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ORD Common Questions K. Lynn Cates, MD Assistant Chief Research & Development Officer Director, PRIDE December 5, 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "ORD Common Questions K. Lynn Cates, MD Assistant Chief Research & Development Officer Director, PRIDE December 5, 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 ORD Common Questions K. Lynn Cates, MD Assistant Chief Research & Development Officer Director, PRIDE December 5, 2012

2 2 ORD Policies ORD is responsible for 1200 series handbooks including VHA Handbook (Human Subjects Research) See Policies, Guidance & FAQ on PRIDE web site at ult.cfm ult.cfm

3 3 VA Research

4 4 What is VA Research?* VA research is research conducted by VA investigators (serving on compensated, work without compensation (WOC), or Intergovernmental Personnel Agreement (IPA) appointments) while on VA time, utilizing VA resources (e.g. equipment), or on VA property including space leased to, or used by VA. The research may be funded by VA, by other sponsors, or be unfunded. *VHA Handbook , R&D Committee

5 5 Implications of a Study’s Being “VA Research” VA R&D Committee approval makes the study “VA Research” &, therefore, VA is responsible for The ethical conduct of the research including protecting the rights & welfare of research subjects Ensuring the research is carried out in accordance with all VA & other requirements Investigators must use VA Form to obtain informed consent if documentation of informed consent is required (DoD exception)

6 6 Implications of a Study’s Being “VA Research” VA medical facilities must provide necessary medical treatment to a research subject (Veteran or non-Veteran) injured as a result of participation in a research study approved by a VA R&D Committee & conducted under the supervision of one or more VA employees.* *38 CFR & VHA Handbook § 60a

7 7 “Recruitment Only” Studies

8 8 “Recruitment Only” Studies* Does VA permit its R&D Committees to approve studies in which the VA’s sole involvement is to solicit participation of Veterans in research conducted by non-VA personnel at a non-VA entity? *See FAQ on ORD web site at researchers-research-offices.pdf researchers-research-offices.pdf

9 9 “Recruitment Only” Studies A VA investigator should have a substantive role in any VA Research (not just recruiting Veterans for a non-VA study) VA R&D Committee cannot approve a study that is conducted entirely by non-VA investigators VA R&D Committee approval makes the study “VA Research” & obligates VA to provide Care for research-related injuries Oversight of the research

10 10 Advertising

11 11 Advertising* Does VA permit fliers, advertisements, or other recruitment materials for research studies to be posted on VA premises? *See FAQ on ORD web site at research-offices.pdf research-offices.pdf

12 12 Advertising YES for VA studies NO for non-VA studies

13 13 Advertising “Posting” includes Announcing (orally or in writing) Distributing electronically (e.g., ) or in hard copy Advertising electronically or in hard copy Placing on bulletin boards Setting out materials in waiting rooms Putting on web sites

14 14 Clinicians & Non-VA Research Can VA clinicians discuss non-VA research studies with their patients & refer them to non-VA investigators for more information about these studies?

15 15 Clinicians & Non-VA Research YES – VA clinicians May tell their patients about a non-VA study May give their patients contact information for a non-VA study However – VA clinicians May not recruit patients for a non-VA study May not obtain informed consent for a non-VA study May not put out recruitment flyers for a non-VA study

16 16 Clinicians & Non-VA Research Can VA clinicians give non-VA investigators contact information for VA patients if the patients are interested in the non-VA study? VA staff can only provide the patient’s protected health information to a non-VA investigator if there is A signed release form/HIPAA authorization, and They adhere to local requirements for release of medical information including those in VHA Handbook

17 17 Clinicians & Non-VA Research Dual Appointment Investigators Can an investigator with a dual appointment refer her VA patients to her own non-VA study at the affiliate? Conflict of interest issues Standards of Conduct from the Office of Government Ethics (OGE) A Federal employee cannot use his/her public office for private gain Contact OGC Ethics Specialty Team

18 18 VA Human Research Protection Training

19 19 VA Human Research Protection Training* Who has to take it? All individuals involved in conducting VA human research Research team members (e.g., investigators, study coordinators, research assistants, etc.) Trainees (e.g., house officers & students) Members of the research office with responsibilities for human research (e.g., ACOS & AO) *ORD only has authority over human research protection training (not other training such as Ethics, Information Security, Privacy, etc.)

