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95B10-LH 668-VG1. 95B10-LH 668-VG2 Advise a suspect of their Article 31 - Miranda Rights Complete DA Form 3881, Rights Warning Procedure/ Waiver Certificate.

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Presentation on theme: "95B10-LH 668-VG1. 95B10-LH 668-VG2 Advise a suspect of their Article 31 - Miranda Rights Complete DA Form 3881, Rights Warning Procedure/ Waiver Certificate."— Presentation transcript:

1 95B10-LH 668-VG1

2 95B10-LH 668-VG2 Advise a suspect of their Article 31 - Miranda Rights Complete DA Form 3881, Rights Warning Procedure/ Waiver Certificate Identify the procedures used to:

3 95B10-LH 668-VG3 In a classroom, given: Hypothetical criminal activity scenarios Manual for Courts-Martial (MCM) DA Form 3881 (Rights Warning Procedure/Waiver Certificate) GTA Card (How to Inform Suspect/Accused Persons of their Rights) A black ink pen

4 95B10-LH 668-VG4 Advise a suspect of their Article 31 - Miranda Rights Complete DA Form 3881 Identify procedures to:

5 95B10-LH 668-VG5 The right against self-incrimination –Fifth Amendment of the Constitution –Article 31 of the UCMJ The right to counsel –Sixth Amendment of the Constitution –Part II of the Manual for Courts-Martial

6 95B10-LH 668-VG6 Criminal Investigation Division (CID) Special agents Military Police Investigators (MPI) Military Police Commissioned Officers, Warrant Officers, Petty Officers, and Noncommissioned Officers

7 95B10-LH 668-VG7 Article 31 applies to: An “accused” - an individual facing charges preferred by an “accuser” under the provisions of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) A “suspect” - an individual suspected of committing an offense based on motive, means, opportunity, and facts that are determined to have evidentiary value

8 95B10-LH 668-VG8 GTA How to Inform Suspect/Accused Persons of their Rights DA Form 3881 Rights Warning Procedure/ Waiver Certificate

9 95B10-LH 668-VG9 RIGHTS WARNING PROCEDURE/WAIVER CERTIFICATE For use of this form, see AR ; the proponent agency is ODCSOPS DATA REQUIRED BY THE PRIVACY ACT AUTHORITY: PRINCIPAL PURPOSE: ROUTINE USES: DISCLOSURE Title 10, United States Code, Section 3012(g) To provide commanders and law enforcement officials with means by which information can accurately be identified. Your Social Security Number is used as a additional/alternate means of identification to facilitate filing and retrieval. Disclosure of your Social Security Number is voluntary. 1. LOCATION 5. NAME (last, First, MI) 6. SSN 2. DATE3. TIME4. FILE NO. 8. ORGANIZATION OR ADDRESS 7. GRADE/STATUS Ft Leonard Wood, MO MPR DOE, JOHN M. C Company, 577th Eng Bn Ft Leonard Wood, MO E4/RA

10 95B10-LH 668-VG10 PART I - RIGHTS WAIVER/NON-WAIVER CERTIFICATE Section A. Rights The investigator whose name appears below told me that he/she is with the United States Army and wanted to question me about the following offence(s) of which I am suspect/accused: Before he/she asked me any questions about the offense(s), however, he/she made it clear to me that I have the following rights: Provost Marshal’s Office Article 112 Drunk on Duty /// DA FORM 3881 PART I, SECTION A

11 95B10-LH 668-VG11 PART II - RIGHTS WARNING PRO 1. WARNING - Inform the suspect/accused of: a. Your official position. b. Nature of Offense(s). c. The fact that he/she is a suspect/accused. 2. RIGHTS - Advise the suspect/accused of his/her rights as follows: “Before I ask you any questions, you must understand your rights.” a. “You do not have to answer my questions or say anything.” b. “Anything you say or do can be used as evidence against you in a criminal trial.” c. (For personnel subject to the UCMJ) “You have the right to talk privately to a lawyer before, during, and after questioning and to have a lawyer present with you during questioning. This lawyer THE WARNING DA FORM 3881 THE WARNING

