Presentation on theme: "Ethical and Professional Issues"— Presentation transcript:
1Ethical and Professional Issues Chapter 3Ethical and Professional Issues
2THE NEED FOR ETHICSClients in crisis are vulnerable and easy to exploit and manipulate.Crises may bring out feelings and inappropriate behaviors in counselors.Provides an acceptable standard of behaviors among mental health practitioners.
3USE OF PARAPROFESSIONALS Crisis work began with nonprofessional mental health workersMany don’t accept this because they are unaware of the history of crisis intervention.Often work in nonprofit settings in multidisciplinary team models
4SELF-AWARENESS AND COUTNERTRANSFERENCE Counselors should be aware of their own emotions, values, opinions, and behaviors.Should not impose one’s values on clients.Countertransference occurs when counselor’s past unresolved issues interfere with objective and appropriate care of a client
5DUAL RELATIONSHIPSCounselors should have only one relationship with a client: the therapeutic oneNo sexual, romantic, friendships, business, or social relationship allowedWhy? Power differential between client and counselor exists.
6CONFIDENTIALITYAll disclosures by clients are private and counselors may not share information with anyone except supervisors.The legal counterpart is called Privileged communication, and the client owns it in court.
7EXCEPTIONS TO CONFIDENTIALITY 1. Elder abuse and disabled adult abuse reporting2. Child abuse reporting3. Duty to warn (Tarasoff Case)4. Client signs a waiver and gives permission to breech confidentiality5. Client sues counselor in court action
8INFORMED CONSENTClients have rights to understand nature of counseling situation1. Must give consent for treatment2. Must understand any risks and benefits of treatment3. Must consent voluntarily and terminate voluntarily
9SUPERVISION AND TRAINING Unlicensed counselors must work under supervision of licensed counselorsLicensed counselors must participate in on-going continuing educationMay not work with clients unless one is qualified through training or experience
10Three Dimensions of Burnout 1. Lack of personal accomplishment.2. Emotional Exhaustion.3. Depersonalization and deindividuation of clients.Definition of Burnout:“A syndrome of physical and emotional exhaustion, involving the development of negative self concept, negative job attitudes, and a loss of concern and feelings for clients.”
11How to prevent burnout Talk with co-workers Go see your own therapist Engage in a healthy lifestyle, eat, exercise, have fun and play