20 20 VA Human Research Protection Training Who has to take it? VA IRB staff, voting & nonvoting IRB members VA representatives to affiliate IRBs Voting & nonvoting R&D Committee members Members of other research committees or subcommittee with responsibilities for protecting human research subjects* *Not the Subcommittee on Research Safety (SRS)

21 21 VHA Human Subjects Research Training Who does not have to take it? Secretarial support staff Research office staff whose responsibilities do not involve human research Facility Directors - but they are required to complete the required Assurance training (VHA Handbook )

22 22 VHA Human Subjects Research Training Who does not have to take it? Non-VA employees (e.g., phlebotomists, x ray, & laboratory technicians) whose work occurs exclusively outside the VA facility must meet their own institutions’ requirements for training, but the local VA facility is not required to track such training Providers of clinical services

23 23 VHA Human Subjects Research Training When does it have to be taken? Every two years

24 24 VHA Human Subjects Research Training Does it have to be CITI? No – see PRIDE web site* for approved substitutes for CITI, including Some in-person PRIDE training Some local VA courses Some local affiliate courses PRIM&R meetings *http://www.research.va.gov/pride/training/options.cfm

25 25 Record Retention

26 26 Record Retention How long must local VA research records be kept? Until the National Archives & Record Administration (NARA) approves the proposed record retention schedule & VHA publishes it

27 27 Record Retention What records must be kept? The Federal Records Act (FRA) defines “Federal records” as all material, regardless of physical form, made or received by your research program that is connected with transaction of the Agency’s business, (i.e., the conduct of VA’s research programs & VA research) & the materials are preserved or appropriate for preservation because they are evidence of VA’s activities or they have sufficient information value to warrant preservation.

28 28 Examples of Documents Usually Considered to be Federal Records Policies & procedures documents Statistical data Reports Legal opinions & decisions Research data & studies Letters & memoranda Completed forms Photographs, audio & video recordings Posters & graphics Working files

29 29 What is Usually Not a Federal Record?* Technical references Informational documents Personal papers & files *There may be some circumstances when these documents are considered to be Federal Records

30 30 Record Retention How should Federal records be stored & secured? Prevent them from being changed or destroyed Ensure they are retrievable Ensure they are “readable” Secure them from unauthorized access Maintain electronic Federal records on the VA server Meet all security requirements in VA Handbook 6500

31 31 Changes in Study Team Members

32 32 Changes in Study Team Members* When do changes in study team members require IRB review & approval? Principal Investigator (PI) or Investigator Local Site Investigator (LSI) Co-PI or Co-LSI If a study team member is listed by name (instead of by title) in the IRB-approved protocol or informed consent form If the IRB requires it for a given individual *38 CFR (b); VHA Handbook § 9(c)

33 33 Exempt Studies

34 34 Exempt Studies If the IRB determines a study is exempt from IRB review, is the study overseen by any committee or subcommittee? Yes No It depends

35 35 Exempt Studies The R&D Committee is the review & approving committee of record. It performs Initial review Continuing review Amendment review Oversight VHA Handbook § 10c

36 36 Social Media

37 37 Credentialing, Privileging & Scopes of Practice

38 38 Credentialing & Privileging The local VA facility’s Human Resource Management Service (i.e., HR Office) is responsible for credentialing VA facility staff, including research staff. When appropriate, the local facility is responsible for privileging The local VA Research Office is responsible for ensuring everyone who conducts human research has the appropriate credentials and, when appropriate, privileges, to perform all their research duties

39 39 Privileging* Clinical Privileging is the process by which a practitioner, licensed for independent practice, is permitted by law and the facility To practice independently, and To provide specified medical or other patient care services within the scope of the individual’s license, based on the individual's clinical competence as determined by peer references, professional experience, health status, education, training, and licensure. *VHA Handbook § 3e & VHA Handbook § 3hhh

40 40 Privileging Clinical privileges must be facility-specific and provider-specific If the local VA facility where the research is to be performed requires privileges to perform a given duty (e.g., a procedure such as a muscle biopsy) in the clinical setting, the individual must have clinical privileges to perform that duty at that facility before he/she can perform that duty in the research setting

41 41 Scope of Practice/Functional Statement Research Scope of Practice or Functional Statement must be consistent with the position to which the individual is appointed and it must define the responsibilities, duties, actions, and processes that are permitted for an individual Purpose is to ensure the individual and his/her supervisor both understand what the individual can and cannot do