12 95B10-LH 668-VG12 RT II - RIGHTS WARNING PROCEDURE can be a civilian you arrange for at no expense to the Government or a military lawyer detailed for you at no expense to you or both.” - or - (For civilians not subject to the UCMJ) “You have the right to talk privately to a lawyer before, during, and after questioning and to have a lawyer present with you during questioning. This lawyer can be one you arrange for at your own expense, or if you cannot afford a lawyer and want one, a lawyer will be appointed for you before any questioning begins.” d. “If you are now willing to discuss the offense(s) under investigation, with or without a lawyer present, you have the right to stop answering questions at any time, or speak privately with a lawyer before answering further, even if you sign a waiver certificate.” Make certain the suspect/accused fully understands his/her rights. THE WARNING DA FORM 3881 THE WARNING (continued)

13 95B10-LH 668-VG13 “Do you understand your rights?” (If the suspect/accused says “no,” determine what is not understood, and if necessary repeat the appropriate rights advisement. If the suspect/accused says “yes,” ask the following question.) “Have you ever requested a lawyer after being read your rights?” (If the suspect/accused says “yes,” find out when and where. If the request was recent (i.e., fewer than 30 days ago), obtain legal advise on whether to continue the interrogation. If the suspect/accused says “no,” or if the prior request was not recent, ask him/her the following question.) THE WAIVER DA FORM 3881 THE WAIVER

14 95B10-LH 668-VG14 “Do you want a lawyer at this time?” (If the suspect/accused says “yes,” stop the questioning until he/she has a lawyer. If the suspect/accused says “no,” ask him/her the following question.) “At this time are you willing to discuss the offense(s) under investigation and make a statement without talking to a lawyer and without having a lawyer present with you?” (If the suspect/accused says “no,” stop the interview and have him/her read and sign the non-waiver section of the waiver certificate on the other side of this form. If the suspect/accused says “yes,” have him/her read and sign the waiver section of the waiver certificate on the other side of this form.) THE WAIVER DA FORM 3881 THE WAIVER (continued)

15 95B10-LH 668-VG15 Section B. Waiver Section C. Non-waiver I understand my rights as stated above. I am now willing to discuss the offense(s) under investigation and make a statement without talking to a lawyer first and without having a lawyer present with me. WITNESSES (IF AVAILABLE) 1a. NAME (Type or Print) b. ORGANIZATION OR ADDRESS AND PHONE 2a. NAME (Type or Print) b. ORGANIZATION OR ADDRESS AND PHONE 3. SIGNATURE OF INTERVIEWEE 4. SIGNATURE OF INVESTIGATOR 5. TYPED NAME OF INVESTIGATOR 6. ORGANIZATION OF INVESTIGATOR SIGNATURE OF INTERVIEWEE ATTACH THIS WAIVER TO ANY SWORN STATEMENT (DA FORM 2823) SUBSEQUENTLY EXECUTED BY THE SUSPECT/ACCUSED I do not want to give up my rights I want a lawyer I do not want to be questioned or say anything DA FORM 3881, NOV 89 EDITION OF NOV 84 IS OBSOLETE Patty C. Partner 463d MP Company Ft Leonard Wood, MO Joe C. Cop John M. Doe Joe C. Cop 463d MP Company Ft Leonard Wood, MO DA FORM 3881 PART I, SECTION B

