Presentation on theme: " Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Flora And Fauna (the Washington Convention) Formed on the 1 July 1975 Administered."— Presentation transcript:
Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Flora And Fauna (the Washington Convention) Formed on the 1 July 1975 Administered by UNEP. CITES Secretary-General -> Mr. John Scanlon Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
An international agreement between governments. Governments join CITES voluntarily. CITES has a membership of 175 countries.
To ensure that the international trade in plants and animals does not threaten their survival.
About 5000 animal species and 28000 plant species on the CITES list. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN? This means that these species are protected by CITES from over-exploitation by international trade.
The species covered by CITES are listed in 3 appendices. HOW DOES THIS WORK? The species are listed according to their extent of extinction and the degree of protection they require.
This includes species that are threatened with extinction. Trade in these species are permitted only in special cases. Species under this appendix include: Mammals: The African Elephant Fish : Acipenser sturio(European sea sturgeon) Reptile: Crocodylus palustris (Indian crocodile) Amphibian: Bufo superciliaris (Cameroon Toad) Plant: Pachypodium baronii(Madagascar palm)
This includes species that are not necessarily threatened with extinction. BUT, trade in them is controlled by strict regulation to ensure sustainability. Species protected by this appendix include: Mammal: Hippopotamus amphibius (hippopotamus) Amphibian: Phyllobates spp. (poison frog) Fish: Arapaima gigas (paiche) Insect: Bhutanitis spp. (swallowtail butterfly) Plant: Dudleya traskiae (Santa Barbara Island liveforever)
This contains species that are protected in at least one country. This country has asked other CITES members for help in controlling the trade of the species. For example: Mammals: Canis aureus ( Golden jackal - India) Birds: Acrocephalus rodericanus (Rodrigues Old World Warbler) Reptile: Mauremys iverson (Fujian pond turtle) Plant: Dipteryx panamensis (Costa Rica, Nicaragua)