal :  to bring 10 lakh ha under organic farming in rainfed areas in 5000 villages  covering 10 lakh farm families  Village level collaboration between women S.H.Gs, farmers, and N.G.Os Objective: to increase net incomes for small & marginal farmers in rainfed areas A.C.A required: Rs.182.0 crores over 5 years  Benefits per ha – Rs.5,400  Total benefits: Rs.1485 crores over 5 years

56 56 Community managed organic farming End-to-end solution: seed to marketing  Technical support from KVKs, Agri Dept  1 st step - Non pesticidal management, move to organic farming over a period of 5 years  Seed banks - self sufficiency in cereals, pulses and oilseeds  Farmer driven extension systems, best practising farmers, village level farmer activists  Institutional Credit through S.H.G – bank linkage  Integration with N.R.E.G.S for soil fertility improvement and moisture conservation

57 57 Marketing support to farmers To enable farmers to get fair terms of trade for their produce Village level procurement centres run by women S.H.Gs in 500 centres for 2500 villages Infrastructure for: Post harvest and quality control Godowns – 1000.0 M.T/centre Local value addition through processing Seed storage facility A.C.A required: Rs.200.0 crores over 3 years

58 58 Benefits to farmers  Price increase of 10 – 30%  Quality enhancement, reduction in wastage: 5 – 10%  Proper weighment: 1 – 2 %  Savings in time and transport costs: Rs.100/quintal  Prompt payment by women S.H.Gs Benefits: 5.0 lakh farmers, Rs.100 crores/annum

59 59

60 60 PRESENT STATUS OF SEED DISTRIBUTION 2006-07 Qty. in 000 qtls

61 61 S.N o Crop Total require - ment Supply Plan 2007-08 Seed Supply for next five years 2008- 09 2009- 10 2010- 11 2011- 12 2012-13 SRR%Qty. SRR %Qty. 1234567891011 1Paddy19366813131386148215401579851646 2Redgram582816212426295532 3 Greengra m913532404550556559 4Blackgram1033233394348545759 5 Bengalgra m3914015516116718119655215 6Groundnut27753810601249138715261665641775 PROPOSED SEED SUPPLY PLAN FOR 2007-08 AND FOR NEXT FIVE YEARS Qty. in 000 qtls

62 62 Sl. No. Particulars APSSDCANGRAU Deptl. Seed Farms AMCPACSTotal Phy.Fin.Phy.Fin.Phy.Fin.Phy. Fin. (25% subsid y) Phy. Fin. (25% subsi dy) Phy.Fin. 112345678910111213 1Storage godown102005100102004522530150100875 2Processing units1025051251025040253522100672 3 Revolving fund to SVP 1100 220 0 11002200 4 Corpus/Revolving fund to institutions (Production cost) 7269 5Seed subsidy (C/s) 19347 Total20450102251120 265 0 8525065172130030363 Agency wise amount requirement Rs. in lakhs

63 63 SlNoSlNo Crop Total seed required in Qtls Pre sen t SR R ( %) Proposed C/s production plan Requirement and Production cost of various class of seed (Rs. in lakhs) Corp us Fund (Rs. in lakh s) Certified seed distribution on subsidy Nucleus seedBreeder seed Foundation seed Phy. 50% subsid y (Rs. in lakhs) SR R (%) Qty. in Qtls. Phy.FinPhy.FinPhy.Fin 123456789101112131415 1Paddy1936000586813130002.60.12055.11641324625100 2Redgram580002128160000.0 20.11607723580472 3Greengram910002835320000.50.0201.28003637475501189 4Blackgram1030002132330000.50.0211.28255051516601292 5Bengalgram391000354015500015510.9155093.0155007758792066505166 6Groundnut2775000223810600002070124.216563828.113250053006043100277010028 7Other crops 581001201 Total Amount5354000 260900022291351836092916619864147269139031019347 SEED PLAN - FINANCIAL SUPPORT PROJECTED

64 64 Productivity Range of Rice in India and Position of Andhra Pradesh

65 65 Performance of Pulses – AP vs All India 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Crops Productivity kg/ha National 765540414808 AP 6096323161591 Improved Practice 14178398902224 Farmers Practice 10936856901954 PigeonpeaUradMoongChickpea

66 66 Improving irrigation by Expansion Stabilization Intensification Complete augmentation of ground water potential



69 69 CROP SHIFTS -PROMOTION OF SIMAROUBA S. No. Component Subsidy per ha Proposed for one year Requirement for 5 years PhysicalFinancialPhysicalFinancial 1Nursery raising (Full cost) Rs.3000/-10000030.00500000150.00 2Plantation (75% cost) Rs.6750/-10000067.50500000337.50 3Maintenance for two years (75% cost) Rs.2250/-10000022.50500000112.50 TOTAL Rs.12000/ - 120.00 600.00 Physical : ha. Financial : Rs. in Crores

70 70 S.No.Year Credit flow (Rs. in Crores) Crop loanTerm loanTotal 12001-02612411617285 22002-0363329857317 32003-04790311169019 42004-0510285333613621 52005-0613306267415980 62006-0715718362519343 72007-08 (Target)17300535022650 CREDIT FLOW

71 71 S.No.YearUnit costPhysicalFinancial 12007-08 ( @ Rs. 20.00 lakhs / per each 20040 22008-09 20040 32009-2010 20040 42010-2011 20040 52011-2012 20040 Total 1000200 RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE Rs. in Crores

72 72 S.No Name of the Laboratory Establishment of Addl. Labs Strengthening of existing labs Total amount required Physical.FinancialPhysical.FinancialPhysical.Financial 1 Soil Testing Laboratory 21.00221.76242.76 2 Seed Testing Laboratories 199.5030.45229.95 3 Fertilizer Control Order Laboratories 63.0050.75113.75 4 Pesticide Testing Laboratory 64.5050.75115.25 5 Pesticide Residue Testing Laboratory 210.0014.5314.5 6 Bio-fertiliser Laboratory 21.0010.1531.15 7 DNA Finger Printing Laboratory 11.0011 Total 3729.0038.009.3675.0038.36 STRENGTHENING OF LABAORATORY INFRASTRUCTURE Rs. in Crores




76 76 Last 4 Years Expenditure Rs in Crores

77 77 STATEMENT SHOWING THE EXPENDITURE FROM 2003-04 TO 2006-07 AND OUTLAY FOR 2007-08 UNDER HOTICULTURE SECTION Rs in Crores Note: GOI provided 100% grant under NHM during 2005-06 & 2006-07 and during 2007-08 it is shared in a ratio of 15% and 85% State and Central respectively.

78 78 RICE (KHARIF ) Area in 000’ ha. Production in ooo’ tonnes

79 79 Area in 000’ ha. Production in ooo’ tonnes RICE (KHARIF )

80 80 Area in 000’ ha. Production in ooo’ tonnes RICE (KHARIF )

81 81 Area in 000’ ha.Production in ooo’ tonnes RICE (KHARIF )

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