42 42 Research Scope of Practice Must be consistent with the occupational category under which the individual was hired Must not include any duties for which the individual is not qualified Must define the duties the person is allowed to perform for research purposes Must be approved by the individual’s immediate supervisor and the ACOS/R&D

43 43 Research Scope of Practice* Each member of the research team must have a research scope of practice statement or functional statement unless the employees’ clinical privileges, clinical scope of practice statement, or clinical functional statement includes all of the duties necessary for a specific research study A research scope of practice or functional statement must be developed for all research personnel who are not privileged for all the duties the person is allowed to perform for research purposes *VHA Handbook § 62

44 44 Scope of Practice If research personnel are involved in more than one study, the research scope of practice statement or functional statement may be written to cover multiple studies

45 45 CRADO Waivers

46 46 VA Research Involving Children* When do you need a waiver from Chief Research & Development Officer (CRADO)? Any VA research involving children – including research involving biological specimens** or data** obtained from children If the whole study does not involve children, the CRADO waiver is not needed to initiate the study, but it is needed before children, or their specimens and/or data are involved *VHA Handbook § 48 **Identified, de-identified, or coded

47 47 International Research* When do you need a CRADO waiver? For VA-approved research Conducted at international sites (i.e., not within the U.S., its territories, or Commonwealths) Using human biological specimens** and/or human data** originating from international sites Entailing human biological specimens** and/or human data** sent out of the U.S. *VHA Handbook § 56 **Identified, de-identified, or coded

48 48 International Research* When do you need a CRADO waiver for multi- site international studies? VA is a sponsor or coordinating center VA subcontracts to a foreign site The principal investigator for the total study is a VA investigator, or The VA investigator is collaborating with an international investigator and is sending and/or receiving data or specimens * VHA Handbook § 56

49 49 International Research* A CRADO wavier is not needed If VA is only one of the participating sites in a multi-site international study and the study does not meet the criteria on prior slide for multi-site international studies If the research is conducted at U.S. military bases, ships, or embassies * VHA Handbook § 56

50 50 CRADO Waivers The investigator has already finished collecting her international data but forgot to get a CRADO waiver. Can she request a CRADO waiver as long as it is before she publishes her results? Yes No Maybe

51 51 CRADO Waivers NO - CRADO waivers cannot be granted retroactively What will happen to the results? See FAQ at: Qs-for-researchers-research-offices.pdf

52 52 HIPAA Privacy Officers & ISOs

53 53 HIPAA Authorization* HIPAA Authorization must be a standalone document Privacy Officer reviews HIPAA Authorization to verify it meets requirements but does not “approve” it IRB does not have authority to approve a HIPAA Authorization, but it can approve a waiver of HIPAA Authorization * VHA Handbook § 37

54 54 Waiver of HIPAA Authorization* IRB or Privacy Board can approve waiver of HIPAA Authorization IRB must document its approval of the waiver IRB must document its determinations as specifically required by the HIPAA regulations IRB can use VA Form (waiver of HIPAA authorization form) * VHA Handbook § 37 54

55 55 Privacy Officer & ISO Responsibilities* Providing a summary report to the IRB of findings in a timeframe that does not delay the approval process (not necessarily same as final report) Convened IRB - Prior to or at the meeting (can be presented orally at the meeting instead of in writing) Expedited Review - Prior to IRB approval Exempt Studies - To ACOS/R&D Make recommendations to investigators Follow up with investigators * VHA Handbook § 38

56 56 VA Central IRB

57 57 RCO, Privacy Officer & ISO VA Central IRB Studies RCOs treat all studies the same Privacy Officers do not have to review studies reviewed by the VA Central IRB ISOs may need to work with the VA Central IRB ISO if there are local study-specific information security issues

58 58 SAVE THE DATE Webinar for Local Liaisons to VA Central IRB Purpose: Information on VA Central IRB operations Date: Monday, December 17, 2012 Time: 3 p.m. EST Target Audience: Local Liaisons to the VA Central IRB & others who have interactions with the VA Central IRB Live Meeting & VANTS: To Follow

59 59 Accreditation

60 60 VA Human Research Protection Program Accreditation Update Alion is working on standards & procedures Training will be provided before the process starts

61 61


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