Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Respiratory Protection Program Presented by the Office of Environmental Health & Safety.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Respiratory Protection Program Presented by the Office of Environmental Health & Safety."— Presentation transcript:

1 Respiratory Protection Program Presented by the Office of Environmental Health & Safety

2 Safety through teamwork “Nothing is so important that it can not be done safely.”

3 Training Outline IntroductionIntroduction Respiratory HazardsRespiratory Hazards Medical EvaluationsMedical Evaluations Respirator SelectionRespirator Selection Proper Wear of RespiratorsProper Wear of Respirators Fit TestingFit Testing Respirator MaintenanceRespirator Maintenance Use and Limitations of Respirators Use and Limitations of Respirators QUIZQUIZ

4 OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard Standard 29 CFR Standard 29 CFR Assess the workplace and provide respirators when necessary to protect the health of employeesAssess the workplace and provide respirators when necessary to protect the health of employees Develop and implement a written respiratory protection programDevelop and implement a written respiratory protection program Provide training on how to properly use respiratorsProvide training on how to properly use respirators Provide medical evaluations at no cost to the employeeProvide medical evaluations at no cost to the employee

5 The Lungs Inhalation is the most direct route to the bloodstreamInhalation is the most direct route to the bloodstream Inhalation of hazardous materials damages the delicate structures of the lungsInhalation of hazardous materials damages the delicate structures of the lungs Damaged lungs are more susceptible to respiratory diseaseDamaged lungs are more susceptible to respiratory disease

6 Respiratory Hazards Respiratory protection is required when employees are in areas where effective engineering controls are not feasible to protect the health of the employee from :Respiratory protection is required when employees are in areas where effective engineering controls are not feasible to protect the health of the employee from : –lack of oxygen –harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays or vapors Respiratory Protection must comply with NIOSH/MSHARespiratory Protection must comply with NIOSH/MSHA

7 Respiratory Protection Exposure levels exceed PELExposure levels exceed PEL During installation of engineering or work practice controlsDuring installation of engineering or work practice controls Maintenance and repair activities that may result in exceeding the PELMaintenance and repair activities that may result in exceeding the PEL Emergency Response where type and/or concentration of contaminant is unknownEmergency Response where type and/or concentration of contaminant is unknown Voluntary UsageVoluntary Usage

8 Voluntary Use of Respirators ECU may provide respirators at the request of the employees or permit employees to use their own respiratorsECU may provide respirators at the request of the employees or permit employees to use their own respirators The University must ensure that any employee using a respirator voluntarily is medically able to use that respiratorThe University must ensure that any employee using a respirator voluntarily is medically able to use that respirator

9 Voluntary Use of Respirators Employee precautions: Employee precautions: Read instructions on use, maintenance, cleaning and care, and warningsRead instructions on use, maintenance, cleaning and care, and warnings Use NIOSH certified respirators onlyUse NIOSH certified respirators only Wear respirators designed for your specific useWear respirators designed for your specific use Keep track of respirator so you do not mistakenly use someone else’sKeep track of respirator so you do not mistakenly use someone else’s

10 Medical Surveillance Medical evaluations must be provided to determine each employee’s fitness to wear a respiratorMedical evaluations must be provided to determine each employee’s fitness to wear a respirator These evaluations are required for allThese evaluations are required for all respirator users except for employees who voluntarily use dust masks and for the use of escape-only respirators respirator users except for employees who voluntarily use dust masks and for the use of escape-only respirators Medical evaluation records will be retained for 30 years beyond the employee’s employmentMedical evaluation records will be retained for 30 years beyond the employee’s employment

11 Respirator Selection The selection of respirators depends on what the hazard is and its extent, choosing approved equipment, and ensuring the device is certified.

12 Respirator Selection Chemical & physical properties of the contaminantChemical & physical properties of the contaminant Toxicity & concentration of hazardous materialToxicity & concentration of hazardous material Amount of oxygen presentAmount of oxygen present Limitations & characteristics of available respiratorsLimitations & characteristics of available respirators

13 TYPES OF RESPIRATORS Air- Supplied- Combination Air- Supplied- Combination Purifying Air

14 Proper Wear Employers shall not permit the use of respirators for employees that: Have facial hair that interferes with the seal or valve function of the respiratorHave facial hair that interferes with the seal or valve function of the respirator If PPE is used such as corrective glasses, the employer will ensure that the PPE will not interfere with the seal of the respiratorIf PPE is used such as corrective glasses, the employer will ensure that the PPE will not interfere with the seal of the respirator

15 Criteria for Determining Comfort mask position on nose mask position on nose room for eye protection room for eye protection room to talk room to talk mask position on face and cheeks mask position on face and cheeks

16 Criteria for Determining Adequacy of Fit Chin properly placedChin properly placed Adequate strap tension, not too tightAdequate strap tension, not too tight Fit across nose bridgeFit across nose bridge Respirator of proper size to span distance from nose to chinRespirator of proper size to span distance from nose to chin Tendency of respirator to slipTendency of respirator to slip Self-observation in mirror to evaluate fit and respirator positionSelf-observation in mirror to evaluate fit and respirator position