16 95B10-LH 668-VG16 PART I - RIGHTS WAIVER/NON-WAIVER CERTIFICATE Section A. Rights The investigator whose name appears below told me that he/she is with the United States Army and wanted to question me about the following offense(s) of which I am suspect/accused: Provost Marshal’s Office Article 112 Drunk on Duty /// RIGHTS WARNING PROCEDURE/WAIVER CERTIFICATE For use of this form, see AR ; the proponent agency is ODCSOPS DATA REQUIRED BY THE PRIVACY ACT AUTHORITY: PRINCIPAL PURPOSE: ROUTINE USES: DISCLOSURE Title 10, United States Code, Section 3012(g) To provide commanders and law enforcement officials with means by which information can accurately be identified. Your Social Security Number is used as a additional/alternate means of identification to facilitate filing and retrieval. Disclosure of your Social Security Number is voluntary. 1. LOCATION 5. NAME (last, First, MI) 6. SSN 2. DATE3. TIME4. FILE NO. 8. ORGANIZATION OR ADDRESS 7. GRADE/STATUS Ft Leonard Wood, MO MPR DOE, JOHN M. C Company, 577th Eng Bn Ft Leonard Wood, MO E4/RA JMD DA FORM 3881 SUSPECTS INITIALS

17 95B10-LH 668-VG17 Section B. Waiver Section C. Non-waiver I understand my rights as stated above. I am now willing to discuss the offense(s) under investigation and make a statement without talking to a lawyer first and without having a lawyer present with me. WITNESSES (IF AVAILABLE) 1a. NAME (Type or Print) b. ORGANIZATION OR ADDRESS AND PHONE 2a. NAME (Type or Print) b. ORGANIZATION OR ADDRESS AND PHONE 3. SIGNATURE OF INTERVIEWEE 4. SIGNATURE OF INVESTIGATOR 5. TYPED NAME OF INVESTIGATOR 6. ORGANIZATION OF INVESTIGATOR SIGNATURE OF INTERVIEWEE ATTACH THIS WAIVER TO ANY SWORN STATEMENT (DA FORM 2823) SUBSEQUENTLY EXECUTED BY THE SUSPECT/ACCUSED I do not want to give up my rights I want a lawyer I do not want to be questioned or say anything DA FORM 3881, NOV 89 EDITION OF NOV 84 IS OBSOLETE Patty C. Partner 463d MP Company Ft Leonard Wood, MO Joe C. Cop John M. Doe Joe C. Cop 463d MP Company Ft Leonard Wood, MO DA FORM 3881 SUSPECT COMPLETES NON-WAIVER BOX

18 95B10-LH 668-VG18 PART I - RIGHTS WAIVER/NON-WAIVER CERTIFICATE Section A. Rights The investigator whose name appears below told me that he/she is with the United States Army and wanted to question me about the following offense(s) of which I am suspect/accused: Before he/she asked me any questions about the offense(s), however, he/she made it clear to me that I have the following rights: 1. I do not have to say anything. 2. Anything I say or do can be used against me in a criminal trial. 3. (For personnel subject to the UCMJ) I have the right to talk privately to a lawyer before, during, and after questioning and to have a lawyer present with me during questioning. This lawyer can be a civilian lawyer I arrange for at no expense to the Government or a military lawyer detailed for me at no expense to me, or both. (For civilians not subject to the UCMJ) I have the right to talk privately to a lawyer before, during, and after questioning and to have a lawyer present with me during questioning. I understand that this lawyer can be one that I arrange at my own expense, or if I cannot afford a lawyer and want one, a lawyer will be appointed for me before any questioning begins. 4. I am now willing to discuss the offense(s) under investigation, with or without a lawyer present, I have the right to stop answering questions at any time, or speak privately with a lawyer before answering further, even if I sign the waiver below. 5. COMMENTS (continue on reverse side) Provost Marshal’s Office Article 112 Drunk on Duty /// SPC Doe stated that he understood his rights, did not request a lawyer, and agreed to discuss the offense under investigation but refuses to sign or initial this document. DA FORM 3881 COMPLETE COMMENT BLOCK

19 95B10-LH 668-VG19 –Complete the administrative information –Complete the position and offense lines in Section A –Read the rights warning from Part II –Read the questions verbatim from the waiver section –Comply with applicable instructions –Complete the applicable waiver or non-waiver Advise a suspect of his rights Complete DA Form 3881


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