Presentation on theme: "Review: Causes of Civil War Main Idea: Slavery v. Non-Slavery – Economic/Social Differences – State v. Federal Rights Nullification Crisis – Slave v. Non-Slave."— Presentation transcript:
Review: Causes of Civil War Main Idea: Slavery v. Non-Slavery – Economic/Social Differences – State v. Federal Rights Nullification Crisis – Slave v. Non-Slave State Battles MO Compromise, Compromise of 1850, Bleeding Kansas – Abolition Movement – Election of Abe Lincoln Why does this ultimately spark the war?
Opener Explain the reasons for southern secession? – Election of Abe Lincoln – Southern fears of a Republican Administration – States’ Rights – Desire to preserve way of life/economic system – Political imbalance between south and increasingly anti-slavery north – Feeling among southerners that they voluntarily joined the union, they should be able to leave on their own accord
Conflicting Views: Why did the Civil War Break Out? Lincoln’s 2 nd Inaugural Address: – “One eight of the whole population was coloured slaves, not distributed generally over the Union, but localized in the southern part of it. These slaves constituted a peculiar and powerful interest. All knew that this interest was somehow the cause of the war. To strengthen, perpetuate, and extend this interest was the object for which the insurgents would rend the Union even by war, while the Government claimed nor right to do more than to restrict the territorial enlargement of it.” Jefferson Davis Memoirs on why the South fought: – “for the defense of an inherent, unalienable right…to withdraw from a Union which they had, as sovereign communities voluntarily entered…The existence of African servitude was in no way the cause of the conflict, but only an incident. In the latter controversies that arose, however, its effect in operating as a lever upon the passions, prejudices, or sympathies of mankind, was so potent that it has been spread like a thick cloud over the whole horizon of historic truth.”
Lincoln’s Election and Secession Lincoln Elected – What was Lincoln’s Views on Slavery in the United States? – Why did the South perceive Lincoln as a threat? Were their fears misguided? South Carolina Secedes December 20, 1860 Followed by MS, FL, AL, GA, LA, TX (Feb. 1861) Followed by VA, AK, NC, TN (April 1861/Ft. Sumter
Leaders of Confederacy Pres. Jefferson DavisVP, Alexander Stephens
Launching the Civil War: A Look at the Battle Lines Was the war a foregone conclusion?
The North Advantages – Population – Industry (10xcapacity) – Money – Railroad (2x) – Standing Army – Naval Supremacy – Government – Agriculture (Food) – Border states DE, MD, KY, MO Disadvantages – On the Offensive – Poor Quality of Soldier – Cause
The South Advantages – Officer Corps – Military Tradition – Quality of Solders – Cause – Home Turf – Defensive War – Cotton Disadvantages – Population – Railroad – Lack of Industry – Confederate Government Why is this an issue?