Presentation on theme: "Whole system working in Cheshire and Merseyside Melanie Sirotkin –Centre Director, PHE Fiona Johnstone –Director of Public Health, Policy & Performance,"— Presentation transcript:
1Whole system working in Cheshire and Merseyside Melanie Sirotkin –Centre Director, PHE Fiona Johnstone –Director of Public Health, Policy & Performance, Wirral Council and Chair of Champs
2Nine local authorities covering a population of 2.4 million people
3Cheshire and Merseyside System Cheshire & Merseyside Public Health England CentreVoluntary & Independent SectorHealth & Wellbeing Board2 x NHS England Area Teams12 x CCGs9 Local Authorities – supported by CHAMPs Network
4What’s it like out there? – Wider determinants Deprivation – 5/9 authorities in the most deprived quintile. Child poverty and older people in deprivation is worse than the England average.Unemployment - higher than England average in 6/9 authorities (2011/12).Income - average weekly pay is lower than the England average in 8/9 authorities.Index of Deprivation, 2010, %, Cheshire & Merseyside (comparing to England average)
5What’s it like out there? (PHOF)* Life expectancy in both males and females is lower in most (8/9) local authorities.Higher preventable mortality (liver disease, CVD, cancer)Similar or better – health check offer but poorer health check take up.Rates of low birth weight better than or similar to.Lower breast feeding rates.Teenage conceptions lower or similar in 6/9 authorities.Excess weight in year olds worse than or similar to (most authorities).Similar levels of physical activity.Similar or less smoking in routine and manual groups.Successful completion of drug treatment (opiate and non opiates –similar or better)Good coverage MMR, HPV and flu (at risk).Higher rates of injuries due to falls.Emergency re-admissions within 30days of discharge from hospital is worse than England average*Compared to England average
6Health & Care Indicators Health and care indicators, 2011, %, Cheshire & Merseyside (comparing to England average)
7What’s it like out there – North West mental health and wellbeing survey - key findings All nine local authority areas within Cheshire and Merseyside (C&M) participated in the 2012/13 North West survey.The WEMWBS scores varied in significance for the 9 local authorities with 2 showing an improvement between 2012/13 and 2009.Overall 15.3% of respondents had ‘low’ mental wellbeing, 64.1% had ‘moderate’ and 20.6% had ‘high’ mental wellbeing. This varied widely across the nine local areas.The mean life satisfaction score for Cheshire and Merseyside was significantly higher than the North West mean.Source: North West Mental Health and Wellbeing Survey 2012/13
8What’s it like out there? Strong traditions of music, arts, culture and sport rich heritage – castles, parks, historic buildingVibrant voluntary sector – Change up consortium in Greater Merseyside working with 18 organisations and investing in voluntary, community and faith groups
9Top 5 priorities from the Local Health and Wellbeing Board Strategies Mental WellbeingChildrenAlcoholOlder peopleSustainable places
10Champs public health collaborative service Led by the 9 Cheshire and Merseyside local authority Directors of Public Health, facilitated by a support team.Owned and delivered by our local public health teams.Generates efficiencies and improves service quality and outcomes.It does this across four key areas:Improving commissioningAdvising the NHSProtecting healthLeading public health
11Key successes Mental health Behaviour change Sector led improvement Asset based approachesMental health championsSuicide preventionBehaviour changePHE mental wellbeing pilotBreastmilk It’s Amazing campaignPharmacies campaignsSector led improvementHealth Checks reviewNational Child Measurement Programme reviewSexual Health review
12Healthy placesAn innovative large scale change programme. A fresh approach to working with our commercial, public and 3rd sector partners. Our aim is to support communities to create their own healthy places to live. Ultimately, it’s about prevention and reducing reliance on services.
