What Are the Current Problems? High taxes. Urban fiscal crisis. Vietnam and other foreign interventions. Crime. Traffic congestions. Transportation. The military industrial complex. Pollution. Water shortages.
What Are the Current Problems? Power shortages. Telephone service. Postal service. Television. Welfare system. Urban housing. Urban strikes. Education. Inflation.
What is Involuntary Servitude? Forced labor. Slavery. ▫Forcing people to work at tasks the slavemaster wishes; and ▫Paying them either pure subsistence or less than the slave would have accepted voluntarily. Are we free of slavery?
Conscription But who will defend us against foreign attack? Isn't the coercion used kidnapping? Why can’t we hire defenders? ▫Is this alright now that we have a “voluntary” army?
Voluntary Army? What other occupation has severe penalties like prison or execution? Terms of service. ▫In a private contract, where an individual has agreed to serve two years, he may still quit. Breach of moral obligation. May be fired, blacklisted, ostracized, etc. But NOT enslaved. Still owns his body.
Standing Army A government that has a permanent standing army at its disposal will always be tempted to use it. Perpetual temptation to the State to enlarge its power.
The Tax System The income tax. ▫All of us work for nothing for a period of time. ▫The business must spend time, labor, and money in administrating its employees’ taxes. The individual too! ▫The withholding system. Instituted during WWII. Supposed to be a wartime expedient. Sales tax. ▫Retailer must collect and forward.
The Courts The power to subpoena. ▫Compelling testimony from anyone = forced labor. The accused should not be forced to attend. ▫If he is not guilty, he will attend! Jailed accused before conviction = involuntary servitude. Bail. ▫Discriminates against the poor. ▫Judge has arbitrary power to set.
The Courts (cont.) Compulsory jury service = involuntary servitude. ▫Compels the individual to perform tasks on the State’s behalf. ▫Locked behind doors and prohibited from reading newspapers. ▫If vital, shouldn’t people voluntarily do it? Lawyers and judges are not conscripted.
The Libertarian Court No State Attorney. ▫No society to protect. ▫Instead, the victim would try the case. Punishment will be provided to the victim. ▫Restitution. Police held to same standard as accused.
Compulsory Commitment But won’t the patient be a danger to society? Commitment NOT based on overt act, but on someone’s judgment that such an act might happen someday. If so, why not lock all ex-convicts up?
Freedom of Speech Incitement to riot = advocacy. ▫If A tells B and C: “You and him go ahead and riot!”. Must B and C commit the act? Libel and slander. ▫Does someone have a right to his own reputation? No. It is a function of the subjective feelings of others. Immoral but NOT illegal. ▫Rich people can use it as a club against the poor.
Freedom of Speech (cont.) Picketing and demonstrations. ▫Illegitimate if used to block access to private building. ▫But what about the public streets? Government, not being a private owner, lacks any criterion. Thus, any rule will be arbitrary. If private streets, the various owners will decide whether to rent out street for demonstrations.
Broadcast Media Radio Act of 1927 = nationalized airwaves. ▫Privatize instead. But aren’t these scarce? ▫All resources are scarce; otherwise, it would be free. ▫Far more stations than what is put at use. But wouldn’t they interfere with another? ▫If so, should we nationalize all cars because they can drive on another’s land? ▫Even if, violation of property rights.
Pornography The law should NOT enforce anyone’s conception of morality. ▫Forcing men to be “moral” deprives him of the very possibility of being moral. Must be freely chosen.
Sex Laws Marriage laws. ▫Legalize all interrelations between consenting adults. Rape laws. ▫Should be assault. Prostitution. ▫Voluntary sale of a service. ▫Streetwalking = consequence of brothel prohibition. Used to compete to provide high quality service.
Sex Laws (cont.) Abortion. ▫If the fetus has the same rights of humans, than what human has the right to remain, unbidden, as an unwanted parasite within some other human being’s body?
Wiretapping Would we condone private wiretapping? It is a criminal act to invade the property of anyone not yet convicted of a crime.
Gambling Unenforceable. ▫Examples – elections, football game. Immoral? ▫If so, why not prohibit everything?
Drugs Harmful? ▫So is candy, soda, and alcohol. Addiction = more crime? ▫Crimes are committed by addicts driven to theft by the high price of drugs caused by its prohibition. ▫Enforce the crime, not outlaw the item.
Gun Laws No physical object is in itself aggressive. ▫Any object can be used for aggression or any peaceful purpose. Why not restrict knives, stones, hammers? Why would a criminal follow the law? They are a criminal!
Compulsory Attendance Laws Children up to a certain age are forced to attend public school. If forced to do something, is happiness a result? ▫“Something is terribly wrong with America’s proudest institution…especially in urban areas.” Education = lifelong process of learning. ▫Takes place in all areas of life.
History of Public Schools Archibald Murphey. ▫1914; Father of public schools in NC. ▫“All the children will be taught in them…habits of subordination and obedience be formed…The state…must place them in school where their minds can be enlightened and their hearts can be trained to virtue.” Intellectuals at the time wanted to turn children into “one people” and thus cripple the culture of the waves of immigrants into America.
The Details The very nature of the public school requires the imposition of uniformity and the stamping out of diversity and individuality in education. ▫Each individual is unique, with unique abilities and interests. State must decide what school must be. ▫Traditional? Progressive? Competitive? Egalitarian? Liberal arts? Vocational? Sex education? Religious? Secular? ▫Whatever it decides, people will be deprived.
Solution? If private, then each parent would patronize its own kind of school. ▫Diversity increases!
Burdens & Subsidies Public schools force those parents who wish to send their children to private schools to shoulder a double burden: ▫Coerced into subsidizing public school children; ▫Must pay for their own children’s education. Religious parents must be forced to subsidize secular schools. Unmarried and childless couples must subsidize.
Positive Supply Function When the incentives to go on welfare rises, the welfare rolls will lengthen. ▫Similar result will occur if the disincentives to go on welfare become weaker. If a business offers an extra $10,000 to everyone who will work in a shoe factory, the number of eager workers will multiply.
But People Will Die! Prior to the 1930s, there was little or no government welfare. ▫Yet, no mass starvation in the streets.
Themes Our problems aren’t new. Slavery continues. If we prohibit an item, why not prohibit every item? If a private entity did it, would we be ok with it? Protect property rights.