Darfur Demography Person6750000 Population Residents + IDPs 1.729.820 Affected population All IDPs camps are within the Government controlled areas. 359.820 IDPs in Camps 21 Number of IDPs Camps 38 Complex Group 120.000 Refugees 370.180 Returnees
Humanitarian partners in Darfur 20032007 NGOs 23258 Workers 90021.500 of which 4500 are expatriate Vehicles ـــ4500 Communication devices ـــ6800
Humanitarian Facilitation in Darfur Signing of the Joint Communiqué between the Government and the United Nations in August 2004 (renewed in March 2007 ) Establishment of Joint Procedure Center for speeding up the procedures of the Fast Track Single Procedures Handout Establishment of the Higher Joint Committee ( The Government, UN, INGOs, Local NGOs and three Donor's as observers ( European, Arab and African donors),the committee holds its meetings on monthly basis, it's last meeting was held in April 2008 where it issued a joint statement in which it affirmed that there are improvements in the humanitarian situation in Darfur
Joint Task Force Committee (GNU, UN and NGOs) hold every two weeks meetings (38 meetings) and reports to the higher joint committee Establishment of technical committees for coordination of humanitarian assistance in Darfur (Local Governments, UN and NGOs) which holds weekly meetings at the state level
Fast Track Procedures Issuance of 29 presidential decrees to maintain smooth flow of the humanitarian assistance ( health, migration, Aviation and Customs )
Achievements of Humanitarian aid facilitation The Higher Joint Committee held eight meetings and paid four field trips to Darfur Improvement of the humanitarian situation as declared by all partners Establishment of joint mechanisms for implementation of the procedures and evaluation of the humanitarian situation centrally as well as the state level Appreciation of the Security Council for the improvements of the humanitarian situation as per its regular reports of June/ July 2007
Appreciation of the international community and partners for facilitation of the flow of humanitarian aid in Darfur Reduction of claims against the government at the international, human rights and external media Establishment of Joint Procedure Center strengthened the coordination between the government institutions
UN &NGOs Workers in Darfur State NGOs staffUN staffTotal ExpaNationalExpaNationalExpaNational N.Darfur 1863056451802313236 S.Darfur3214541513203724861 W.darfur2904911682183585129 Total7971450816471896113226
Humanitarian Indicators Voluntary Return of 370180 individuals to their areas of origin in the Three Darfur States during the period 2006-2007. No epidemic diseases reported (2004-2007) Malnutrition rates dropped from 21.8% in 2004 to 11.9% in 2007 (emergency rate 15%) Acute malnutrition rate decreased from 3.9 in 2004 to 1.4 in 2007 (emergency rate 3%) Mortality rate decreased to 0.8/10000/day, well below the emergency threshold (emergency rate 2/10000/day). Humanitarian coverage to IDPs & affected population is 98% The government covers the areas that are not reached by WFP in coordination with the signatory movements.
Major Achievements –Immediate IDPs response to the Spontaneous/Voluntarily return –Stability of the humanitarian situation –Smooth flow of the humanitarian aid –Effective coordination between all partners at the central and local levels
D- JAM D-JAM started Immediately after signature of DPA for more than 6 weeks. The expert team comprised of Sudanese including Government of Sudan and SLM representatives, donor representatives1, African Development Bank and staff members of 14 UN agencies2. The DJAM Track-I began its field work in July/August 2006 to assess early recovery needs.. the DJAM Track-I teams were spread all over Darfur and visited rural areas outside main towns to the extent possible.. The needs were clearly Identified in the draft document which was produced at the clusters levels DJAM work was halted at the end 2006 under the allegation of insecurity and that some findings could not be validated Suspension of D-JAM is a Negative dividend to peace
Spontaneous/Voluntarily Return Objectives:- Maintain and reinforce Darfur Peace Agreement Improve humanitarian situation and ensure provision of Humanitarian assistance Protect and maintain security and administrative control over the IDP camps. Develop an overall positive atmosphere to encourage IDPs and refugees to return voluntarily to their areas of origins. Strengthening, activation and supporting local NGOs programs in the camps and return areas Facilitation of flow of humanitarian aid,as well as of free movement of aid workers and NGOs.
Basic Indicators Interest, keenness and willingness of IDPs and refugees to return to their origins and resume their normal livelihood in the three Darfur states. Tribal and social reconciliations fostered maintaining stability and confidence building. Join communiqué and facilities provided by the government. Joint committee with UN and NGOs resulted in having common understanding and hence lead to refuting false information and rumors. Effective cooperation with the signatory factions
Spontaneous/Voluntarily return to Darfur 2008 year20072008 StateMain Camps Complex & Groups Returnees from refugees Camps Total S.Darfur 54.39469.887124.281 N.Darfur 34.8144.67863.251102.742 W.Darfur 29.14095.54418.473143.157 Total118.347170.10981.724370.180
Resource Mobilization for Spontanoeous and Voluntary Return National Resources were mobilized Chinese Support (Three phases Program) Arab Conference for supporting Humanitarian Situation in Darfur with emphasis on Return
Challenges Lack of effective Basic services at the reception areas Provision of finance in a way conducive for continuity of the program. Strengthening the security situation at the return areas Enlargement of the scale of the program to accommodate the returnees Provision of the basic services Short fall of donors commitment for D-JAM, as the final report wasn't issued to the moment despite the fact that field surveys were carried out