13Shaping healthy places CW&C – the journey so farCaryn Cox – Director of Public HealthCheshire West and Chester Council
14The background Wholesale changes to healthy system Public health moved into the local authorityPlanners unsure of how to engage with ‘health’Raft of guidance and evidence already out therePublic health - no understanding of where health fitted into existing planning processes
15Getting started and the baseline Established links with planners – strategic/spatial and development controlPublic health hosted and facilitated a meetingCCGs x 2CSU – Cheshire and MerseysideLocal authority plannersNHS EnglandNHS PropCoPublic Health EnglandCommissioned health planners to audit existing processes and recent planning applications to understand baseline“Better Health Outcomes Through Spatial Planning”
16The journey continuesLocal development framework consultation – significant PH submission and all key stakeholders also submittedAgreement to develop a Supplementary Planning Document (SPD) as part of the Local Plan on Health and WellbeingPreparing evidence for the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL)All significant planning applications pass through Public HealthActive member of SPAHG (Spatial Planning and Health Group) and strong links with WHO at UWEHousing links – local authority and RSLsHealthy Places – new key area for ChaMPS
21Observations on long-standing illnesses from population surveys Long-standing conditions characteristically progress from being ‘limiting’ to being ‘non-limiting’.The proportion of persons reporting a long-standing condition, and experiencing it as non-limiting/limiting, is an indicator or recovery/non-recovery.Higher levels of positive wellbeing are associated with lower levels of limiting long-standing illness; through increased capability at ‘getting ill better’.
24Two agendas for Public Health ‘Getting ill less’:interventions aimed at reducing incidence of illness, through reducing exposure to avoidable health risks.‘Getting ill better’:Interventions aimed at earlier recognition of illness, and reducing inhibitions against becoming ill.Interventions aimed at reducing duration and recurrence of illness, through improving access to recovery assets; and reducing inhibitions against recovery.
26Proposed ‘characteristics of recovery’ derived from reported experience of recovering persons; together with analyses of self-reported limiting long-term illness in Health Survey for England and British Household Panel Survey. (see Bartley et al. JECH 2004; 58, )Recovery is:Universal; everyone is potentially able to recover, given access to recovery assets, and non-exposure to inhibitions,Non-clinical; recovery is to be distinguished from discharge from clinical treatment or long-term condition management,Transformational; recovery is conditional on acquiring the capability to change social context, such that the condition does not recur,Communicable; recovery is best achieved when co-produced within a community of recovering persons, supporting practitioners and reciprocal social partners.Presentation title - edit in Header and Footer
27Jobs, Homes, Friends Employment and Job Security Being able to retain employed status while recovering; together with flexibility and capability for adjusting employment conditions to support recovery and reduce risk of recurrence.Housing and Financial SecurityHaving access to secure and sufficient housing to support recovery; allied to assurance of sufficient financial resource (especially including access to benefit income) for housing to be sustainable without creating or exacerbating problems of debt.Wider Social Engagement and Shared RecreationSpecifically, having access to mutual support from other recovering persons – as in ‘recovery communities’; but more widely in regular, non-work, engagement with friends and local neighbours outside of the immediate household, offering trust and being trusted.
28Supporting local decision-making - the i-hit tool - Clare Perkins and Matt Hennessey Knowledge and Intelligence Team (North West)
29i-hitOriginally developed by the former North West Public Health Observatory, with Liverpool John Moores University, to support Salford PCT/LA and their partners in understanding where to invest to achieve maximum gain in life expectancySalford wanted to develop a model that would predict the effect on life expectancy of improving key determinants of health, through investment in effective public health interventions. To better understand the ‘causes of causes’ and to identify priorities for multi-agency investmenti-hit models statistical associations between indicators in the health profiles, using Bayesian mathematical methods and conditional independence algorithms, and quantifies the scale of change needed across all the health indicators to achieve ambitions for life expectancyThe tool demonstrates that to achieve sustained health improvement, effort is needed across the spectrum of determinants of healthEngaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
30Engaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
32Scenario: What is the scale of change needed to improve life expectancy for men by 2 years? Engaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
