SOUTH Believed that states had the right to rule themselves NORTH Believed in a strong national government
SOUTH Government created by the states. States have the right to reject laws that would hurt them. Since states voluntarily joined the Union, they could voluntarily leave –secede. NORTH Government created by the people. Only the Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional. Only the people of the US could dissolve the Union. Attempting to destroy the Union was treason.
Even though the United States had been established decades earlier, many people still felt that the states should have FINAL AUTHORITY, not the federal government. vs.
Slave Population in 1860 Slaves were about 4 million of the total black population in the country. By far, the MAJORITY lived in the South. About 11.5% of the slaves lived in Georgia.
Great Awakening (2) In the 1820’s a second Great Awakening swept the country. One result of this religious revival was increased and interracial support for abolition (movement to do away with slavery). Northern Whites Some Southern Whites Free Blacks
ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT Abolitionist = a person who demanded the immediate freeing of slaves Morally wrong Violates religious teachings Results in cruel and inhumane treatment of slaves Violates democracy Abolitionist Activities Made speeches Conducted meetings Published newspapers Organized and offered their homes as safe houses for runaway slaves in the Underground Railroad Wrote books and articles
John Brown Fanatical abolitionist who planned a slave rebellion; led an unsuccessful raid on armory at Harper’s Ferry, VA.
Former slave who escaped to freedom; public speaker who traveled around the country describing the evils of slavery. Frederick Douglass
Dred Scott Decision (1857) a Supreme Court decision adds fuel to the fire... Dred Scott was a Missouri slave. He sued for his freedom because he had lived for a period of time with his master in the free state of Illinois and free territory of Wisconsin. The Supreme Court said Scott could not sue because he was a slave, and slaves were not citizens.