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By: Brian Throop, Manager, Special Operations Division Date: January 31, 2008 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information System Operations Security.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Brian Throop, Manager, Special Operations Division Date: January 31, 2008 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information System Operations Security."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Brian Throop, Manager, Special Operations Division Date: January 31, 2008 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information System Operations Security Airborne Law Enforcement Association Southeast Regional Safety Seminar

2 2 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 2 Sys Ops Security Briefing Overview of organization Domestic Events Network (DEN) National Capitol Region Coordination Center (NCRCC) Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR)

3 3 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 3 FAA Facts/Figures As of 2005, –19,854 Airports (Public & Private) in the US. –245,639 Aircraft Registered in the US. –609,737 pilots in the US. 21st Century Aviation faces the prospects of terrorism, structural change, and a fluctuating global economy. In 2004, US civil aviation was collectively responsible for $1.37 trillion of national output, supporting 12.3 million employees and $418 billion in personal earnings. FAA is charged with: –Reducing historically low commercial accident rate –building an air traffic control system capable of efficiently meeting future demand –modernization –working more closely with our customers and partners in providing the most secure system without impeding safety Capacity SecuritySafety FAA

4 4 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 4 System Operations Security Organization Strategic Operations Security Continuity of Operation/Continuity of Government plans. DOT/FAA Emergency Operations and Crisis Response. National Strategy for Aviation Security Tactical Operations Security Real-time management of airspace security. Air Traffic Security Coordinators. Continuity of Operation/Continuity of Government execution. Special Operations Security Policy and Planning for local, state, and federal law enforcement. Liaisons to Air Defense Sectors, CONR and NORAD. Classified operation plans and programs. Presidential airspace restrictions and aircraft itineraries. Spooky stuff…………

5 5 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 5 System Operations Security Who we are and what we do SOS was created to be the Nexus between operational intelligence and the NAS. –Post 9/11, most of FAA’s security and intelligence staff was transferred to TSA. –ATC remains the front line of the National Airspace System (NAS). –The FAA continues to be the sole authority for airspace management, air traffic regulatory authority, and use of airspace. Balance the needs of National Security with the demands of the aviation industry…“It’s the economy…” –Domestic Events Network (DEN) –Temporary Flights Restrictions (TFRs) –Presidential, NSSEs, Disasters, Security –Classified Aviation Programs –Air Defense Sector Liaisons –Special Use Airspace –DOT/FAA Crisis Response

6 6 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 6 System Operations Security Domestic Events Network (DEN) 24/7 unclassified interagency telephonic conference dedicated to real time coordination of air security issues. Established on the morning of 9/11. Over 80 participants: –All major ATC facilities, –All air defense sectors, –Military, Federal and Local agencies, –All concerned with air security matters.

7 7 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 7 System Operations Security The DEN, NCRCC and the DRSN The DEN provides accurate and timely information sharing. DEN participants respond according to their mission. –Law Enforcement (Local, State and Federal) –Protective Agencies –DOD –DHS/TSA –DOT

8 8 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 8 24/7 interagency facility monitoring and coordinating the air security of the National Capitol Region: –FAA –DOD (NEADS, JADOC) –DHS (TSA, USSS, CBP, USCG) –FBI –US Capitol & DC Metro Police System Operations Security National Capitol Region Coordination Center (NCRCC)

9 9 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 9 May 11, 2005, ADIZ intrusion

10 10 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 10 Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR) A TFR is not a Force Field. A TFR keeps an informed, proficient and compliant pilot out of the airspace. A TFR is a good sorting tool. Managing a TFR from a security perspective is a Time/Distance equation. Speeds involved in aviation make large evacuations nearly impossible.

11 11 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 11 System Operations Security FAA TFR Considerations Nature of event (Security/Disaster) Existing airspace (Class B, Borders) Size of TFR Available assets Credible threat intelligence Aviation commerce Safety of flight

12 12 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 12 TFR Complications Threat Risk Consequence Politics Common Sense Legal Parameters Free Society Economic Impacts Sense or illusion of being safe and secure.

13 13 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 13 System Operations Security Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR) Protect persons and property in the air or on the surface from an existing or imminent hazard associated with an incident on the surface when the presence of low flying aircraft would magnify, alter, spread, or compound that hazard (14 CFR Section (a)(1))

14 14 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 14 System Operations Security Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR) Provide a safe environment for the operation of disaster relief aircraft (14 CFR Section (a)(2))

15 15 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 15 System Operations Security Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR) Prevent an unsafe congestion of sightseeing aircraft above an incident or event which may generate a high degree of public interest (14 CFR Section (a)(3))

16 16 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 16 System Operations Security Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR) Special Security Instructions Addressing Interest of National Security (14 CFR Section 99.7).