33Scenario: What is the scale of change observed if we reduced adult smoking in Salford to the national average? Note the effect on child poverty and wider social determinantsEngaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
34Scenario: What is the scale of change observed if GCSE attainment equalled the current national average? Note that life expectancy (males) would increase by over 4% and unemployment would be down by nearly 60%Engaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
35Next steps for i-hit Stage 1 (in progress) Refresh with recent data from Public Health Outcomes Framework and produce new mapIncrease map interactivityScale up the tool for piloting across North West Local Authorities and Health and Wellbeing BoardsStage 2Model impact for different geographiesDevelop functionality to be able to:‘fix’ indicators in the toolmodel changes in multiple indicators ‘on the fly’Engaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
36Impact of i-hit in Salford The tool was used in Salford to develop a long list of priorities and to consider the scale of the challengeIt increased the Board’s focus on social determinants of health which became one of the key prioritiesIt strengthened wider stakeholder engagement in considering inter- relationships of factors e.g. smoking and child poverty, violent crime and life expectancyShaped the scale of challenge – creating more realistic scaled challenges for the first three years of the strategy alongside aspiration for long term goalsEngaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
37Local first Forthcoming National tools to support the local systems: National conversation on Health inequalitiesHealth and Wellbeing Framework for England and menu of interventionsAlcohol licencing support packForthcoming NoE/Centre tools to support the local system:PHOF summary toolHealth Equity NorthHorizon scanning for emerging issuesChild health resource packWorking with NHS England to identify local data requirements
38Dr Janet Atherton Director of Public Health Wellbeing SeftonDr Janet AthertonDirector of Public Health
39Sefton’s Award Winning Arts on Prescription Programme for adults with mild to moderate depression, stress or anxiety
40Creativity flourishes in Sefton Seed- ‘Arts & Health pilot’ in 2005Roots- ‘Invest to Save’ three year fundingShoots- Weekly workshops in four locations NHS Sefton/Council joint fundingFruits- Creative Alternatives as a jewel of The Atkinson Centre- ‘Sefton’s Centre for Wellbeing through Culture &Creativity’
41Rooted & growing in Sefton LabyrinthsMazesHeritage walksExhibitionsCreativity with vulnerable groupsGo with the FlowVolunteering
42The Impact? The Data Case Study: Joanne’s Story Wellbeing 78% improvement in mental wellbeing SWEMWEBS measure 3.5 point shift from low to medium wellbeingLifestyle improvementsPhysical activity 66%Diet 36%Increased social activity 68%Smoking cessation 29%Alcohol reduction 32%Reduced medication 32%GP visits reduced 34%Social Return on Investment£6.95 for every £1 invested £6.95 for every £1 of expenditureI have struggled with anxiety since I was fourteen but never found effective help. For me Creative Alternatives was a final attempt.At Creative Alternatives no one judged me, problems were shared and I have formed some special friendships.I have done many things through the programme which I never would have thought possible – they have encouraged me out of my comfort zone.Creative Alternatives has really increased my confidence in travelling to different places.Since leaving the programme I have been doing voluntary work. This was a big achievement for me as I had not worked for nine years as a result of anxiety. I loved seeing what a difference I could make to other people.I have halved my medication and now feel more in control of my anxiety, it doesn’t stop me from doing things as much as it used to, now I am living my life instead of just existing.
43Sefton results: 5 point improvement on a 35 point scale from 20 to 25 Moving from low wellbeing to moderate wellbeing43
44Promote Prevent Recover SEAS- Sefton Emotional Achievement Service delivered in Sefton schoolsWellbeing Sefton- a collaborative of social prescribing providers targeting adults with low wellbeingRecovery College- an approach by Mersey Care enhancing the talents, skills and resources of service users to support their own recovery
45Community WellbeingBuilding community resilience Community asset development in 3 localities: ‘Fair Deal’ five ways to wellbeing kit utilised for community engagementIntegrated Wellness Service- a holistic approach to individual and community wellbeingGreen infrastructure for wellbeingHealthy Streets
46Champs Mental Wellbeing Programme Commissioning for mental wellbeing outcomesBrief InterventionIntegrated Wellness ServicesSocial PrescribingLeadership & Workforce DevelopmentPublic awareness- PHE marketing Five WaysPH role in reducing burden of mental illnessMitigating the impact of welfare reform4646
48Public Health Approach to addressing Domestic Abuse in Knowsley Matthew AshtonDirector of Public HealthKnowsley MBC
49Overview Background Process Key findings Political scrutiny Scrutiny RecommendationsKey messages