17 Fit Testing Fit testing is required for all employees using negative or positive pressure tight- fitting respiratorsFit testing is required for all employees using negative or positive pressure tight- fitting respirators Must be repeated annually and whenever a different respirator is usedMust be repeated annually and whenever a different respirator is used Qualitative Fit-Testing is used for this programQualitative Fit-Testing is used for this program

18 Fit Testing Employee shall be allowed to pick the most acceptable respirator from all the models and sizes that will provide most adequate protectionEmployee shall be allowed to pick the most acceptable respirator from all the models and sizes that will provide most adequate protection Fit test shall be performed wearing any applicable safety equipment that may be worn during actual respirator useFit test shall be performed wearing any applicable safety equipment that may be worn during actual respirator use No respirator will provide adequate protection without a tight seal between the facepiece and the face of the wearer No respirator will provide adequate protection without a tight seal between the facepiece and the face of the wearer

19 Fit Testing Employer shall demonstrate: Employer shall demonstrate: – how to put on a respirator – how it is positioned – how to set strap tension – how to determine an acceptable fit Employee shall conduct :Employee shall conduct : – Negative seal check – Positive seal check

20 Fit Test Exercises Normal breathing Normal breathing Deep breathing Deep breathing Turning head side to side Turning head side to side Moving head up and down Moving head up and down Talking Talking Grimace (smile or frown) Grimace (smile or frown) Bending over Bending over

21 Taste Threshold Screening EH&S will conduct a Taste Threshold Screening to help determine adequate fit of the respiratorEH&S will conduct a Taste Threshold Screening to help determine adequate fit of the respirator If the test fails, a different respirator must be tried If the test fails, a different respirator must be tried

22 Respirator Maintenance All respirators must be cleaned, stored and inspected regularly. This is necessary to provide complete protection.

23 Cleaning Must be cleaned regularlyMust be cleaned regularly Respirator should be cleaned and disinfected if used by more than one personRespirator should be cleaned and disinfected if used by more than one person Disassemble the respirator and soak in warm water and rinse with clean waterDisassemble the respirator and soak in warm water and rinse with clean water Respirators may be washed in a detergent solution and then disinfected in a sanitizing solution Respirators may be washed in a detergent solution and then disinfected in a sanitizing solution Air dry all parts of the respirator or wipe dry with a clean lint-free clothAir dry all parts of the respirator or wipe dry with a clean lint-free cloth

24 Storage Respirators must be stored to protect against dust, sunlight, temperature, moisture, and chemicalsRespirators must be stored to protect against dust, sunlight, temperature, moisture, and chemicals Not to be stored in lockers or tool boxesNot to be stored in lockers or tool boxes Stored so that facepiece and valves will rest in a normal positionStored so that facepiece and valves will rest in a normal position Respirators should not be stored by hanging them by the headbandRespirators should not be stored by hanging them by the headband

25 Inspection Respirators should be inspected before and after each use to ensure all parts are present and operatingRespirators should be inspected before and after each use to ensure all parts are present and operating Rubber and elastomer parts should be checked for pliability and signs for deteriorationRubber and elastomer parts should be checked for pliability and signs for deterioration Any worn or deteriorated parts should be replacedAny worn or deteriorated parts should be replaced

26 Special Maintenance Features Filters and cartridges must be changed periodicallyFilters and cartridges must be changed periodically All filters must be properly labeled and color codedAll filters must be properly labeled and color coded Self-contained breathing apparatus must be inspected monthlySelf-contained breathing apparatus must be inspected monthly Use of SCBA’s is restricted to employees of the Office of Environmental Health and SafetyUse of SCBA’s is restricted to employees of the Office of Environmental Health and Safety

27

28 Use and Limitations The respirator is the last control measure to ensure safety to the employeeThe respirator is the last control measure to ensure safety to the employee The respirator is necessary to prevent the inhalation of aerosols and contaminantsThe respirator is necessary to prevent the inhalation of aerosols and contaminants Employees must be familiar with the respirator and its operationsEmployees must be familiar with the respirator and its operations The respirator must have a proper seal and effective valves in order to perform its jobThe respirator must have a proper seal and effective valves in order to perform its job

29 Use and Limitations Use and limitation information for the respirators utilized in this program include the following: Employees must leave the area if the contaminant can be detected by dizzinessEmployees must leave the area if the contaminant can be detected by dizziness If the respirator is damaged or breathing becomes difficult, the employee must leave the areaIf the respirator is damaged or breathing becomes difficult, the employee must leave the area Not all respirators supply oxygen to employeesNot all respirators supply oxygen to employees The manufacturer’s operation manual should be used as a reference for additional useThe manufacturer’s operation manual should be used as a reference for additional use

30 Program Evaluation The Respiratory Protection Program will be evaluated annually by the Office of Environmental Health and Safety Factors that will be assessed include: Respirator fitRespirator fit Appropriate respirator selection for the hazards to which the employee is exposedAppropriate respirator selection for the hazards to which the employee is exposed Proper respirator use under the workplace conditions the employee encountersProper respirator use under the workplace conditions the employee encounters Proper respirator maintenanceProper respirator maintenance

31 Click the link to complete the QUIZ QUIZ


Download ppt "Respiratory Protection Program Presented by the Office of Environmental Health & Safety."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google