17 17 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 17 System Operations Security Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR) Provide a safe environment for space agency operations (14 CFR Section ).

18 18 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 18 Stadium TFR’s Published TFR FDC 3/1862 !FDC 3/1862 SPECIAL NOTICE. THIS NOTICE MODIFIES FLIGHT RESTRICTIONS PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN FDC NOTAM 2/0199 TO COMPLY WITH STATUTORY MANDATES DETAILED IN SECTION 352 OF PUBLIC LAW EFFECTIVE UTC (0600 LOCAL 03/06/03) UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE. PURSUANT TO 14 CFR SECTION 99.7, SPECIAL SECURITY INSTRUCTIONS, COMMENCING ONE HOUR BEFORE THE SCHEDULED TIME OF THE EVENT UNTIL ONE HOUR AFTER THE END OF THE EVENT, ALL AIRCRAFT AND PARACHUTE OPERATIONS ARE PROHIBITED AT AND BELOW 3,000 FEET AGL WITHIN A THREE NAUTICAL MILE RADIUS OF ANY STADIUM HAVING A SEATING CAPACITY OF 30,000 OR MORE PEOPLE IN WHICH A MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL, NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE, NCAA DIVISION ONE FOOTBALL, OR MAJOR MOTOR SPEEDWAY EVENT IS OCCURING. ALL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED WAIVERS TO FDC NOTAM 2/0199 ARE RESCINDED. THOSE WHO MEET ANY OF THE FOLLOWING CRITERIA MAY REAPPLY FOR A WAIVER TO THESE RESTRICTIONS: (A) FOR OPERATIONAL PURPOSES OF AN EVENT, STADIUM, OR OTHER VENUE, INCLUDING (IN THE CASE OF A SPORTING EVENT) THE TRANSPORT OF EQUIPMENT OR PARTS, TEAM MEMBERS, OFFICIALS OF THE GOVERNING BODY, THE IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS AND GUESTS OF SUCH TEAMS, AND OFFICIALS TO AND FROM THE EVENT, STADIUM, OR OTHER VENUE, B) FOR BROADCAST COVERAGE FOR ANY BROADCAST RIGHTS HOLDER, (C) FOR SAFETY AND SECURITY PURPOSES OF THE EVENT, STADIUM, OR OTHER VENUE. THIS RESTRICTION DOES NOT APPLY TO; (A) THOSE AIRCRAFT AUTHORIZED BY ATC FOR OPERATIONAL OR SAFETY PURPOSES INCLUDING AIRCRAFT ARRIVING OR DEPARTING FROM AN AIRPORT USING STANDARD AIR TRAFFIC PROCEDURES; (B) DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, LAW ENFORCEMENT, OR AEROMEDICAL FLIGHT OPERATIONS THAT ARE IN CONTACT WITH ATC. STADIUM SITE LOCATIONS AND INFORMATION REGARDING WAIVER APPLICATIONS IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 352 OF PUBLIC LAW CAN BE OBTAINED FROM THE FAA WEBSITE AT OR BY CALLING COMMENCING ONE HOUR BEFORE THE SCHEDULED TIME OF THE EVENT UNTIL ONE HOUR AFTER THE END OF THE EVENT MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL, NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE, NCAA DIVISION ONE FOOTBALL, OR MAJOR MOTOR SPEEDWAY EVENT IS OCCURING. MAY REAPPLY FOR A WAIVER TO THESE RESTRICTIONS: (A) FOR OPERATIONAL PURPOSES OF AN EVENT, STADIUM, OR OTHER VENUE, INCLUDING (IN THE CASE OF A SPORTING EVENT) THE TRANSPORT OF EQUIPMENT OR PARTS, TEAM MEMBERS, OFFICIALS OF THE GOVERNING BODY, THE IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS AND GUESTS OF SUCH TEAMS, AND OFFICIALS TO AND FROM THE EVENT, STADIUM, OR OTHER VENUE, B) FOR BROADCAST COVERAGE FOR ANY BROADCAST RIGHTS HOLDER, (C) FOR SAFETY AND SECURITY PURPOSES OF THE EVENT, STADIUM, OR OTHER VENUE. THIS RESTRICTION DOES NOT APPLY TO; (A) THOSE AIRCRAFT AUTHORIZED BY ATC FOR OPERATIONAL OR SAFETY PURPOSES INCLUDING AIRCRAFT ARRIVING OR DEPARTING FROM AN AIRPORT USING STANDARD AIR TRAFFIC PROCEDURES; (B) DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, LAW ENFORCEMENT, OR AEROMEDICAL FLIGHT OPERATIONS THAT ARE IN CONTACT WITH ATC.

