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Terence Hay-Edie UNDP/GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP)

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Presentation on theme: "Terence Hay-Edie UNDP/GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Terence Hay-Edie UNDP/GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP)
UNDP/GEF SGP and the Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas (ICCAs) Registry GBF/TILCEPA Terence Hay-Edie UNDP/GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP) GBF/TILCEPA

2 SGP background Total GEF investment in SGP since 1992 pilot phase over $600 million SGP provides direct access for national NGOs and CBOs, and indigenous peoples up to $50,000 Projects approved by a National Steering Committee with a non-governmental majority (incl. indigenous reps) Over 14,500 projects funded since 1992 in 123 countries Implemented by UNDP on behalf of the GEF partnership of agencies

3 SGP Coverage: Rapid growth from 65 to 123 countries over the last 5 years

4 SGP Project portfolio by GEF focal area

5 SGP as a ready and effective programming and delivery mechanism
SGP voluntary National Steering Committee (NSC) operational country level mechanisms established and ready Active and capable network of community level grassroots constituencies Ready “infrastructure” for rolling out a global programme for funding community intervention Above characteristics ensure effective delivery of funding DIRECTLY to poor communities even in remote areas.

6 SGP portfolio support to indigenous peoples
Direct support to indigenous peoples approx 15% of SGP portfolio out of 14,500 small grants Also approx 17% of SGP projects with women’s organisations Participatory video & other innovative formats for increased access for remote populations

7 SGP approaches: Participatory Video
Need for alternative proposal formats and tools Allow for expression in local and vernacular languages

8 SGP approaches: Photo Stories

9 July 2011 workshop with UNESCO, UNU, CBD Sec & IPCC Indigenous Peoples, Marginalized Populations and Climate Change: Vulnerability, Adaptation and Traditional Knowledge

10 Global Extent of Protected Areas
in the WDPA: 1962 1,000 ,000 2003 >100,000 2009 >130,000 UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

11 World Database on Protected Areas
UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

12 “Protected Planet” Portal (
UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

13 Global ICCA Registry - history
Global reporting estimates of protection lacks for most ICCAs No global dataset on ICCAs “Worldwide ICCA Database”- case studies from 18 countries ICCA Registry initiated parallel to ICCA Consortium (WCC, Barcelona 2008) Support provided to UNEP WCMC by UNDP/GEF SGP Phase 1 Registry implemented (Feb 2009-Sept 2010) Phase 2 (Oct 2010-Feb 2012) WDPA underestimates ICCA contributions: not reported in MDGs/UN List unless part of national system Lack of synthesized knowledge on understanding ICCAs, esp at global level 2008: Idea/need for a Registry to assist with documentation, recognition of ICCAs “Worldwide ICCA Database”- case studies from 18 countries ICCA Registry initiated parallel to ICCA Consortium (WCC, Barcelona 2008) Phase 1 Registry implemented (Feb 2009-Sept 2010)

14 Protected Areas Governance Matrix
Governance Type A. Government Managed Protected Areas B. Co-managed Protected Areas C. Private Protected Areas D. Community Conserved Areas IUCN Category (management. objective) Federal or national ministry agency in charge Local/ municipal agency in charge Government delegated management (e.g. to an NGO) Transboundary conservation ( involving state agencies & others) Collaborative (various forms of pluralist influence) Joint (pluralist board) Declared and run by individual landowner …by non-profit organisations NGOs, universities, etc.) …by for profit organisations individual or corporate land-owners) and run by indigenous peoples by local communities I - Strict Nature Reserve/ Wilderness Area II – National Park (ecosystem protection; protection of cultural values) III – Natural Monument IV – Habitat/ Species Management V – Protected Landscape/ Seascape VI – Managed Resource

15 Global definition of ICCAs
IUCN Protected area definition: “a clearly defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values” (Dudley et al, 2008) Indigenous Peoples & Community Conserved Areas and Territories (ICCAs): “…natural and modified ecosystems including significant biodiversity, ecological services and cultural values voluntarily conserved by indigenous and local communities through customary laws or other effective means…” (WPC, Rec V 26, 2003) Defining characteristics of ICCAs Community has close relationship with area Community holds power in decisions, by law or by practice Voluntary management achieves conservation The definition is tricky, there are lots of various terms that fall under this, such as locally managed marine areas, community forests, etc– it’s a broad term

