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Unique and stable ways people think, feel, and behave ersonality.

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Presentation on theme: "Unique and stable ways people think, feel, and behave ersonality."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unique and stable ways people think, feel, and behave ersonality

2 Psychodynamic Behavioral Humanistic Trait Four Main Perspectives

3 Psychodynamic Behavioral Humanistic Trait Four Main Perspectives

4 Freud’s Psychodynamic View Freud believed mind divided into three parts. Conscious mind - level of the mind that is aware of immediate surroundings and perceptions. Preconscious mind – level of the mind in which information is available but not currently conscious.

5 Unconscious mind - level of the mind in which thoughts, feelings, memories, and other information are kept that are not easily or voluntarily brought into consciousness. – Can be revealed in dreams and Freudian slips of the tongue. Freud’s Psychodynamic View

6 Freud’s Conception of the Personality Conscious: Contact with outside world Preconscious: Material just beneath the surface of awareness Unconscious: Difficult to retrieve material; well below the surface of awareness

7 Freud's Theory: Parts of Personality Id - part of the personality present at birth and completely unconscious. – Pleasure principle - principle by which the id functions; the immediate satisfaction of needs without regard for the consequences.

8 Freud's Theory: Parts of Personality Ego - part of the personality that develops out of a need to deal with reality, mostly conscious, rational, and logical. – Reality principle - principle by which the ego functions; the satisfaction of the demands of the id only when negative consequences will not result.

9 Freud's Theory: Parts of Personality Superego - part of the personality that acts as a moral center. – Conscience - part of the superego that produces pride or guilt, depending on how well behavior matches or does not match the ego ideal.

10 Freud’s Conception of the Personality ID Superego Ego Conscious: Contact with outside world Preconscious: Material just beneath the surface of awareness Unconscious: Difficult to retrieve material; well below the surface of awareness

11 Freud's Theory: Stages of Personality Development Psychosexual stages - five stages of personality development proposed by Freud and tied to the sexual development of the child.

12 Psychosexual Stages

13 Stages of Personality Development – Fixation: Unresolved psychosexual stage conflict “Stuck” in stage of development – Psychosexual stages: Five stages of personality Tied to sexual development

14 Psychological defense mechanisms: Unconscious distortions of a person’s perception of reality that reduce stress and anxiety Psychological Defense Mechanisms

15 Assignment Read pages in blue book Complete the guided reading sheet (due tomorrow)


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