19 19 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 19 Stadium TFR’s Restrictions established in Public Law 108-7, Section 352 and amended by Public Law , Section 521. Latest NOTAM issued is FDC 3/ hour prior and 1 hour after the event Surface to 3000 feet AGL 3 nautical mile radius from stadium center Applies to any stadium having a seating capacity of 30,000 or more people in which a Major League Baseball, National Football League, NCAA Division One football, or major motor speedway event is occurring.

20 20 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 20 Stadium TFR’s NFL – Approximately 256 games over 16 weeks MLB – 2592 stadium games NASCAR – 101 events NCAA Division 1 Football – Approximately 1440 games Total – Approximately 4389 events covered by NOTAM 3/1862 No comprehensive schedule available for all events. Weather/TV coverage a factor.

21 21 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 21 Stadium TFR’s

22 22 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 22 System Operations Security Temporary Flight Restrictions Protect the President, Vice President, or other public figures (14 CFR Section ).

23 23 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 23 Presidential TFR Text !FDC Y/NNNN ZFW TX.. FLIGHT RESTRICTIONS DALLAS, TEXAS, FEBRUARY 3, PURSUANT TO TITLE 14, SECTION OF THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS, AIRCRAFT FLIGHT OPERATIONS ARE PROHIBITED. WITHIN A 30 NMR OF N/ W OR THE CVE UP TO BUT NOT INCLUDING FL180 EFFECTIVE UTC (1215 LOCAL 02/03/06) UNTIL UTC (1445 LOCAL 02/03/06). WITHIN A 10 NMR OF N/ W OR THE CVE UP TO BUT NOT INCLUDING FL180 EFFECTIVE UTC (1215 LOCAL 02/03/06) UNTIL UTC (1445 LOCAL 02/03/06). EXCEPT AS SPECIFIED BELOW AND/OR UNLESS AUTHORIZED BY THE AIR TRAFFIC SECURITY COORDINATOR VIA THE DOMESTIC EVENTS NETWORK (DEN): A. ALL AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS WITHIN A 10 NMR AREA LISTED ABOVE ARE PROHIBITED EXCEPT FOR: 1. APPROVED LAW ENFORCEMENT, MILITARY AIRCRAFT DIRECTLY SUPPORTING THE UNITED STATES SECRET SERVICE (USSS) AND THE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, APPROVED EMERGENCY MEDICAL FLIGHTS, AND REGULARLY SCHEDULED COMMERCIAL PASSENGER AND ALL-CARGO CARRIERS OPERATING UNDER ONE OF THE FOLLOWING TSA-APPROVED STANDARD SECURITY PROGRAMS/PROCEDURES: AIRCRAFT OPERATOR STANDARD SECURITY PROGRAM (AOSSP), DOMESTIC SECURITY INTEGRATION PROGRAM (DSIP), TWELVE FIVE STANDARD SECURITY PROGRAM (TFSSP), OR ALL-CARGO INTERNATIONAL SECURITY PROCEDURE (ACISP) AND ARE ARRIVING INTO AND/OR DEPARTING FROM 14 CFR PART 139 AIRPORTS. 2. FOR OPERATIONS WITHIN THE TFR, ALL APPROVED MEDICAL FLIGHT OPERATION COMPANIES MUST COORDINATE OPERATIONS IN ADVANCE WITH THE USSS AT APPROACH CONTROL SUPERVISORS DESK TO AVOID POTENTIAL DELAYS. B. WITHIN THE AIRSPACE BETWEEN 10 NMR AND 30 NMR LISTED ABOVE: 1. ALL AIRCRAFT ENTERING OR EXITING THE 30 NM RADIUS TFR MUST BE ON AN ACTIVE IFR OR VFR FLIGHT PLAN WITH A DISCRETE CODE ASSIGNED BY AN AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL (ATC) FACILITY. AIRCRAFT MUST BE SQUAWKING THE DISCRETE CODE PRIOR TO DEPARTURE AND AT ALL TIMES WHILE IN THE TFR. 2. ALL AIRCRAFT ENTERING OR EXITING THE 30 NM RADIUS TFR MUST REMAIN IN TWO-WAY RADIO COMMUNICATIONS WITH ATC. 3. ALL AIRCRAFT OPERATING WITHIN THE 10 TO 30 NM RADIUS TFR AND OPERATING AT ALTITUDES OF UP TO BUT NOT INCLUDING FL180 ARE LIMITED TO AIRCRAFT ARRIVING OR DEPARTING LOCAL AIRFIELDS AND ATC MAY AUTHORIZE TRANSIT OPERATIONS. AIRCRAFT MAY NOT LOITER. 4. FLIGHT TRAINING, PRACTICE INSTRUMENT APPROACHES, AEROBATIC FLIGHT, GLIDER OPERATIONS, PARACHUTE OPERATIONS, ULTRALIGHT, HANG GLIDING, BALLOON OPERATIONS, AGRICULTURE/CROP DUSTING, ANIMAL POPULATION CONTROL FLIGHT OPERATIONS, AND BANNER TOWING OPERATIONS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED. 5. ALL USSS CLEARED AIRCRAFT OPERATORS BASED IN THE AREA SHOULD NOTIFY THE USSS PRIOR TO THEIR DEPARTURE. 6. FOR OPERATIONS WITHIN THE TFR, ALL APPROVED MEDICAL FLIGHT OPERATION COMPANIES MUST COORDINATE OPERATIONS IN ADVANCE WITH THE USSS AT APPROACH CONTROL SUPERVISORS DESK TO AVOID POTENTIAL DELAYS. C. FAA RECOMMENDS THAT ALL AIRCRAFT OPERATORS CHECK NOTAMS FREQUENTLY FOR POSSIBLE CHANGES TO THIS TFR PRIOR TO OPERATIONS WITHIN THIS REGION. EXCEPT AS SPECIFIED BELOW AND/OR UNLESS AUTHORIZED BY THE AIR TRAFFIC SECURITY COORDINATOR VIA THE DOMESTIC EVENTS NETWORK (DEN): A. ALL AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS WITHIN A 10 NMR AREA LISTED ABOVE ARE PROHIBITED EXCEPT FOR: 1. APPROVED LAW ENFORCEMENT, MILITARY AIRCRAFT DIRECTLY SUPPORTING THE UNITED STATES SECRET SERVICE (USSS) AND THE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, APPROVED EMERGENCY MEDICAL FLIGHTS, AND REGULARLY SCHEDULED COMMERCIAL PASSENGER AND ALL-CARGO CARRIERS OPERATING UNDER ONE OF THE FOLLOWING TSA-APPROVED STANDARD SECURITY PROGRAMS/PROCEDURES: AIRCRAFT OPERATOR STANDARD SECURITY PROGRAM (AOSSP), DOMESTIC SECURITY INTEGRATION PROGRAM (DSIP), TWELVE FIVE STANDARD SECURITY PROGRAM (TFSSP), OR ALL- CARGO INTERNATIONAL SECURITY PROCEDURE (ACISP) AND ARE ARRIVING INTO AND/OR DEPARTING FROM 14 CFR PART 139 AIRPORTS.