16 Global enabling policies
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD, 1992) recognition of role of local communities and indigenous peoples in conservation of biological (and cultural) diversity Increasing recognition of role of community role in conservation 5th IUCN World Parks Congress (2003) CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas (2004) UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Sept 2007) “ICCA” term adopted by members of the IIFB (International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity) and TILCEPA at COP9 (May 2008)  International exposure through IUCN WCPA Guidelines (2008) Global ICCA Consortium (membership-based organisation) formed at the IUCN World Conservation Congress (Oct 2008) CBD 10th Conference of Parties (Oct 2010) includes ICCAs in 2020 ‘Aichi targets’ for protected areas (17% terrestrial, 10% marine) More clarity needed on relationship with PAs and “other area-based forms of conservation measures” referenced under the Aichi targets Differentiating between protected areas and ICCAs (based on recognition/support/power) Governance (decisions) and management (actions) issues Communities resistant to recognition and government involvement In some cases, harsh realities are involved (ie extraction from area) Climate change impact on ICCAs

17 How to Contribute UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

18 ICCA Website
Overview of project, links, global map Basic information about each ICCA in pilot countries Map and stats of ICCAs at national scale Case study pages for featured ICCAs in pilot countries Context Participatory maps/videos Interviews Photos Stories

19 ICCA Registry information fields
Maps are generated to show the values of ICCAs Key fields Name (English and Indigenous/Local Language) Community(ies) Designation Date of establishment IUCN Protected Areas Management Category Governance Purpose Physical Boundaries Overlays with other data Habitat (Mangrove & Seagrasses, Forest cover, Coral reefs) Biodiversity (AZE, KBA, IBA, WWF Ecoregions, IUCN Red List) Global (Carbon stocks, Water valuation, Human health indices, Linguistic diversity) GBF/TILCEPA UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre 19

20 How to Register UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

21 Free, Prior Informed Consent (FPIC)
UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

22 Innovative Mapping for Documenting Conservation Philippines pilot study
Possible Indicators Total area coverage Carbon stocks Endangered species and special habitats Important Bird Areas, other Human population Sea level rise Linguistic diversity Crop diversity UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

23 Philippine’s ICCAs 12.46% of the Philippines’ terrestrial areas and 0.44% of marine areas are covered by ICCAs (including Ancestral Domain) [550 records in total]. When ICCAs are combined with other protected areas, these figures jump to 21.12% and 1.58% respectively. Over 75% of all Endangered and Critically Endangered marine and terrestrial IUCN Red List fauna species in the Philippines have ranges that extend into ICCAs. 10 out of the total 15 Alliance for Zero Extinction sites in the Philippines fall within 50 km of ICCAs, showing spatial relevance (1 out of 15 Alliance for Zero Extinction sites falls within an ICCA). 70.2% of terrestrial ICCA areas have closed forest cover (greater than 40% canopy cover), 19% higher than the Philippines as a whole. UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

24 Mexico’s ICCAs UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

25 Case Study Example UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre
“The publication of information and data will allow more people to know about our project. This will bring more interest and more visitors, and it is also a way to show the organizations that have supported us that we grew and we are still growing and their investment is benefiting both people and conservation. The publication on a website created by an important international organization helps raise the profile of our work and activities. Furthermore, it allows us to share our experience with other communities, to learn from their experience and support them through our experience. Along with other stories of other ICCAs it will also help show those who are skeptical that community conservation and development is possible.” Jose Ines Loria – from the Unidad de Manejo Ambiental (UMA) San Crisanto, Mexico UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

26 Australia Indigenous Protected Areas (IPAs) and Key Biodiversity Areas
Question regards what other ICCAs exist in Australia and how to incorporate them into analysis? UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

27 Current Registry status (Phase 2; Oct 2010-Feb 2012)
Registry website content Activities ICCA capacity-building workshop (Japan 2010) Updated and expanded content in online ICCA Registry National maps for at least 4 countries (UK, Australia, Ecuador, Guyana) Contribution to at least 1 national level ICCA workshop or process (Aust) Links with UN-REDD process, other UN agencies 16 interactive case studies on website 6 interactive country maps New website content 22 country summaries 36 ICCAs registered in database Interns converting data from ICCA Forum spreadsheets/ UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

28 Governance of ICCA Registry
Diverse membership Decisions by consensus

29 Local Action Global Impact Thank You

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