50BackgroundDomestic abuse is a significant public health issue, having a major impact upon those directly affected and their families.Locally, it had been raised as a issue at the Safeguarding Children’s Board and through the wider Knowsley Partnership.Previous needs assessments (and consequently services) developed from a Community Safety perspective.Need for new needs assessment from health perspective
51In Knowsley 1 in 3 females smoke 1 In 3 females suffer from domestic abuse1 in 8 females have Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) – Heart disease and strokes1 in 9 females drink alcohol at increasing & high risk levels1 in 15 females have coronary heart disease (CHD)(source: Life style survey 2012)(source: Crime Survey for England & Wales 2012)- modelled estimates(source: Life style survey 2012)– modelled estimates1 in 61 people have Cancer(source: QOF April 11 – March 12)
53Aims of Needs Assessment The aims of the needs assessment were;To assess the levels of domestic abuse, and health and wellbeing needs of those affected in KnowsleyTo identify the causes and drivers of domestic abuseTo explore the links between domestic abuse and other risk taking behavioursTo investigate the extent to which current service provision is addressing the needs
54Process Conduct Literature / evidence review Data intelligence collation and analysis(incl. service mapping and intelligence)Stakeholder engagementScrutiny review
55Overview of trend Domestic abuse Offences/crimes Knowsley Domestic Abuse Service ReferralsHousing issues / homelessness presentationsIncidents (police)A & E - Home AssaultsNational Survey prevalence
56Financial Impact in Knowsley £56m human and emotional£11m housing, civil, legal employment and other costs.£3.8m physical and mental health care costs.£2.4m criminal justice costs.£452,000 social care costs.Calculated using estimates from (Järvinen et al, 2008) for domestic violence. Total annual cost to Knowsley economy estimated as £73 million.
57Health and Wellbeing Needs – Victims and their children Children and Young peopleShort termPhysical health (minor – severe)Sexual healthEating disorders / self harmFear and safety concerns (safety primary concern)Short and long termMental health and wellbeing (depression, suicide, self harm, confidence, self esteem)Substance misuse (particularly alcohol)HousingEmployment & PovertyDifficulties with relationships (intimacy, trust)IsolationMental health and wellbeingBehavioural and emotional problemsLinks with substance misuseChild Maltreatment and Child abuse – identifying and dealing with itEducation / housingUnsettled childhoodsLong term impacts affecting life chancesLinks with crime, gangs and violence.
58Political ScrutinyScrutiny review by elected members on the draft needs assessment to;Inform, sense check and develop recommendationsThree evidence sessions, involving expert witnesses, plus visits to MARAC and NICE stakeholder session
59Identified needs / issues Data / intelligence issuesStrategic approach – systemsPrimary preventionSupport for victimsSupport for affected childrenDealing with perpetrator needs
60Scrutiny recommendations That the strategic approach to domestic abuse be reviewedThat data and intelligence issues in relation to domestic abuse be resolvedSeek all opportunities to break the cycle of domestic abuse through a greater focus on preventionThat support for victim survivors is reviewedThat support for affected children is reviewedThat the way perpetrators are dealt with is reviewed
61Key messagesDomestic Abuse is a significant public health issue in KnowsleyApplying a public health approach to the needs assessment importantInvolving members through scrutiny of draft needs assessment was integral to raising profile, gaining ownership and development of recommendations.It raised issues for local authority and health commissioners, wider public sector and providers about referral processes and support servicesAddressing mental health problems, alcohol issues and healthy relationships potentially could significantly impact on domestic abuse levels.Current focus on dealing with consequences rather than prevention
64Recommendation 1That the strategic approach to domestic abuse be reviewed by:Considering the strategic governance arrangements for domestic abuse;The council and its partners considering joint commissioning arrangements for domestic abuse specific services to enable a more flexible use of resources;Services focussing on addressing the behaviour of perpetrators as well as resolving the needs of the victim survivor; and,Standards/expectations being developed in the response times to resolve domestic abuse incidents completely.
65Recommendation 2That data and intelligence issues in relation to domestic abuse be resolved through:Undertaking further work to improve the recording of domestic abuse across partner agencies and exploring other sources of insight (particularly for teenage intimate partner violence and child on parent abuse); and,Exploring opportunities for the streamlining of referral forms from various agencies to ensure a consistent approach and improving referral processes particularly from the Vulnerable Persons Unit (VPU).