24 24 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 24 Typical Presidential TFR

25 25 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 25 Good to Know The Pope is coming. –Planned sites are DC and New York…..possibly one other Presidential Campaign…nowhere to hide! –After the November election, possibility of even more TFRs. In 2004, 45% of TFR violators were ID’d. In 2007, 95% had a knock on the door.

26 26 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 26 Good To Know ADS-B (C,X,X2, etc). Future of airborne security in the operational environment? Most interior radars will NEVER go away. Remember the term “ADAPT”..Automatic Display and Processing Terminal –Essentially an air security package in a box (a laptop to be exact) –Over 50 databases and counting –Exploring connectivity with non-terrorism related national criminal history databases

27 27 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 27 Aviation Liaisons/Airport Agents

28 28 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 28 YOU are our customers We can represent you within the FAA There is an “evil” FAA and a “good” FAA We are the good FAA! We can apply a “law enforcement filter” to what is essentially a safety organization OFFICER SAFETY All things are possible

29 29 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 29 System Operations Security Contact Information 24/7 Domestic Events Network (DEN) – or Staffed by ATSCs) 24/7 National Capitol region Coordination Center (NCRCC) – (Staffed by ATSCs) 14/7 System Operations Support Center (SOSC) – or 8115 Brian Throop – Office – Cell

30 30 Federal Aviation Administration Sensitive Information 30 System Operations Security Questions?


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