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Chapter 4….continues. + Everything is learned through your body!

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4….continues. + Everything is learned through your body!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4….continues

2 + Everything is learned through your body!


4 Neurons – Transmit: Receive info from senses or neurons and communicate the info back to parts of body Axons - Send Dendrites - Receive Synapses - Connect Glial Cells - Support Circuits - Maps

5  Regulates other systems in the body  Senses information from the body and environment  Guides child’s movements  Forms Associations  Reads Emotions giving experiences Meaning  Translates thoughts and feelings into words, images and behaviors  Determines actions needed to achieve outcomes or goals ROLE IN THE BODY-BRAIN SYSTEMMENTAL ABILITIES

6 Inside and Outside of the Brain


8  Prenatal development – production, migration, connection (or die)  Infancy and early childhood – dendrite branching, (synaptogenesis), synaptic pruning, myelination, foundation of later abilities  Middle Childhood - two hemispheres more distinct, more elaborate mapping, pruning, learning, myelination  Adolescence - myelination, planning, simultaneity,

9  Plasticity – The brain’s ability to develop and change in response to experiences  During early childhood – Brain is most receptive and responsive to experience  Both positive and negative experiences modify the brain architecture  Windows of Opportunity - At times the brain is more open to certain types of learning; Montessori called these “sensitive periods”


11  Give children many opportunities to learn simultaneously  Be optimistic that everyday experiences and classroom instruction can have an impact throughout childhood and adolescence  Accommodate individual difference in neurological functioning  Provide extra guidance to children who have had early exposure to drugs and alcohol.  Encourage children and adolescents to think about he consequences of their actions – Play! Act them out!  Help children who have been neglected or abused to form warm, trusting, and stable relationships.

12 “Let the wild rumpus begin”

13  Different types of play have different benefits  Functional play  Constructive play  Symbolic play  Games with rules  Extending play  If you pretend, children will begin to pretend too  Begins as functional becomes more symbolic  Unimaginative play = immature play  Games with rules can be symbolic

14 What is the connection between mirror neurons and play? What do children pay attention to? Role of emotions… Development of feeling/thoughts

15  Rapid growth in pre-frontal cortex where self- regulation occurs  Self-regulation predicts academic performance in 1 st grade more than cognitive performance  A child from at risk family who has self-regulation does better than even middle class child who doesn’t possess these skills  No self-regulation…you don’t know if you know something unless the teacher says you do

16  Marshmallow Experiment Marshmallow Experiment  Self-regulation involves:  Inhibitory and effortful self-control  Working memory  Cognitive flexibility

17 1. Being regulated by another person (to internalize standards). Teacher regulation is not the same as self- regulation and this is apparent when children misbehave out of the view of the teacher. 2. Regulated other people (shows the child is thinking about the rules/standards and applying them). This is often seen in tattling. 3. Self-regulating. This occurs when children voluntarily apply rules to self-not mere obedience.

18 + What does this mean? Everything is learned through your body!

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