66Recommendation 3Seek all opportunities to break the cycle of domestic abuse through a greater focus on prevention by:Developing a systematic approach to the primary prevention of domestic abuse;Considering the inclusion of evidence based programmes on violence and domestic abuse within the school curriculum and ensuring that their effectiveness is assessed;Investigating further the content of parenting programmes and exploring the introduction of a specific module on domestic abuse; and,Developing work with Her Majesty’s Prison Service that explores the use of more domestic abuse programmes/modules on programmes for prisoners where domestic abuse isn’t necessarily their trigger offence.
67Recommendation 4 That support for victim survivors is reviewed by: Considering the threshold level and pathways for low-medium risk victim survivors; and,Delivering training on domestic abuse awareness and how to support those affected to all front line responders including the police.
68Recommendation 5 That support for affected children is reviewed by: Evaluating the effectiveness of programmes to identify and support the needs of children affected by domestic abuse and show they make a difference;Reviewing the support for children affected by domestic abuse that fall below the threshold for wellbeing support and identify whether their needs are being adequately addressed;Collecting insight from children and young people on the impact of domestic abuse and using this information to inform commissioning decisions; andTesting the feasibility of rolling out Operation Encompass across Merseyside, through police colleagues given that some of Knowsley’s school age children may attend schools across local authority boundaries.
69Recommendation 6That the way perpetrators are dealt with is reviewed by:Assessing the long term effectiveness of existing perpetrator programmes;Exploring the reasons why there are disproportionately higher levels of cracked and ineffective domestic abuse trials in Knowsley;Exploring the greater use of sanctions for perpetrators who do not attend or complete community perpetrator programmes;Considering the use of civil action against perpetrators of domestic abuse where criminal convictions are not possible; and,Considering the broader use of Integrated Offender Management (IOM) for domestic abuse offenders to allow for a more intensive intervention to reduce the risk of reoffending and the risk of harm.
71Strategy“For too many people currently on a substitute prescription, what should be the first step on the journey to recovery risks ending there. This must change.”“The voluntary and community groups,charities and social enterprises sector will be encouraged and supported to get involved.”“We will encourage local areas to promote awhole family approach to the delivery of recovery services.”Asset based alcohol and drug recovery
72Solutions Expert group chaired by Professor John Strang ‘For many people, treatment is an importantpart of their recovery journey. It is a component ofa broader recovery-orientated system of health andsocial care and support that harnesses the full rangeof individual, social and community assets.’Asset based alcohol and drug recovery
73Positive Social networks Strategy changeDeficit FocusedCrimeOverdoseBBVIllicit heroin useAsset FocusedPositive Social networksMutual AidWell-beingEmploymentHousingCommunity Engagement‘Voluntarily sustained control over substance use which maximises health and wellbeing and participation in the rights, roles and responsibilities of society.’ UKDPCAsset based alcohol and drug recovery
74Individual assets - Recovery capital Be activeConnect‘The breadth and depth of internal and external resources that can be drawn upon to initiate and sustain recovery’ Granfield and CloudGiveTake NoticeKeep learningAsset based alcohol and drug recovery
75Measuring AssetsNational Drug Treatment Monitoring System now measures recovery activity including access to support with housing, ETE, family support, parenting, mutual aidAsset based alcohol and drug recovery
76Communities taking the lead Asset based alcohol and drug recovery
77Facilitating Access to Mutual Aid Asset based alcohol and drug recovery
78Public Services (Social Value) Act The authority must consider— (a)how what is proposed to be procured might improve the economic, social and environmental well-being of the relevant area, and (b)how, in conducting the process of procurement, it might act with a view to securing that improvement. Potential lever to ensure that local recovery communities are at the heart of the commissioning of any future treatment/recovery systems and to ensure that the development of local recovery focused assets is a contracted outcome. Social Value vs Best Value or Social Value as Best ValueAsset based alcohol and drug recovery
79Paul Duffy – Health Improvement Manager (Alcohol and Drugs) Paul Paul Duffy – Health Improvement Manager (Alcohol and Drugs)Asset based alcohol and drug recovery