Performance level LowArousalHigh Difficult tasksEasy tasks Performance peaks at lower levels of arousal for difficult tasks, and at higher levels for easy or well-learned tasks AROUSAL NEEDS VARY
"My tapes helped me to concentrate better and maintain my aggressiveness when climbing and sprinting.“ Marion Clignet, French National Cycling Team World Champion Silver Medal ’96 &’00 Olympic Games
MENTAL REHEARSAL The use of mental images to rehearse a performance or behavior
IDEOSENSORY CAPACITY The ability of the individual to develop sensory images that are kinesthetic, olfactory, visual, auditory, tactile or gustatory
RATIONALE: “Virtual Practice” recruits the same neuromuscular pathways as actual practice “Multiply Quality Practice Time with Mental Rehearsal”
"Dr. Beale's methods and tapes have been a consistent part of my mental preparation for the last eight years of my athletic career. They have worked great for me!“ Henry Rolling, Linebacker Los Angeles Rams
A systematic approach to the influencing of thoughts, attitude and emotions in very positive and powerful ways COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURING
IDEOMOTOR CAPACITY The capacity of human muscles to respond instantaneously to thoughts, emotions and ideas
RATIONALE: Thoughts and emotions have an instantaneous and involuntary effect on the muscles of the body and therefore our ability to perform “Train the brain to consistently achieve the ideal attitude”
Brock Marion, Defensive Back Dallas, Miami & Detroit 3 Time Pro Bowl Player "....my tapes helped me to greatly increase my ability to perform and make the team in my rookie year."
Most of us are familiar with the concept of Mental Rehearsal but did you know that there are three major aspects of Mental Rehearsal?
VISUALIZATION The ability to produce and creatively manipulate mental images
VISUAL REHEARSAL The use of visualization to rehearse a performance or behavior
IMAGERY CONDITIONING Repeated mental rehearsal to condition automatic responses to cues in the performance environment
"....thank you for the valuable skills you taught us. If you find that skiing doesn't satisfy your summer time needs come take a big bit of fresh air with your friends.“ "Plane Crazy", US Parachute Team 1994 Sequential CRW Champions World Record Holders
One of the earliest studies of the power of mental rehearsal was done with basketball players. The players were divided into four groups. Each group practiced free throw shooting in one of four ways.
THE POWER OF MENTAL REHEARSAL I.Physical practice only II.Physical practice and mental rehearsal III.Mental rehearsal only IV.No physical practice and no mental rehearsal
The group that mentally rehearsed and physically practiced had the highest free throw shooting average followed by the group that only practiced physically.
Research and experience tend to support the axiom that athletic skills tend to improve more rapidly when physical practice and mental rehearsal are paired.
The group that only mentally rehearsed had a free throw shooting average that was higher than the group that did nothing at all.
These result suggests that mental rehearsal alone does improve skills and is better than no practice at all.
End of Part II of III Click here for Part IIIhere